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and herbs at Salona, which I cultivate with | himself, “ I will do this also, and yet go on
my own hands, you would never talk to me in my course."
of empire.

10. Of other men's affairs it may be some

times useful to know much, but it is always CONVERSATION AND COMPANY.

necessary to say little.—The emptiest of all 1. Dr. Arbuthnot, in his book upon Ali- characters is a busy body : ment, tells us (p. 7), that, " in general, what

Της ωολυπραγμοσυνης ουδεν ever be the state of the tongue, the same is that of the inward coat of the stomach.For 11. It is difficult to account for the choice which reason physicians look at one to disco- which some men make of their companions. ver the foulness of the other. What pro- Lycas, the Peripatetic, had a goose that lived priety is there in that axiom of our Lord, with him, walked with him, attended him 6 Out of the abundance of the heart the upon all occasions, and, when it died, was mouth speaketh.”

buried as a brother, with burial philosophic.2. A man's countenance should be well See Ælian. de Animal. lib. vii. c. 36. watched by him who would know his mind; 12. Great abilities and fine accomplishfor, in spite of all endeavors, one will very ments are often concealed under the most often be the index of the other. See Collier unpromising appearance: as travellers have on the Aspect : Essays, ii. 121.

observed, that the mountains which contain 3. A man's real sentiments often discover within them mines of gold, silver, and prethemselves by words spoken on a sudden, in cious stones, are generally barren. drink, in anger, in pride, in grief.

13. Among the Athenians, the greatest 4. The deepest designs are sometimes festal pleasure consisted in a flow of learned, made manifest by deeds of kindness done, sprightly, and polite conversation, as agreeawithout a visible cause, to a man or to his ble, in a word, as useful and interesting. dependants, secretly to gain him or them The banquet of Plato and that of Xenophon from him.

give us a model of the ordinary tabletalk of 5. Wise and reserved men are best ex- the Athenians; and it was thus that they pounded by knowing the ends they have in prevented the two extremes of licentious view, as such work uniformly on a precon- mirth and irksome weariness, which preside certed plan ; but weak and simple persons but too often at most long meals. Goguet, by their natures, because they do many xi. 225. things absurdly, and without reason ; as one, 14. Compliments uttered pro forma, by who had been a Pope's nuncio in a certain those that hate one, bring to mind the cerekingdom, when, upon his return, his opinion monies used in Spain, where a captain never was asked with regard to a successor, gave corrects his soldier without first asking his his advice, “ That in any case his Holiness leave, and the inquisition never burns a Jew should not send one too wise ; because,” said without making an apology to him. he,“ no wise man would ever imagine what 15. A man should be very well established they in that country were like to do." in faith and virtue, who attempts to reclaim

6. You will best learn a man's weaknesses a witty and agreeable profligate: otherwise, and faults from his enemies, his virtues and he may become a convert instead of making abilities from his friends, his hours and cus-one. Chapelle, a person of this character, toms from his servants, his sentiments and was met one day in the street by his friend opinions from his confidants.

Boileau, who took the opportunity of men7. It is expedient to have an acquaintance tioning to him his habit of drinking, and the with those who have looked into the world, consequences of it. Unfortunately, they who know men, understand business, and can were just by a tavern. Chapelle only degive good intelligence and good advice when sired they might step in there, and promised they are wanted.

he would listen patiently and attentively. 8. Knowledge is to be obtained from some Boileau consented; and the event was, that, men by being free and talkative, which pro- about one in the morning, they were carried vokes them to be so too; from others by home, dead drunk, and in separate coaches. reservedness and taciturnity, which induce 16. “I am no niggard according to my them to trust and deposit their secrets ability to impart what I know; but it is

where I find some appetite: otherwise my 9. In all conferences and negociations a most familiar friends, some of them, are as watchful and present wit is necessary, to pro- ignorant of my notions as any stranger; for, mote the main matter, and yet observe inci- if they discover no stomach, I use not to exdental circumstances, as Epictetus gives it in amine them, no, not to offer them; and it precept, that every philosopher should say to would be in vain.-Pauci enim inviti discunt.



with us.




