Imágenes de páginas


of sense.


Macdonald, mentioned by Dr. Johnson in his thodist teacher ; "He will soon,” said she, Journey to the Hebrides, p. 167, who was " by great humility become the head of a sect served with a plentiful meal of salt meat ; and damn all the rest of the world in the very and, when thirst made him clamorous for spirit of charity.” drink, a cup was let down to him in the dun- 2. The Scriptures mention an assurance of geon, which, on lifting the cover, he found faith, which our church, in her homilies, to be empty!

calls “ a sure trust and confidence that our

sins are forgiven,” &c. The methodistical MACHIAVEL'S OBSERVATION.

assurance is an internal feeling, an assurance It is observable, that Machiavel employs a

Now faith and sense are quite difwhole chapter designedly, to prove, that ferent things. In the one case, the assurance revolutions in states are often presaged by is an inference drawn from the divine proprodigies, the causes of which he professeth mises applied to ourselves; in the other, it is himself unable to assign; unless they may be an immediate operation of the spirit, a kind attributed to some spirits and intelligences in of revelation made nobody knows how, and the air, which give the world notice of such of which we have no evidence but the perthings to come. See Machiav. Disput. 1. i. son's own assertion. c. 56.

3. An ingenious French author (Boursault)

speaking of the humility of the Friars, and MAHOMET VIEWING DAMASCUS.

the manner in which it is made to serve their The Arabian false prophet, viewing the interest, says, they are like pitchers, which delicious and pleasurable situation of Damas- toop only in order to get filled. cus, would not enter that city, but turned

MIDDLETON (DR.) away from it with this exclamation : “ There is but one paradise for man; and I am deter

“My attention to the classics,” says Midmined to have mine in the other world.” dleton,“ has made me very squeamish in my mutatis mutandis, how becoming this for a Christian studies.” The doctor seems to have Christian in time of temptation ! See Maun- been in the case of the comet mentioned by drell, p. 121.

Dr. Zach, p. 6, of a paper delivered to the
University of Oxford, when he was admitted

to a degree there, in Feb. 1786. “The re1. Vincent le Blanc, in his Travels, p. tardation of the comet, compared to its period, 386, tells us, that in three instances, within may clearly be put to the account of the athis own knowledge, an emerald discovered traction and perturbation he has undergone in the incontinency of its wearer, by breaking, the region of Jupiter and Saturn." when worn in a ring upon the finger. “Such,” says he, “is the virtue of this stone, if it be good and fine, and of the old mine.”

There was a very scarce book supposed to -It is a pity but that there was an emerald be written with force against miracles. Midof the old mine in every wedding-ring. dleton had long searched for it in vain. Hoad

2. When the subject of catechising was ley was in possession of a copy, and furnished before the synod of Dort, one of the Swiss him with it. “ You are a wicked man,” said deputies told the synod, that the custom in he, “and will make a bad use of it. Perhaps his country was, for all parties intending I ought not to give it to you. But-therematrimony to appear before their minister, take it, and do your worst.” This anecdote who examined them as to their proficiency is in the Bodleian library, as I have been inin their catechism, having power to defer the formed by a friend. marriage till it was such as he could approve. “I was much affected to this course,” says Hales, “when I heard it; and the synod 1. “I hope my younger brethren in the shall be ill-advised, if they make no use of ministry will pardon me,” says Dr. Dodit.” Letters to Sir D. Carleton, p. 11. dridge, “ if I entreat their particular attention

to this admonition—not to give the main part MEMORY.

of their time to the curiosities of learning, One considerable step towards remember- and only a few fragments of it to their great ing things worth remembrance, is to forget work, the cure of souls ; lest they see cause, things which are not so.

in their last moments, to adopt the words of

dying Grotius, perhaps with much greater METHODISTS.

propriety than he could use them— Proh! 1. A friend of mine having asked a lady vitam perdidi operosè nihil agendo!". Fam. of piety and judgment her opinion of a Me- Expos. sect. 14. The doctor does not refer




to his authoriiy for this anecdote: but his So speaks Wisdom to her children, as admonition is most excellent. See the whole well as Cyrene to her son Aristeus, Georg. improvement. See also Fam. Exp. vol. i. iv. 411.-To accomplish this work happily, sect. 14, where another anecdote is mentioned celestial influences are necessary, which are of Grotius; but the author, from whom I took conferred in one case, no less than in the it, did not cite his authority. On the subject other : of the above admonition of Doddridge, see Norris's Conduct of Human Life.—See Dod- Quo totum nati corpus perduxit; at illi

