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so much address and assiduity, that her young one with her trunk, and not one person was wounded. An held it firmly down, though groaning Asiatic prince and his slaves were with agony, while the surgeon comdeaf to the cries of nature, while the pletely dressed the wound: and she heart of the beast relented; he, more continued to perform this service worthy than his rider to elevate his every day till the animal was perfront towards the heavens, heard and fectly recovered.” p. 146–148. obeyed the gentle impulse.
“ In the Philosophical Transac“'The following instance of the tions, a story is related of an elephant sagacity of these animals, was men- having such an attachment for a very tioned to Dr. Darwin by some gen- young child, that he was never haptlemen of distinct observation, and py but when it was near him. The undoubted veracity, who had been nurse used, therefore, very frequently much conversant with our eastern to take the child in its cradle, and settlements. The elephants that are place it betwixt his feet, and this he used to carry the baggage of our ar. became at length so much accusmies, are put each under the care of tomed to, that he would never eat bis one of the natives of Indostan, and food except when it was present whilst this person and his wife go When the child slept he used to drive into the woods to collect leaves and off the flies with his proboscis, and branches of trees for his food, they when it cried he would move the fix him to the ground by a length of cradle backwards and forwards, and chain, and frequently leave a child thus again rock it to sleep. yet unable to walk, under his pro “ A centinel belonging to the pretection : and the intelligent animal sent menagerie at Paris was always not only defends it, but, as it creeps very careful in requesting the spectaabout, when it arrives near the extre tors not to give the elephants any mity of his chain, he wraps his trunk thing to eat. This conduct particugently round its body, and brings it larly displeased the female, who be. again into the centre of his circle. held him with a very unfavourable
"" During one of the wars in India, eye, and had several times endea. many Frenchmen had an opportunity voured to correct his interference by of observing one of the elephants that besprinkling his head with water had received a flesh-wound from a from her trunk. One day, when secannon-ball: after having been twice veral persons were collected to view or thrice conducted to the hospital, these animals, a bye-stander offered where he extended himself to be the female a bit of bread, tbe centidressed, he afterwards used to go nel perceived it, but the moment be alone. The surgeon did whatever opened his mouth to give his usual he thought necessary, applying some admonition, she, placing herself imtimes even fire to the wound; and mediately before him, discharged in though the pain made the animal his face a considerable stream of wa. often utter the most plaintive groans, ter. A general laugh ensued; but he never expressed any other tokens the centinel, having calmly wiped his than those of gratitude to this person, face, stood a little to one side, and who by momentary torments endea continued as vigilant as before. Soon voured, and in the end, effected his afterwards he found himself under cure.
the necessity of repeating his admo“ In the last war, a young elephant
nition to the spectators, but no received a violent wound in its head, sooner was this uttered than the fethe pain of which rendered it só male laid hold of his musket, twirled frantic and ungovernable, that it was it round with her trunk, trod it under found impossible to persuade the ani her feet, and did not restore it till she mal to have it dressed. Whenever had twisted it into the form of 3 any one approached it, it ran off with fury, and would suffer no person to “ M. Navarette says that, at Macacome within several yards of it. The sar, an elephant-driver had a cocos. man who had the care of it at length nut given him, which he, out of wanhit upon a contrivance for securing tonness, struck twice against his eleit: by a few words and signs he gave phant's forehead to break. The day the mother of the animal sufficient followiog the animal saw some cocoa. intelligence of what was wanted, the nuts exposed in the street for sale, sensible creature immediately seized and taking one of them up with his
ill the man was completely dead. his master, who stood at the streetThis comes (says our author) of door, and saw what was going on. jesting with elephants’.” p. 148– “The dog immediately, supplicated 150.
• his master by many humble gesThe next circumstance which en • tures and looks. The master put a gages our attention is the following penny into the dog's mouth, which account of the escape of a boat's • he instantly delivered to the pyecrew from an attack of a herd of * man, and received his pye. This walruses.
