Imágenes de páginas

Sic quoque mutatis requiescunt fætibus arva. at first waking in the morning as all the day

GEORG. i. 82.

long.”—Essay on Nursing Children, p. 46. Thus change of seeds for meagre soils is best ;

35. Riches, honors, and pleasures, are the And earth manur'd not idle, though at rest. sweets which destroy the mind's appetite for

DRYDEN, 120. its heavenly food; poverty, disgrace, and

pain, are the bitters which restore it. 29. Virgil, speaking of the husbandman's

36. Young trees in a thick forest are found additional labors occasioned by noxious ani- to incline themselves towards that part mals and plants, makes a fine reflection upon through which the light penetrates; as plants the design of Providence in permitting such are observed to do in a darkened chamber things.

towards a stream of light let in through an

orifice, and as the ears of corn do towards -Pater ipse colendi Haud facilem esse viam voluit, primusque per artem the south. The roots of plants are known to Movit agros, curis acuens mortalia corda ;

turn away, with a kind of abhorrence, from Nec torpere gravi passus sua regna veterno, &c. whatever they meet with, which is hurtful

GEORG. i. 121.

to them; and, deserting their ordinary direc

tion, to tend, with a kind of natural and The sire of gods and men, with hard decrees, Forbids our plenty to be bought with ease;

irresistible impulse, towards collections of And wills that mortal men, inur'd to toil,

water placed within their reach. The plants Should exercise, with pains, the grudging soil. called Heliotrope turn daily round with the Himself invented first the shining share, And whetted human industry by care.

sun, and, by constantly presenting their surHimself did handicrafts and arts ordain;

faces to that luminary, seem desirous of Nor suffer'd sloth to rust his active reign. absorbing a nutriment from its rays.—Surely

DRYDEN, 183. all these afford a lesson to man,

37. Mr. Temple, at More-park, kept an 30. Civet-cats must be fretted and vexed, eagle, into whose cage, among other provibefore the civet is taken out of the bag; for sion, a living magpie was one day cast. The the more the animal is enraged, the musk is servants, next morning, were surprised to the better.- The only case, I think, wherein find the magpie still alive, who lived a great fretfulness and rage turn to account, and im- while very comfortably in that state. The prove things.

eagle seemed much pleased with him, and 31. Wit under the influence of passion was often seen to listen very attentively, and degenerates into malignity, as salt exposed to not without some degree of admiration, to his violent heats will turn sour and biller.

chattering.--So kings formerly reckoned it a 32. Some particulars in natural history, piece of state to keep a fool. though confessedly fabulous, are universally

38. The injunctions given to the Jews, not retained and employed as allusions ; for which to eat any creature which died of itself, seem purpose they serve as well as if they were to have a strict regard to health ; and ought, true : e. g. the phænix, as a rarity, and as a on that account, to be observed by Christians beautiful symbol of the resurrection; and the as well as Jews. Buchan's Domestic Vedinotion of a swan becoming vocal and melo-cine.—The blood, in these cases, is mixed dious just before its death. Thus Socrates, as with the flesh, and soon becomes putrid. cited by Cicero—Itaque commemorat, ut 39. To an angry controvertist, endeavorcygni, qui non sine causâ Apollini dicati sunt, ing to puzzle a cause, and to avoid convicsed quod ab eo divinationem habere videantur, tion, apply Virgil's description of Cacusquâ providentes quid in morte boni sit, cum Æn. viii. 252. cantu et voluptate moriantur; sic omnibus bonis et doctis esse faciundum.” Tuscul. Faucibus ingentem fumum (mirabile dictu !) Disputat. i. 30.—As swans, inspired by Evomit, involvitque domum caligine crcâ, A pollo with a foresight of the joys of death, Prospectum eripiens oculis ; glomeratque sub antro

Fumiferam noctem, commistis igne tenebris. die with satisfaction and song; such should be the conduct of the wise and good.

He from his nostrils, and huge mouth, expires 33. “The sun,” said Mr. Charron, “is my Black clouds of smoke amidst his father's fires ; visible God, as God is my invisible sun."

