Imágenes de páginas



private and public duties; he is the the joy of thy Lord'?” p. 365~general object of esteem to all, ex- 367. cept the malignant and the envious; and he has the happiness to observe, that, as he advances in life, the re

CLXXIII. NOTES ON THE BIBLE, spectability of his character gives ad

by the late Rev. CHARLES BULKditional efficacy to his instructions,

Published from the Author's and both increases the honour and

MS. in 3 vols. 8vo. with Memoirs promotes the diffusion of his holy religion.

of the Author and his Works. By J.

TOULMIN, D.D. « • The imagined presence of a “wise and good man has been recom

'HIS work is arranged in the or“mended as a convenient guard to

der of the sacred volume. From • private conduct. How would this the notes themselves we give the fol. • thought or action appear to So

lowing extracts as specimens. crates, or Plato, or Aristides ?' The parochial minister may with equal

“GENESIS. advantage suppose the ocular inspec. tion of his spiritual overseer, and an

Moses, says Justin Martyr, wrote ticipate with greater feeling bis cen

his history by divine inspiration, in sure, or his approbation. If the fear the Hebrew language.

Ιστορια, of solitude, or vanity, or idleness,

ην εκ της θιας επιπνοιας Μωυσης γεγραφε should draw him from the scene or τοις των Εβραιων γραμμασι. his duty to the provincial town, to

Cohort. ad Græcos, p. 70. ed. Ox. the camp, or the capital, he may “ Judaicum ediscunt, et servant, ac metuunt seem to hear the voice of his older

jus, brother-With whom hast thou left Tradidit arcano quodcunque volumine Moses. those few sheep in the wilderness ?

Juvenal. Sat. xiv. The reproach may possibly vibrate in [“ They learn, and keep, and fear the his ear, till it rise to the expostula.

Jewish law, tion of a higher friend and monitor Whatsoever Moses hath delivered in the

sacred volume."] --Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Happy is the clergyman, who, “The beginning of this book preunder the impulse of all these mo sents us with the most august and tives, discharges with unabated dili- splendid scene that can possibly be gence the sacred, useful, honourable exhibited to the mind of man; even office of a parish-priest; and blessed that of creation itself: this fair world is the congregation, who receiveth of ours rising into its beautiful existand heareth him with a grateful and ence, at the command of the Soveattentive mind.

reign Deity-man • made in the “ The day will come, when the image of his God.' It next calls up Son of God, himself, the great teacher our attention to the preserving and of christianity, will appear to judge all-sustaining providence of Heaven, the world in righteousness. His mi- as manifested in the succession of fanister, who has thus been an exam- milies and the gradual dissemination ple in word, in conversation, in cha- of mankind. After this we have an rity, in spirit, in faith, in purity, who exbibition of Deity under the chahaih taken heed unto hiniself and all racter of a moral governor, given us his flock, over which the Holy Ghost in the destruction of the world's in. hath made him overseer, may then habitants, a very few excepted, and meet his congregation in pious hope, the dreadful judgments that fell upon that his labours, througbithe mercy the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah. of an all-gracious Redeemer, will be • " The remaining part of the book accepted ; --and what tongue can de- is mostly taken up with the narratives scribe, what imagination can con of private life the persons of Abra. ceive the ecstatic transports of him, ham, Isaac, and Jacob; and in this who, because he has turned many to series of domestic biography we have righteousness, shall shine as the stars many an instructive anecdote; some of Heaven for ever and ever, and shall of them serving as a directory to our. be welcomed to the realms of eter- selves in the pursuit of piety and the .nal glory with these gracious expressi. virtuous path; others as warningons of acceptance, well done, good pieces, pointing out to us what we • and faithful servant; enter thou into are to avoid, My Funeral Sermon

4 Z





on the Death of Mr. Joseph Treacher, “Proclus, speaking of the bappi. p. 4, 5.

ness of souls, in what he calls the Sa

turnian period, says, they mostly feed Principio cælum ac terras, camposque li- abroad, the finest temperament of quentes,

season constantly prevailing, and lie Lucentemque globum lunæ, Titaniaque pou soft beds, a plentiful herbage

spriuging out of the earth. He adds, Spiritus intus alit, totamque infusa per these and the like good things they

ręceive from that greatest God, meanNens agitat molem, et magno se corpore ing, I suppose, that greatest Jupiter

miscet. Inde hominum, pecudumque genus, vitæque before. Oupavisitaç ta sola, strani

himself he had spoken of but a little volantum, Et quæ marmoreo fsti monstra sub equore

την γας των ωρών κρασιν αλυση χεσι. pontus.

