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cused to be set at liberty. She was French, the governor was arrested, fond of recollecting this adventure, and conducted to one of the prisons and related it one day to the young of Paris : Madame Lavergne filluwed grand dukes, who were speaking to to the capital. She was then scarces Her of their lessons in physics, in or- ly twenty years of age, and one of der to make them comprehend how the loveliest women of France. Her useful that science might be to them.” husband was upwards of sixty, yet p. 370—372.

his amiable qualities first von her esteem, and his tenderness succeeded to inspire her with an atfection as

sincere and fervent as that which he XCII. INTERESTING Anecdotes of possessed for her.

the heroic Conduct of Women during “ That dreadful epocha of the the French Revolution. Translated revolution had already arrived, when from the French of M. DU Broca, the scaffold reeked daily with the 12mo. with a Frontispiece.

blood of its unfortunate victims;

and while Lavergne expected every “

HE following anecdotes are of• hour to be summoned before the with pleasure and confidence by the dungeon. This accident, which at translator : the passions they exhibit any other moment would have filled interest equally the rudest savage and the heart of Madame Lavergne with man in the most depraved state of grief and inquietude, now elevated artificial manners. Even the worst her to hope and consolation. She of men, while their hearts have could not believe there existed a tri. swelled with the storm of the black. bunal so barbarous, as to bring a est passions, have relented on be- man before the judgment-seat, who holding the genuine form of the noble was suffering under a burning fever. passions which are the subject of this A perilous disease, she imagined, was work, almost incredible instances of the present safeguard of her hus. which will be found in the following band's life ; and she promised herpages.

self, that the fluctuation of events * The greater part of these anec. would change his destiny, and finish dotes are new to the world, having in his favour, that which nature had been rescued from oblivion by the so opportunely begun. Vain expecgenerous assiduity of the writer of tation! the name of Lavergne had this work ; and such as are well been irrevocably inscribed on the known are related with new and au fatal list of the 11th Germinal, of the thentic circumstances, that give even second year of the republic, (June 25th, to these an air of novelty.

1794) and he must on that day submit " The author has classed his facts to his fate. according to the species of moral “ Madame Lavergne, informed of excellence that characterises them; this decision, had recourse to tears and the translator has thought it best and supplications. Persuaded that to preserve that order."

she could soften the hearts of the Maternal Affection Conjugal representatives of the people, by a Affection - Filial Affection. In faithful picture of Lavergne's situastances of Affection in Sisters for their tion, she presented herself before Brothers - Sacrifices made by the the committee of general safety : she Affection of Lovers-- Hospitality- demanded that her husband's trial Fortitude of Mind under Misfor.. should be delayed, whom she repretunes-Self-devotion for great Ob- sented as a prey to a dangerous and jects-Gratitude-Singular Disinte. cruel disease, deprived of his strength, restedness-Courage inspired by the of his faculties, and of all those powbatred of Crimes-Patriotism. ers either of body or mind, which

could enable him to confront his inEXTRACTS.

trepid and arbitrary accusers. CONJUGAL AFFECTION.-"Mad. ". Imagine, oh citizens,' said the Lavergne, had been married but a agonized wife of Lavergne, such an very short time to M. Lavergne, Go- unfortunate being as I have devernor of Longwy, when that fortscribed, dragged before a tribunal surrendered to the Prussians. The abuut to decide upon his life, while moment Longwy was retaken by the reason abandons him, while he can.

not understand the charges brought one of the judges of the tribunal, and ' against him, nor has sufficient power him she had known previous to the

of utterance to declare his inno. Revolution. Her repugnance to seek .cence. His accusers in full posses- this man in his new career, was sub•sion of their moral and physical dued by a knowledge of his power,

strength, and already inflamed with and her hopes of his influence. She . hatred against him, are instigated threw herself at his feet, bathed them • even by his helplessness to more with her tears, and conjured him by * than ordinary exertions of malice; all the claims of mercy and huma. . while the accused, subdued by bo. nity, to prevail on the tribunal to • dily sutfering, and mental infirmity, delay the trial of her husband till the • is appalled or stupihed, and barely hour of his recovery. Dumas replied * sustains the dregs of his miserable coldly, that it did not belong to hiin .existence. Will you, oh citizens of to grant the favour she solicited, nor • France, call a man to trial while in should he chuse to make such a rethe phrenzy of delirium? Will you quest of the tribunal: then, in a tone summon him, who perhaps at this somewhat animated by insolence and . moment expires upon the bed of sarcasm, be added, and is it then so

pain, to hear that irrevocable sen- great a misfortune, madam, to be tence, which admits of no medium delivered from a troublesome husbetween liberty or the scaffold? 'band of sixty, whose death will

and, if you unite humanity with leave you at liberty to employ your * justice, can you suffer an old man youth and charms more usefully?'