Gath'ring, with each repeated blast, the night,

To make uncertain aim and erring sight. 34. To the conversation of a Christian may

DRYDEN, 335. be applied what Dr. Cadogan says of a child's breath_“It is not enough that it be not of- 40. To the metaphysics of Hume, Le Clerc, fensive; it should be sweet and fragrant, like and Bolingbrokea nosegay of fresh flowers, or a pail of new

Ibant obscuri solâ sub nocte per umbras, milk from a young cow that feeds upon


Perque domos Ditis vacuas, et inania regna. sweetest grass of the spring: and this as well

Æn. vi. 204.



Obscure they went, through dreary shades that led | Sharp-tasted citrons Median climes produce,
Along the waste dominions of the dead.

Bitter the rind, but gen'rous is the juice :
DRYDEN, 378. A cordial fruit, a present antidote. &c.

DRYDEN, 175. 41. To the Arian heresy — At seva e speculis tempus dea nacta nocendi,

46. The old school maxim, that “the Ardua tecta petit stabuli, et de culmine summo

corruption of one thing is the generation of Pastorale canit signum, cornuque recurvo another,” is true in spirituals, as well as in Tartaream intendit vocem; quâ protenus omne physics. The death of the old man is the Contremuit nemus, et sylvæ intonuere profundæ.

life of the new; and from affections carnal Audiit et Trivix longè lacus, audiit amnis, Sulphureâ Nar albus aqua, fontesque Velini:

and secular, when mortified by the power of Et trepidæ matres pressere ad pectra natos. religion, spring up holy and heavenly ones,

Æn. vii. 511. vigorous and active in proportion. And now the goddess, exercis'd in ill,

Nigra fere, et presso pinguis sub vomere terra, Who watch'd an hour to work her impious will,

Et cui putre solum, namque hoc imitamur arando, Ascends the roof, and to her crooked horn,

Optima frumentis; non ullo ex æquore cernes Such as was then by Latian shepherds borne, Piura domum tardis decedere plaustra juvencis. Adds all her breath : the rocks and woods around

GEORG, ii. 203. And mountains tremble at th' infernal sound. The sacred lake of Trivia from afar,

Fat crumbling earth is fitter for the plough, The Veline fountains, and sulphureous Nar

Putrid and loose above, and black below: Shake at the baleful blast, the signal of the war.

For ploughing is an imitative toil, Young mothers wildly stare, with fear possess'd

Resembling nature in an easy soil.
And strain their helpless infants to their breast.

No land for seed like this, no fields afford
DRYDEN, 713.

So large an income to the village lord:

No toiling teams from harvest labor come 42. The eyes of swine are turned down So late at night, so heavy laden home. towards the earth, so that they never behold

DRYDEN, 250. the heavens, till laid upon their backs; a method sometimes taken by their keepers, to

Therefore, as Virgil goes on, ground where still their crying.–Apply this to the effects wood has grown, and the leaves, &c. have produced by alllictions on worldly-minded rotted, though of an unpromising appearance,


fruitful when turned up. — 43. “ April 5, 1772, at midnight, two vio- At rudis enituit, impulso vomere campus. lent shocks of an earthquake were felt at Lisbon. This earthquake was preceded by While shines the new-turn'd soil beneath th’ invadthe howling of dous, and the melancholy ing share.

WARTON, 266. crowing of cocks. Immediately was heard a subterranean noise, with howlings and whist

47. There are minds, as well as lands, of so lings, as in a great storm : this was followed harsh and crabbed a disposition that little can by an horizontal shock,” &c.-With what be made of them. unspeakable horror do these circumstances

Salsa autem tellus, et quæ perhibetur amara, strike the imagination !

Frugibus infelix ; ea nec mansuescit arando, 44. In the moral, as in the natural world, Nec Baccho genus, aut pomis sua nomina servat. many trees, after all possible pains have been

Georg, ii. 238. taken about them, fail in fruit-time. Happy Salt earth and bitter are not fit to sow, the Christian husbandman, to whom may be Nor will be tam’d or mended with the plough. applied what Virgil says of his old Corycian Sweet grapes degen’rate there, and fruits declin'd gardener:

From their first flav'rous taste, renounce their kind.

DRYDEN, 323. Quotque in flore novo pomis se fertilis arbos Induerat, totidem autuinno matura tenebat.

48. A genius forward, and early ripe, Georg. iv. 142. seldom, in the end, answers expectation.

Virgil has observed the same thing of land, For ev'ry bloom his trees in spring afford,

which throws forth corn too strong at first. An autumn apple was by tale restor’d.

