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Thus Sense shall with Stupidity engage, While wrath was from his eyes in lightning Thus Vice and Virtue bitter war shail wage,
pour'd, Till the mixt elements fermenting long And on his cloudy brow defiance lower'd. Shall yield at last a spirit clear and strong; His lefi sustain'd an adamantine shield Till Truth's exalted ether well refin'd That show'd a mirror on its polish'd field; From each ingredient of a noxious kind, His right a torch, The phantom turping oft, From Fully's leculence, and Error's leaven, And brandishing his direful arm alolt, Shall mount diffus'd in grateful steam to Full at his daring foe his thunder aim'd; heay'n.”
On ev'ry side the fierce explosiun fiam'd;
But his own image in the mirror view'd, Describing the advantages of com Repell’d his fury and his strength subdư d, merce, this book thus closes :
Back from the sight he shrunk with hasty
tread, “Thus Commerce, roving still from place
And in redoubled gloom involv'd his head. to place,
While these intent on mutual deaths engage, Blends, softens, and refines the human race,
At distance stoud a venerable sage; Of jarring realms allays the mutual hate,
Around his waist was tied a friar's zone, By cords of interest drawing state to state;
And o'er his shoulders Learning's fur was Where'er the breezes waft, or billows roll,
thrown ; Awakes the slumb'ring vigour of the soul;
Senso in his features spoke, and speaking Breaks the 'strong rivets Prejudice had
smil'd wrought, And Custom fasten'd on the free-born
Attemper'd with a spirit soft and mild;
For fight he too was arm’d, but from afar thought;
In flying skirmish wag'd a cautious war; Assists the press to spread each useful art,
He grasp'd a bow that with elastic spring Smooths the rough manners, meliorates the
Sent the keen arrow from the sounding string; heart,
The destin'd mark his arrows always hit, Till men, the land and ocean compass'd round,
Wing'd with light scrolls of ridicule and wit, Hail friends and brothers still where men are
Deep-pierced, the spectre oft with suddea fuund; Till equal Law and Virtue in her train,
And scream proclaim'd intolerable smart: Immortal Liberty o'er earth shall reign,
But as the grizly terror rushing near Truth, with a robe of light invest the ball,
Rais'd his huge arm to strike, unnery'd with And what one nation knows be known to
p. 88, 89,
The wary archer from the charge withdrew,
And on the ground his ratting weapons BOOK V.
threw. THE ARGUMENT.
Then thus the pow'r: Again before thine eyes The Goddess baving dismissed a
The papal demon lifts his giant size.
See ! bending forward at th’approaching for part of the Sylphs, commands the rest
He burls his bolt, nor means a second blow. to shew ALFRED, one by one, those
But still in vain his blows on LUTHER fall; celebrated personages from whose
So future times th' intrepid chief shall call, labours mankind bave derived the
Who Truth's bright target on his arm disa greatest benefit-The leaders of the
plays, Reformation appear, LUTHER, ERAS- And gives her sacred torch-once more ta MU5, MELANCTHON, ZUINGLIUS, blaze. and CRANMER-The reformers hos A soul of perseverance never tir'd, tile to the fine arts--Those arts find By conscious virtue, pride, resentment fr'd; a powerful and zealous patron in Unconquerably brave, but stern and rude, LEO X.--The great eminence of Mi
With not one grace or gentler charm eodued. CHAEL Angelo in sculpture, and He first of all men, such is Heaven's high of RAPHAEL DEL UK Bino in paint. Shall crush the hateful tyranny of Rome, ing-The peculiar excellencies of From dark Hypocrisy the visor tear, many other painters - The book
Lay the foul breast of church corruption bare, concludes with some remarks on The loathsome haunts of monkish sloth bepainting.
tray, The account of the Reformation, Drag all their vile pollutions into day, and its champions, is thus intro- Each usurpation of the priesthed quell, duced.
And chase Imposture to her native bell." “ Mean time of aspect grim and stature vast,
P.96–98. Before the kin a dreadtul specte pass'd: A triple circlet on his head he wore,
A comparison is then made between Aud in his hands the bolis of thunder bore.
