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No crackling blazes his rude hearth “ All hail! benignant name, sweet adorn,
CHARITY? But all is dreary, chilling, and for. So prompt to pity, eager to supply; lorn.
Blestemanation of the heavenly mind, Son of Affliction, half consum'd with Friend of the world, and parent of care,
mankind : Mean his abode, but meaner still his That pries in dungeons, anxious looks fare,
around, Eighty long winters have profusely. And draps the lucid tear where woes shed
abound, A hoary lustre round his aged head; Nor tears alone-O! dear to man, Yet still he talks how happy once he
and God, liv'd,
Let ev'ry, breast provide thee an And tells of comforts he has long sur- abode; viv'd :
Let ev'ry pulse beat high with thee, Of comforts past he takes a fond re
and thrill, view,
Pervade each soul, and all intentions Heaves the deep sigh, and bids them fill; all adieu.
Let thy kind beams on humble pea.' So tender matrons seek a sad relief
sants shine, For perish'd children, and indulge Be thine to pity, to relieve be thine, their grief.
And thou, Religionsoul transHis walls are naked now, yet once,
farining flame, alas!
(Let earth thy pow'r, let heav'n thy A sightly warming-pan of polish'd praise proclaim) brass
Colin possess'd of thee could wish na Hung, how resplendent ! by the more, chimney's side,
And without thee a CRæsts must be Its humble master's glory, and his paorpride.
Come then, Religion, and the toiling Then were his shelves opprest with hind massy weight
Shall more than bread in thine em.. Of burnish'd pewter's ornamental braces find. plate:
Thy precious balm distill'd upon his The honest housewife wily rang'd the heart, row,
His wants subside, his sorrows all deAnd destin'd these for use, and those part: for show.
He sees his storm-beat cottage proudThen the hung chine, prepar'd with
ly rise nicest care,
More than a palace-half a paradise. Her table grac'd, and nut-brown ale was there.
So lie who erst repos'd his weary Then the fed hog lay basking in the head, sty,
A stone his pillow, the cold ground For Christmas' distant day a rich sup
his bed, ply.
When to his leaping heart thy joys But now the cot yields no such dainty were giv'n, fare,
Exclaim'd with rapture-r 'TIS THE Nor pewter, chine, nor nut-brown ale GATE OF HEAV'N !'"
are there : No blood of swine, for COLIN
slaughter'd, reeks, Nor well-cur'd bacon tempts with tires, we select the two following:
As a specimen of the Author's Sa. ruddy streaks ; No shining dishes rang'd in rural ON THE RELIGION OF AN EPICURL,
show Deck his bare shelves, to call bim
“ Whose God is their BELLY." niaster now."
“ Here's my religion, Demas cry'd,
And to his breast his hand apply'd. This Poem closes with an apo. Oh! no, says Marcus, with a frown, strophe to Charity
It lies a little lower down."
On two very unequal lines of a Talo gance and folly; and it is perhaps low-Chandler
only the unfortunate ruined creditor, * Just like the candles on his shelves, who, feeling the dreadful conse His two dull lines the chandler quences, is duly sensible of the injus. mixes :
tice, wickedness, and cruelty of this The first outmetes the longest twelves; criminal, though prevailing habit. The latter scarce exceeds his sixes." But, custom, though it has a marvel-.
lous tendency to blind the eyes, cannot change the real nature of things;
capnot render that lawful which God Xl. The Duty of not running in Debt. has forbidden." P. 2-4. Considered in a Discourse preached
“ A celebrated moral writer has before the University of Cambridge. Well observed, that, according to mo. By GEORGE WHITMORE, B. D. dern manners, it is not the cruel cre. Rivingtons, St. Paul's Church-yard. ditor, but the merciless debtor we Is, 6d.
should complain of, and daily expe
rience verities the justness of the obHIS discourse is dedicated to the servation. There is scarce any one were lately under the Author's tui- has not suffered by the carelessness: tion at St. John's College, Cambridge. of others in pecuniary concerns. But It is published in deference to the re- that useful body of men, to whom quest of some of the Author's friends, trade is the business of life, being and the profits, if any, are to be most exposed to this particular misgiven to the Society for Maintaining chief, labour under the evil in its ut. the poor Orphans of the Clergy, and most magnitude. They are woundto the Society of Philanthropic Re- ed not only in their fortunes but in form.
