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tice of any athletic exercise. Amusements the University of Oxford. He was strict in of that sort gave him more trouble than they the exercise of his office; but his strictness were worth, and he never pursued them with was accompanied by so much mildness and any alacrity. It is related of Bishop Bull, goodness, that he was equally beloved and that he was not addicted to any innocent feared. His duty called upon him to visit pleasure, which is often necessary to unbend | and inspect the houses of poor and disorderly the mind and preserve the body in health people; in one of which he took the meaand vigor. The only diversion (if it may be sles, and suffered much by that distemper. called a diversion) to which this great man The time at which this accident happened was addicted, was the enjoyment of agreeable was, in one respect, rather unfortunate ; for conversation; and the same was the favorite he was confined at the time when he should amusement of Dr. Horne to the end of his have resigned his office by a personal attendlife. I wish every young man who is in- ance in the theatre. Dr. Thurlow, the late tended for a scholar, had some good or some Bishop of Durham, being at that time colnecessary reason for not being led away by lector, delivered the Latin speech, at the any sort of recreation. It was of service to close of which he spoke to this effect : “ As his mind that he was no fisherman, no shooter, to the late proctor, I shall speak of him but no hunter, no horseman: the cultivation of in few words, for the truth of which I can his understanding was therefore carried on appeal to all that are here present. If ever with less interruption, and his improvements virtue itself was visible and dwelt upon earth, were rapid. While on horseback he appeared it was in the person who this day lays down to be in more danger than other young men: his office.” Which words were followed by and he had a friend who was so much con- a universal clapping. It was fortunate in cerned for his safety, that he sometimes rode one respect that he was not present; for thus after him, to watch over him, without letting it came to pass, that full justice was done to him know of it. But so it happened, not- his character. withstanding his vigilance, that he saw him On the 27th of January, 1768, on the suffer one bad fall, upon a dirty road, into a death of Dr. Jenner, he was elected presideep slough, and another upon very hard dent of Magdalen College: in 1771 he was ground, in the middle of the summer. His appointed chaplain in ordinary to his Majeshorse was then upon a gallop, and the fallty; which appointment he held till he was pitched him upon his forehead; but, by the preferred to the deanry of Canterbury, on protection of a good providence, the blow the 22d of September, 1781: and on the 7th only gave him a headache, which soon went ! of June, 1791, he was consecrated Bishop of

a off without any other ill effect. When he Norwich, in Lambeth Chapel, on the transcame at last to be a bishop, the friend who lation of Dr. Bagot to the see of St. Asaph. had formerly been his attendant reminded After he became president of Magdalen Colhim of these accidents, and observed upon lege, he adhered to the interest of Mr. them, “ My lord, I saw you fall twice, I have Jenkinson, (now Earl of Liverpool,) a little seen you rise three times :" meaning, that he to the disturbance of his academical peace. had first risen to be president of Magdalen Mr. Jenkinson had been one of his cotempoCollege, then to be Dean of Canterbury, and raries at University College : a gentleman, afterwards Bishop of Norwich. The year who, from his first appearance in the univerafter he came to Oxford, he fell sick of the sity, always promised to do something, and small-pox, which proved very favorable, and to be something, beyond other men of his he was removed to a house upon the hill at time. It was not possible that two such Headington for an airing ; where his recov- young men as he and Mr. Horne could be ery had raised his spirits to such a pitch, near neighbors without being fond of each oththat his friends could not but observe the er's company. The friendship once formed growing vigor of his mind, and augurate that was ever after preserved : and when Mr. his wits were intended for some very active Jenkinson, though well known to be of what part upon the stage of human life, as it after-was then called the court party, offered himwards proved.

self to represent the university in parliament, In the year 1758, he was appointed junior his two friends, the president of Magdalen, and proctor of the university; on the 27th of the master of University College, voted for April, 1759, he took the degree of B. D., him without success. Their departure on and on the 28th of January, 1764, that of this occasion from what was then thought D. D. His health continued tolerably good, the old and proper interest of the university, till the time of his proctorship: and here it brought upon them some animadversions ought in justice to be remembered, that he from a few of the warmest advocates on the made one of the best proctors ever known in other side ; and little scurrilous witticisms