• traffic between the pyeman and the “ In the year 1766 some of the 'grocer's dog has been daily pracsloops' crew, who annually sail to • tised for months past, and still conthe north, to trade with the Esqui "tinues.' maux, were attacked by a great num “ In the year 1760, the following ber of these animals; and, notwith incident occurred near Hammer standing their utmost endeavours to smith :-Whilst a man of the name keep them off, one, more daring of Richardson, a waterman of that than the rest, though a small one, place, was sleeping in his boat, the got in over the stern, and after sitting vessel broke from her moorings, and and looking at the people some time, was carried by the tide, under a he again plunged into the water to west-country barge. Fortunately for his companions. At that instant, the man his dog happened to be with another of an enormous size was get. him, and the sagacious animal awakting in over the bow; and every ed him by pawing his face, and pullother means proving, ineffectual to ing the collar of bis coat, at the inprevent such an unwelcome visit, the stant the boat was filling with water : bowman took up a gun, loaded with he seized the opportunity, and thus goose-shot, put the muzzle into the saved himself from otherwise inevitanimal's mouth, and shot bim dead: able death. he immediately sunk, and was fol. “A dog that bad been the favourite lowed by all his companions. The of an elderly lady, some time after people then made the best of their her death, discovered the strongest way to the vessel, and just arrived emotions on the sight of her picture, before the creatures were ready to when taken down to be cleaned. make their second attack, which, in Before this instant he had never been all probability, would have been in: observed to notice the painting. finitely worse than the first, as they Here was evidently a case either of seemed highly enraged at the loss passive remembrance, or of the inof their companion." p. 167 This voluntary renewal of former impresis an extract from Hearne, and it is sions. proper to inform our readers that “ Another dog, the property of a these animals are sometimes cighteen gentleman that died, was given to a feet long, and ten or twelve in cir- friend in Yorkshire. Several years cumference.
afterwards, a brother from the West In the description given of the dog. Indies, paid a short visit at the house tribe we find the following extraor- where the dog then was. He was indinary instances of the sagacity, and stantly recognized, though an entire other traits peculiar to this species. stranger, in consequence, most proba“There is a dog, (says Mr. Smel. bly, of a strong personal likeness, lie), at present belonging to a grocer The dog fawned upon and followed in Edinburgh, who has for some him with great atfection to every time amused and astonished the place where he went. * people in the neighbourhood. A “ During M. Le Vaillant's travels man who goes through the streets in Africa, he one day missed a faringing a bell and selling penny vourite little bitch that he had taken pies, happened one day to treat this out with him. After much shouting dog with a pye. The next time he and firing of guns, in order, if possiheard the pyeman's bell, he ran to ble, to make her hear where the
him with impetuosity, seized him party was, he directed one of his .by the coat, and would not suffer Hottentots to mount a horse and re
The pyeman, who turn some distance in search of her. understood what the animal wanted, In about four hours the man returned VOL.I.
hiin to pass.
with her on his saddle, bringing with mouth, landed it safely on the shore." him at the same time a chair and a p. 206, 207. basket which bad been unknowingly “ An anecdote related by Mr. dropped from one of the waggons. Hope, and well authenticated by The bitch was found at the distance other persons, shews also that this of about two leagues, lying in the animal is both capable of resentment road, and watchiug the lost chair when injured, and of great contriand basket: and had the man been vance to accomplish it; and that it unsuccessful in his pursuit, she must is even possessed of a certain power unavoidably either have perished with of combining ideas and communicathunger, or fallen a prey to some of ing them to one of its own species, the wild beasts, with which these so as to produce a certain precon. plains abound.
certed consequence. : A gentleman ** Mr. C. Hughes, a son of Thespis, of Whitmore, in Staffordshire, used had a wig which generally hung on a 'to come twice a year to town, and peg in one of his rooms. He one day being fond of exercise, generally Jent the wig to a brother player, and performed the journey on horsesome time after called on him. Mr. • back, accompanied most part of the Hughes had his dog with him, and way by a faithful little terrier dog, the man happened to have the bor- which, lest he might lose it in town, rowed wig on his head. Mr. Hughes he always left to the care of Mr. stayed a little while with his friend, Langford, the landlady at St. Albut, when he left him, the dog re ban's: and on his return be was sure mained behind : for some time he "to find his little companion veil stood, looking full in the man's face, • taken care of. The gentleman callthen making a sudden spring, leaped ing one time, as usual, for his dog, on his shoulders, seized the wig, and : Mrs. Langford appeared before him ran off with it as fast as he could; · with a woeful countenance :-"A. and, when he reached home, he ena - las! Sir, your terrier is lost! Our deavoured by jumping to hang it up great house-dog and he had a quar. in its usual place.” p. 197-199. rel, and the poor terrier was so
“ During a severe storm, in the worried and bit before we couid winter of 1789, a ship, belonging to part them, that I thought he could Newcastle, was lost near Yarmouth; • never have got the better of it. He and a Newfoundland dog alone however, crawled out of the yard, escaped to shore, bringing in his and no one saw him for almost a mouth the captain's pocket-book. "week: he then returned, and Ile landed amidst a number of people, "brought with him another dog, several of whom in vain attempted to • bigger by far than ours, and they take it from him. The sagacious ani • both together fell on our great dog, mal, as if sensible of the importance and biť him so unmercifully, that of the charge, which, in all probabi. : he has scarcely since been able to lity, was delivered to him by his pe go about the yard, or to eat his rishing master, at length leapt fawn. •meat. Your dog and his companion ingly against the breast of a man, then disappeared, and have never who had attracted his notice among since been seen at St. Alban's.” the crowd, and delivered the book to "The gentleman heard the story with him.
