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and thus sorrowful, then it is, o my God, the ungodly shall share the fate of apostate that I feel the relief of thy divine refresh- Jerusalem, and the righteous shall be glorified ments; I find myself supported and borne up with their Lord and Saviour. by the strong tide of thy consolations, which raise my drooping head, strike a light into my

NINETEENTH DAY MORNING soul, and make me not only dismiss, but even

PRAYER. forget, that sorrow and melancholy, which

PSALM XCV. my thoughtfulness had brought upon me.” Who that reads this, will not thankfully take and follow the advice offered in another part This Psalm hath been long used in the Chrisof the same discourse ? “Whenever, there- tian church, as a proper introduction to her fore, thoughts arise in thy heart, and troubles holy services. It containeth, 1, 2, an exfrom those thoughts, when thy mind is dark hortation to praise Jehovah, 3, for his and cloudy, and all the regions of the soul greatness, 4, 5, and for his works of creaare overcast; then betake thyself to thy ora- tion; 6, men are invited to worship him as tory, either to thy closet, or the church, and their Maker, and, 7, as their Preserver: there entertain thy soul with the pleasures of 8-11, they are warned against tempting religion, and the satisfactions of a clear con- and provoking him, by the example of the science." See Norris's Practical Discourses, Israelites in the wilderness. The author of vol. ii. ser. 4.

the Epistle to the Hebrews hath taught us 20. Shall the throne of iniquity have fel- to consider the Psalm as an address to belowship with thce, which frameth mischief by lievers under the Gospel. a law?

One consideration which affordeth comfort 1. O come, let us sing unto the LORD: let to the faithful under persecution and afflic- us make a joyful noise to the rock of our saltion, is this, that God can never be on the side vation. of oppression and injustice, though, to answer In this first verse, Christians now exhort wise and salutary purposes, he may, for a and stir up each other, as the Jews did of old, time, suffer them to have the dominion, and to employ their voices in honor of Jehovah, to establish iniquity by law. A distinction to celebrate “the rock of their salvation.” there certainly must be between right and Jesus, by redeeming us from our enemies, hath wrong; and the former must as certainly opened our lips, and our mouths ought, theretriumph at the last day.

fore, to show forth his praise. He is the 21. They gather themselves together against Rock of ages, in which is opened a fountain the soul of the righteous, and condemn the in- for sin and uncleanness; the Rock which atnocent blood.

tends the church in the wilderness, pouring Righteousness and innocence are most atro- forth the water of life for her use and comcious crimes, in the eyes of wickedness and fort ; the Rock which is our fortress against guilt. For these crimes Cain slew his brother every enemy, shadowing and refreshing a Abel, the Jews crucified Christ, the Pagans weary land. “O come, then, let us sing unto tortured and murdered his disciples, and bad this our Lord;. let us make a joyful noise men in all ages have persecuted the good. unto this rock of our salvation.” “ Marvel not, my brethren, if the world hate 2. Lt us come before his prosence, with you.' 1 John, iii. 13.

thanksgiving, and make a joyful noise unto 22. But the LORD is my defence : and my him with psalms. God is the rock of my refuge. 23. And he The “presence” of Jehovah dwelt forshall bring upon them their own iniquity, and merly between the cherubim, in a tabernacle, shall cut them off in their own wickedness; or temple, made with hands, whither the Isyea, the LORD Our God shall cut them off. raelites were to resort, until God became

Jehovah is our" defence;" we fear not the manifest in the flesh. After that time, the fiery darts of the enemy; He is “the rock of divine presence left the synagogue, and reour refuge;" we bid defiance to the rage and moved into the Christian church; by her we malice of earth and hell. Armed with the are now invited to “come before that preshield of faith, and the sword of the Spirit, sence with thanksgiving,” and, while we we rise superior to every effort of diabolical make a joyful noise,” by chanting these dimalice and secular power; waiting, in vine “ Psalms,” to imitate, in some measure, patience and hope, for the coming of that day, the heavenly choirs, who“rest not," from their when He who hateth unrighteousness, and blessed employment of praising God, “day with whom the throne of iniquity can have or night.” Rev. iv. 8. no fellowship, shall visit the wickedness of 3. For the Lord is a great God, and a great the wicked upon them; when the world of King above all gods.