- At these words every eye ** Such a reiteration of insult, was turned upon Madame Lavergne, roused the unfortunate wife of La. whose youth and beauty, contrasted vergne to desperation, she shrieked with the idea of an aged and infirm with insupportable anguish, and, ris. husband, gave rise to very different ing from her humble posture, she ex. emotions in the breasts of the mem- tended her arms towards heaven and bers of the committee, from those exclaimed Just God! will not the with which she had so eloquently •crimes of these atrocious men sought to inspire them. They inter- 'awaken thy vengeance! go, monrupied her with coarse jests and in- 'ster,' she cried to Dumas, ' I no decent raillery. One of the mem. " longer want thy aid, I no longer bers assured her with a scornful smile, • need to supplicate thy pity: away that young and handsome as she was, “to the tribunal, there will I also it would not be so difficult as she ap appear: then shall it be known whe. peared to imagine, to find means of *ther I deserve the outrages which consolation for the loss of a husband, thou and thy base associates have who, in the common course of na • heaped upon me.' ture, had lived already long enough. “ Froni ihe presence of the odious Another of them, equally brutal and Dumas, and with a fixed determinastill more ferocious, added, that the tion to quit a life that was now befervour with which she had pleaded come hateful to her, Madame Lathe cause of such an husband, was an

vergne repaired to the hall of the unnatural excess, and therefore the tribunal, and mixing with the crowd, committee could not attend to her pe. waited in silence for the hour of tition.

trial. The barbarous proccedings of “ Horror, indignation, and despair, the day commence-M. Lavergne is took possession of the soul of Madame called for The jailors support him Lavergne ; she had heard the purest thither on a maitrass ; a few ques: and most exalted affection for one of tions are proposed to him, to which the worthiest of men, contemned and he answers in a feeble and dying vilified as a degraded appetite. She voice, and sentence of death is prohad been wantonly insulted, while nounced upon him. demanding justice, by the admini “ Scarcely had the sentence passed strators of the laws of a nation, and the lips of the judge, when Madame she rushed in silence from the pre- Lavergne cried with a loud voice, sence of these inhuman men, to hide Vive le Roi! The persons nearest the the bursting agony of her sorrows. place whereon - she stood, eagerly

“ One faint ray of hope yet arose surrounded, and endeavoured 10 to cheer the gloom of Madame La- silence her, but the more the asto: vergne's despondency. Dumas was nishment and alarm of the multitude


augmented, the more loud and vehe alarmed,' she said, it is your faithment became her cries of Vive le 'ful wife who called

you; you know Rai! The guard was called, and di • I could not live without you, and rected to lead her away. She was • we are going to die together.' Lafollowed by a numerous crowd, mute vergne burst into tears of gratitude, with consternation or pity; but the sobs and tears relieved the opprespassages and stair-cases still resound- sion of his heart, and he became able ed every instant with Vive le Roi! once more to express his love and till she was conducted into one of the admiration of his virtuous wife. The rooms belonging to the court of jus- scaffold, which was intended to sepatice, into which the public accuser rate, united them for ever." p. 19–28. came to interrogate her on the mo FILIAL AFFECTION. During tires of her extraordinary conduct. the war of La Vandee the Due de

««! am not actuated,' she an- la Rochefoucault, condemned to die, swered, by any sudden impulse of as was also his daughter, found in the 'despair or revenge, for the condem- resources of that affectionate girl the

nation of M. Lavergne, but from the means of concealing himselt till a 'love of royalty, which is rooled in period arrived more favourable to *my heart. I adore the system that that justice which he successfully 'you hare destroyed. I do not ex- claimed. His daughter's first care 'pect any mercy from you, for I am was to place him under, the roof and . your enemy; labhor your republic, protection of an artisan, who had forand will persist in the confession I merly been a domestic in the duke's . have publicly made, as long as I live.' service, after which she procured an

