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his birth, it must remain unaccounted that it would require to be of the for; that is, it must remain a “mys same duration; but, whether it would tery," which is an idea that this writer or not, such reasoning is precile. would be thought to discard. (p. 4.) The end of all just punishment is Once more, he has not suggested, that the reparation of an injury done to what he has written is the gospel in, government, and the restoring of the deed, but merely his conceptions of authority of the law to its proper what is so. But why then does he tone. If this end be answered, jusspeak of the sentiments he opposes as tice is completely satisfied. It is not “human systems” (p. 42.) His con the quantity of suffering endured by ceptions are as much human as they the substitute, nor its duration, that
is of any account; but the effect proMr. S. pronounced his work “a duced hy it upon the moral system, feeble etfort.” I expressed my ap- and which, on the ground of our Sa. probation of this part of his perform- viour's divinity, was as great, and ance ; and now he seems dissatisfied; greater, than if all the transgressors insinuating, that "it contains, or may had been made a sacrifice. Again, contain arguments which have effec- Mr. S. writes, as though his opponents tually overturned the satisfaction of held that God has first revealed his Christ.” Thus the thoughts of men's will in unintelligible language, and hearts are revealed. You have only then condemns men for not underto acquiesce in their language of mock standing it. (p: 63.)-Whereas we bemodesty, and your words will pro- lieve that the language of Scripture is duce an effect like that which the poet intelligible ; that it is not ordinarily ascribes to the spear of Ithuriel. misunderstood, where there is no
• Gross misrepresentation' was at previous dislike to the things repretributed to this gentleman. He calls sented by it; and that if in some for proof.-It was not my intention, instances it be so, such mistakes do in so short a compass as was allowed not expose men to perdition. Once me, to answer his performance, or I more, popular orthodox preachers, would have produced them at the in dealing with souls harrassed with time. Nor is it my intention to an despondency, are represented as not swer it now; yet I may give a spe directing them to the glorious gospel cimen or two of unfairness, and that for relief, but as sending them on a in things upon which his whole sys- strange pursuit after the divine favour tem rests. He represents the wrath in the use of means and ordinances, and love pf God as inconsistent, and urging them to cry earnestly to God insinuates as though his opponents to turn away his wrath, to give his held the one to the exclusion of the Holy Spirit, and to work faith and other (pp. 57, 58 ); whereas the ad. holiness in their hearts.” (p. 42, 43.) vocates for satisfaction, while they It is not denied that much of this insist, that the death of Christ was a sort of religion may be found in some grand expression of tbe divine displea connections, particularly those which sure against sin and sinners, maintain D. Earon and his friends formerly that it is the greatest of all expressions frequented, from whose account of of divine love, which of course must things our author seems to have taken have existed antecedent to it. The it; but that this has any necessary reasoning of this gentleman is as if connection with the satisfaction of one should deny tlie averseness of Christ, orany doctrine usually termed David to Absalom for the murder orthodox, is denied. Nay, more, that of Amnon, and the necessity of a me system, be it what it may, that directe diator to save his honour in forgiving sinners to the use of means and ordihim, because his soul is said to have nances, as a source of comfort, to the bingid to go forth to him. Again, the neglect of the gospel, is false and saiisfaction which Mr. S. opposes, is dangerous. such as I have no recollection of ever As this writer speaks of Christ, as seeing maintained by any judicious having by “his one act of dying rewriter among the orthodox ; namely, stored the whole human race to the that the same quantity of misery re- possession of every blessing forfeited quired to be endured by the substi- by Adam's offence ;” (p.31.) and of tute, as was deserved by the offen- the “ doctrine of the atonement," ders. (p. 65.) If this were admitted, and the design of Christ's death," it might not follow, as he alleges, as being the same thing, (p. 49.) 1
supposed he really intended to ascribe Christ, and while we were yet enemies; what he calls atonement to it-But the last by the gospel of Christ, beit seems I was mistaken. The atone- lieving in wbich we become friends. ment for which he pleads was not -By the one atonement was made; made by the death of Christ. When by the other it is received. The one he attributes to this great event “the was an object of apostolic testimony, hope or prospect of a future life," and the other of entreaty. The former suggests that without it, we had been was the foundation and notive to subject to the “undescribable horror the latter. But the doctrine of reof falling into eternal nothingness.” conciliation, as taught by Mr. S. con(p-91,32.)-He does not mean that founds what the Scriptures thus dis"eternal nothingness' would actually tinguish. It has no such idea in it as have been our doom, nor that Adam atonement, or the expiation of sin ; was exposed to it from the time of and though he speaks of it as received his eating the forbidden fruit, but by us, yet how this is true, upon his merely that it would have been so in principles, is to me inconceivable. bar aj prehension, from which the gos. Nothing can be received which had pel, like the tale of a navigator, re not a previous existence; atonement lieves us. The value of Christ's death must therefore be made before it could seems to be merely relative, as aiford- be received. ing him an opportunity of rising from the dead! (p. 32.)
Mr. S. does not write such“ sense,” as that Christ's death should in any sense reconcile us to God, LITERARY NOTICE. and thereby furnish us with a motivé Sorc being recogeciled ireheart to him. R Evveston, Gloucestershurate of gested by the apostle to the Romans. ing, with much labour, prepared the He expressly teaches that, if when following tracts, which lie is desirous we were enemies we were reconciled to of circulating, finds it necessary to reGod by the death of his son, much more, quest the kind patronage of his friends being reconciled, we shall be saved by and the public, in order to enable his life. The term, “reconciled,” in him to carry his design into effect. the last instance, is allowed to in “ First. An Essay on the first introclude a change of heart; but in the duction of the Art of Writing into the first, it manifestiy denotes only a West of Europe, more especially into change of state, inasmuch as it was ef- the British islands : of the various fected by the death of Christ when we devices employed by the primitive were enemies. Thus also he elsewhere inhabitants of this country, for the speaks of God having been in Christ purpose of preserving or communireconciling the world unto himself, that cating their thoughts. is, restoring them to his favour, by " Second. On the nature and orihis being made sin for us, who knezu gin of the Celtic Dialects: their funno sin, that we might be made the righ. damental principles developed, and itousness of God in him; and this is compared with radical terms of the urged as a motive to our being recon- Hebrew, Greek, and Latin lana ciled in heart to God. Rom.v. 10; guages. 2 Cor.v. 19-21. Mr. S. may call this
"To this inquiry is prefixed, an "a sleeveless errand,” but he has not Introductory Discourse, containing a shown its absurdity. And though he general view of the state of knowhas said so much of the phrase, God hath jedge and opinion, and of the various recmciled us to himself, as being oppo attainments of human invention, when șite to our system ; (pp. 68, 69.)-yet «The Most High divided to the nahe has taken no notice of what was * tions their inheritance'.” alledged under the 5th and 6th par. ticulars on that subject, together with To the Prospectus is added about the consistency of salvation being of 1700 subscriptions, including most of free grace, and yet bestowed in ore- the nobility, the whole bench of biward of the merits of another. shops, and several branches of the
In short, Paul's doctrine of recon- royal family. ciliation consisted of two parts-The first was accomplished by the death of VOL. I.
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