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ing title to the same; and that I am not conscious of any act or misdemeanor, the conviction whereof, if any such were, should or can determine my said right; but do conceive, that I was, and still do continue, the only rightful and legal Dean of this Cathedral Church of Worcester ; and that I do not any way relinquish my said title, but shall, God willing, use all just means which the laws of this realm allow, for the preservation and recovery thereof.

“ And accordingly, as much as in me lies, and I may lawfully do, I du hereby require you, the Subdean, and Prebendaries, and all other members of this Church, with the chapter clerk, officers, and every one of you, to take notice of this my declaration : And further, by all the legal authority I have, I require you, and every one of you, by the respective duty which I conceive you owe to me as your only lawful Dean of this church and your lawful superior, that you do no act or thing relating to the premises, whereby you may impeach or hinder my right to the said office and dignity of this Cathedral Church : And if it should so happen, that you, or any of you, shall do, or attempt any act or acts, thing or things, to me as Dean of the said Cathedral church,

“I do hereby expressly dissent thereto, and in my own defence PROTEST against the same, as of no force against this my declared right to the office, place, or dignity of Dean of this Cathedral Church. Given under my hand and seal, the second day of May, in the

year of our Lord MDCXCI.

“ GEORGE Hickes."

The Dean was greatly strengthened in his resolution against the new oath by the dying declaration of Dr. William - Thomas, Bishop of Worcester, who sent for him two days before his death, and thus addressed him:

Mr. Dean,

“I was glad when I heard you was come home, for I longed to speak with you before I died; for I perceive I have but a short time to live. I bless God that I have twice suffered in the same righteous cause, and it is time now for me to die, who have outlived the honour of my religion, and the liberties of my country. It hath been a great comfort to me in this general apostacy of my clergy, whom I have endeavoured to keep upright and steady to their principles, that you have not forsaken me, but kept constant with me to the same principles. I have read all the books written for taking the oath; in which I find the authors more Jesuits than the Jesuits themselves ; and if my heart deceive me not, and the grace of God fail me Ya


not, I think I could burn at a stake before I took this new bath. 1 pray God bless


and reward your constancy. I desire your daily prayers, &c."

The doctor's conduct in defending his right to the deanry, appears to have attracted the particular notice of the new government, for be thought it prudent to retire to London, where he lived privately several years : and the writer of Mr. Kettlewell's life, relates, that" when the dean lay under the displeasure of the government, and was therefore forced to abscond, being under these circumstances visited by Mr. Kettlewell, he appeared in a military dress, passing for a captain or major, which disguise was not pleasing to that good man, who was remarkable for strict veracity and honest simplicity.”

Soon after their deprivaiion, Archbishop Sancroft and his colleagues began to consider about maintaining and continuing the episcopal succession among those who adhered to their communion; and accordingly a list of the deprived clergy was sent over to King James, of which list Dr. Hickes was the bearer. He set oụt in May 1693, and going by the way of Holland made it six weeks before he arrived at St. Germain's. He had several audiences of the King, who readily acceded to the measure proposed; and recommended two persons for the approbation of Archbishop Sancroft, and Dr. Lloyd Bishop of Norwich, the former of whom nominated Dr. Hickes, suffragar Bishop of Thetford, and the latter, Mr. Thomas Wagstaffe, Suffragan of Ipswich.

Dr. Hickes was detained in France by an ague and fever, during which Archbishop Sancroft died; so that the consecration was performed on the eve of St. Matthias, by the deprived Bishops of Norwich, Ely, and Peterborough at the Rev. Mr. Giffard's house, Southgate; at which solemnity, Henry, Earl of Clarendon, is said to have been present.

This separation in the Church of England, is greatly to be lamented, though happily it no longer exists. The Nonjurors, however, as those were denominated who adhered to the deprived bishops, had strong grounds for their conduct; and it must be adınitted, that as they had not departed in a single instance from the doctrine or discipline of the Church, their deprivation by a civil power did not invalidate their spiritual functions. The episcopal character was not derived from the ma



gistrate ; and therefore being once conferred, it could not by the civil power be taken away. That power might deprive the bishops of their temporalities, but it could not deprive them of their spiritual authority. These consecrations, therefore, in a spiritual sense, were pure, though perhaps not prudent or politic. Into the farther discussion of this question, however, we shall not enter.

In the schedule of the Scotch Bishops, Dr. Hickes is mentioned as being one, who, with two of the deprived English Bishops, consecrated Dr. Gadderar, Bishop of Aberdeen, with whom our author kept up a friendly correspondence.

Bishop Hickes, for so we feel no scruple in calling him, was a man of universal learning; of a very high and independent mind, strictly conscientious, and of sincere piety. His doctrinal sentiments were uniformly orthodox; and he was equally powerful as a writer against Popery and Puritanism. He lived on terms of the greatest intimacy with the most eminent persons of his time, and even with some of those whose opinions were very remote from his own. He was the particular friend of the pious Mr. Nelson, and assisted hiin in his writings.