DRYDEN, 211.

Ah! nimium ne sit mihi fertilis illa, 45. Apply to repentance, a medicine

Neu se prævalidam primis ostendat aristis !

GEORG, ii, 252. sharp, but salutary, Virgil's account of the citron

Let not my land so large a promise boast,
Lest the lank ears in length of stem be lost.

DŘYDEN, 341,
Media fert tristes succos, tardumque saporem
Felicis mali; quo non præsentius ullum
Auxilium venit, et membris agit atra venena.

49. The character of a universal scholar GEORG. ii. 126. Jis apt to dazzle the sight, and to attract am,


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bition. But a greater progress is made in the mind's eye be liable to fewer, may be
literature, when every man takes his part, questioned.
and cultivates that part thoroughly, with all

57. The death and resurrection of Christ his powers.

represent and produce in man a death to

sin, and a resurrection to righteousness.-Laudato ingentia rura;

When the sun recedes from the autumnal Exiguum colito.

GEORG. ii. 412.

equinox, he brings on the fall of the leaf,

with a general withering and seeming extincTo larger vineyards praise and wonder yield; tion of the vegetable life during the dead of But cultivate a small and manageable field. winter; and, when in his annual motion he

WARTON, 495.

rises again towards our hemisphere, nature 50. Inventors and projectors, however feels a kind of resurrection.—Heylyn's Lecwild and visionary, often afford matter, tures, ii. 4:29. which a wise man will know how to qualify

58. It is with a Christian, as with the and turn to use, though they did not.See Sicilian vines.—“An old proprietor,” says

Swinburne, "informed me, that the strength Account of Settlements in America, i. 65.

51. When a hogshead of sugar is in the of the liquor depended on the close pruning highest state of fermentation over the fire, a

of the vine.”—Travels in the Sicilies, ii. 240, piece of butter, no bigger than a nut, will sect. 33. allay and quiet it in a moment. A tea

59. Dr. Johnson thus speaks of his situaspoonful of oil quieted the ruffled surface of tion at Rausay : “ Such a seat of hospitality near half an acre of water in a windy day, nation with a delightful contrariety of images :

amidst the winds and waters fills the imagiand rendered it smooth as a looking-glass.See Dr. Franklin's account, Phil. Trans. lxiv. without is the rough ocean and the rocky part ii.—Like the Divine Spirit, oil acts as a

land, the beating billows and the howling bond of peace to the whole mass which is storm : within is plenty and elegance, beauty under its influence.

and gaiety, the song and the dancing !" 52. The note of the cockoo, though uni- Apply this to the state of a good man's mind form, always gives pleasure, because it amidst the troubles of the world,“ rejoicing reminds us that summer is coming. But that at tribulation.” So sings a poet of conpleasure is mixed with melancholy, because science : we reflect, that what is coming will soon be 'Tis the warm blaze in the poor herdsman's hut, going again. This is the consideration which That, when the storm howls o'er his humble thatch, embitters every sublunary enjoyment !-Let Brightens his clay-built walls, and cheers his soul the delight of my heart then be in thee, O

COUNT OF NARBONNE, act iv, sc. 4. Lord and Creator of all things, with whom

60. It is difficult for a man to suppress a alone is no variableness, neither shadow of changing ?

conceit which tickles his own fancy, though 53. The world twines itself about the soul,

he be sure to suffer by the publication of it. as a serpent doth about an eagle, to hinder Owen, the epigrammatist, had expectations its flight upward, and sting it to death.

from an uncle, who was a Papist ; but he 54. “ The affected gaiety of a wicked

could not resist the charm of the following man is like the flowery surface of Mount satirical distich : Ætna, beneath which materials are gathering

An fuerit Petrus Romæ, sub judice lis est; for an eruption, that will one day reduce Simonem, Romæ nemo fuisse negat. all its beauties to ruin and desolation.”— Irene.

The consequence was, that the book was put
55. The Christian traveller, in his journey into the Inder Erpurgatorius, and poor
through the desert, like Hassan, must be Owen put out of his uncle's will.
always awake, and upon the watch.
At that dead hour the silent asp shall creep,
If aught of rest I find, upon my sleep ;

How beautiful this of Shakspere
Or some swoln serpent twist his scales around,
And wake to anguish with a burning wound.