Few learn against their will.”—Mede, 811. So again, 815—“ I am not unwilling to communicate to you most of my tow (material

1. “I am almost tired of it,” said Mr. from tow or hemp, for ropes, because I

Bryant to me, May 21, 1785. “It is often

perceive you make some account of them; for employed in removing little inequalities on in the university where I live, I know not a

the surface, when I want to have a shaft second man that understands anything con

sunk, and the rich ore drawn forth from the cerning such mysteries, or desires to be made mine withın.” He had been mentioning the

new editions of Apollodorus, Virgil, &c., by acquainted with them.” 17. I have somewhere met with an obser

the Germans, Heyne, &c.—May not the same vation, that conversation, in the first part of observation be applied to some of the notes the morning, is like a dram; it heats, and SS. and to the generality of the various read

by Lowth, hurries, and muddies, and incapacitates for business, which should therefore be entered ings amassed by Kennicott? upon, previously to visiting and chit-chat,

2. Critics, by their severity, infest authors, with a mind calm, and cool, und undisturbed as the African ants do the negroes; but like I believe this is true.

them answer one good purpose, by destroying 18. Never speak, but when

all the carrion, have

you something to say—“Wherefore shouldst thou run, seeing thou hast no tidings ?”—See Bishop Butler's excellent Sermon on the

His collections for the remaining part of Tongue.

his Intellectual System, and Daniel's Weeks, in 3 vols. folio, after many adventures and mutilations, were lodged in the British

Museum.See an account of this matter in 1. What Gregory Nazianzen says of eccle- Crit. Review for May, 1783, p. 391. Sold siastical Synods, in his tract de Differentiis by Lord Mashain, pillaged by Dodd as Vita, is remarkable : “ Mihi certum est deli

. Locke's, and thrown into a garret by Davis. beratumque, nunquam posthac anserum. aut The fate of posthumous writings is treated by gruum temerè inter se pugnantium synodis in- Johnson in one of his papers ; whence he terresse.”—On this point my resolution is deduces an argument for a man's working up fixed, never again to be present at synods of his materials, and publishing them himself; geese and cranes, employed solely in fighting not collecting in infinitum, and then leaving with each other.” “And so Procopius, Se those collections to be employed by the cook nullius synodi felicem vidisse eritum”—“ That of his executor in singeing a goose. he had never seen good consequences result from a synod.”

2. Wise men, when they meet together in numbers, sometimes make foolish determina- 1. There is something very affecting in the tions. Montesquieu, in his Persian letters, words spoken by the gallant Sir Philip Sidspeaking of the quarrel of Ramus, which ney to his brother, just before his death, obliged the legislature of France to interpose, occasioned by a wound received in battlesays—“ It looks as if the heads of the great- “ Love my memory, cherish my friends; est men idiotized when they meet together.” but, above all, govern your will and affecLetter cix. The truth, perhaps, is, that tions by the will and word of the Creator; interest, bashfulness, indolence, or some other in me beholding the end of this world, with cause, occasions men, who could give the all her vanities.” best opinions, to withhold them, and yield to 2. St. Aldegonde, a protestant in the Low those of others more forward and domineer- Countries, when imprisoned under the duke ing. See Jortin on the Various Motives by of Alva, tells us, that “ for three months which the several members of an ecclesias- together he recommended himself to God tical council may happen to be actuated. every night, as if that would be his last ; the Remarks on Eccl. Hist. ii. 185.

duke having twice ordered him to be put to

death in prison.”—Ought not every man to COURAGE OF DIFFERENT SORTS.

do this, as no man can be certain he shall

awake on the morrow?-Gen. Dict. When Pelopidas was cited to be tried, that valor, which was haughty and intrepid in

3. In the journey of life, as in other jourfight, forsook him before his judges. His air friends who are thinking of us at home, and

it is a pleasing reflection, that we have and discourse, timid and low, denoted a man who will receive us with joy when our jourwho was afraid of death. Contrary behavior of Epaminondas.

ney is at an end.