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It is not without reason, that we are ex- | When your fathers tempted me, proved me, horted to give thanks and praise unto our and saw my work. God and King; for he is “worthy to receive The first clauses of these two verses may glory and blessing :" Rev. v. 12, he is a God be joined to the preceding verse, thus, " He

a above all that are called by that name ; above is our God, we are the people of his pasture those deities, which were once worshipped and the sheep of his hand, if ye will hear his by the ancient Heathen; above the world, voice to-day;" that is, if ye will be his obewhich still continues to be an object of adora- dient people, he will continue to be your tion among infatuated mortals. His throne God. Or else the word gx, translated “ if," is over all, and power and dominion are his. may be rendered in the optative form. “O

4. In his hand are the deep places of the that you would hear his voice to-day,” saying earth; the strength of the hills is his also. 5. unto you,“ Harden not,” &c. However this The sea is his, and he made it ; and his hands be, what follows to the end of the Psalm is formed the dry land.

undoudtedly spoken in the person of God The treasures, which lie hid in the “deep himself, who may be considered as addressing places” of the earth beneath ; the majestic us, in these latter days, by the Gospel of his pride and “strength of the hills,” which tower Son; for so the apostle teaches us to apply above, and lift up their heads to heaven; the the whole passage, Heb. iii. iv. The Israelunnumbered waves of the great and wide ites, when they came out of Egypt, had a “ sea,” which roll in perpetual motion round day of probation, and a promised rest to sücthe world; the rich and variegated produce ceed it; but, by unbelief and disobedience, of the “ dry land,” crowned with verdure and they to whom it was promised, that is, the beauty; together with every thing that liveth generation of those who came out of Egypt, in the waters, or on the earth; all are under fell short of it, and died in the wilderness. the government of our God; by him were all The Gospel, in like manner, offers, both to things created; by him have all things been Jew and Gentile, another day of probation in redeemed.

this world, and another promised rest to suc6. O come, let us worship and bow down : ceed it, which remaineth for the people of let us kneel before the Lord our Maker. God, in heaven. All whom it concerns are,

As in the beginning of the Psalm we were therefore, exhorted to beware lest they forcalled upon to “praise ” Jehovah, so here we feit the second rest, as murmuring and rebelare invited to humble ourselves before him in lious Israel came short of the first. The “prayer." From him we had our being; verses now before us allude to what passed at him, therefore, we are to supplicate for every the place called “ Massah,” and “ Meribali," other blessing, both in this life, and that which from the people there “tempting” and strivis to come. And since he made our bodies, ing with their God, notwithstanding all the as well as our souls, it is meet and right that mighty works which he had wrought for they should bear their part in his service, and them, before their eyes. Exod. xvii. 7. that internal worship should be accompanied 10. Forty years long was I grieved, or, disand signified by that which is external. gusted, with this generation, and said, It is a

7. For he is our God, and we are the peo- people that do err in their hearts, and they ple of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. have not known my ways.

An additional reason why we should both O the desperate presumption of man, that praise Jehovah, and pray to him, is the pecu- he should offend his Maker“ forty years!” O liar relation into which he hath been pleased the patience and long suffering of his Maker, to put himself by the convenant of grace : that he should allow him forty years to offend “he is our God;" we are the objects of his in! Sin begins in the “heart,” by its desires tender care and unspeakable love; we are his “ wandering ” and going astray after forbidden “people," and his “ sheep;" his chosen flock, objects; whence follows inattention to the which he hath purchased with his blood, “ways” of God; to his dispensations, and which he feeds with his word, and refreshes our own duty. Lust in the heart, like vapor with his Spirit, in fair and pleasant pastures. in the stomach, soon affects the head, and From those pastures, O thou good Shepherd ! clouds the understanding. muffer us not to stray ; or, if we do stray, bring 11. Unto whom I sware in my wrath, that us speedily back again, by any means which they should not enter into my rest. thou, in thine infinite wisdom, shalt think fit. Éxclusion from Canaan was the punishment Wholesome is the discipline which drives us of Israelitish contumacy; exclusion from into the fold, and keeps us there.

heaven is to be the punishment of disobedience 8. To day if ye will hear his voice, Harden among Christians. To take vengeance on not your hearts, as in the provocation, and as those who reject the Gospel terms, is no less in the day of temptation in the wilderness. 9. a part of the covenant and oath of God, than