their feelings. Repeated delay of
payment, notwithstanding repeated EXTRACT.
promises, produces the feverish anx.
iety of perpetual expectation, baulk. " TO incur large debts, when we ed by perpetual disappointment. In kave not the means, perhaps not the the anguish of their souls they bitinclination, to discharge them, is now terly experience how truly hath 10 far from being thought shameful, the wise man said, · Hope deferred that it is rather considered as a lofty maketh the heart sick.' ennobling distinction, the prerogative “ But this is not all: whoever has of those superior characters who visited our unfortunate places of conaspire to lead mankind. The same finement, has found there many, lanmean and unworthy causes that ac- guishing in hopeless inactivity and tuate the higher classes, a defect of want, whilst their guilty debtors are moral principle, the influence of ex- revelling in a round of pleasure, ample, the habit of indolence, the wholly regardless of the misery which batred of trouble, the suggestions of their profligate extravagance has Fanity, and the inordinate love of broughi on the industrious and the pleasure, have propagated this vi- worthy. It has been many an honest: cious practice through all orders of man's' severe fate, to be reduced to society. Though the amount of the utter ruin, not by the hardness of the debts may be different, the ruinous times, not by his own fault, but solely consequences are very nearly in the by his inability to collect his arrears. same degree. He who voluntarily His own creditors grow impatient; spends more than he can afford is will grant him no farther respite; he dishonest in exact proportion to his is arrested, and rots in goal. His wife prodigality; whether his income rise dies, perhaps, of a broken heart; and to thousands, or depend on the daily bis helpless children, whom he thought exertions of bis bodily strength. This to have brought up in comfort and in species of profligacy is indeed so uni- virtue, to be useful members of their versal, that it ranks high amongst the country, deprived of parental support glaring vices of the age, which sap and protection, are abandoned to pe. equally the foundation of our moral nury and vice, and become the pest and political welfare. Still the of society, the very scorn and refuse thoughtless multitude persevere in of mankind. the same giddy course of extrava- “ If these reflections are founded,
as I trust they are, in truth and jus- views of conquest or aggrandisement; tice, can we listen to them without that we armed only to support our emotion? Can indolence or vanity, ancient allies, to viudicate our indeinduce us to persevere in a vicious pendence, and to protect our invalupractice, so pregnant with mischief, able constitution from foes, both fo. so ruinous to ourselves and others." reign and domestic, no one who has
read Mr. Marsh's collection of authenticated facts, respecting the po.
litics of Great Britain and France, XII. EIGHT LETTERS on the Peace ; can entertain a doubt. If we failed
and on the Commerce and Manufac. in the first object, our failure was not tures of Great Britain. By Sir Fre- ascribable to want of zeal, exertion, DERICK MORTON EDEN, Bart. or perseverance. We fought and ne8vo. stitched, 35. 6d. Wright, gotiated for the powers of Europe Piccadilly. Pp. 32.
long after they had ceased to fight or
to negotiate for themselves. But if O these Letters an advertisement we could not save others, we saved
is prefixed, by which we learn, ourselves." P: 4, 5. that the contents “ were originally After stating our successful resist. addressed to the Editor of the Por- ance of France, our negotiations at cupine, and published in that news- Petersburg, our conquest in Egypt, paper, in the course of the last three the value of Ceylon and Trinidad, months, under the signature of. Phi- and our acquisitions in the East, our • langlus.' With the hope that in their Author proceeds: “Of the acquis present formi, at the present crisis, sitions of France, I entertain very difthey may prove acceptable to the ferent sentiments from those exs public, I have carefully revised the pressed by the Porcupine; but neivarious documents they contain, and ther your limits, nor my leisure, will brought them down to the latest pe- allow me to compare her gains of poriod on which information could be pulation and territory with her losses, procured.”