Μαλακαις δε ειναις χρωναι, φυoμένης αιτος Igneus est ollis vigor, et celestis origo (hominibus) ex Yns ToS apborov. Tezia Seminibus.

Eneid. lib. vi. δη και τα τοιαύτα αγαθα καρπεναι παρο “In the beginning, heaven, earth,

τα μεγιστα ταβε θεε, κατα την Kρειας gea, moon, and stars were by an hid- tipuodox, a tuxus." In Plat. Theol. den spirit invigorated, and a mind, lib. 1. cap. vii. p. 260. Hamburg. ditfusing itself throughout the several

“ PSALM XXIV. parts, agitated the entire mass. Hence " V.3, 4. Who shall ascend iota ihe human race, the cattle of the the bill of the Lord or who sball tield, the flying fowl, and huge inha: stand in his holy place ? &c. bitants of the sea ; an atherial virtue “ Ast olla, (colunto) propter qua inspiring all; and all derived from datur bomiui adscensus ad cæluun, an origin celestial and divine. mentem, virtutem, pietatem, fidem,

“ Casune libi, pater, hæc diver- earumque lauduin delulbra sunto. sitas videtur in corpus unum dissen- Ciceron. de Legibus, lib. i. 8. p tientibus solidata primordiis, ut sum.

100. Davis. mo vertice locatus igneis vigor cuncta Speaking of men's ascept te gravia calidi spiritus ardore suspen

heaven by means of virtue, piety, deret : profundus humor ad ima de- and other excellent qualities of the mersus, unde quotidie superpositi mind.” p. 345, 346. caloris alimenta traherentur ; terre

“ CANTICLES. pum pondus in medio, quanto su « The whole book of Canticles, perpe spiritu, tanta penitus inanitate say Maimonides, speaks figuratively subnixum librata mole consideret, ut and in metaphor of divine love. seculorum infinita series, per assiduas Totus Canticorum liber est sermo me. temporum vices sua lege festinet ? taphoricus sive figurativus de Dei Quid hæc fulgentiuin siderum vene

De Pænitent. cap. x. 3. randa facies :-Ista credis passim for

p. 100, 101. tuitoque disposita? Rogo, quid me “ As the whole life of a pious man lius ratio fecisset? Deus hæc, deus fa., is nothing but love, says Lodovicus bricator operis universi, ex 'illa rudi Vives, our soul has its delightful and primaque caligine protractum posuit sweetest loves with her spouse Christ in vultum, digessit in partes. Quinc. in the Canticles, which exhibit the til. Declainat. iv. p. 42, 43. ed. Ox. intercourse of pure lovers. Et quia

". To this effect; that the position universa vita pii hominis meri sunt and operation of the elements, the amores, habet anima nostra delicias orderly and venerable face of nature, et amores »uavissimos cum sponso sun is not to be accounted for by chance ; Christo in Canticis, quæ colloquia but that there is, there is a God, the referunt eorum qui pure amant. De fabricator of the whole, producing it Verit. Fid. lib. ii. cap. vii. p. 214. out of its informity and original dark “ Every soul, says Plotinus, is a ness.

Venus. So we have it adumbrated « Vide Procl in Plat. Theol. lib. v. in the births of Venus and Cupid. cap. xii. p. 269. paragr. 2. and Cam. And every soul naturally loves God, panell. Apolog. pro Galileo, cap. iii. and desires intercourse and union p. 22, 23. and cap. iv, p. 39 and 45 with him as the fair virgin, with an 45, and 48." P. 1-3.

honest love. Eστι πασα ψυχη Αφροδιτη

και τετο αιγιττεται και τα της Αφροδίτης " V.1, 2. The Lord is my shep. yevedroo, xas e Equso pest' autis goroherd; I shall not want, &c.