Dr. Hickes was very skilful in the old Northern languages, and he has left some inestimable works on those subjects. The chief of these are, 1. Institutiones Grammaticæ Anglo-Saxonicæ et Mæso-Gothicæ. Grammatica Islandica Runolphi Jonæ. Catalogus librorum Septentrionalium. Accedit Edvardi Bernardi Etymologicum Britannicum, Oxon. 1689. 4to. 2. Antiquæ literaturæ Septentrionalis, libri duo: quorum primus G. Hickesii, S.T. P. Linguarum Veterum Septentrionalium thesaurum grammatico-criticum et Archæologicum, ejusdem de antiquæ Literaturæ Septentrionalis ulilitate dissertationem epistolarum, et Andreæ Fountaine equitis aurati numismata Saxonica et Dano-Saxonica, complectitur : alter continet Humfredi Wanleii librorum veterum Septentrionalium, qui in Angliæ Bibliothecis extant, catalogum historico-criticum, nec non multorum veterum codicum Septentrionalium alibi extanțium notitiam, cum totius operis sex indicibus, Oron. 1705, folio. Foreigners, as well as Englishmen, who had any love for the study of antiquities, have justly admired this splendid and laborious work. The envoy of the Grand Duke of Tuscany sent a copy of it to his master, who looking into it, and finding it full of strange


characters, called a concil of the Dotti, and commanded them to peruse, and give him an account of it.

They did so, and reported it to be an excellent work, and that they believed the author to be a man of a particular head; for this was the envoy's compliment to Dr. Hickes, when he went to him with a present from his master.

Some years before he died, the doctor was grievously tormented with the stone; and at length his constitution, though naturally strong, gave way to that distemper, December 15th, 1715, in his 74th year,

His other works are :

1. A Letter sent from beyond the Seas, to one of the Chief Ministers of the Non-conforming Party, &c. 1674. This was afterwards reprinted in 1684, under the title of “The Judgment of an anonymous Writer concerning the following particulars : first, A law for disabling a Papist to inherit the Crown: secondly, The Execution of Penal Laws against Protestant Dissenters : thirdly, a Bill of Comprehension : all briefly discussed in a Letter sent from beyond the Seas to a Dissenter ten years ago.” 2. Ravillac Redivivus, being a narrative of the late Trial of Mr. James Mitchel, a Conventicle Preacher, who was executed Jan, 18, 1677, for an Attempt on the Person of the Archbishop of St. Andrew's, &c. 3. 'The Spirit of Popery speaking out of the

uths of fanatical Protestants; or the last speeches of Mr; John Kid and Mr. John King, two Presbyterian Ministers, who were executed for High Treason at Edinburgh, on Aug. 14, 1679. 4. Jovian; or an Answer to Julian the Apostate, 1683, 8vo. 5. The Case of Infant Baptism, 1683. This was inserted in the second volume of the London Cases, 1685, 4to, 6. An Apologetical Vindication of the Church of England, in Answer to her Adversaries, who reproach her with the English Heresies and Schisms, 1686; reprinted with additions in 1706, 8vo. 7. The celebrated story of the Theban Legion, no Fable; in answer to the Objections of Dr. Gilbert Burnet's Preface to his Translation of Lactantius de Mortibus Persecutorum, with some Remaks on his Discourse of Persecution, 1714, 8vo. 8. Reflections upon a Letter out of the Country to a Member of this present Parliament, occasioned by a Letter to a member of the House of Commons, concerning the Bishops lately in the Tower, and now under Suspension, 1689. 9. A Letter to the Author of a laté paper, entitled, a Vindication of the Divines of the Church of England, &c. in Defence of the History of passive Obedience, 1689. 10. A Word to the Wavering, in Answer to Dr. Gilbert Burnet's Enquiry into the present State of Affairs, 1689. 11. An Apology for the New Separation, in

a Letter

a Letter to Dr. Sharp, Archbishop of York, &c. 1691. 12. A Vindication of some among ourselves against the false Principles of Dr. Sherlock, &c. 1692. 13. Some Discourses on Dr. Burnet and Dr. Tillotson, occasioned by the late Funeral Sermon of the former upon the latter, 1695. 14. The Pretences of the Prince of Wales examined and rejected, &c. 1701. 15. A Letter in the Philosophical Transactions, entitled, “ Epistola Viri Rev. D. G. Hickesii, S. T. P. ad D. Hans Sloane, M. D. et S. R. Secr. de Varia Lectione Inscriptionis, quæ in Statua Tagis exaratur per quatuor alphabeta Hetrusca."" 16. Several Letters which passed between Dr. G. Hickes and a Popish Priest, &c. 1705, 8vo. 17. A second volume of Controversial Letters, relating to the Church of England, and the Church of Rome, 1701, Svo. 18. Two Treatises, one of the Christian Priesthood, the other of the Dignity of the Episcopal Order, 2 vols. 8vo. 1711. 19. A seasonable and inodest Apology, in behalf of the Rev. Dr. Hickes, and other Nonjurors, in a Letter to Thomas Wise, D.D. 1710, 8vo. 20. A Vindication of Dr. Hickes, and the Author of the Seasonable and Modest Apology from the Reflections of Dr. Wise, &c, 1712. 21. Two Letters to Robert Nelson, Esq. relating to Bishop Bull, published in the life of that excellent prelate. 22. Some Queries proposed to Civil, Canon, and Common Lawyers, 1712. 8vo. 23. Several Sermons printed at different times and collected into 2 volumes 8vo. 24. A Letter on the Interme. diate State, &c. in Campbell's elaborate Treatise on that Subject. 25. A volume of posthumous Sermons, with a preface by Mr. Spinckes. To this catalogue might be added several other pieces which we do not now recollect.




ISAIAH xiv. 9, 18. Hell (i. e. Hades, the receptacle of the dead) from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming; it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations. All the kings, even all of them lie in glory, every one in his own house.

THIS sublime description of the fall of the King of


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