Consideration, like an angel, came
COLLIN's Ecl. ii. And whipp'd th' offending Adam out of him;

Leaving his body like a Paradise,
56. So manifold are the diseases to which T envelop and contain celestial spirits.
the body of man is become subject, that, in
a treatise of a Dr. Richard Banister, 113
diseases are mentioned as incident to the eyes 1. In proselyting men to a party, one con-
and eyelids only. See Biog. Brit.-Whether | vert is employed to make more from among




his old friends and connections ; somewhat in a white lily will remain after the strongest the manner in which wild gazelles are caught, decoction. by sending into the herd one already taken 6. An Italian bishop, who had endured and tamed, with a noose so fastened to his much persecution with a calm unruffled horns, as to entangle the animal that first temper, was asked by a friend how he attained approaches to oppose him. Goldsmith, to such a mastery of himself. “By making iii. 86.

a right use of my eyes,” said he. “I first 2. One is apt sometimes to wonder, why look up to heaven, as the place whither I am the characters, sayings, and writings of some going to live for ever : 1 next look down upon men stand so high in the opinion and esteem the earth, and consider how small a space of of others. The phenomenon may, perhaps, it will soon be all that I can occupy or want. be partly accounted for by the following ob- I then look round me, and think how many servation of Dr. Goldsmith :" It is proba- are far more wretched than I am.” ble,” says he, “there is not in the creation an 7. Regner Lodbrog, imprisoned in a loathanimal of more importance to a goose than a some dungeon, and condemned to be destroyed gander.

by venomous serpents, solaced his desperate

situation by recollecting and reciting the PATIENCE.

glorious exploits of his past life. The soul 1. A surgeon is never more calm and free confined in its prison, the body, and infested from passion than when he is about to lance by destructive passions, should support and a swelling, or to perform an amputation. If comfort itself, by recollecting and celebrating he were not so, he would be likely to mis- the triumphs of its Redeemer, set forth in carry in the operation, and to kill, instead of the Psalms : so Paul and Silas.—See Taylor's curing, his patients Let this be applied to Holy Dying, on Patience—the case of the the case of a clergyman reproving, or inflict- Gladiators. ing ecclesiastical censures.--Ut ad urendum 8. The cross which is laid upon us must et secandum, sic et ad hoc genus castigandi be borne : if we are impatient, we lose the rarò invitique veniamus. Ira procul absit, fruit of it; but if we accept it willingly, and cum quâ nihil rectè fieri, nihil considerate bear it with patience and meek resignation, it potest. Cic. Off

. i. sect. 38. Like the in- is regarded as equivalent to a punishment of cision knife, and the caustic, let this species our own infliction. of chastisement be rarely and unwillingly resorted to: in all events let it be inflicted

PIETY. without anger, which in all things is abso

As drawn by Fenelon in a letter to his lutely inconsistent with propriety and delib- pupil

, the Duke of Burgundy—of whose deeration.-See Arnold on Ecclus, xx. 1.

votion people had said it was “ sombre, scru2. The portraits of a man of wealth, a man of pleasure, and a man of power, do not puleue, est qui n'est pas assez proportionnée à excite our envy. Why then should the son place." Melancholy, full of scruples,

not sufficiently adapted to his situation.—Si originals, which are made of as corruptible

vous voulez faire honneur à votre pieto, vous ne materials

, which pass away like shadows, and sauriez trop la rendre douce, simple, commode last not so long as their pictures ?

sociale.—If you wish to do honor to your 3. Afflictions, when accompanied with piety, you cannot be too careful to render it grace, alter their nature, as wormwood, eaten sweet and simple, affable and social.—See with bread, will lose its bitterness. See Ar- Maury, 443. buthnot on Aliment, p. 15. 4. The bark of a tree contains an oily

PLEASURE. juice, which, when it is in greater plenty 1. Surrounded with all the gaities and than can be exhaled by the sun, renders the glories of the court of France, Maintenon plant evergreen. Such is the state of the and Pompadour both experienced the depreman whose virtue is proof against the scorch- dations of melancholy; and declared they ing heats of temptation and persecution : he were not the happy persons they seemed to is like a green olive-tree,” in the courts of be, and that “in all states of life there was a the temple ; “ his leaf shall not wither.”

frightful void.” The retreats of St. Cyr and 5. Women are generally supposed to be in Bellevue were the places in which (if ever) mind, as well as body, of a more delicate they tasted happiness. Ann. Register, 1766. frame than men; yet, in the primitive times, Memoirs of Mad. Pompadour. See a letter they went unhurt through the hottest flames of lady M. W. Montague, in which she of persecution : as the utmost force of boil-extols the superior felicity of a milkmaid. ing water is not able to destroy the structure These testimonies are curious, and worth of the tenderest plant, and the lineaments of noting.