μεν, Ερα ουν κατα φυσιν εχυσα ψυχή



-8, dyo Invas DiA8TX, W5999 Frederos and feed thy kids beside the shep- a (xoan) poş xadov sporą. Ennead. herd's tents. . lib.ix. cap. is. p. 768. C.

“ Audit sponsa in Cantico mystico, ** Ponite vobis ante oculos Solo- Nisi cognoveris te o pulchra, &c. onem illum sapientissimum, qui re- Idein Ecclesiastes suæ quisque anime em divinarum mysteria scripturus dictum existimet, nisi cognoveris eliore velo eadem adumbrare non quam sumpseris personam, noli esse osse putavit, quam dialogo quopiam dux gregis domínici, sed sequere ter duos amantes suaviter confecto. magis gregarios homines. Ecclesiast.

init ille quidenr ad cælestia propius lib. i. p. 50. Bray. ccedere putavit, quam sincerum il “Let every ecclesiastic, says Eras. um amorem, qui a bonis omnibus mus, consider this as addressed to oulieribus debetur: nibil, in quo di- himself; q. d. if thou dost not underinam naturam, quam ille plus aliis stand and rightly consider what kind hortalibus persenserat, reliquis ho- of an office thou hast undertaken; ninibus facilius derivaret. Castilion. think no longer of being a leader of De Curiali; lib. iii. p. 212. Cantab. Christ's flock, but throw thyself into

" To this effect;' that Solomon, the common rank. Would to God, midst all his wisdom and knowledge says he, ibid. that the sacerdotal orf divine things, did not think that der would hearken to the voice of hey could be better adumbrated, or Christ threatening in the mystic song; hat knowledge more easily conveyed if thou knowest not, &c. suppose this uto the minds of others, than by repre- to be addressed to the pastor in the enting them in a sweetly contrived churchi

, who, forgetting the province lialogue, imder the image of that he has undertaken, gives himself up tfection, which is subsisting between to the pursuit of gain, to idleness, -irtuous and honourable lovers. to pleasure. Such an one is here

commanded to change his situation ; £HAP. I.

and since he is becoine a seducer, in"V.3. Because of the savour of thy stead of being a (faithfuly leader of the good ointments thy name is as oint- flock, to make himself one of the nent poured forth, therefore do the flock, commencing disciple, instead virginis love thee.

of teacher; and learning to follow “See Plotinus, as above.

and obey, before he takes upon him to “ V. 5. l’ain black, but comely, o govern and to guide. ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the “ Utinam sacerdotes audiant vocem tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Christi minitantis in Cantico mystico: Solomon.

Si ignoras te, O pulchra, &c. Hoc “ Neither say that Memnon's pic- puta dictum aniina pastoris, qui, quum ture is black; for that intire black se ducem ecclesiarum profiteatur, obli. ness has I know not what of florid in tus susceptæ provinciæ ad quæstum, ad it. Philostrat. Icon. lib. i. Op. Paris. otium, ad voluptates semet adjicit. p. 741. ad im.

Is nimirum jubet mutare locum, et, « V. 6. But mine own vineyard have quoniam pro ductore gregis seductor I not kept.

est, abire post gregum vestigia ut ex By mine own vineyard; we are doctore factus discipulus, parere dishere to understand, according to cat priusquam imperet. p. 190.” Maimonides, every man's own soul, p. 517--520. aud by the others corporeal and out-

ROMANS viii. ward things; a too great attention and « V. 19-21. For the earnest exattachment to which he supposes to pectation of the creature waiteth for be here. reprehended. Noli te de. the manifestation of the sons of God, fatigare et laborare, tu qui animæ tuæ &c. oblivisæris ; ita ut albedo faciei ejus " Asserebat Florentinus, vir connigra reddatur, dom facultates cor- sumptus in theologicis, quocuin disporales dominium in ea obtinent, sicut serui oliin, bestias omnes in fine sedicitur ab initio Cantiei Canticorum. culi, sicut homines, re suscitatum iri Filii matris meæ, &c. Mor. Nev. pa. ad præmium vel pænam; propterea 111. cap. liv. p. 530.