LUIHER and ERASMUS, succeeded Close to his heel, in priestly vestmentsdress'd, by the character of the amiable HeAnother form with hostile menace press'd,
lancthon, after which the commence:
ment and progress of the Reformation The British Scævola! Though Nature's voice is thus described:
Persuades to make this transient world his
choice, * First in impetuous eddies from the North Thy spirit, Reformation! issues forth
And meanly sign what conscience disbe.
lieves, Where the broad Elbe along the Saxon plain Ja various windings draws his sinuous train,
He soon the splendour of his fame retrieves, Or the rough Baltic, with outrageous roar,
Views with triumphant smile the burning
brand, Heaps the big waves on Pumerania's shore.
And first to perish dooms th' offending hand. O'er Swabia then across the Rhine it flies,
Thus Reformation, who had slept so long, Diffusing incense grateful to the skies,
Starts from his couch unconquerably strong, Till the huge Alps, with snows eternal
Binds Faith's refulgent cuirass on his breast, crown'd,
And sternly frowning under Learning's Lift their high ridges, and its progress bound. There Zuinglius* all its mighty force im. Grasps Reason's lance, and with a single bibes,
thrust Aad rolls it back upon the Switzer tribes. Exalted breast! that double views engage,
Lays Superstition gasping in the dust.
Yet the fiend dies not, though he ne'er re. Freedom and Truth, the soldier and the sage!
gains In language as thy native torrents strong,
His force, but rack'd with agonizing pains Though rude, thou now haranguest the cir
Writhes to and fro, and with convulsive yell cling throng, And now in fields unsheath’st the glittering Calls to his aid the denizens of hell.”
p. 100-103. hlade, Guard of the proselytes thy voice has made. “Nor less the renovating influence speeds
gales; Fann'd by its breath the kindling soul sball and relates that poetry begins to be
The Goddess resumes her speech, glow With such a flame as only martyrs know;
cultivated at the same period with Disdain the present life with all its toys,
painting - The poets of greatest ceRapt in the hope of never-ending joys;
lebrity arise successively in vision-And undismay'd by stripes, or fire, or steel, First, those of Italy; PETRARCH, Nought but the imperious sense of duty feel. Ariosto, Tasso : and afterwards " Full in the front, see CRANMER + lifts those of Great Britain and France ; his form,
SPENCER, SHAKSPEARE, JONSON, Like a tall rock amid th’inclement storm, CORNEILLE, RACINE, Milton, and
others — The Goddess makes some * ZUINGLIUS was a native of Switzerland, and born in 1487. He was curate of observations on music, and
a few of the principal composersZurich, and a principal instrument of the separation of the country from Rome, soon
The book concludes with a descripafter Luther began to spread the Reforma- tion of one of the musical performtion through the North of Germany. Though
ances at Westminster Abbey in comeager to promote what he conceived to be memoration of HANDEL. the true religion, he appears to have been In this book poetry is thus introstill more zealous for the interests of liberty. duced : His opinions were liberal beyond the age in which he lived, for he supposed a virtuous “ Sweet Poetry the same auspicious bour, híe, independently of religious persuasions, With Painting leaves her amaranthine bow'r, to be sufficient for the attainment of future Where proudly seated on th' Olympian bappiness. He acted as general of the pro
height testant forces, and was slain in an engagement She touch'd with ecstasy the sons of light. with those of the catholic cantons in 1531. Lo! to the wilderness of dusky brown,
+ He was undoubtedly a man of merit, Where shadowy cliffs with vast projection possessed of learning and capacity, and
frown, adorned with candour, sincerity, and bene. Where cataracts with deaf'ning roar descend, hicence, and all those virtues which were And oaks of giant growth their arms exfirted to render him useful and amiable in
tend, society. His moral qualities procured him She roams with Meditation by her side, universal respect; and the courage of his While in her view aerial phantoms glide martyrdom, though he fell short of the rigid That other eyes behold not, and her car inflexibility observed in many, made him the Thrills with deep sounds that others liever bero of the Protestant party.