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it is to save and glorify those who accept | Jehovah, our Redeemer, is the person whose them. Yet men continue deliberate'y to praises are to be sung. They are to be sung commit those sins, which the Almighty stand- in a "new

song; a song calculated to cele eth thus engaged to punish with destruction !* brate new mercies, prefigured by old ones “ Take heed,” therefore,“ brethren, lest there wrought for Israel in former times ; song be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in fit for the voices of renewed and regenerate departing from the living God. But exhort men to sing in the new Jerusalem, in those one another daily, while it is called To-day; new heavens and that new earth, which con

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be hardened through the de-stitute the new creation, or kingdom of Jesus ceitfulness of sin. For we are made partakers Christ. And as the mercies of God are uniof Christ if we hold the heginning of our con- versal, extending themselves, not only to the fidence steadfast unto the end; while it is Jews, but to all the nations of the earth, said, To day, if ye will hear his voice, harden all the nations of the earth are therefore not your hearts as in the provocation. For exhorted to bear a part in this new song: some, when they had heard, did provoke ; “Sing unto the Lord a new song; sing howbeit, not all that came out of Egypt by unto the Lord, all the earth.” Thus St. Moses. But with whom was he grieved forty John, after reckoning up the 144000, or full years?

Was it not with them that had sin- number of those who were sealed to salvation ned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness ? from among the tribes of Israel, proceeds to And to whom sware he, that they should not tell us, that he“ beheld, and, lo, a great mut enter into his rest, but to them that believed titude, which no man could number, of all not? So we see that they could not enter in nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, because of unbelief. Let us therefore fear, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, lest, a promise being made us of entering into clothed with white robes, and palms in their his rest, any of you should seem to come hands.” All these sung a new song, which short of it. For unto us was the Gospel none could learn but the redeemed ; they preached, as well as unto them: but the word “ cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation preached did not profit them, not being mixed to our God which sitteth upon the throne, with faith in them that heard it.” Heb. ii. 12, and to the Lamb.” See Rev. v. vii. xiv. &c.

2. Sing unto the Lord, bless his name ; PSALM XCVI.

show forth his salvation from day to day.

Again are we excited to sing unto the

Lord Jesus, and in psalms, and hymns, and By common consent of Jews and Christians, spiritual songs, to bless his saving name. The we apply this Psalm to the times of Mes- latter clause of the verse is very expressive siah." 1-4, Men are exhorted to sing in the original, 1783 “ preach,” or, “evangehis praises ; to declare his salvation ; 4, 5, lize his salvation from day to day ;” let it be to acknowledge his supremacy over the the constant theme of all your discourses; gods of the nations, with, 6, the glory and publish it to the world in every possible way, beauty of his sanctuary ; 7-9, to give him by your words, and by your actions; and the honor, the worship, and the obedience while God allows you breath and life, let due unto him, and, 10, to publish the glad one day transmit the glorious employment to tidings of his kingdom being established : another, until it be resumed and continued 11–13, the whole creation is called upon in heaven to all eternity. to rejoice at this great event. We find, by 3. Declare his glory among the heahen; 1 Chron. xvi. that David delivered out this his wonders among all people. Psalm, to be sung on occasion of temporal

The "glory” of Messiah in his incarnation, blessings prefigurative of future spiritual his life, his death, resurrection, ascension, and

kingdom, the “wonders” or miracles by him 1. O sing unto the Lord a new song ; sing these were the things “declared among the

wrought upon the bodies and souls of men; unto the LORD, all the earth.

heathen,” even“ among all people,” by the Sensus hujus loci ex Paulo sic concinnandus : apostles and their successors; these things nempe requiem a Deo Israelitis esse promissam in are still declared, by the Scriptures read, and terra Chananæa : omnes tamen interim in deserto cecidisse hac requie frustratos : quare Spiritum Sanc. sermons preached in the church, which was tum per Davidem ad novam requiem invitasse; ad gathered originally from among the Gentiles. novum illud sabbatum ab ipso mundi exordio diei 4. For the LORD is great, and greatly to be septimæ requie figuratum, novumque indixisse diem praised; he is to be feared abov all gods. 5. For quo sub Christo, in Ecclesia, ac cælesti patria quies: all the gods of the nations are idols, or, things ceremus, nisi essemus increduli; unde sic concludit Paulus : “ Festinemus ingredi in illam requiem." of nought ; but the Lord mnde the hravens. Bossu ET.

