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great labour and neatness of work. himself, and walked up unarmed, In the rooms of these catacombs are but with a firm and manly step, to excavations for containing the mum- this tumultuous assembly. mies, but he did not find one.

"I entered the circle, and offered Section VI. Departure from Siwah. the Mahometan salutation, Assulam - Foarney to Schiacha, and Danger Alkum,' but none of the Siwahans which the traveller there incurred. returned it. Some of them imme.

In this section Mr. Horneman diately exclaimed, 'You are of the says, “ Westward of Siwah I found new Christians from Cairo, and two banks or heaps of calcined shells, come to explore our country.' Had some of the size of two inches over. I at this time been as well acquainted My interpreter told me, that taking with Mahometan'fanaticism, and the bis road at some distance from me, character of the Arabs, as I have he saw a mountain standing singly been since, I should have deduced and unconnected with others, com my defence from the very terms of posed entirely of shells. Many such the accusation, and stated that I was yast isolated mounds are to be seen indeed froin Cairo, having fled froin throughout the whole of this district, the infidels; as it was, I an-wered and the bed-joints or interstices of nothing to this general clamour, but their strata of stone (always horizon- sat down and directed my speech to tal) being filled up with a reddish, one of the chiefs, whose great infriable, calcareous substance, they of- fluence I knew, and who had been ten resemble pyramids, and in so often in my tent whilst at Siwah. exact and illusive a manner, that “Tell me, brother, (said I) hast thou more than once I was deceived into ever before known 300 armed men an expectation of meeting with such "take a journey of three days in pura building.” p. 30.

• suit of two men who dwelt in their Pursuing their journey, they were midst fourteen days, who had eaten overtaken by some Siwa hans, who, in and drank with them as friends, order to detain them, said that a nu and whose tents were open to them merous horde of Arabs were hover • all? Thyself hast found us praying ing in the Desert ready to fall upon and reading the Koran; and now our caravan, and assured us that the thou sayest we are infidels froin people of Siwah had resolved to ·Cairo; that is, one of those from come to our assistance and to escort • whom we fly! Dost thou not know us to the next watering place, add • that it is a great sin to tell one of the ing, that their little army would ar • faithful that he is a pagan?' I spoke rive in a few hours, deterinined to this with an earnest and resolute risk with us every thing in opposing tone, and many of the congregation the attack of the Bedouins, whose seemed gained over by it, and disforce they represented as consisting posed to be favourable to me. The from 800 to 1000 men ; and they man replied, that he was convinced soon heard from afar the braying of we were not infidels; that he had spme hundred asses, which gave no persuaded no one to this pursuit, and tice of the approach of the Siwahans, as far as depended on him alone, who were required to halt at half a ' was ready to return to Siwah.' On mile distance from our post. In the this I turned one of the vulgar, morning they advanced, and gave who was communicating some of the apprehensions of an immediate at accusations against me to the people tack. A conference was proposed, and of our caravan. • Be thou silent, entered into in a circle the Sivahans "(said I) would to God that I were formed for that purpose. Mr. Horne- able to speak well the Arabic, i man sent his interpreter to learn would then ask questions of thee, what transpired, who soon returned "and of hundreds like thee, who are greatly alarmed, saying, " they take less instructed in the Islam than I us for Christians and spies, and we . am.' An old man on this observed, shall assuredly, be put to death." • This man is younger than the other, After some further expressions of a ' and yet more courageous!' Timmelarm, Mr. Hornemangives the follow- diately continued, My friend is not ing account of his conduct.

• afraid of thee; but thou oughtest Perceiving that terror had wholly "to have sears of my friend : dost deprived him of the necessary temper

*thou know what it is to reproach a and recollection, I now left him to • man who lives with sultans and