hear; Hune's History of England. Notes, For awful forms in ev'ry cloud she sees,
Pp. 229, 230. And hears a spirit sigh in every breeze,
Till into fits of sacred frenzy wrought, And pouring periods rapid, strong, and deep, And labouring to discharge her weight of Down the full stream th' astonished reader thought,
sweep; She calls the aid of numbers, and in song Yet always clear and luculent, the flood Rolls the full torrent of her mind along." Ev'n in its utmost rage contracts no mud;
p. 116, 117.
Bright as th' expanse of summer skies it
flows, BOOK VII.
And a fair mirror in its bosom shows;
Virtue shall o'er it bend, and pleas'd survey THE ARGUMENT.
Celestial beauty on her features play; The Goddess dismisses the remain. Pride, as she sees her bloated form shall
shrink, ing Sylphs, and recalling those whom she had indulged with a short suspen- His shrivell’d visage Avarice shall behold,
And learn more humbly of her worth to think; sion of labour, directs them to shew
Loathe the foul sight, and curse the lust of the most celebrated philosophers, natural, metaphysical, and moral - In Profaneness, startling at his grizly face, compliance with this injunction, they Lift his spread arms to heav'n, and sue for cause the likeness of Copernicus, grace; Tycho BRAHE, KEPLER, Gall. Fix'd in amazement Slander cease to hiss, leo, Bacon, DescaRTES, Boyle, And from her hand th' invenom'd shalt disNewton, Locke, ADDISON, JOHN
p. 162-164, SON, &c. to appear in successionThe professors of anatomy and me The character of Voltaire is thus dicine, HARVEY, BOERHAAVE, and closed : Linnæus-The princes of modern times distinguished by their patronage
“ Immortal sage! unmatch'd thy talents
blaze, of learning and the sciences, Lewis XIV. Peter the GREAT, and Fre- Thy wit, a fiery meteor, to and fro
But dart too oft like Sirius baneful rays: DERIC II. of Prussia–The fair sex
Impetuous glancing, strikes with forceful complimented on their proficiency blow in literature and the arts.
Religious truth, and strives, but strives in From the venerable assemblage of vain, worthies we select for our readers the To blast the plant that bears the balm of pain, following characters :
The planı that when no other drug succeeds,
Heals ev'ry wound with which the bosoma “ The Queen her lecture thus commenced
bleeds." again: Know, Prince, the pair that now thine eyes detain,
BOOK VIII. Great teachers of morality, shall rule
THE ARGUMENT. With undisputed sway the ethic school, Of life and manners just designs impart, All the Sylphs at the command of And stamp the love of virtue on the heart.
the Goddess assemble around her, By unaffected modesty of sense,
and exhibit a view of the wild and Candour and frankness, winning confidence, mountainous regions of Switzerland, Half - laughing ADDISON, as friend with
when Liberty descends and enlivens friend, Shall calmly reason, and the age amend.
the face of the country by her pre
senceHis easy lessons on the mind distil,
e-The connection between LiSoft as the murmurs of a tinkling rill.
berty and Science-A view of the Touch'd by his wit the gay coquettish fair
United Provinces, with a description Bends to the ground her eyes with solemn air, of the changes that are there proWhile the firm stiffness of the simpering duced by the appearance of Liberty prude
The arrival of the Prince of Orange Sinks into Nature's careless attitude. in England, and the fight of James II. Ev'n in the height of Passion's wild career, -The Goddess exhorts ALFRED to Incontinence shall lend a willing ear, And the rash promise made to Pleasure fidelity and zeal-The principal mar
discharge the duties of a king with break, While sudden blushes mantle o'er his cheek. tyrs of Liberty in Britain recorded But JOHNSON, scorning on a fault to smile,
The cause for which England was Spurns with indignant frown the lighter style; separated from the Continent- A Vigorous to think, and skilful to expound, prospect of Great Britain in its most He mighty thought shall urge with mighty improved and fourishing state-The sound,
Goddess conducts ALFRED back to
earth-Her last speech and re-ascent Disdains to change with Fortune's love or into heaven.