Hæc ait, et liquidum ambrosiæ diffundit odorem, dridge's Sermons and Tracts i. 264.—Ques- Dulcis compositis spiravit crinibus aura, nel on Tit. iii. 9: a proper text for a sermon Atque habilis membris venit vigor. on the subject. 2. It often happens to the teachers of phi- Infusing vigor through his mortal joints :

This said, with nectar she her son anoints, losophy and religion, as it did to Dr. Solander Down from his head the liquid odors ran; on the mountain. “ You must keep moving,” He breath'd of heav'n, and look'd above a man. says the doctor, “at all events. Whoever

DRYDEN, 599 sits down will sleep, and whoever sleeps will 6. With regard to men's principles, we wake no more." Yet he himself was the should always put the best construction on first who found the inclination against which dubious cases, and treat those as friends to he had warned others, to be irresistible, and Christianity, who are not avowed and deinsisted upon being suffered to take a nap, clared enemies. By so doing, we may perhaps though he had just told the company that to save a person from really apostatising; his sleep was to perish. See Hawkesworth, i. 48. doubts and prejudices may be overcome ; and

3. “ Reason ought to direct us,” says lord what was wanting in him may be perfected. C., “but it seldom does. And he who ad- But, if we suppose and treat hiin as an dresses himself singly to another man's reason, enemy, we take a ready way to make him without endeavoring to engage his heart in

one, though he were not such before. Behis interest also, is no more likely to succeed sides that the addition of a new name, than a man who should apply only to a king's especially if it be a name of eminence, to the nominal minister, and neglect his favorite.” catalogue of infidels strengthens that party, The illustration is just and beautiful; and the and weakens the faith of many, who build it observation deserves the notice of every one, on authority. “ He that is not against us, is whose employment is to win men to faith on our part." Mark, ix. 40.—See Doddridge and righteousness. Dry reasoning, though in loc, and see Life of Sir Thomas Brown, ever so solid, will not do alone. See Letters, by Johnson, ad fin. II. 54. cxxix.

7. Happy the minister, whose days are 4. Apply to a faithful and vigilant clergy spent in teaching heavenly truths; his nights

in acquiring the knowledge of them, by study -Nunquam, custodibus illis, Nocturnum stabulis lurem, incursusque luporum,

and devotion ! Aut impacatos a tergo horrebis Iberos.

GEORG, iii. 406.

Et quantum longis carpent armenta diebus,

Exigua tantum gelidus ros nocte reponit.
-Who for the fold's relief

GEORG. ii. 201.
Will prosecute with cries the nightly thief,
Repulse the prowling wolf, and hold at bay 8. The necessity of a kind and gentle
The mountain robbers rushing to the prey. manner in him who instructs or reproves

DRYDEN, 616.

another, and the sad effect of a contrary 5. Original corruption appears in as many temper, are well set forth by Jerome-Nihil different shapes as the fabulous Proteus of the est fædius præceptore furioso, qui, cum debeat ancients, while it exerts itself in the different esse mansuetus et humilis ad omnes, diverso passions of sinful men, transforming them, fortorvo vultu, trementibus labiis, effrenatis con the time, into various kinds of beasts. vitiis, clamore perstrepitat : errantes non tam

ad bonum retrahit quam ad malum suâ sævitiâ Tum variæ illudent species atque ora ferarum, precipitat. Cited by Dieterich, i. 33.Fiet enim subito sus horridus, atraque tigris,

Nothing is more unseemly than a passionate Squamosusque draco, et fulva cervice leæna ; Sed quanto ille magis formas se vertet in omnes,

instructor ; who, when he ought to be an Tanto, nate, magis contende tenacia vincla. example of gentleness and humility to all, Various forms assume, to cheat thy sight,

is distinguished on the contrary by fierce And with vain images of beasts affright,

looks, trembling lips, intemperate noise, and With foamy tusks will seem a bristly boar, unbridled revilings. Such a man does not by Or imitate the lion's angry roar ; But thou, the more he varies forins, beware

persuasion recall to righteousness those who To strain his fetters with a stricter care.

wander, but by harshness precipitates them DRYDEN, 587. into evil.



9. A Christian (a minister especially) Drooping all night; and, when he warm returns, should live and act with that disposition for

Points her enamor'd bosom to his ray.