"Such a declaration was without asylum for herself. They were thus, reply : the name of Madame La- both secure from the immediate power, vergne was instantly added to the of their persecutors; but as the duke's list of suspected persons: a few mi. property was confiscated, and as nutes afterward she was brought be compasion is apt to grow weary of its fore the tribunal, where she again good offices, the means of their bare ultered ber own accusation, and was subsistence were worn out. condemned to die. From that in- While the daughter was suffering unstant the agitation of her spirits sub- der the extreme of poverty, she learnt sided, serenity took possession of her that her father's health was declining mind, and her beautiful countenance for want of due nourishment. She announced only the peace and satis- now saw no way but to devote her faction of her soul.

life to save her father's, and she in" On the day of execution, Ma- stantly made the resolve. dame Lavergne first ascended the “A general of the republic at that cart, and desired to be so placed that very time was passing through the she might behold her husband. The city in which was her place of conunfortunate M. Lavergne had fallen cealment, and to him she wrote the into a swoon, and was in that condi- following letter: tion extended upon straw in the cart, at the feet of his wife, without 'CITIZEN GENERAL, any signs of life. On the way to the "Wherever the voice of nature is place of execution, the motion of the heard, a daughter may be allowed cart bad loosened the bosom of La- 'to claim the compassion of men in vergne's shirt, and exposed his breast behalf of her father. Condemned to the scorching rays of the sun, till • to death at the same time with him his wife entreated the executioner to who gave me being, I have successtake a pin froın her handkerchief and · fully preserved him from the sword fasten his shirt. Shortly afterwards • of the executioner, and have preMadame Lavergne, whose attention served myself to watch over his Dever wandered from her husband safety. But in saving his life, ! for a single instant, perceived that have not been able to furnish all his senses returned, and called him • that is necessary to support him. by his name : at the sound of that My unhappy father, whose entire Foice, whose melody bad so long property is confiscated, suffers at been withheld from him, Lavergne this moment the want almost of raised his eyes, and fixed thein on every thing. Without clothes, withher with a look at once expressive of out bread, without friend to save terror and affection. • Do not be him from perishing of want, he has




not even the resource of the beggar, brother. His proposition filled her and which still furnishes a little hope, with disdain, and restored her to that of being able to appeal to the courage; she replied, that she had compassionate, and to present his ! demanded justice, and justice was "white hairs to those that might be 6 not to be bought with iníamy.'

moved to give bim aid: my father, “ She retired, and learning that her if he is not speedily succoured, will brother was on the point of being • die in his place of concealment, and conducted to one of those dreadful • thus, after snatching him from a boats at Paimbeuf, she ran again to • violent death, I shall have to sus the Proconsul, hopeless now of his • tain the mournful reflection of hav- life, and entreating only that she • ing betrayed him to one more lin. might be allowed to give something • gering and painful-that of dying of to her brother that might support • cold and hunger.

him on the way « • Be the judge, citizen general, «• Begone,' replied Carrier, 'he ! of the extent of my misfortune, and • has no need of any support.'

own that it is worthy of pity. One “ The brother of this unfortunate • resource only is left io me. It is to girl trent to Paimbeuf, but before he

cast myself upon your generosity. had perished his sister was no more." • I offer you my head, I undertake to p. 105-107. and to willingly, to the scaf FORTITUDE.--"

:-"During the disas. • fold, but give immediate succour trous reign of the assignats, a family • to my dying father. Below I give formerly opulent, consisting of a fa. you the naine of my place of con ther, mother, and five children, pined cealment, there I will expect death in want in a small cottage at the exwith pleasure, if I may promise my: tremity of a town. The father, whose • self that you will be touched with temper was violent, supported his • my prayers, and will relieve my old misfortune with an impatience difiand destitute parent.'

cult to express. He frequently con“ The soldier had no sooner read sidered whether he should not put an this letter than he lastened to the end to his life. His wife, observing asylum of Madame ste Rochefoucault, the agitation of his mind, and knowand not only relieved her father, but ing bim capable of a rash act, medisecretly protected both, and after the tated on the means of withdrawing 9th Thermidor, procured the restora- him from his project. But the diffition of M. de Rochefoucault's pro- culty was to find motives sufficiently perty by a revision of their sen- strong. His affection for berself and tence." P. 85-88.

his children, was rather calculated to AffectioN OF SISTERS TO BRO. push him to extremity; for it was THERS.—" It was the practice at evident, he never thought on them Nantes and other places, to put a without anguish bordering on despair. number of condemned persons on To propose to him to have recourse board a vessel, and sink them in the to the charity of his neighbours, she river. During these terrible drown- knew, would wound his pride, which ings, a young girl, whose brother was excessive. Besides, she was not had been arrested, repaired to the certain of the success of that expe; house of Carrier to implore his pro- dient; and she knew, that a refusa

