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Were for the pleasures they inspir'd preferr'd,

And the rich lustres they on language shed. .

Thus the inclemency of hoist'rous winds

And fierce descending rains compell'd mankind

To rear rude tenements of mud and straw;

But what necessity first dictated

Soon grew to elegance. The dome august

On Parian columns rose, and burnisti'd brass

Sustain'd the tow'ring roof; while regal pomp

And regal luxury reign'd all within,

And the poor hut was for the palace chang'd.

But still the privilege of framing Tropes

Is not indulg'd in such a large extent

To other artists as to tuneful Bards.

They by the rigid laws of verse are bound ,

To scanty measures and unvarying feet, • ,; j«

While others in a wide unbounded field ,, • ^.

Expatiate unconfin'd. How fit, how ju#,;. ;■ ...

Tha» Poets then should be allow'd t'adojfi; ■., ..

With bolder colours and a richer dress ■

Their works, nor blulh to find their art diselos'd r

Ofttimes the Bard delights to raise his song Up to a pitch surpassing all belief*. »,■ ,

The shout ascends the ikies. All heav'n around "Shakes with th' unsofferable noise." Anon How he repeats his words, that execrate Ravage and havock and the plagues of war +? >' O father! O my country! O the house "Of Priam once so great! O Jupiter! ** Imperial Troy is smoking on the ground."

Neptune stiall sometimes signify the main J, And Bacchus wine, and Ceres corn intend:

> The

• The Hyperbole. f An Ecpbonefit.

'\ The Synecdoche.

i

The father shall denominate his race, , ,

And cities their inhabitants design.

When Africans with consternation shake,

Their country trembles to its utmost bounds.

Give me a cup of Acbelovf streams,

And gen'rous wine compos'd—What mean thestreams

But water, from whatever fount it flows?

Poets will by a change of speech address
Themselves to absent persons *, speak to caves,
To deserts, mountains, rivers, fields, and woods,
As they with fense and reason were endow'd,
And could return an answer to. their call.

Sometimes a Bard profuse shall pour his praise In words, while he a fense reverse intends +. *' She doubtless was a most deserving wife J, "Who, when his foes were rushing thro' his doors, ** Drew from her husband's head his faithful sword." «' O to what heights of fame has Drances J] soar'd! *' How has he strew'd the fields with heaps of slain "And, fee the trophies which his valour gain'd!

What a rich pleasure oft pervades the mind, When, but from no deficiency of speech, The self-same words are by the song return'd? ** Should Pan, tho' Arcady was judge, contend; "Ev'n Pan, tho'Arcady wasjudge, must yield. §."

But tho' a Poet may have leave to soar
In bold excursions on his wing of fire^
Let him be cautton'd in his use of Tropes
Not to exceed all bounds, and croud his verffc
With what are scarce related to his theme.
By harshness some most shamefully offend,

And

* The Apostrofbe. \ The Irony.

% H El Em. U AcowardinVts-ttM..

§ The Ef anaphora.

And snatch, in nature's and in reason's spite,

From things their native forms, and make them wear,

Howe'er reluctant, an extraneous dress.

Alike ridiculous as he who clothes

A stripling in a giant's coat of mail,

Is he who calls a stable or a sty

The Lares or of horses or of swine,

Or stiles the spires of grafs that deck the meads

The hairs with which our mother Earth is crown'd.

Once more; be not too lavish of your Tropes: Redundance is disgust. Oft stoop your wing, And condescend to language unadorn'd, If worthy of the subject, and the song *.

. . ,'l * Nonne vides, verbis ut veris sæpe relictis

Acceri'ant fimulata, alitindeqae nomina porro >

Transportent, aptentque aliis ea rebus; ut ipfie,
Exuviasque novas, res, insolitosque colores
Jndutæ, sæpe externi mirentur amictus >

Unde illi, lætæque aliena luce fruantur,
Mntatoque habitu, nee jam sua nomina mallent?
Sæpe ideo, cum beila canunt, incendia credas
Cernere, diluviumque ingens sergentibus undis.
Contra etiam Martjs pugnas imitabitur ignis.
Cum sunt accersis acies Vukania campis.
. Nee turbato oritur quondam minor æquore pugna:
• Confligunt aniniosi euri certamine vasto
Inter res pugnantque adversis mollibus undæ.
Usque adeo passim sua res insignia laetæ :'.