THOMSON. which George Grenville is celebrated by E. Burke.—“He took public business not as a 2. The mind, that has been subject to the duty which he was to fulfil, but as a pleasure fires of wantonness, becomes, like wood burnt he was to enjoy ; and he seemed to have no to charcoal, apt upon every occasion to kindelight out of this house, except in such dle and burn again. things as some way related to the business 3. A bone that is calcined so as the least that was to be done within it.” Speech 25. force will crumble it, being immersed in oil, The sentence preceding is—“ With a mascu- will grow firm again. Thus, in the figurative line understanding and a stout and a resolute language of Scripture, the bones which by heart, he had an application undissipated and sorrow and affliction for sin are “burnt up unwearied.”

as it were a firebrand,” by pardon and grace 10. Mrs. Siddons, the famous actress, are restored to their strength, “flourish, and receiving many invitations to the houses of are made fat.” the great and opulent, excused herself from

4. Some persons, who have a great deal of accepting any of them, because her time was sharp and pungent satire in their tempers, do due to the public, that she might prepare not discover it unless they are highly proherself in the most perfect manner to appear voked; as in the evaporation of human blood before them, for their entertainment.-When by a gentle fire the salt will not rise. a clergyman is invited to spend his hours at 5. Eels, for want of exercise, are fat and card-playing or chit-chat meetings, has he slimy. For this reason, perhaps, fish without not an apology to make of the same kind, but fins and scales were forbidden the Israelites; of a more important and interesting nature ? and the necessity of exercise, both for the and, if he be deficient in the duties of his body and the mind, might be the moral inprofession for want of so excusing himself, tended. will not Mrs. Siddons rise up in judgment 6. Stall-fed oxen, crammed fowls, and against him, and condemn him?

high-feeding Christians, are often diseased in their livers. No animal can be wholesome

food that does not use exercise.See Buchan. The Heathen philosophers allowed human for nurses had been a good one for the fanati

7. The rule which physicians lay down nature to be fallen from original rectitude, cal holders-forth in the last century, viz. and sunk into a weak, drooping, and sickly never to give suck after fasting: the milk, in state, which they called a tippppunces the moul, such case, having an acescency very prejuditing of the soul's wings.—A just and beautiful cial to the constitution of the recipient. image: the old feathers drop off, to make

8. Had man persevered in innocence, none way for a new plumage.

of the creatures would have hurt him, and it is possible all might have ministered to him

in one way or other; as, upon occasion, the When Agamemnon set out for Troy, ravens were made to do to the prophet. Homer tells us, he committed his wife to the 9. It was the saying of a great general, care of a musician, as the best of guardians that there should be some time between a and preceptors. Nor could the adulterer soldier's dismission and his death ; and it has Ægysthus seduce her, till he had taken off been observed of the most furious polemical the musician, whose instruction, while he writers, as Bellarmine, and others, that they lived, kept the princess in the path of virtue. have spent the latter part of their lives in

„Odyss. iii. 267.—How different, in those pious meditation. Thus huntsmen tell us, days, must the character of a musician, and that a fox, when escaped from the dogs, after the use of music have been, from their char- a hard chase, always walks himself cool, beacter and use at present !

fore he earths.-See Floyer and Baynard on Cold Baths, p. 328.

10. Providence hath afforded us an unusual

and special instance of the brevity of life in 1. Mary Magdalene, like the heliotrope, the ephemeron, whose duration is from six in followed the sun of righteousness in his the evening till eleven. At the beginning diurnal course. She attended him to his of its life it sheds its coat, and spends the evening retreat, and met his rising lustre in rest of its short time in frisking over the the morning.


waters, on which the female drops her eggs, But one, the lofty follower of the sun,

* See Evelyn's “Sylva,” p. 37, which suggested Sad, when he sets, shuts up her yellow leaves,

the thought.


and the male his sperm to impregnate them. so that a very perfect resemblance of it is Having thus served their generation, and pro- seen in them all. Now our bodies are these vided for the continuance of the species, vessels filled with water ; the sun is the image they die and are turned again to their dust : of the Supreme Being; and the figure of the and all this in five or six hours.

sun, painted on each of these vessels, is a

natural representation enough of the human -Here, fond man, Behold thy pictur'd life!

soul, created after the image of God himself.” Vide SWAMMERDAM, Ephem. Vit.

Ibid. p. 248.