hale, The account of the influence of li. Sad when she frowns, and when she smiles
elate. berty in Batavia finishes thus :
And lo! the prince I who on his people “ With the grim dogs of arbitrary pow'r,
trod, Pretended guardians who their flocks devour, Yet deem'd the outrage sanctified by God, By the commanding voice of Reason aw'd Who with blind zeal enamour'd of the dark, Besutted Bigotry, and cloister'd Fraud, Strove to extinguish Reason's hallow'd spark, More hateful tyrants, tyrants of the mind, Term’d his will law, oppression right divine, Cruel as weak, and obstinate as blind, And bow'd devoutly at the papal shrine, Fly the disburthen'd land; while Truth, so By grinning Scorn and Infamy is chas'd long
From the resplendent throne his crimes disIn narrow dungeons barricado'd strong,
grac'd. Lock'd to the ground and gagg’d, shall burst Muttering along the troubled deep he flies, her chain,
And calls in vain the vengeance of the skies. And view with aching eyes the light again, The forms on dragon pinions o'er him hung, Assert the glorious privilege of speech, Foul as the murky hell from which they And, taught herself by heav'n, the nations
Are surly Bigotry and tyrant Might; Nor shall th' aspiring state her commerce See how they spread a slow reluctant Alight, bound
Dart from their hollow orbs a fiery glare, To the dull wealth in things material found; And corrugate their brows in black despair! A nobler trade shall intellectual stores
“ The Goddess ending, ALFRED thus reImport from neighbouring realms or distant turn'd, shores;
While in his eye heroic virtue burn'd. For presses * rais'd in every town shall teem Yon monarch's fate, celestial guide! is With foreign learning in abundant stream.
just, The treasures that from ev'ry region flow Who Nature's charter tramples in the dust; On ev'ry region they again bestow :
Who chains the free-born spirit, and pursues Thus the broad ocean, whose unfailing tide A bigot's or ambition's selfish views, Is daily by a thousand floods supplied, He merits all he suffers. Curs'd be still Back o'er the world the liquid tribute pours The grinding law that thwarts the public In the soft balm of vapours, dews, and
p. 188, 189.
The Queen replied. These manly thoughts
maintain In noticing the visit of Liberty to By manly deeds, and thou deserv'st to reign.
From the mean lust of wealth and pow'r exBritain, the author represents, in
empt figurative language, the flight of A conquest only o'er thyself attempt. James II. and then proceeds: To the broad general interest of the state “ Again the Queen. On Britain's op’ning For this great end, the noblest and the best,
Thy unremitting labours consecrate : lawns At length the sacred light of freedom dawns; Embrace ev'n Death, and deem thy fortune
blest." From Holland's swamps th' auspicious star
p. 192, 193, ascends That gilds the land, and brighter day por- city of London, its population, trade,
A description being given of the tends; NASSAU +, a soul that with a noble pride,
and edifices, the Goddess thus adHowe'er by conquest or disaster try'd,
dresses ALFRED : * An immense number of books in al. sessed the sensibilities of a humane mind, most every language, ancient as well as mo the discriminating taste and delicate perdern, was at one period published in Hol- ceptions of a man of genius, nor the liberal Land, and circulated through the greatest part spirit of a hero. of Europe. The impressions were remark # James II. was endowed by nature able for their superiority of elegance, for the with qualities fitted to make a good king; ingenuity and skill of the Dutch letter-found- but his mind was unfortunately depraved ers was unrivalled: they supplied the most by early impressions of bigotry. He wished celebrated presses of other nations with to render his people happy, but conceivtypes. Nor was the paper manufactured in ing the re-establishment of popery nethis country held in less estimation, as it cessary to the attainment of this object, he was distinguished by the closeness of its had recourse to such measures of violence texture and the purity of its whiteness. as, if endured without resistance, would
+ The praise of equanimity may be justly have changed the limited prerogatives of claimed by William III. but to this our en monarchy into a complete despotism. comium must be bounded. He neither pos.