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flew about against them both in the news constant benefactor, rose up, to look about papers; which, so far as their own per- them for some other support, then it began sons were concerned, had little effect upon to be known who and how many they were. either, but that of exciting their laughter : He complained to one of his most intimate and they have often been heard to make friends, how much it was out of his way to themselves merry with several passages of discover such objects as were worthy and that time.

proper, because he descended so little into Soon after he was advanced to the presi- commerce with the world : yet, said he, let dentship of Magdalen College, he married any body show me, in any case, what ought the only daughther of Philip Burton, Esq., a to be done, and they will always find me lady for whom he always preserved the most ready to do it. So far as he knew, he did inviolate affection. By her he had three good; and often attempted it, when he could daughters; of whom the eldest is married to not know; which is more or less the case the Rev. Mr. Selby Hele, and the youngest with every charitable man. The discernto the Rev. Mr. Hole. The unmarried ment of objects is the privilege of God alone; daughter resides with Mrs. Horne, at Ux- who yet doeth good unto all, where we know bridge. The former residence of this family it not. near Windsor introduced him to the acquaint- As often as he was at Canterbury, his ance of several great and respectable charac- time passed very pleasantly: he was in his ters in that neighborhood, particularly Sir native country: the families of the place George Howard, who received, and may pro- and the neighborhood showed him the greatbably have preserved, many of his letters.* est respect, and were delighted with his

In the year 1776 he was appointed vice company and conversation; if he could chancellor of the university, and continued have indulged himself, with prudence, as he in that office till October, 1780. His vice-wished to do, he would have fixed himself chancellorship introduced him to the ac- there for the remainder of his life : but he quaintance of Lord North, then chancellor of still submitted to the unsettled life of a pilthe university : a nobleman, who to a fine grim, between the two situations of his coltemper and pleasant wit, had added such lege and his deanry : with every thing that good principles and useful learning, that he lay between Oxford and Canterbury, he was found in Dr. Horne a person exactly suited acquainted, and with little besides. In the to his own mind; and I suppose it owing to year 1788 his constitutional infirmities began the united interest of Lord North and the to increase upon him : “I have been more present Earl of Liverpool, that he was made than ever harrassed,” said he, “this year, for Dean of Canterbury. When this happened, four months past, with defluxions on my he would willingly have quitted his cares at head and breast; they have driven me to Oxford, and taken up his residence in Kent, take the benefit of the Headington air, this his native county; but that a friend, to charming season,* which, by God's blessing, whose judgment he owed respect, would not will enable me to get clear for the summer, agree to the prudence of such a step. As I believe. But, as I grow older, I shall for the dean himself, worldly advantage was dread the return of winter. Do you know no object with him; he lived as he ought; what could be done in the way of preservaand, if he was no loser at the year's end, he tive? My good friends of the church wish was perfectly satisfied. This I know, be- me to continue here, and engage to do the cause I have it under his own hand, that he business of the Midsummer chapter without laid up nothing from his preferments in the me. I am urged to get once more upon a church. What he gave away was with such horseas much like an ass as possible. Long secrecy, that it was supposed by some per- disuse hath now been added to an original sons to be little: but, after his death, when awkwardness: however, by keeping to a the pensioners, to whom he had been a gentle pace, I shall avoid going off, as you

remember it was my hap once to do, like a * I recollect in this place an accident which hap- frog from a board. The visiting of some pened to one of his letters. He corresponded form watering-place, Brightelmstone, or Ramsgate, erly with Mr. Price, of Epsom, whose lady was the for the benefit of sea-bathing, had often been sister of Andrew Stone, Esq. By a mistake, one of these letters fell into the hands of Mr. Stone; and of great service to him. But notwithstanding it happened to contain some free remarks upon the all that could be done, he grew old faster lives and characters of courtiers. When this was than his years would account for, being now lamented as an unfortunate circumstance, “ No, no,” said Mr. Price, “no misfortune at all-very only in his fifty-seventh year: so that when proper those busy gentlemen in high life should a design was formed of making him a bishop, see what learned men think of them and their situation."