Christ is to be celebrated, his glory and

ARGUMENT.

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wonders are to be declared, because he is, infit is established on immoveable foundations, every possible sense, “great ;" great in dig- nor shall the gates of hell prevail against nity, in power, in mercy; and therefore it; righteousness shall dwell in it, since He, “greatly to be praised” by every creature. who is the King of Righteousness, presides, The heavens and heavenly bodies, adored by directs, and determines all things, by his the nations, were no gods, but the works of Word, and his Spirit. “his” hands, who had fixed his everlasting 11. Let the heavens rejoice, and let the throne high above them all. At the publi- earth be glad ; let the sea roar, and the fulcation of the Gospel, idolatry fell before it; ness thereof : 12. Let the field be joyful, and and what is the world itself but one great all that is therein : then shall all the trees of idol, which is to fall and disappear in like the wood rejoice before the Lord. manner ?

Transported with a view of these grand 6. Honor and majesty are before him ; events, and beholding in spirit the advent strength and beauty are in his sanctuary. of King Messiah, the Psalmist exults in

What are the splendor and magnificence most jubilant and triumphant strains, calling of earthly courts, when compared with that the whole creation to break forth into joy, glory and majesty, the unutterable brightness and to celebrate the glories of redemption. of which fills the court of the heavenly King ? The heavens, with the innumerable orbs Some portion of this celestial light is commu- fixed in them, which, while they roll and nicated, through grace, to the Christian shine, declare the glory of beatified saints; church, which is described by St. John, under the earth, which, made fertile by celestial images borrowed from the figurative sanctuary, influences, showeth the work of grace on and the eathly Jerusalem, as an edifice com- the hearts of men here below; the field, posed of gold and precious stones, illuminated which, crowned with a produce of an bunby the glory of God and the Lamb residing dred fold, displayeth an emblem of the fruit in the midst of it. See Rev, xxi.

yielded by the seed of the Word in the 7. Give unto the Lord, 0 ye kindreds, or, church; the trees of the wood, lofty, verfamilies, or, tribes, of the people, give unto dant, and diffuse, apt representatives of holy the Lord glory and strength. 8. Give unto persons, those trees of righteousness, the the Lord the glory due unto his name; bring planting of Jehovah,” Isa. Ixi. 3. whose an offering and come into his courts. 9. O examples are eminent, fair, and extensive; worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness: all these are, by the prophet, excited to fear before him, all the earth.

join in a chorus of thanksgiving to the In these three verses, the tribes of the Maker and Redeemer of the world spiritual Israel are enjoined to ascribe to 13. For he cometh, for he cometh to judge their Redeemer all “glory and strength," the earth; he shall judge the world with as essentially inherent in him, and by him righteousness, and the people with his truth. communicated to his people; to give him The coming of Christ is twofold; first he the entire "

glory of his name,” and of that came to sanctify the creature, and he will “salvation ” imported by it; to bring the come again to glorify it. Either of his “sacrifices” of the new law, and to assem- kingdoms, that of grace, or that of glory, ble in the courts ” of his house; to wor- may be signified by his “judging the world

; ship him in that “beauty of holiness” in righteousness and truth.” If creation be which is constituted by the regular and represented as rejoicing at the establishment solemn services of the church; to “fear” of the former, how much greater will the and obey him, as the subjects of a King in-joy be at the approach of the latter; seeing vested with plenitude of power in heaven that, notwithstanding Christ be long since and earth.

come in the flesh, though he be ascended 10. Say among the heathen, that the Lord into heaven, and have sent the Spirit from Teigneth : the world also shall be established thence, yet “the whole creation," as the that it shall not be moved : he shall.judge the apostle speaks, Rom. viii. 22. “groaneth people righteously.

and travaileth in pain together until now, In other words—Make proclamation, expecting to be delivered, from the bondage therefore, O ye apostles and preachers of of corruption, into the glorious liberty of the Gospel, that a new and eternal kingdom the sons of God. And not only they, but is erected; the usurped empire of Satan is ourselves also, which have the first fruits overthrown, and the Lord Jesus, having re- of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan deemed mankind, reigneth in the hearts of within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, his people by faiih; a community is formed, to wit, the redemption of the body;" when not upon the plan of secular policy, but at the renovation of all things, man, nex upon the divine principle of heavenly love; made, shall return to the days of his youth,

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ARGUMENT.