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with princes, with being an infidel?' In this section is described the I was then asked for what purpose ceremony of entering one of the we carried Christian papers? I now towns. found that my interpreter had un. “Our entry into Mojabra, one of warily shewn a passport, which I had the three places belonging to the obtained from General Bonaparte dominion of Augila, was solemn and with a view not to be detained at the affecting, as the greater part of the French posts, through which I was merchants of our caravan had here to pass to the caravan. My inter- habitations and families. The Bey preter at this moment came up, and of Bengasi, vicegerent for the Bashaw finding me alive, and the assembly of Tripoly, and at that time resident less angry and violent than when, on at Augila, sent about twenty of his being first questioned, he had exas Arabs to note in writing the burden perated them by inconsiderate and of the camels, and for which they perplexed answers, he recovered demanded a small duty. These himself, and stood sufficiently com Arabs then ranged themselves, and posed and collected, whilst I ex formed a right wing to our caravan, plained, partly in German, partly in drawn up for procession. The merArabic, what had passed. Knowing, chants who had horses formed the however, that the paper in question left, and the pilgrims and ordinary would be demanded, and not choos- Arabs formed the centre, headed by ing to trust to his prudence in the the sheik, preceded by a green flag. manner of producing it, I went my. The pilgriins marched on singing; self for it to the tent, and returning, and the Arabs made the horses brought likewise a Koran with me. prance and curvet, and so continued I immediately tendered the paper to until we approached near to Moabro, a chief of the Siwahans, who having where a number of old men and chil. unfolded it, asked, “If any by-stander dren met us, to felicitate and get a • could read it.' I could not help first embrace of their sons and relasmiling at the question, perilous as tions, whom, on hearing of the Freneh was my situation. The same ques- invasion in Egypt, they had given tion was then put to us, when I an over as lost.” p. 37. swered, I that we did not under " Augila, a town well known in

stand what it contained, but were the time of Herodotus *, covers a • told it would allow us to quit Cairo space of about one mile io circum• without being molested, • This ference. It is badly built, and the

is the book, (interrupted my inter- streets are narrow, and not kept • preter) which I understand,' and clean. The houses are built of a immediately took the Koran from my lime-stone, dug from the neighbourhand. We were ordered, by reading ing hills, and consist oply of one in it, to give proof of our being truly story or ground floor. The apartof the religion. Our learning in this ments are dark, there being no aperrespect went far indeed beyond the ture for light but the door, and are simple ability of reading. My com- generally ranged round a small court, panion knew the entire Koran by to which the entrance of each room heart; and as for me, I could even faces, for the purpose of collecting the then write Arabic, and well too, more light. The public buildings, which, with these people, was an ex- comparatively, are yet more mean traordinary proficiency in learning. and wretched. Mojabra is of smaller We had scarcely given a sample of extent, but appears proportionally our respective talents, when the more populous than Angila. The inchiefs of our caravan, who to this habitants of Meledila are chiefly emmoment had been silent, now took ployed in agriculture; those of Moja. loudly our part; and many of the bra engage inostly in trade, and pass Siwaħans too interfered in our fa. their lives in travelling between Cairo vour. In short, the enquiry ended to and Fezzan. The people of Augila our complete advantage, though not are of a more sedentary disposition; without the murmuring of some in the multitude, who lost the hopes of

* Herodotus places Augila at ten days plunder wbich the occasion might journey from the city of the Ammonians. have afforded.” p. 33–35.

Melpom. 182. N. B. Mr. Hornemad was nine Section VII. Departure from Shia. days on his journey from Avgila to Siwah, cha-Arrival at Augila.

partly by forced marches

though some of these too were with time he visited the circumjacent our caravan.

places, and describes their natural “ The men of the above places, curiosities. These descriptions are who engage in the caravan trade, illustrated by seven engravings, viz. generally kept three houses; one at St. Peter's Church; the Colosseum; Kardafi, near Cairo, one at Mojabra, outside view of the Colosseum; the and a third at Zuila, or sometimes at Campo Vaccino; the Circus of CaraMourzouk. Many have a wife and calla; outside view of the Pantheon family establishment at each of these or Rotunda; the interior of the Panhouses, and others take a wife for theon or Rotunda. the time, if the stay of the caravan is From Rome the Count proceeds to longer than usual.. The men from Naples, and notices the many objects their very youth devote themselves thai presented themselves to his atto such traveller's life. Boys from tention. Here he describes a pecuthirteen to fourteen years of age liar class of people called Lazaroni, accompanied our caravan the long some of whom are to be met with and toilsome journey from Augila to even in Rome, and are computed to Fexzan on foot, or at least seldom amount in this place to forty thoumounting a horse. In observing the sand. The author says, “ many, of general character of this people, I these live in the open air; and at could not but mark a degradation, night, or in bad weather, take shelter self-interestedness, and mean and under gateways, porticos, the eaves shuffling disposition, derived from of houses, or under rocks. They early habits of petty trade, and the cannot easily be persuaded to work, manner in which it was conducted, while they have the smallest coin in as contra distinguishing those in this their pocket. They think not of traffic, and those who remained at making provision for to-morrow. home.