he dog immediately, returned patience, and endeavoured to reconto the place where he had landed, cile himself to the loss. On his arand waiched with great attention for rival at Whitmore, he found bis all the things that came from the little terrier; and on enquiring into wrecked vessel, seizing them, and en- circumstances, was informed that deavouring to bring them to land. "he bad been at Whitmore and bad
“ The following is another instance 'coaxed away the great dog, who it of their docility, and power of ob- . seems had, in consequence, followed servation :-A gentleman, walking by him to St. Alban's and completely the side of the river Tyne, observed, 'avenged his injury'.” p. 213, 214. on the opposite side, that a child had Of the spotted Hyæna, the follow, falleirinto the water; he pointed out ing anecdote is given. the object to his dog, which immediate Dr. Sparrman relates a story of !y jumped in, swam over, and, catch- the spotted hyæna, for the truth of ing hold of the child with his which, though he does not altogetber
vouch, is so diverting, that we shall When the man left the place the animake no apology for introducing it. mal bellowed aloud, and shook his * One night, at a feast near the Cape, cage in an ecstasy of sorrow and rage, a trumpeter, who had got himself and for four days afterwards refused
well filled with liquor, was carried to take any nourishment whatever. • out of doors in order to cool and so “ An instance of recollection and * berize him. The scent of him soon attachment occurred not many years * attracted a tiger-wolf, which threw ago in a lion belonging to the Duchess « him on his back, and dragged him of Hamilton : it is thus related by * along like a corpse, and
Mr. Hope. One day I had the hoquently a fair prize, up towards. Ta-nour of dining with the Duchess of • ble Mountain. In the mean time, • Hamilton : 'after dinner the com• however, our drunken musician •
pany attended her Grace to see a * awaked, sufficiently sensible to lion, that she had in the court, fed. • know the danger of his situation, • While we were admiring his fierce
and to sound the alarm with his ness, and teazing him with sticks to • trumpet, which he carried fastened make him abandon his prey and fly • to his side. The wild beast, as may •at us, the porter came and informed • easily be imagined, was not less the Duchess, that a serjeant, with ' frightened in his turn'. A' late • some recruits at the gate, begged writer has observed, that any person permission to see the lion.
Her but a trumpeter, in such a situation, Grace, with great condescension would doubtless have furnished the and good nature, asked permission animal with a supper.'
p. 232, 233. 6 of the company for the travellers In treating of the habits and man . to come in, as they would then have ners of the Lion, the author intro- the satisfaction of seeing the animal duces several anecdotes, from which • fed. They were accordingly ad. we select the following.