* The letter is dated May 20, 1788.


he felt himself by no means inclined to un- meet him during his next visit at Bath, he dertake the charge of so weighty an office ; set me down at Lodden, and I betook myself and it was not till after much reasoning with to my horses. That moment will for ever himself, that he was prevailed upon to accept dwell, like a black spot, upon the mind, in it. I do not remember, that I ever took upon which we had the last sight of a beloved me, while this affair was depending, to throw friend. After this parting I never saw him in one word of advice, for it or againt it; but more. His company I can now seek only rather that I left all things to work as Provi- in his writings; which are almost my daily dence should direct.* It was a sincere afflic- delight. His journey to Bath, contrary to tion to me, when I attended him at Norwich, the persuasion of his friends, was deferred to see how his limbs began to fail him. The too long. Yet he had still such remaining palace there is entered by a large flight of vigor in his mind, that he did not intend to steps ; on which he observed one day, make his visit to Bath an idle one; but “ Alas! I am come to these steps at a time selected from his manuscript sermons a suffiof life, when I can neither go up them nor cient number to compose a volume, and took down them with safety.” However, he re- them with him, intending to employ a printer sisted his infirmities with a degree of resolu- at Bath upon them. To this he was partly tion. He accustomed himself to walk early encouraged by an observation his good and in the garden by my persuasion ; and assented affectionate lady had made upon him, from

1; to it, in his pleasant way, with these words: the experience of several years, that he never “ Mr. William,” for so it had been his cus- seemed to be so well as when he had printers tom to call me for many years, “ I have heard about him; of which she had even then seen you say, that the air of the morning is a dram a striking example at Norwich. But, alas! to the mind: I will rise to-morrow and take while he was upon the road, he suffered a a dram.” That the faculties of his mind did paralytic stroke, and, though very ill, finished not fail, in the way it was imagined, so long his journey. Mrs. Horne after this wrote as he remained at Norwich, I could show by me a letter full of hope, that, as the bishop the contents of the last letter he wrote to could walk to the pump-room daily, he would me, within a few weeks of his death; in still recover: in consequence of which I which there is the same humor and spirit as went with some courage to London, intendhad distinguished him in the prime of his ing to go on from thence to Bath ; but was life. That he was not subject to fits of weak- informed, as soon as I arrived in town, that ness in his mind, I do not say: he could not he was not expected to continue many days: persevere in a train of thought, as he used to and the next day brought us the melancholy do, but applied himself by short intervals, as news of his death. his ability would permit; and in that way My worthy friend and pleasant companion, he could execute more than we should have the Rev. Charles Millard, his chaplain, was expected from him, under his bodily infirmi- with him at Bath, and was witness to many ties. From two visits to Bath he had re- affecting passages which happened toward ceived sensible benefit, and was meditating his latter end. Bad as he was, if Mrs. Horne a third, when I left him in the autumn of entered the room, he spoke to her with his 1791, which he had been requested not to usual cheerfulness; although a stupor comdefer too long. At my departure from Nor- monly oppressed him, under which his mind wich, he carried me in his coach about ten wandered, and his speech was confused : but miles; and we conversed by the way on the from what could be understood, his thoughts subject of his Charge, of which his mind was were always at work upon some heavenly full, and which he was then beginning to subject. When it was proposed that the print. When I had made him a promise to holy communion should be administered to

him by his chaplain, “By all means," said * Very soon after the nomination of Dean Horne he, “ you cannot do a better thing.” In this to the see of Norwich, a clergyman of that city, service he joined with great devotion, and calling upon a clergyman of the city of London, said to him, “ Report tells us, that the Dean of when it was ended, “ Now,” said he, “ I am Canterbury is to be our bishop.” “Yes,” said the blessed indeed!"* London clergyman, “ so I hear, and I am glad of it, On the Friday before his death, while his for he will make a truly Christian bishop.”. “In- housekeeper was in waiting by his bed-side, deed!" replied the other;. well, I do not know he asked her, on what day of the week the him myself, being a Cambridge man; but it is cur. rently reported at Norwich that he is a Methodist.” seventeenth day of the month would fall? She The same clergyman, when he became acquainted answered, on Tuesday. “ Make a note of with his bishop, was much delighted with him; and afterwards lamented his death as a great loss to the • The letter of Mrs. Elizabeth Salmon, describing Christian church in general, and to the diocese of this scene, is well worth reading, and is given in Norwich in particular.