2. A child is eager to have any toy he Boileau against pluralities~"Is it possible," sees; but throws it away at the sight of says the ecclesiastic, “ that the people you another, and is equally “ eager to have that. named, who have the reputation of being We are most of us children, through life; very learned men, and are such in reality, and only change one toy for another, from should be mistaken in their opinion ? Unthe cradle to the grave.

less these would absolutely oppose the doc3. They, who would enjoy health and trine laid down by the apostles, and the strength, should follow the rule prescribed directions of councils, must they not be by Constantine, in the education of his sons : obliged to confess, that the holding several Consult in your nourishment only the wants livings at the same time is sinful? I myself of nature, and seek only in the toils of the am in holy orders, and, be it said without body the relaxation of the mind. But most vanity, of one of the best families in Touof our amusements now are of the sedentary raine. It becomes a man of high birth to kind, cards, &c. and journeys are performed make a figure suitable to it, and yet, I proin the easiest vehicles.

test to you, that if I can get an abbey, the 4. People wish for great estates, generally, yearly income of which is only 1000 crowns, that they may be enabled by them to live a my ambition will be satisfied; and be assured, life of indulgence, and follow their diversions; that nothing shall tempt me to alter my resowhich was the very idea formed of this mat- lution.”—Some time after, an abbey of 7000 ter by the boy, who said, that if he had the crowns a year being vacant, his brother 'squire's estate, he would eat fat bacon and desired it for him, and was gratified in his swing all day on farmer Hobson's gate.—For request. The winter following he got anothe different ideas of people of pleasure, ther of still greater value ; and, a third being Selden tells of the boy, who said, if he were vacant, he solicited very strongly for this a lord, he would have a great whip as cried also, and obtained it. Boileau, hearing of slash.

these preferments, went and paid his friend a 5. The colliers, in the north of England, visit. “Mr. Abbé," says he, “ where is pass most of their time underground. When now that season of innocence and candor, in they emerge into day-light, the only thing which you declared that pluralists hazarded they take any pleasure in is cock-fighting their souls greatly ?" "Ah! good Boileau,”

“ as if the sun and air had been made for no replied the abbe, "did you but know how other purpose.

much pluralities contribute towards living 6. Let us think of the most exquisite well!"_“I am in no doubt of that,” replied spiritual pleasures we ever felt on earth, and Boileau ; “but of what service are they, reflect, that those pleasures will be eternal in good abbé, towards dying well ? heaven!

The gentle spring, that but salutes us here,
Inhabits there, and courts them all the year.

Plants have their atmospheres formed of

particles emitted from them on all sides. 7. We are so made as to be always These atmospheres have various effects on pleased with somewhat in prospect, however those who stay in them: some refresh the distant, or however trivial. Hence the spirits, and enliven a man; others bring on a pleasures of planting, sowing, building, fit of the vapors; and a third sort lay him raising a family, educating children, &c. asleep. Thus it is exactly with mer, and The advancement of our minds, in this with books. It is reported, that in Brasil, world, towards that perfection of which they there are trees, which kill those that sit are to be possessed in the next, should be the under their shade in a few hours. Beware grand object of our attention.

of pestilential authors and their works. 8. The Spartans wished to their enemies, that they might be seized with a humor of

POMFRET. building, and keep a race of horses : the Cretans, that they might be delighted with

An old woman, who showed the house some evil custom.—See Wanley, 137. Be- and pictures at Towcester, expressed herself cause he, whom pleasure lays hold of, will in these remarkable words: “ That is Sir

Robert Farmer: he lived in the country, soon be impotent and of no effect.

took care of his estate, built this house, and

paid for it; managed well, saved money, and PLURALITIES.

died rich. That is his son; he was made An ingenious French author (Boursault) a lord, took a place at court, spent his estate, relates the following story.-An Abbé, who and died a beggar!” A very concise, but had no preferment, exclaiming one day to full and striking account.

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