17. The passions, when in the most violent 11. Noxious creatures, in proportion as agitation, may be allayed by the considerathey are so, teach us care, diligence, and wit: tion, of hell torments; as wine, when it weasels, kites, &c. induce us to watchfulness ; ferments, ready to burst the hoops of its thistles and moles, to good husbandry ; lice vessel, is calmed and quieted at once by the oblige us to cleanliness in our bodies; spiders, application of a match dipped in sulphur. in our houses; and the moth, in our clothes. 18. The Chinese physicians never prescribe Things often become hurtful, not of necessity, bleeding, but allay the heat of the blood by but by accident, through our own negligence abstinence, diet, and cooling herbs ; saying, or mistake. Let this be applied, in the moral that, if the pot boil too fast, it is better to world, to the concerns of our souls, and of subduct the fuel, than lade out the water. the church. 12. There are men whom nothing but hell nature and design of religion, which is to

19. Persecution is contrary to the very fire flashing in their faces can rouse from sin effect the conversion of the soul without and sensuality; as I have seen a fellow driv- hurting the body; as lightning injures not the ing a fat boar, with a lantern and a bundle of scabbard, when it melts the sword. straw, to burn a wisp under his nose, as often as he lay down in the mire: when he feels when set off and recommended by the charms

20. Vicious examples are most noxious his beard singed, he gets up, and goes forward. of oratory or poetry; as some poisonous

13. After having composed and delivered plants growing on a mountain in China are a sermon, I have often thought of, and re- said to kill only when they are in flower. peated, the following lines of Thomson- 21. Naturalists tell us of harts and hinds, Be gracious, Heav'n! for now laborious man

that, in crossing a piece of water, the hart, Has done his part. Ye fostring breezes, blow!

as the strongest, swimmeth first, to break the Ye softning dews, ye tender show'rs, descend ! force of the stream, and the hind, as being And temper all, thou world-reviving sun, weaker, followeth reclining her head on his Into the perfect year! SPRING, ver. 48.

back. Woman is the weaker vessel, and 14. A faithful pastor, when leaving a flock standeth in need of man to be her conductor of whom he had long had the care, might through life; that, under his guidance, she exclaim in these words of Eve in Milton, may stem the torrent of the world, and reach,

“ Let her be spoken on being told that she must quit in safety, the shore of eternity. Eden

as the loving hind, and pleasant roe;" and

let her welfare and security be equally at-O flow'rs,

tended to by her husband. My early visitation and my last

22. Husbandınen are careful continually to At ev'n, which I bred up with tender hand From the first op'ning bud, and gave you names;

stir and loosen the earth about the roots of Who now shall rear you to the sun, or rank plants. Otherwise it grows dry and hard, and Your tribes, and water from th' ambrosial fount? ministers no nutriment. The mind will do

the same unless exercised, and will starve the 15. The reproaches of an enemy often virtuous principles planted in it. Our Lord serve to quicken a man in his Christian course, as in Siberia they join a large dog to applies this

, in the parable of the fig-treea rein-deer in their sledges, that the latter

“I will dig about it." may be urged on by the bark of the former. Est etiam ille labor curandis vitibus alter, -See Travels of the Jesuits, by Lockman, ii. Cúi nunquam exhausti satis est. Namque omno

quotannis 16. The manner in which man resembles Æternùm 'frangenda bidentibus.

Terque quaterque solum scindendum, glebaque versis his Maker is thus described by an ancient

GEORG. ii. 397. Bramin : “Figure to yourself a million of

To dress thy vines new labor is requird, large vessels quite filled with water, on which

Nor must the painful husbandman be tird: the sun darts his luminous rays. This beau- For thrice, at least, in compass of the year, tiful planet, though single in its kind, multi

Thy vineyard must employ the sturdy steer plies itself in some measure, and paints itself

To turn the glebe ; besides thy daily pain,

To break the clods, and make the surface plain. totally, in a moment, on each of these vessels,

DRYDEN, 548.

p. 155.

23. How fine an application do the follow- 25. In the work of salvation, as in that of ing lines of the same poet admit of, to the husbandry, man must do his part, and God benefits of adversity, and the manner in which will not fail to do his. the divine husbandman“ purges every fruitful branch in his vine, that it may bring forth Multum adeo rastris glebas qui frangit inertes, more fruit!”