The serenity of the climate, and the “ The men of the country are en ever generous, the ever fruitful lap gaged in gardening and agriculture, of earth, sympathise with their joybut in the last to no great extent. ous hilarity. Their blood flows The women are very industrious in' lightly through their veins: with care manufacturing coarse woollen cloths they are unacquainted. Should any of five yards in length, and a yard one offer money to a Lazaroni, when and a half wide, which are called he is not pressed by, necessity, he Åbbe, and are sent in considerable raises the back of his hand ió his quantities to Fezzan. These con chin, and tosses his head upwards, stitute the chief clothing of this peo- being too idle to speak, in token of ple; they wrap them about their refusal ; but if any thing delights bodies, and without even a shirt or him, I do not speak of his passions, shift under." p. 38, 39.

which may be kindled and extin(To be concluded in our next.) guished as easily as a fire of straw, if he

be invited to partake any pleasure, no man is more talkative, more alert,

more full of antics, than himself. CXVI. Count Stolberg's TRA

“These people have wives and chilVELS through Germany, Switzer- dren. At present there is one among land, Italy, and Sicily.

them, whose influence is so great that (Concluded from puge 432.) they call him Capo de gli Lazaroni :

the chief of the Lazaroni. He goes HE second volume of this work barefoot, and in tatters, like the rest.

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through Milan, Bologna, Florence, when they have any thing to demand Pisa, and Sienna, to Rome. He gives of the government. He then genea brief history of each place through rally applies to the Eletto del Popolo, which he passed, and describes the the representative of the people, a form of its distinct government, with kind of tribune, as far as such an its buildings and curiosities.

office can exist in an unlimited mo. A considerable part of this volume narchy, like that of Naples. He is occupied with a description of likewise appeals to the king in perRoine, its various curiosities, ruins, son. The demands of the Lazaroni buildings, sculpture, paintings, &c. are moderate ; they have a sense of as the author continued here some right and wrong, which the people

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seldom want when they are not mis- tirely seditious. The insurgent was led. To disregard any just remon. one of those emissaries that were strance of this people, or not to com. sent, by the too provident care of ply without stating the grounds of the French clubs, over Europe, to refusal, would be dangerous. They enlighten, improve, and make the love the present king; and I am as- people happy. He bad disguised sured that, in case of necessity, he himself like a pilgrim, and was submight depend upon their assistance: ject to the gallows, according to the of this, however, he is in no peed. common rights of nations; but the

« Before the king last year made a government only thought proper to journey to Germany, Nicola Sabbato, banish bin to the island of Maritima, for so is the present chief of the La- one of the Agades, on the west side zaroni calledi, made himn a speech. of Sicily. He lamented that the king should be “ The Lazaroni are devoted to the absent so long from his people: yet present king. A body of many thourejoiced in a journey that would af- sand men, who have nothing to lose, ford pleasure to a prince, who took may reasonably be dreaded, aud so much satisfaction in the good of may keep a tyrannical king in very his subjects. "We are,' said he, wholesome awe. A despotic consti'thirty thousand strong; and in your tation may perhaps need a remedy

absence we will preserve the peace like this, the terror of which shall • of the country. You certainly have preserve a balance between itself and • nothing to fear from any man: but a power that is equally blind and • should any one have the insolence unwise. A free constitution requires to spread inflammatory opinions, we order; for order is the foundation of will tear him into as many pieces as freedom. Bodies of people, like the • we are men, and each of us will numberless Lazaroni of Naples, or the • have a morsel of him to smoke in hags of the ball, the fish-wives of our pipes.'

Paris, could not exist among a people During the absence of the king, that should be truly free.'

p. 398– this Nicola Sabbato visited the prin- 402. ces and princesses, that, as he said, Noticing some of the peculiarities he might give the people an account and curiosities of the country about of their welfare. He likewise visited Naples, this volume concludes. It the prime minister, Mr. Acton, and is proper to inform our readers this on one occasion came to him breath- volume contains inany historical less, demanding to speak to bin. sketches. • I have just seen a man,' said he, in Vol. UI. The letters in this vo'the dress of a pilgrim, in the great lume were written from Naples, Sa• square, who is clistributing French lerno, Barletta, Tarento, Gallipoli, • hand-bills, the meaning of which Catanzaro, Oppido, Reggio, Messi* neither I nor any of us can under- na, Palermo, Trapani, and Girgenti; 'stand; and he is kissing a stone, they give an account of these places, * which he has brought from the ruins and the surrounding countries, with

of the Bastille. Üle will certainly their origin, history, wars, govern.excite an insurrection. We would ment, and the material circumstances ' have thrown him into the sea, but that have occurred in them. • I wished first to hear your opinion: While at Tarento the Count made

though I think we ought to have enquiries, but he says, “ I have been •tbrown him into the sea.'