mitted at the moment the lion was * In the reign of King James the growling over his prey. The serFirst, Mr. Henry Archer, a watch jeant, advancing to the cage, called maker in Morocco, had two whelps out“ Nero, Nero, poor Nero, don't given him, which had been stolen not you know me?" The animal inlong before from a lioness near Mount "stantly turned his head to look at., Atlas. They were a male and fe him ; then rose up, left his prey, male, and till the death of the latter and came, wagging his tail, to the were kept together in the emperor's side of the cage. The man then garden. He, at that time, had the put his hand upon him, and patted male constantly in his bed-room, till him; telling us, at the same time, he was as tall as a large mastiff-dog ; *that it was three years since they he was perfectly tame and gentle in . had seen each other, but that the his manners. Being about to return • care of the lion on his passage from to England, he reluctantly gave the Gibraltar, had been cominitted to animal to a Marseilles merchant, who him, and he was happy to see the presented him to the French king, poor beast shew so much gratitude from whom he came as a present to • for his attention. The lion, indeed, our king, and, for seven years after- ' seemed perfectly pleased; he went wards, was kept in the tower. A to and fro, rubbing himself against person of the name of Bull, who had 'the place where his benefactor been a servant to Mr. Archer, went stood, and licked the serjeant's by chance with some friends, to see • hand as he held it out to him. The the animals there. The beast recog ! man wanted to go into the cage to nized him in a moment; and, by his him, but was withheld by the comwhining voice and motions, expressive pany, who were not altogether conof anxiety for him to come near, fully vinced of the safety of the act'."'exhibited the symptoms of his joy at p. 261-263. meeting with a former friend. Bull, The value of the cat, in this coun. equally rejoiced, ordered the keeper try some centuries ago, is thus noto open the grate, and he went in. ticed. The lion fawned upon him like a dog, - In the time of Howel Dda, Howel licking his feet, bands, and face, the Good, Prince of Wales, who died skipped and tumbled about to the in the year 948, laws were made, astonishment of all the spectators. both to preserve and fix the prices of
would refuse to fish any longer; and hair becaine erect; but, in an instant it could devour. Wben satisfied with
different animals, among which the it, and crushed it between his teeth. cat was included, as being, at that This essay, and new aliment, seemearly period, of great importance, ed to have awakened in him his in. on account of its scarcity and utility: nate and destructive voracity, which, The price of a kitten before it could till then, had given way to the gea. see, was fixed at one penny; till tleness he had acquired from his eda: proof could be given of its having cation. I had about my house serecaught a mouse, two-pence; after ral curious kinds of fowls, among which it was rated at four-pence; a which he had been brought up, aed great sum in those days, when the which, till then, he had suffered to value of specie was extremely high. go and come unmolested and care. It was likewise required, that it should garded; but, a few days after, whes be perfect in its senses of hearing he found himself alone, he strangled and seeing, should be a good mouser, them every one, ate a little, and, a have its claws whole, and, if a female, appeared, had drank the blood of be a careful nurse. If it failed in two." p. 297, 298. any of these qualities, the seller was The utility of otters to catch fish to forfeit to the buyer the third part is exemplified in the following 12of its value.-If any one should steal stances: or kill the cat that guarded the “ A person of the name of Collins, Prince's granary, he was either to who lived at Kilmerston, near Wooler
, forfeit a milch ewe, her fleece, and in Northumberland, had a tame of lamb, or as much wheat as, when ter, which followed him wherever be poured on the cat, suspended by its went. He frequently took it to fish tail, (its head touching the floor) in the river ; and, when satiated, it would form a heap high enough to never failed to return to its master. cover the tip of the tail. From these One day, in the absence of Collins
, circumstances we may conclude, that being taken out to fish by his son, cats were not originally natives of instead of returning as usual, it rethese islands; and froin the great fused to come at the accustomed call, care taken to improve and preserve and was lost. The father tried every the breed of this prolific creature, means to recover it; and, after ses we may with propriety suppose, that veral days search, being near the they were but little known at that place where his son lost it, and callperiod.” p. 291, 292.
ing to it by its name, to his inexpressie As a proof, that although educa- ble joy, it came creeping to his feet
, tion may tame, yet it does not de. and shewed many marks of affectioa stroy innate dispositions to voracity, and firm attachment. is instanced in the following account “Some years ago, James Camp. of an ichneumon which had been bell, near Inverness, had a young tamed.
otter, which he brought up and “ I had (says M. D'Obsonville, in tamed. It would follow him whereres his Essays on the Nature of various he chose ; and, if called on by its foreign Animals,) an ichneuinon very name, would immediately obey
. young, which I brought up: I fed it when apprehensive of danger from at first with milk, and afterwards dogs, it sought the protection of its It soon became even tamer thau a cat, into his arms for greater security, ale for it came when called, and follow" was frequently employed in catching ed me, though at liberty, into the fish, and would sometimes take eight country.
or ten salmon in a day. If not pre. “One day I brought to him a small vented, it always made an attempt water serpent alive, being desirous to break the fish behind the fin next to know how far his instinct would the tail; and, as soon as open carry him against a being with which taken away, it iinmediately dived in he was hitherto totally unacqnainted. pursuit of more. His first einotion seemed to be astonishment mixed with anger, for his was then rewarded with as much as after, he slipped behind the reptile, eating, it always curled itself round
, and with a remarkable swiftness and and fell asleep; in which state it was agility leaped upon its bead, seized generally carried home. The same
When tired, it