Vimineasque trahit crates, juvat arva, neque illum
Flava Ceres alto nequicquam spectat Olympo;

Et qui proscisso quæ suscitat æquore terga
Ac jam olim seras posuit cum vinea frondes, Rursus in obliquum verso perrumpit aratro,
Frigidus et sylvis aquilo decussit honorem,

Exercetque frequens tellurem, atque imperat arvis. Jam tuin acer curas venientem extendit in annum

GEORG. i. 94. Rusticus et curvo Saturni dente relictam Persequitur vitem attondens, fingitque putando.

Much too he helps his labord lands, who breaks GEORG, ii. 403. The crumbling clods with harrows, drags, and rakes;

Who ploughs across, and back, with ceaseless toil, Evin in the lowest months, when storms have shed Subdues to dust, and triumphs o'er the soil; From vines the hairy honors of their head;

Plenty to him, industrious swain! is giv’n, Not then the drudging hind his labor ends,

And Ceres smiles upon his work from heav'n. But to the coming year his care extends :

WARTON, 114. Ev’n then the naked vine he persecutes; His pruning-knife at once reforms and cuts.

26. It is one part of a clergyman's office DRYDEN, 558.

to deduce, from the sublime doctrines of the So again, a few lines after, the care and and renew the afflicted and weary soul. Let

Gospel, arguments of consolation, to refresh diligence necessary to be employed with un- the following passage be applied to him in remitting assiduity, to the last hour, till the

these circumstances : grapes are gathered, and the vintage finally secured

Et cum exustus ager morientibus estuat herbis,

Ecce supercilio clivosi tramitis undam
Jam vinctæ vites; jam falcem arbusta reponunt: Elicit: illa cadens raucum per lævia murmur
Jam canit extremos eflætus vinitor antes :

Saxa ciet, scatebrisque arentia temperat arva.
Sollicitanda tamen tellus pulvisque movendus,

GEORG. i. 107. Et jam maturis metuendus Jupiter uvis.

Thus when the fiery suns too fiercely play,
GEORG. i1. 416.

And shrivell d herbs on with'ring stems decay, The vines, now ty'd with many a strength’ning band, The wary ploughman on the mountain's brow No more the culture of the knife demand ;

Undams his watery stores; huge torrents flow, Glad for his labor past and long employ,

And, rattling down the rocks, large moisture yield, At the last rank the dresser sings for joy :

Temp’ring the thirsty fever of the field. Yet still he must subdue, still turn the mould,

DRYDEN, 157. And his ripe grapes still fear rough storms or piercing cold.

WARTON, 490. 27. He, who is entrusted with the educaAgain, the tenderness with which young tion of youth, should, above all things, in shoots are to be treated and encouraged- the first place, explore and consider well the

different tempers, dispositions, and abilities Ac dum prima novis adolescit frondibus ætas, Percendum teneris; et dum se lætus ad auras

of his scholars, that they may be trained Palmes agit, laxis per purum immissus habenis, to the several professions, or arts, for the Ipsa acies nondum falcis tentanda,

study of which they are respectively fitted GEORG. ii. 362.

and qualified by nature. This is the advice But in their tender non-age, while they spread given by Virgil to his farmer, that he should Their springing leaves and lift their infant head, find out And upward while they shoot in open air, Indulge their childhood, and the nursling spare: Et quid quæque ferat regio, et quod quæque recuset. Nor exercise thy rage on new-born life,

Hic segetes, illic veniunt felicius uva:
But let thy hand supply the pruning-knife.

Arborei fætus alibi, atque injussa virescunt
DRYDEN, 497. Gramina, &c.

GEORG. i. 54. 24. The description of the growth of the culture suited to the sev'ral kinds plants in the spring to young and virtuous And what the genius of the soil denies.

of seeds and plants; and what will thrive and rise, minds—

This ground with Bacchus, that with Ceres guits,

That other loads the trees with golden fruits ; Inque novos soles audent se gramina tuto

A fourth with grass unbidden decks the ground. Credere; nec metuit surgentes pampinus austros,

DRYDEN, 78. Aut actum cælo magnis aquilonibus imbrem: Sed trudit gemmas, et frondes explicat omnes. 28. When the mind is fatigued with one

GEORG. ii. 332.

employment, it may find ease and refreshThe springing grass to trust this season dares; No tender vine the gath'ring tempest fears

ment by addressing itself to another of a Bv the black north or roaring auster rollid,

different nature : as land will receive benefit But spreads her leaves, and bids her

gems unfold. by change of grain, as much as by lying WARTON, 404.

fallow. VOL. I.


« AnteriorContinuar »