P. 247, 248.
“The praise of all the wonders now in view that time the study of the Persian To Liberty and me alone is due;
language was not considered of that The variegated scene the country yields, importance wbich it has since been The mountains white with flocks, the cul
found to be, to those gentlemen who tured fields,
had occasion to reside in the honour. The roads and aqueducts, the temples, able Company's settlements in Hin. tow'rs,
do-tan, eiher in a civil or a military And navies bounding o'er the deep, are ours. My sister breathes the spirit, I suggest
capa ity ; but on their arrival in that Th’ immortal p'an, and Britons act the rest; country, they immediately perceived For Britons long the nublest feats shall claim, they had been greatly mistahen, and Long highest mount the precipice of Fame. that no transaction or negotiation of But know, O king! the fortunes of a land consequence could possibly take place, Can only on unshaken virtue stand;
or be carried on, without a knowWrench that majestic column from the wall, ledge of the court language of that And the pile totters, nodding to its fall. extensive empire. They were thereAt length one general avaricious lust
fore compelled, before they could enShall with a lep'rous scurf the soul incrust;
ter on the duties of their functions, And dire Corruption feeble at her birth,
so as to acquit themselves like men, But soon a giant shadowing half of earth,
and give that satisfaction to their emShall with her bundied arms the selfish race Crush, and destroy them in her foul embrace. plovers which every honest person Senates shall for a paltry base reward,
feels a peculiar pleasure in doing, toapBetray the people they have sworn to guard; ply to a native monshee for assistance And priests, a venal hypocritic tribe, in the acquirement of that necessary Ev'n at the altar, snatch the glittering bribe, tongue, which they had neglected And as they bow to God with specious before they quitted the shores of Briair,
tain. In consequence of this infatuAddress by Stealth mammon ev'ry ation, this pamphlet was long ne• prayer.
but when by length of years But short Corruption's reign. Indulgent the few copies that had been taken Fate
of it became scattered among the liFrom the fell demon soon relieves the state.
braries of the curious, and it was not Though hazy mist and gloom the prospect shroud,
to be obtained without difficulty, it I see stupendous changes through the cloud, was sought for with avidity. There Rais'd on the base of Freedom, equal laws, not being a grammatical praxis of Zea' burning solely in the public cause,
this nature has been long cause of And pure unsullied Faith; but heav'n denies regret; and those gentlemen who The glorious blazon tu a mortal's eyes have studied Sir William Jones's
In this work the notes form a de. Grammar, have universally lamented tached part of the volume, which in that their labours were rendered exthe whole contains 248 pages.
tremely tedious by the want of an analytical work, like that which is now again presented to the public.
It remains only to say, that it is CI. A Specimen of Persian Poelry; printed in a size proper to bind with
or, Odes of Hafez: with an English that Gentleman's Grammar, which,
Translation and Paraphrase ; chic fiy by the addition of this Praxis, will be from the Specimen Poeseos Persicce of rendered doubly useful.” Baron Revizky, Envoy from the Em The Editor then acquaints us, that peror of Germany to the Court of Pon the Rev. Mr. Weston, author of " A land. With Historical and Gramma- Specimen of the Conformity of the tical Illustrations, and a complete European Languages, particularly the Analysis, for the Assistance of those English, with the Oriental Languages, who wish to study the Persian Lan- especially the Persian,” (which work guage. By John RICHARDSON, we took notice of in our last, p. 263,) F.S. A. A New Edition, revised, has favoured him with several excel corrected, and enlarged. By S. Rous- lent notes, with which he has embelseau, Teacher of ihe Persian Lan- lished the various pages of the work. guage.
From the Preface we sball make
the following extracts : HIS work, which again laid
all , sugformed in the advertisement, “ was for the government of our settlements originally published in 1774, but at in those distant regions, few perhaps