! tection in behalf of' her brother. would be a thousand times more cruel • What age is he?' asked Carrier. than any species of torture. Even "'Thirty-six years.' So much the the resource of consolation was not ' worse ; he must die, and three left her, for her husband would not • fourths of the persons in the same listen to any topic that might afford prison with bim.'

hope, but impatiently pressed her to " At this horrible answer the poor die with him, and to persuade their girl kpelt before the proconsul, and children to the same resolution. Sur les declained emphatically against the rounded by so many subjects of disor barbarity of bis conduct." Carrier couragement, the wise never aban ordered her to leave the house, and doned herself to despair. One idea even brutally struck her with the arose in her mind, which she exprest scabbard of his sabre. Scarcely, to her husband with so much tena however, had she left his apartment derness and courage, that it almost when he called her back to inform instantly restored his mind to tran• her, that if she would yield to his quillity: desires he would spare the life of her "• All is not lost,' she said, 'I have

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health, and our five children also. purchase it of the driver. Yielding Let us leave this town, and retire to to her entreaties, the surgeon went to some place where we are not known, the driver, and telling him his proand I and my children will labour fession, said he wished to purchase to support their father.' She add- one of the bodies for dissection. The ed, thai if their labour was insuffi- driver asked him twenty crowns, percient, she would privately beg alms mitting him to take his choice. He for his support. The husband rumi-paid down the money and took the nated awhile over this proposition, body pointed out to him, which he and took this resolution with a con caused to be conveyed into the house stancy worthy of the honourable life of his friend: but what was the surhe has since led.

geon's surprise when he saw the "No,' he said, “I will not reduce priest on his feet! Clothes being you to the disgrace of beggary for procured for him, and being in the

ine; but since you are capable of presence of his benefactress, he said, . such attachment to me, I know - When I saw my brethren massacred what remains to render me worthy ,' at Des Carmes, 1 i nagined it possible of it.'

'to save my life by ihrowing myself "He then lost no time in collect. ,' among the dead bodies as one of ing together the remnants of his pro "them. I was stripped, and thrown perty, which produced a hundred into the cart in which you saw me. pistoles, and quitted the town with 1 did not receive a single wound; his family, taking the road to a dis- the blood with which you saw me tant department; and in the first 'covered was that of the carcases with place where he thought he was not " which I was confounded. Receive, known, he changed his dress for the “my benefactress, the most grateful coarse dress of a peasant, making his thanks! It is probable, that, thrown whole family do the same; and con- 'into a quarry with the bodies of my tinuing his route, arrived at a town unfortunate companions, I should which he thought fit for his purpose: have perished there !" All three in the neighbourhood of which he then fell on their knees, and returned bired a cabin, with a field, and a thanks to Heaven for this singular small vineyard. He then bought deliverance." p. 208, 209. some wool and flax to employ the We cannot close this article withgirls, and tools to cultivate the land out observing that though we believe for himself and the boys, the use of these narratives, borrid as they are, which he hired a peasant to teach to be founded in truth, we hope, for him.

the honour of human nature, that .“ A few weeks sufficed to conquer they are exaggerated by rhetorical coall difficulties. The example of the Jouring: we add, that they have not all father and mother excited emulation a favourable moral tendency, some of among the children; and acquiring a them countenancing suicide, a crime competence from its labour and con- which we must uniformly reprobate. stancy, originating in the courage of the virtuous mother, this family lived perfect patterns of peace and domes. tic union.” p. 177-180.

XCII. Serious REFLECTIONS ON GRATITUDE.-" During the un. Paper Money in generaí, particularly happy days of September, 1792, a wo on ihe alarming inundation of forged man conceived the project of render Bank Notes. With Hints for remeing funeral honours, from motives of

dying an Evil threatening Destrucgratitude, to her confessor, whom she tion to the internal Trade of the understood to be massacred at the

Kingdom. "In which are includea prison Des Carmes. As she intently

Observations on Mr. Thornton's Exdwelt upon this idea, she heard an

quiry concerning the Paper Credit of extraordinary cry in the street, by Great Britain. which she was drawn to the window :

HE object of this pamphlet is bodies, and among them recognised

person of her confessor! Å sur tle. The first part of it contains a geon, one of her neighbours, hap- skeich of the history of our own and pened to be with her pointing out foreign banks, with observations on the body, she entreated'him to go and the principles on which they were

she saw a care passing filled with dead Tsuficiently explained in the sia


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