able to obtain no satisfactory account “ The minister had much difficulty of that kind of venomous spider, to make him conceive that a prelimi- which, after this town, has been nary, enquiry was necessary. He called arantula. You know it has continually returned to the necessity been asserted of the tarantula, that of throwing the oratorinto the sea; and its venomous bite inspires a deep mewhen the minister told him he would lancholy, which frequently ends in send soldiers to put the man in prison, death, and can only be cured by vioNicola replied, • There is no occa lent dancing. Neither will the sick •sion for soldiers; I will undertake person dance till the musician has that business.'

happened upon the air that pleases “The man accordingly was taken him, and the same air will not proto prison by the Lazaroni. The duce the saine etiect on all patients. contents of the hand-bill were en “The reasons which hare long been

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alleged, in opposition to this story, on the nature of the laws of Zaleuappear to me very strong, if not un. answerable. It is first stated, that the “ Other law-givers punished luxu. antients say nothing of this dance; ry with fines; Zaleucus in a more and next, this practice is contined to understanding manner. He forbade Puglia, although the tarantula is like any woman to be attended by more wise found in Sicily, at Rome, at Tic than one female slave, unless she voli, and in many parts of Italy, as happened to be a little drunk. She well as in Puglia. if the heat of Pu- must not leave the city by night, inglia render the bite of the tarantula less she went to commit adultery; particularly dangerous, must not the nor must she wear golden ornaments heat of the south of Sicily do the and embroidered robes, unless her ins same? Why should the bite be so dan clinations were unchaste. In like gerous at Taranto, where the air is manner he would not sutfer the meni so mild? Ought we not to ascribe the to wear gold rings, or fine wool, like danger, and the effect produced by the Milesians, untess they were fornidancing, to the lively imagination of cators or adulterers. The disgrace the Tarentines, or rather of the 'Ta annexed to these permitted exceprentine women ?

tions was more eftectual than any "In the third place, the bite is Other penalty. p 360, 361. said only to be dangerous in the hot This volume is embellished with months; though I hear these dancers the following seven engravings : A are exhibited for money at the be view of a rocky valley near Sorento; gioning of May. To this it may be Grotta di Matrimonio, in the island answered, that having been cured by of Capri; Temple of Neptune, at dancing, whenever they hear the Pesto 'or Pastum ; two plates of same music played again, the livelin winter huts on the shores of the tiess of their imagination once more Adriatic; a view in Trapani, and of makes them begin to dance with vio. the Monte di Trapani, the ancient lence, and even with convulsions. Eryx; ruins of a Grecian Temple, But is it not highly probable that in Egesta or Segerta. there is often knavery at the bot

Voume IV. The letters in this tom?

volume were written from Syracuse, Beside, the imagination, to which Catania, Giane at the foot of Mount we are indebted for so much good Etna, San Jorio near Naples, Piano and evil, acting upon the inhabitants di Sorento, Naples, Rome, Loretto, of Italy, over whom it is so powerful, Venice, Vienna, and Dresden. may here double its eftects. The In this volume are three plates : persuasion that the bite of the tarau- the tree called Dei cento Cavalli; tula excites melancholy may, in those and two views in the island of Ischia ; who have been bitten, be actually in one of these is a representation of productive of melancholy; and the the mountain Epomeo. persuasion likewise that dancing will Prefixed to the letter from Giane cure them, may as readily excite is the plate of the tree Dei cento Cathem to dance, and as ettectually valli, of which the following account afford them relief." p. 264, 265.

is given “I have seen a living tarantula. « This tree, which for centuries It was grey on the back, and white has been hollow, consists at present on the belly, with clear brown spots. of five prodigious trees, several of li had not attained its full growth. the inward sides of which are smooth, In the middle of summer, it is as large though time has covered them with a as the largest spiders. At this time kind of bark, and which we inthe back becomes black, and even dubitably see all actually belong to spots on the belly of the same co one great trunk, through which wide P. 266.

caviiies have been made by the decay Notice is taken of the excessive which time produces. They stand flattery of the Italians, and of the in a circle, and form a vast connected exis arising from exvrnious taxation, bower, denoting the natural roundwhich the Italian farmer severely ing of the tree," which has only been

perforated by a succession of centue Before we dismiss this rolume, we fies. present to our readers an observation “ Swinburne, a traveller of under.

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the lour.


Vol. I,

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