Permutantque, juvantque viciffim; & mutua sefe
Akera in alterius transformat protinus ora.
Turn specie capti gaudent spectare legentesj
Nam diversa simul datur e ue cernere eadem
Multarum simulacra animo subeuntia rerum.
Ceu cum forte olim placidi liquidiffima Ponti
Æquora yieina spectat de rupe viator,
Tantiim illi subjecta oculis est mobilis unda;

Ille tamen fylvas, interque vireatia prata
Inspiciens miratur, aquae qua; purior humor
Cuncta refert, captosque eludit imagine visw.
Non aliter vates nunc hue traducere mentes, ■»■ -
Nunc illuc, animisque legentum apponere gaudet
Diversas rerum species, dum tædia vitat.
Res humiles ille intcrea non secius effert,
Splendore illustrans alieno, & lumina vellit, .._ , ,
Verborumque simul vitat dispendia parcus. —

Nec tamen hand solis fugit hæc me nota Poods;
Verum etiam auctores alii experiuntur, & audent,
Præcipue orantes causas, fandique magistrjj,. ,..
Seu sontes tendant legum compeseere habenis,
Sen charos cupiant atris h mortis amicos
Faucibus eripere, & defletos reddere Iuci.
Quinetiam agricolas ea fandi nota voluptas
Exercet, dum beta seges, dum trudere gemmas
Incipiunt vites, sitientiaque ætheris imbrem
Prata bibunt, ridentque satis surgentibus agri.
Hanc vulgo speciem propriæ penuria vocia
Intulit, indictisque urgens in rebus egestas.
Quippe ubi fe vera ostendebant nomina nusquam,
Fas erat hinc atque hinc transserre simillima veris.
Paulatim accrevere artes, hominumque libido: .
Quodque olim usos inops repent, nunc ipsa voluptas
Poitulat, hunc addens verborum rebus honorem.
Sic homines primiim venti vis aspera adegit,
Vitandique imbres, stipulis horrentia tecta
Ponere, & informi sedem arctam claudere limo:
Nunc altæ æratis trabibus, Pariisque columnis
Regisico surgunt ædes ad sidera luxu. -
Parcius ilia tamen delibant, & minus audent
Artifices alii, nec tanta licentia fandi
Cnique datur, solis vulgo concessa Poetis:
Nempe pedum hi duris cohibentur legibus, & fe'
Sponte sua foatiis angusti temporis arctant;
Liberius fas campum aliis' decurrere apertum.
Sacri igitur vates, facta atque infecta canentes
Libertate palam gaudent roajore loquendi;

QuæsitiquC decWntf cultns iriagis, atqne cdfofes
Insolict, M6 erif tanto art deprensa pudori.

Crebrius hi fando gawfent super ætheri m'rris
Tollere res (nec fas lit tanttim credere) distfls:
It cafe ckmor; tremit omnis murriifare Olywpils;
Nec mora; bis- focem ingeminant, urbisque ruina,
Fataque, prceHaqtie, Se fbrtem execraflfur' iniquara.
O pates f O patria? O Priami domus inclyt'a quondam I
Clamantes; caddis, proh Jupiter! Ilion ingens'.

Qjjidcum Nepttthum dicunt mare, vina Lyæum,
Et Cererem frumenta, patrumque e nomine natos
Significant, memorantq"ue' urbes pro civibns ipsis i
Atqua ideb timor attonifbs cum invaferit Afros,
Africa terribili tremit horrida terra tumultu.
Nec deerit tibi, pro fluviis, proque omnibus undis,
Pocula cjti preffis Acneldia misceat uvis.

Ecce astern subitis ctfnversi vocibus ultra
Sæpe aliquem longe abfentem, defertaque, & antra,
Et folos montes affantur; sæpe salutant
Sylvasque, fluviosque, & agros, sensiique carentes
Speluncas, velut hæc fint refponfura vocata;
Et vos, O vacui, compel'ant nomine faltus f

Præterea verbis inimicos addere sensus
Appositis, dum diffimulant, aliudque videbis
Sæpe loqut, atque aliud simulata condere mcnte.
Egregia interea conjux ita nocte fuprema
Deiphobo fidum capiti fubduxerat enfem,
Nec minus infignis Drances, cum stragis acervos
Tot dcdit, & Claris insigniit arva trophœis.

Quid fequar ulterius, quanta dulcedine captaa
Detineant aures, vocem cum rurfus eandem
Ingeminant, modo non verborum coget egestas?
Pan etiam Arcadia neget hoc si judice præscns;
Pan, etiam Arcadia dicam te judice vanum.

Hæc adeo cum fint, cum fas audere Poetis
Multa modis multis; tamen obscrvare memento,
Siquando baud propriis rem mavis dicere verbis
Tranflatisque aliunde notis, longeque petirjs,
-, Ne nimium ollendas, quærendb talia, curam.

Namque

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