the appendix.



that,” said he,“ in a book :” which, to satisfy Thus have I brought this good man to his him she pretended to do. This proved to end, through the labors and studies of his life : be the day on which he died—as quietly as in all which his example may be attended he had lived. From this occurrence, a ru- with some happy effect on those who shall mor got abroad, as if he had received some make themselves acquainted with his history. forewarning of the time of his death. To In writing it I have not permitted myself to this I can say nothing; but I can think, consider, what suppressions or alterations without any danger of being mistaken, that would have rendered it more agreeable to if ever there was a man in these latter days, some people into whose hands it may fall. who was worthy to receive from above any As truth will generally succeed best in the unusual testimony due to superior piety, he end, I have made the story such as I found was that man.

it. I have concealed nothing out of fear; I The affliction of his family was much re- have added nothing out of malice; and must lieved at this time by the friendly and chari- now commit what I have written to that table visits of the celebrated Mrs. Hannah variety of judgment, which all my other More, who was then at Bath, and well knew writings have met with. how much was due to the memory of the Some slight reports have been thrown out, departed bishop.

which, without such an explanation as I have One of his lordship’s chaplains attended in readiness, might be understood to the dishim to his .grave, and then returned in sor- advantage of his memory. A short life of row to Norwich: his other chaplain paid the him was written in the year 1793,* by the tribute due to his memory in a plain monu- Rev. Mr. Todd, a clergyman of the church mental inscription. Both of them can unite of Canterbury, who has spoken very highly in declaring, as they do with pleasure, that of him, but not above his character in any the loss to the Diocese of Norwich, and to one respect. Yet some writer in a periodical themselves in particular, hath been repaired publication could not content himself without far beyond their expectations, in the person making invidious comparisons, and insinuating of their present diocesan,* the respectable to the public that Mr. Todd had been guilty and amiable successor of Dr. Horne. May of exaggeration ; but I may appeal to the his days be as long and as happy, in his pre feelings of the reader, whether it be not a sent situation, as those of his predecessor worse mistake, in such a case as the present, were few and evil!

to depreciate with an ill design than to exThe inscription is upon the tomb where he aggerate with a good one: even supposing was buried, in the church-yard at Eltham in Mr. Todd to have done so; which to me Kent, the residence of his father-in-law Mr. doth not appear. I take Mr. Todd to be a Burton; and the same is repeated upon a man who loves the bishop's writings; and I tablet of marble affixed to a pillar on the take his censor to be a man who loves them north side of the choir of the cathedral church not: and though I have enlarged on many at Norwich; of which the following is a things much farther from my own knowledge, copy:

than it was possible or proper for Mr. Todd to do, I would nevertheless advise my

readers Sacred to the memory of

to consult his account, which I believe to be The Right Reverend GEORGE HORNE, D. D.

very accurate in respect of its dales, and in Many years president of Magdalen College in Oxford, the titles, and the particular circumstances Dean of Canterbury,

which gave occasion to the several pieces, And late bishop of this diocese :

which were written by Dr. Horne, at the Depth of learning, brighineas of imagination,

different stages of his life. Sanctity of manners, and sweetness of temper

It has been hinted to me that Dr. Horne Were united beyond the usual lot of mortality. had embraced a sort of philosophy in the

With his discourses from the pulpit, his hearers, Whether of the university, the city, or the country parish, early part of his life, which he found reason Were edified and delighted.

to give up toward the latter end of it. BeHis Commentary on the Psalms will continue to be fore it can be judged how far this may be

A companion to the closet, Till the devotionof earth shall end in the hallelujahsof heaven do not recollect, that his writings any where

true, a necessary distinction is to be made. I His soul, having patiently suffered under such infirmities, discover a professed attachment to the Hebrew Took its flight from this vale of misery,

criticisms of Mr. Hutchinson ; and I could To the unspeakable loss of the church of England,

prove abundantly, from his private letters to And his surviving friends and admirers, Jaruary 17, 1792, in the 620 year of his ago

myself, that he was no friend to the use of This alludes to Dr. Charles Manners Sutton, now Deans of Canterbury, &c &c. by llenry John Todd,