4. The learned Grotius, at the approach


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of death, would gladly have exchanged all 10. Apply to the death of an afflicted his learning and honor for the plain integrity Christian the beautiful lines of the poet, on of one Jean Urick, a devout poor man, who the heartfelt pleasure of finding oneself at spent eight hours of his time in devotion, home, after a toilsome journey: eight in labor, eight in sleep and other refreshments.”—“ Proh! Vitam perdidi ope

O quid solutis est beatius curis ?

Quum mens onus reponit, ac peregrino rosè nihil agendo!—“Alas! I have wasted

Labore fessi venimus larem ad nostrum, my time in being very busy and doing

Desideratoque acquiescimus lecto.nothing !”—See Doddridge, Fam. Expos. Hoc est, quod unum est pro laboribus tantis. sect. 14. 5. We often indulge a melancholy plea

11. Young, healthy, and strong as we may sure, in thinking that we shall be remem- now be, yet a little while, and we shall bered and regretted after our death. How become qualified to join the chorus of the little is to be built on such imaginations, we Spartan old men: may learn from the example of Queen Eliza

Aμμες ωοτ' ημεν αλκιμοι νεανιαι. beth, who, when she had closed a long and

12. When sickness and sorrow come upon glorious reign with her life, “ was in four days' time as much forgotten, as if she had a Christian, and order him to prepare for never existed, by all the world,

and even by death, he should be able to say, in the words her own servants.”_See Carte's Hist, iii.

of Æneas, 708.

Nulla mihi nova nunc facies inopinaque surgit 6. When Gesner found his last hour Omnia præcepi, atque animo mecum ante peregi. approaching, he gave orders, to be carried

Æn. lib. vi. 104. into his study, that he might meet death in a place which had been most agreeable to him No frightful face of danger, can be new.

-No terror to my view, all his life.

Inur'd to suffer, and resolv’d to dare, 7. When Mr. Paschal observed any of his The fates, without my pow'r, shall be without my friends to be afflicted at seeing the sickness

DRYDEN, 155. and pain he underwent, he would say—“Do not be so concerned for me.

13. Adeon' rem rediisse, ut, qui mihi con

Sickness is the natural state of a Christian, because by it we

sultum esse optumè velit, PATREM extimesare what we ought always to be, in a state cam, ubi in mentem ejus ADVENTI venit ?

, of suffering evils, mortified to the pleasures Quod ni fuissem incogitans, ita eum expec

, of sense, exempt from all those passions

tarem ut par fuit !—Phorm. act. i. sc. 3. which work upon us as long as we live, free

Is it come to this ? from ambition or avarice, and in a constant My father, Phædria !-my best friend !-that I expectation of death. And is it not a great Should tremble, when I think of his return ! happiness to be by necessity in that state one

When, had I not been inconsiderate, ought to be in, and to have nothing else to

1, as 'tis meet, might have expected him!

COLMAN. do, but humbly and peaceably to submit to it ?”—This is a noble, a just, a comfortable 14. Cum tuba magna sonum dederit, cum venerit hora speculation.

Judicii, inter oves da mihi, Christe, locum. 8. It was a saying among the Brachmans,

Sis mihi, sis Jesus, ne me maledictio tangat ;

Dulcis in aure sonet vox, “ Benedicte, veni!" that our life ought to be considered as a state

DIETERIC, ii. 591. of conception, and death as a birth to a true and happy life.—This thought seems just, 15. A Christian may say of death, what and capable, on the Christian plan, of being Orestes, in Sophocles, says of the report of improved into a curious and useful specula- being dead : tion.-See Biograph. Dict. art. Gymnosophists.

Τι γαρ με λυπει τεθ' οτ' αν λογω θανων, 9. When we rise fresh and vigorous in the

Εργοισι σωθω, και ξενεγκωμαι κλεος;

ELECTRA, 59. morning, the world seems fresh too, and we think we shall never be tired of business or When I in deeds am sav'd, and by them rais’d

Why should this grieve me, that in words I die, pleasure. But by that time the evening is to glory?