both moral and political. The acThe four first letters contain a discount would be a long one. In less cussion of the preliminaries of peace; distracted times, France herself may answer to objections; state of St. probably strike a fair balance, set Domingo; the balance of power, and down her losses with correctness, and the conquest of Egypt. The latter compute her gains without exaggerafour are upon “ the commerce of tion." Great Britain with the conquered “ It is no objection to peace,
that islands; the neutral powers; the Bri- by it much must be hazarded; for tish colonies, and the Belligerent nore would be hazarded by a proPowers.”
longation of the contest. All great The paper, to the editor of which political measures, war and peace these letters were originally addressed, more especially, are experiments. has “ pointedly and decidedly con- Our statesmen well know, that more demned the measures” emploved to than mere parchment is required to effect peace, and which the work before cement the amity of nations; that us is designed to vindicate, by answer- time, the most powerful of agents, ing objections against the peace, and the chief improver of human institushewing its probable advantages. The tions, must co-operate with political first letter contains an extract from wisdom to render peace a blessing : the Porcupine, which states the ter- that self-interest will soften antient ritorial acquisitions of France as an animosities; and that commerce, 'the objection, when compared with her • golden girdle of the globe *,' will former dominions, and the cessions bind us togetber when our fiercer pas. granted to us in the preliminaries: to sions would disunite us. which our Author replies, “ in order “It is a narrow policy to suppose, fairly to appreciate our present situa- that our prosperity must be advanced tion, we should recollect what was by the ruin of France. A commerthe chief object that induced France cial nation will be benefitted by az to attack us, and how far she has ac- increase of her best customers. The complished it. It was to revolutionize more industrious France becomes, the us. That the war, on our part, was purely defensive; that we had no
wore sensible will she be of the bles- to the consideration of our present sings of peace, and the more anxious circumstances, and from an investito preserve them. Nor will her ad- gation of the past attempt to anticisances in social arts, though they pate the future, we may possibly dismay add to her strength, diminish cover, that in times less prosperous, bur security. It seems to have beeh Britain had no reason to despair, and wisely ordained by Providence, that that confidence becomes her now. the wealth of nations should not dis- We may find precedents to shew, pose them to aggressions, though it that an advantageous peace has creimay furnish them with defence. The ated dissatisfaction, but we shall find poorest and most uncivilized tribes
none to prove that a peace, like the have ever been the greatest con present, has been the forerunner of querors.
ruin. Ill-omened birds, vain foretel" You seem to apprehend, that lers of tempests, may perch on our what the republic cannot effect by masts, but the vessel of the state will force, she may accomplish by craft, hold on her course. We should be and that we must fall, like the Tros vigilant; we ought not to be fearful. jans,
Our navigators still plough the sea - Captique dolis, lacrymisque coacti, and grow rich by conimerce, anidst Quos neque Tydides, nec Larisseus all the dangers of climates, storms, • Achilles,
rocks, and quicksands. • Nos anni domuere decem, non mille “ Many of the objections which carinæ.
have been, and are likely to be, urged " I entertain no such apprehen- may be included in this short though “
against the preliminaries of peace, sions: I consider our undisputed sovereignty in the East, and our union by sheathing the sword we have rati
comprehensive proposition ;- that, with Ireland, (another beneficial con- fied the subversion of the balance of wequence of the war, which you have passed over) as some indemnity for power in Europe *, on the preserva
tion of which our existence, as a na the past, and security for the fu
tion, essentially depends." P.21–23. * ture. To these most valuable ac
The Author proceeds to state the quisitions, but above all, to the activity of British industry, and the principal alterations which have taken energy of British spirit, (which, under place within the last one hundred and
fifty years in the territorial division the blessing of Providence) have conducted us through war with honour, bitious continental power may add a
of Europe,” and remarks, “An amI look with confidence for resources that may preserve us in peace with contiguous province to her frontier ?
an insular one can only enlarge the out humiliation." P.9-il.