* In a volume entitled, Some Account of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

M. A.

In whose character

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such evidence either in philosophy or divinity. that matter is invested with attraction, repulBut that he ever renounced or disbelieved sion, and gravitation, as immaterial principles : that philosophy, which asserts the true agency but this persuasion hath very much abated of of nature, and the respective uses of the late years; and it should never be forgotten, elements, or that he did not always admire, that Newton himself left the question open. and so far as he thought it prudent, insist It was indeed once thought that the motion upon it and recommend it, is not true. And of a secondary planet, or satellite, was a I need not here appeal to any of his private case which demonstated the necessity of letters, because some of his most serious and attraction ; but since that time, the phenopremeditated compositions assert this in terms mena of electricity have taught us that sufficiently plain and strong. In his Com- ether can act from an opaque body as from a mentary on the last Psalm he shows us what luminous one; and, therefore, that the same idea he had formed of the natural world. On element may move both the primary and the words, “ Praise him in the firmament of secondary: of which discovery philosophers his power,” he has the following comment: had no conception when gravity first came “ which power is more especially displayed in into fashion. Our Royal Society have therethe formation of the firmament, or expansion fore expressed a disposition to admit such a of the material heavens, and their incessant cause of motion, if it can be reasonably apoperations by means of the light and the air, plied to the case. Sir John Pringle recomof which they are composed, upon the earth mended it to be examined whether there be and all things therein. These are the ap- not a certain fluid acting as the cause of pointed instruments of life and motion in the gravity, and of the various attractions, and natural world, and they afford us some idea of the animal and vital motions: and it has of that power of God unto salvation, which been argued by other members of the society is manifested in the church by the effects pro- concerning the solar system, as if it were duced on the souls of men, through the now more apparent than heretofore, that an gracious influences of the light divine, and ether is dispersed through all space, which the spirit of holiness, constituting the firma- gives to bodies a tendency from its denser to ment of God's power in the new creation.” its rarer parts. In this the followers of In this passage it is the author's doctrine, Newton and Hutchinson are now so nearly that the firmament signifies the substance of agreed, that it is to be lamented that science the material heaven; and that this substance should suffer by any of their disputes, or that is composed of light and air. And farther, the name of any person should be held in that these are the appointed instruments of contempt upon that account; particularly of life and motion in the natural world : that so excellent a person as Dr. Horne. Why they give us an idea of the power of God, this good man should be reported to have who acts in the economy of grace by the renounced what Newton himself, if he had divine light and Spirit, the Son and Holy seen what we have seen, would probably Ghost, as he acts in nature by the operation have adopted and carried on in his superior of the air and light upon all things ; and that way, I cannot understand. Therefore I disthus the two kingdoms of grace and nature tinguish once more, that the philosophy, are similar in their constitution, and confirm which Dr. Horne professed, did not depend one another. In this doctrine, the doctrine on doubtful interpretations of the Scripture, of a philosophy which the world does not but was confirmed by reason and experience, generally receive, the author of the Com- as it was argued in his State of the Case bementary persevered to the last day of his life. tween Newton and Hutchinson ; from which And why should he not, when it is palpably he never departed, and from which no sensitrue? Whoever asserts the agency of nature, ble man could depart. In philosophy, thus and the offices of the elements as here defined and limited, he and I were always described, need be afraid of no contradiction : of a mind. Of myself I will say but little; he stands upon a rock, and has all nature to and that little should have been omitted, if I support him; and the long experience of had not been forced upon an explanation, mankind, however it may lose itself in the which I did not expect. For the proof of endless mazes of chemistry, and leave what such a system of nature as Newton was not is useful, to hunt after what is new, does yet averse to, I published a large quarto volume, all tend to confirm this universal principle, above seven hundred copies of which are that matter acts upon matter, and that the dispersed about the world; and there must world aud all things therein are moved, sus- be learned and ingenious men to whom the tained, and animated, by the agency of the thing is not unknown. Against some partiheavens upon the earth. The persuasion culars there may be weighty objections ; but was once almost universal in this country, against the general plan, I never yet saw

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