quod apostolus dicit omnem crea“V. 8. Ir thou know not, () thon turam ingemiscere et pavere usque ad fairest among women, go thy way huc, expectareque redemptionem et forth by the footsteps of the Rock; libertatein à corruptione in gloriam

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filiorum Dei. Campanella de Sensu ever he is and hath, in all his digniRerum, lib. ii. cap. xxix. p. 171, 172. ties and powers; and, in that senke,

“ (Florentinus, as deep a divine as they that are justified, are glorified: I ever conversed with, asserted, that in that Christ is exalted, they are so all the brutes, at the end of the world, too, in him. Where a part and a as well as men, would be raised chief part of themselves is, and is in again to be rewarded or punished; bonour, there they may account because the apostle says, ' that the themselves to be. A man is said to • whole creation groaneth, and tra- be crowned, when the crown is set * vaileth, and expecteth redemption upon his head; now our head Christ

and the glorious liberty of the sons is already crowned. Leighton on the of God.']

Creed, ap. Select Works, p. 249. " Whether God will make use of " V.3i. What shall we then say to any creatures for our service then (in these things? If God be for us, who a future state); or if any, of what can be against us? creatures, and what use, is more than « Take the Bible, turn to the 1 yet know. It seems by that, Rom. eighth of the Romans, and read from viii. 21. that the creature shall have a ver. 31. to the end of the chapter: if day of deliverance, and that into the ever blessed Paul rode in a triumglorious liberty of the sous of God. phant chariot on this side heaven, But whether this before or at the 'twas when he wrote these lines; great and full deliverance? or whe- What shall we then say, to these iher to endure to eternity? or to things, &c. Henry on the Lord's what particular employment they Supper, chap. x. p. 230. ed. 1731. shall be continued ? are questions yet

"'V.33,34. Who shall lay any thiag too hard for me. Baxter's Saints to the charge of God's elect? It is Rest, pa. i. chap. vii. p. 77.

God that justifieth, &c. “ Mr. Locke puts the twentieth “ Dr. Harris, in his Observations verse in a parenthesis, making en' Critical and Miscellaneous, Dissert. ATid the beginning of the twenty. i. would have c05 and Xpisos, in these first to depend upon a texdixilon, ver. verses, to be understood interroga19.

tively. Who shall lay any thing to V. 25. But if we hope for that the charge of God's elect? God: Tis we see not, then do we with patience he that justifies. Who is he that conwait for it.

demneth Christ? It is he that died; " If we really hope for it, and not and brings it as an instance in which merely pretend to do so,

St. Paul's style is like that of Demos. “ Compare Lament. iii. 24–26. thenes. Luke xxi. 19. Heb. X. 36.

“ V. 37. Nay, in all these things “ V. 28. And we know that all we are more than conquerors through things work together for good to them him that loved us. that love God, to them who are the “ Recte invictus, cujus etiam si called according to his purpose. corpus constringatur, animo tamen,

“ No evil happens to the good vincula injici nulla possunt. Cicero man, either living or dying; nor are de Finibus, lib. jji. sub fin. his affairs neglected or overlooked by “[He is unconquered, on whose deity.

mind, though his body is bound, no “This is certain, says Simplicius, chains can be cast,] that there is no accident or event

“ Illi justitiam confirmavere triumphi whatsoever, be it a mild and placid Præsentes docuere Deos, hinc secula discase one, or be it rough and unfortunate, Indomitum nihil esse pio. which doth not contribute to the be “ Claudian. Panegyr. lib, vii. fol. nefit of him, who, prudently and 127. p. 1. edit. Colinæ. with discernment, attends to it.