On the subject of the balance of bounds of empire by acquiring de power, we find the following observa- tached provinces. But whilst our tions: “ Thus, from unfolding the neighbours have
extended their limits,
Britain has increased her power (the page of history, we may confidently power, I mean, of defence, for all determine, that laws tempered by other is precarious and illusory) by freedom, and favourable to industry, will render a people prosperous and improvements in internal organizas happy; that distracted and corrupt tion'; by colonization, by agriculture,
tion, which have doubled her populaadministrations must produce misery at home and weakness abroad; that by manufactures, and by commerce,
the parent of naval power. military governments, after some time, fall into iinpotence and lan- : « Britain has shewn, that her staguor, and that pure democracies usually end in anarchy or despotisın. tion in the scale of Europe depends These, and similar truths, we recog;
not on a fanciful'equilibrium which a nize as axioms of state, and (though congress of nations can adjust, but on sometimes disappointed) we make resources which can be created, and them the rules of our public con- energies which can be exerted, by duct: they are either buoys to point
herself. Diplomatic interference, ne. out our danger, or beacons to direct * It was Fontenelle, I believe, who said us to safety.
that the follies of cabinets coustituted the “ If we apply political experience true balance of Europe,
gotiation, and treaty, may sometimes British manufactures gives more empreserve a feeble state from imme. ployinent to British industry, and diate dissolution ; but when did they contributes more to our internal im. inspire a timid people with manly provements than the vent of foreign sentiment and vigour's or make those manufacture or of colonial produce. powerful who had no confidence in The circuitous trade carried on with theinselves? Of all nations in Eu- the East and West Indies, for the rope, Britain has the least occasion to supply of other nations in Europe, is dread the interpretation, or to court much too slow in its returns, to set so the mediation of neutral states. Her much labour in motion, and to afford insular situation renders her inacces- employment and subsistence to so sible to all, except the maritime great a part of the nation, as a direct powers. Her unfitness for continental trade with our neighbours; a trade conquest secures her from jealousy. which, whilst it enables them to beShe can only affect Europe by her nefit by vicinage, and to procure alliances and subsidies, &c.' P. 33, what they want at the cheapest rate, 34.
enables us to purchase the linens of On the subject of commerce we Holland with the woollens of York find various average statements of shire, and the wines of France with the weight and value of the com
the hardwares of Birmingham. modities imposted and exported; the result of which is, that notwith- “The flourishing state of our com; standing in former wars trade has merce, which during a long and asbeen diminished, during the last, it duous struggle, has been extended by has experienced a yearly increase; British industry, and protected by and the Author declares himself con- British valour, affords à memorable vinced, that peace will by no means example of what may be effected by prove unfavourable to our commerce. the sense, the spirit, and the petseThe Author argues thus: 'I have en- verance of the people. deavoured to shew, that, though the
Quid virtus et quid sapientia possit, greatest part of the colonial trade ac
Utile proposuit nobis exemplar. quired by us during the war must revert to other countries, and our « May the lesson not be thrown commerce with the neutral powers of away! May Britain, during peace, the north must be reduced within gratefully recollect that, whilst a much narrower bounds than it is at great part of Europe, deficient either present, we may reasonably expect in wisdom or in courage, has sacrithat the export of our manufactures to ficed its independence with the vain the United States will increase, that hope of preserving its property, a vi. our settlements in America, the West gorous resistance has enabled her to Indies, and Asia, will be improving maintain her independence, and, by markets, and that returning amity and the sacrifice of a part, to render the tranquillity will supply us with new remainder of her wealth more valu. customers in those belligerent states able and inore improveable! May she in Europe with whom our intercourse gratefully recollect, that the revoluhas been suspended or embarrassed tionary system, which she has opduring the contest. It is, however, posed, has not forced her to surrender material to recollect, that neither the her commerce to preserve her contonnage nor the values of imports and stitution, and that the cessation of exports furnish a fair comparison of hostilities does not call on her to surthe relative importance of the dif. render her constitution to preserve ferent branches of our foreign trade. her commerce. They both inay, they The exportation of a piece of British both will, tourish together; and broad cloth is more beneficial to us when, at some future period, the than the re-exportation of a quantity of feverish ambition of mankind shall Bengal muslin, or of West India cof. compel her to unsheath the sword, fee, of equal value. The exportation her constitution and her commerce of a piece of broad cloth to a neighwill again supply her both with mobouring country is more beneficial to tives, and with ineans, to prosecute us than the exportation of the same the contest until it can again be tercommodity to a distant country. The minated with safety and honour.", P. seasons are obvious. The vent of 129-132.