PORTER. come, we find ourselves heartily so; we quit all its enjoyments readily and gladly; we 16. They who have done much, pride retire willingly into a little cell; we lie themselves in a short epitaph ; they who down in darkness, and resign ourselves to the have done little, in a long one. arms of sleep, with perfect satisfaction and 17. The different ranks and orders of mancomplacency:- Apply this to youth and old kind may be compared to so many streams age, life and death.

and rivers of running water. All proceed


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from an original small and obscure; some minore filio stimulabat. When his son respread wider, travel over more countries, and turned alive and well, Tunc demum, recepto make more noise in their passage, than sospite filio, victoriæ tantæ gaudium consel others; but all tend alike to an ocean, where sensit. Lib. xliv. sect. 44. His anxiety distinction ceases, and where the largest and respecting his youngest son prevented his most celebrated rivers are equally lost and satisfaction from being complete. But when absorbed with the smallest and most unknown his son returned alive and well, then at last streams.

the consul opened his mind to the full enjoy

ment of so great a victory. The pleasures 18. Immatura peri ; sed tu felicior annos

of sense are pleasures only to the virtuous, Vive tuos, conjux optime, vive meos.

and the Christian, after all, turns out to be I died untimely; happier doom be thine;

the true epicure. Live out thy years, dear husband ! live out mine. 5. Boerhaave, through life, consecrated the

first hour after he rose in the morning to 19. On viewing the Deanry House, by Dr. meditation and prayer; declaring that from Smith, late Dean of Chester.

thence he derived vigor and aptitude for Within this pile of mould'ring stones The dean hath laid his wearied bones ;

business, together with equanimity under In hope to end his days in quiet,

provocations, and a perfect conquest over his
Exempt from nonsense, noise, and riot ; irascible passions. “The sparks of calumny,”
And pass, nor teas'd by fool nor knave, he would say,“ will be presently extinct of
From this still mansion to his grave. themselves, unless you blow them-
Such there, like richer men's, his lot
To be in four days' time forgot,
See his Poetic Works and Life.

(Spreta exolescunt; si irascare, ignita videntur,) 20. It is an evil disposition in some men and therefore, in return, he chose rather to to revile and publish the faults of those who commend the good qualities of his calumniare no longer alive to answer for themselves. ators (if they had any) than to dwell upon It is the disposition of vultures, jackalls, and the bad.”—Life, p. 53. hyenas, who prey upon carcasses, and root

6. To our Saviour and his commands may up the dead.

be applied, with propriety, what Hamlet, in

Shakspere, says of the injunctions of his DESPAIR.

father's ghost : The most tremendous circumstance re

-Remember thee! corded of that most dreadful scourge, the Yea, from the table of my memory plague of Athens, is that the instant a per- I'll wipe away all trivial fond records, son was seized he was struck with despair, All saws of books, all forms, all pressures past, which quite disabled him from attempting

That youth and observation copied there ; his cure.

And thy commandment all alone shall live
Within the book and volume of my brain,

Unmixt with baser matter.1. He who seldom thinks of heaven is 7. To one who knows much of religion, not likely to get thither; as the only way and practises little, may be applied what to hit the mark is to keep the eye fixed Milton says of Satan perched on the tree of upon it.

life : 2. The soldier, saith Xenophon, who first serves God, and then obeys his captain, may or that life-giving plant, but only us’a

-Nor on the virtue thought confidently hope to overcome his enemy.- For prospect, what, well us'd, had been the pledge The case is the same in spirituals.

Of immortality; so little knows 3. The vestal virgins were wont to spend Any, but God alone, to value right ten years in learning their religion, ten years The good before him, but perverts best things in practising it, and ten years in teaching the To worst abuse, or to their meanest use.

P. L. iv. 196. young vestals.

4. He who hath his thoughts about him 8. Lord Astley, before he charged, at the can enjoy, no bodily pleasure while he thinks battle of Edgehill, made this short prayerhis soul is in danger of hell fire. But the “ O Lord, thou knowest how busy I must be reflection that all is right with respect to this day. If I torget thee, do not thou forget another world, doubles every joy we can me !" There were certainly, says Hume, taste in this. ' As Livy tells us of Paulus much longer prayers said in the parliamentary Æmilius, who had vanquished Perseus, but army; but I doubt if there was so good a for a while thought he had lost his son one. Vol. vii. p. 65. Scipio-Ne sincero gaudio frueretur, cura de