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upon earth

to begin an immortal spring, and be for ever presence of the Lord; at the pres nce of the young

Lord of the whole earth.

The judgments of God, and their effects PSALM XCVII.

upon the world, are here set forth, under the

usual similitude of lightning and fire from In this Psalm, 1, the reign of Christ is again heaven, causing the earth to tremble, and the

celebrated, and the nations are again mountains to melt and dissolve away. The called to rejoice on that account: 2—7, exaltation of Christ to the throne of his kingHe is described as taking vengeance on dom, was followed by a dreadful display of his enemies, overthrowing idolatry in the that vengeance which broke in pieces the Heathen world, commanding adoration Jewish nation, and brought their civil and from all creatures, and, 8, 9, inspiring religious polity to an utter dissolution. In gladness into the church, by subduing the history of their destruction, the world of her enemies : 10-12, The duties of the ungodly may view a striking picture of holiness, thankfulness, and religious joy, the great and terrible day, when the Lord are inculcated.

Jesus shall render a recompense to all his

enemies. He is then to descend in flaming 1. The Lord reigneth; let the earth re- fire; lightnings shall be his harbingers ; the joice ; let the multitude of the isles be glad earth shall tremble; and the hills shall, litethereof.

rally, “ melt like wax at the presence of JeTriumphant over death and hell, the hovah.” Lord Jesus is gone up on high, and “reign

6. The heavens declare his righteousness; What greater cause can the whole and all the people see his glory. earth have to " rejoice;" yea, even the most “The heavens,” by the manifestation of distant isles of the Gentiles, to “be glad,” vengeance from thence, reveal, "declare,” and to sing for joy; since they are all be- and proclaim the "righteous” judgments of come his subjects, and share the unspeak- Messiah ; and “all the people » able blessings of so gracious a reign? We are witnesses of the glory of his victory Britons, as inhabiting one of those Heathen over every thing that opposeth itself to the isles, and enjoying so fair a portion of evan-establishment of his kingdom. This will be gelical blessings, have reason to repeat this more eminently the case at the second advent, verse, with a particular pleasure and energy. when the trumpet of the archangel shall proThe Hebrews called by the name of “isles," claim his approach in the clouds of heaven, O'x, not only countries surrounded by the and all the tribes of the earth shall see him sea, but all the countries which the sea di- coming in the glory of his Father, with the vided from them; so that the term became holy angels. synonymous with “Gentiles.” Thus, it is 7. Confounded br, or, shall b, all thry that said, Isa. xlii. 4. “The islcs shall wait serve graven images, that boast themselvis of for his law;" which passage, Matt. xii. 21. idols: worship him, all ye gols. is expounded as follows: "In him shall When Jesus was exalted, his Gospel pubthe Gentiles trust.”

lished, and his power and glory made known 2. Clouds and darkness are round about in the Heathen world, men grew “ ashamed » him ; righteousness and judgment are the of their “ images, and boasted themselves in habitation, or, establishment, of his throne.

their idols" no more.

The last clause of our When the mercy and grace of our hea- verse, “Worship him, all ye gods,” declares venly King are to be described, he is likened the supremacy of Christ over all that are to the sun shining in a clear firmament, and called gods, 358, in heaven and in earth, gladdening universal nature with his bene- who are enjoined to pay adoration unto him, ficent rays. But when we are to conceive instead of claiming it for themselves. an idea of him, as going forth, in “justice 8. Sion heard, und wis glad: and the and judgment,” to discomfit and punish his daughters of Juduh rejoiced, becruuse of thy adversaries, the imagery is then borrowed judgments, O Lord. 9. For tho:1, LORD, art from a troubled sky; he is pictured as sur-high above all the earth: thou art walled far rounded by “clouds and darkness;" from above all gods. whence issue lightnings, and thunders, The inhabitants of the new “Sion," or the storms and tempests, affrighting and con- people of God,“ heard” the tidings, that idols founding the wicked and impenitent. and idolatry were fallen, and the Lord Jesus

3. A fire goeth before him, and burneth up reigned triumphant; they heard, and “were” his enemies round about. 4. His lightnings glad ; the “ daughters of Judah," or Christian enlightened the world: the earth saw and churches,“ rejoiced” in the Holy , hust, with trembled. 5. The hills melted like wux at the joy unspeakable, " because of these judy

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