“ V.38. For I am persuaded, that “ V. 30. Them he also glorified. neither death, nor life, nor angels, “The last word in this verse, bishop nor principalities, nor powers, nor Hopkins interprets of sanctifica- things present, nor things to come. tion; referring to 2 Corinth. iii. 18. “ Hæc in conciliis ducum potestaas a parallel. Works, p. 478.

tumve fieri vetuere majores, relut They that partake of it (union omnem actum impedientia. Plin. with Christ), partake of the very Nat. Hist. lib. xxviii. cap. iv. sub present happiness and glory of Christ, init. they have a real interest in whatso Super omnia est, quod extremam

fistulam intestini contra ducum, ac with the simplicity of a child. To potestatum iniquitates commonstrant, theological studies he was wholly deet ad successus, &c. . Ibid. cap. viii. voted. With respect to them he exp. 145. tom. iii.

pressed himself in this decided man“ Primum spondylum (draconis) ner, in a letter written to his sister, aditus potestatum mulcere. (promit: relative to the publication of his tunt scil.) Ibid. lib. xxix. cap. iv. p. Notes, dated October, 1795 : Your 203. ad sumin.

remark touching the unfavourable“ V. 37-39. Nay, in all these o ness of the tinies, reminds me of an things we are more than conquerors • intimation occuring in the Monthly through him that loved us, &c. • Review for July last, under the ar«« Vide note at ver. 28.

• ticle (Michaelis) that our taste for “ As for me, says Demosthenes, 'theology is on the decline.' It may neither tempting opportunity, nor • be so with some, with many, with insinuating speech, nor great pro- the most: but that is no reason why mises, nor hope, nor fear, nor favour, it should be so with me; rather the nor any other thing, has ever induced 'contrary. He was also very strenume to betray my country, or to for ous and earnest in urging the study of bear doing what I thought would con- religion on men in general, tribute to its advancement and ho “The result of Mr. Bulkley's atnour. De Corona, $ 92. p. 170. tention to religious enquiries was his

“ Manent ergo renati Deo dilectis- entertaining, enlarged, and amiable simi etiam a morte. Ehrenberger in views of the Divine Being. His mind loc, ap. lib. De Siatu Anim. &c. sect. was impregnated with elevated senti3. p. 123.p. 45--49.

ments of devotion, and the love of f'rom the memoirs of Mr. Bulkley's God was his favourite theme. It was life, we extract his literary charac-' observed, that, in the offices of the ter as drawn by the pen of Dr. Toul- pulpit and of the Lord's table, he min.

was borne away by the grandeur and “ The works of Mr. Bulkley are sublimity of the divine perfections. monuments of the strength of bis The ways of providence were markjudgment, the vigor of his mind, and ed by him with a penetrative eye, the compass of his learning. His and the events of life were converted • talents were of a superior kind. in the course of his preaching into

What he discussed either from the topics of religious improvement. • pulpit or the press, was not slightly * To a spirit of fervent devotion he • touched, but thoroughly examined. united an enlarged benevolence of • His soul grasped what he contem- temper. No man ever cherished a • plated. On every side he surveyed greater degree of good-will to the : the subject of investigation. To whole buman race. He was, uni• him superficiality was not to be im- formly, a firm and unshaken friend

puted. He thought, and thought of civil and religious liberty. In re• vigorously. He had diligently cul. ligious matters no one better undertivated his intellectual powers, and stood the right of private judgment; enriched his mind with knowledge. what redounds still more to his praise, There was not a branch of moral or no one more readily allowed the extheological truth, which he had not ercise of it to others. The benevo. studiously investigated. He was well lence of his heart gave a glow, ani. acquainted with the original lan- mation, and fervor to his pulpit adguages, in which the Scriptures were dresses, and, in daily life, expressed written. He was thoroughly versed itself in a readiness to oblige, a poin the history of the christian church, liteness of manners, an aftability of and contemplated the rise and pro- deportment, a disposition to comgress of its denominations with a diso municate his thoughts to others, and criminating attention. Ilis acquaint- gratitude to his relatives and friends. ance with ancient and inodern au- Mir. Bulkley marked his character for thors was very extensive: in the for- integrity, by refusing offers, not with. mer especially he was deeply read. standing the straitness of his circunOf this and of the great compass of stances, which clashed with the dic. his reading his Notes on the Bible, tates of his conscience; and by im. afford abundant and irrefragable mediately availing himself on some proofs. His knowledge was applied accession of fortune, to discharge to to the explication of the Scriprures the full amount the debts, for which

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