9. The divine, who spends all his time in VOL. I.





study, and contemplation on objects ever so 2. It is but too much a custom to give ill sublime and glorious, while his people are names to those who differ from us in opinion. left uninstructed, acts the same part the eagle Dr. Hammond mentions, as a humorous inwould do, that should sit all day staring at stance of it, that when a Dutchman's horse the sun, while her young ones were starving does not go as he would have him, he in in the nest.

great rage calls him an Arminian.
10. Dr. Ogden's secret for rendering the

is Love. The saying

DUELLING. of madam Chevreuse is true in the highest

From the will of colonel Thomas, dated sense. “ Without love, you can never rely London, September 3, 1783 : on the heart of a person at a minute's warn

“I am now called upon, and by the rules ing; you can never inspire it with that fer- of what is called honor, forced into a pervor and vivacity so necessary in whatever sonal interview with Col. Gordon. God only you wish to obtain.”

can know the event; and into his hands I 11. Apply to the Bible these two lines of commit my soul, conscious only of having Tibullus :

done my duty. In the first place I commit Te spectem, suprema mihi cum venerit hora,

my soul to Almighty God, in hopes of his Te teneam moriens, deficiente manu !

mercy and pardon for the irreligious step I

now (in compliance with the unwarrantable and the following of Pythagoras :

customs of this wicked world) put myself

under the necessity of taking.” Ταυτα ταυτ' εκμελετα, τουτων χρη εραν σε, Ταυτα σε της ζειης αρετης εις "χνια βησει. 12. Aben Ezra, on Exod. xxxviii. 8, extols The late Sir Edward Dering used so say, the generosity of those women who devoted “ He did not pretend to understand much of to the construction of a holy vessel (the the Bible, but he was sure the gentleman laver) those utensils of self-love (their brazen who wrote that book knew the world as well mirrors) for which the persons of their sex as any man that ever lived in it.” Sept. 29, have so great an inclination, and who showed, 1782. There is more good sense, and are by such a sacrifice, that they preferred the better precepts for the conduct of life, than service of God to the pleasures and vanities in all the morality of the heathen. Dr. of the world.—Saurin, Diss. 466.

Campbell, Biog. Brit. 215.-It is pity but a Thomas Aquinas's Prayer before Study.

small and fair edition of the Greek were Ineffably wise and good Creator, illustrious printed for the use of scholars and preachers. original, true fountain of light and wisdom, vouchsafe to infuse into my understanding some ray of thy brightness, thereby removing There is a set of Mahometan heretics, who that twofold darkness, under which I was excuse themselves from going the pilgrimage born, of sin and ignorance.

to Mecca, affirming, that the purity of their Thou, that makest the tongues of infants souls, their sublime contemplations, &c. show eloquent, instruct, I pray thee, my tongue them Mecca and Mahomet's tomb, without likewise ; and pour upon my lips the grace stirring out of their cells.—They are called of thy benediction.

Ebrbuharites. Give me quickness to comprehend, and

EDUCATION. memory to retain ; give me happiness in expounding, a facility in learning, and a

1. So important a concern did the right copious eloquence in speaking.

education of children appear to Augustus Prepare my entrance on the road of Cæsar, that, when master of the world he science, direct me in my journey, and

himself attended to that of his grandchildren. bring me safely to the

end of it, even happi- Nepotes et literas, et alia rudimenta, per se ness and glory, in thine eternal kingdom, plerumque docuit : ac nihil æque laborarit through Jesus Christ our Lord. See the quam ut imitarentur chirographum suum. Ne Latin.

que cænavit una, nisi ut imo lecto assiderent :

neque iter fecit, nisi ut vehiculo anteirent, aut DISPUTATION.

circa adequitarent. Sueton. August. 64. Er1. Disputation makes us ready and ex- nest.—He himself instructed his grandsons in pert in using the knowledge we have, but the rudiments of literature and science, and sufficeth not for the acquisition of more. It was peculiarly assiduous to teach them to is exercise, but not food. Hist. of R. S. imitate his own hand-writing. They always p. 18.

supped in his company, and were placed on



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