« AnteriorContinuar »
"Wonder is expressed in Scripture by Interroga■ tions: Gen. xxvii. 20. "And Isaac said unto his f* son, How is it that thou hast: found it so "quickly, my son?"
Interrogations may be sometimes employed in the sacred Writings to convey knowledge md conviction: Matt, xi. 7. " And as they departs
Jesus began to fay unto the multitudes con** cerning John, What went ye out into the wj"derness to fee? a reed shaken with the wind' "But what went ye out to fee? a man clothed "in soft raiment? Behold, they that wear soft "clothing are in kings houses. But what went "ye out to fee? a Prophet? Yea, I fay unto *» you, and more than a Prophet."
Interrogations sometimes in the holy Writings may be expressive of doubt or anxiety: Judges v. 28. "The mother of Sisera looked out at a "window, and cried through the lattice, Why "is his chariot so long in coming? why tarry "the wheels of his chariots?" And Rom. x. 6,7. "Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into "heaven? that is, to bring Christ down from "above. Or who shall descend into the deep? "that is, to bring up Christ again from the "dead." ,
Interrogations sometimes are used in Scripture for amplification: Psalm cxxxix. 17. " How pre"cious also are thy thoughts to me, O God? "how great is the sum of them?"
Interrogations are on the other hand used in sacred Writ for extenuation: Psalm viii. 4. " What N 3 "is
"is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the
Interrogations in Scripture convey a keen resentment: Matt. xvii. 17. "Then Jesus an51 swered and said, O faithless and perverse ge51 neration! how long shall I be with you? how "long shall I suffer you ?'J
Scriptural Interrogations are sometimes bitter Ironies and Sarcasms: 2 Sam. vi. 20. "How "glorious was the King of Israel to-day, who "uncovered himself as one of the vain fellows?' and J er. xxii. 23. " O inhabitant of Lebanon, •'s that makest thy nest in the cedars, how gra"cious shalt thou be when pangs come upon "thee, the pain as of a woman in travail?"
Interrogations in Scripture sometimes give vent to sorrow and distress: Lam. ii. 13. "What thing "shall I take to witness for thee? What thing » shall I liken unto thee, O daughter os Jerusor "lem? What shall I equal to thee, that I may 5: comfort thee, O virgin daughter of Zion? fcr « thy breach is great, like the sea, who can heal » thee?"
The pouring out our afflictions before God, or holy pleading with him, may be observed in the Interrogations of Scripture. Psalm xxii. 1. "My
* God, "God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? « Why art thou so far from helping me, and "from the words of my roaring?!' So Psalm lxxvii. 7, " Will the Lord cast off for ever? "and will he be favourable no more? Is his "mercy clean gone for ever? Doth his promise 51 fail for evermore? Hath. God forgotten to be "gracious? Hath he in anger shut up his ten"der mercies?"
A pleasing hope may be expressed in the Interrogations of Scripture. Judges v, 30. ?' Have "they not sped? have they not divided the "prey, to every man a damsel or two? To Si
* Sera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers
* colours of needle-work, of divers colours of "needle-work on both sides, meet for the necks "of them that take the spoil."
Vehement desires are sometimes uttered by scriptural Interrogations. Romans vii. 24. "O "wretched man that I am, who mall deliver me 31 from the body of this death?"
Sacred praise and exultation are sometimes expressed by Interrogations in the sacred Writings. Exod. xv. 11." Who is like unto thee, O "Lord, among the Gods? Who is like .thee, .55 glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing "wonders ?** And Psalm lxxxix. 6. "Who in "the heavens can be compared unto the Lord? Ji who among the sons of the mighty can be li"kened unto the-lord?" arid ver. 8. "olord "God of hosts, who is a strong Lord like unN 4 « to "to thee? or to thy faithfulness round about "thee?"
Though I may not have mentioned all the various forms in which an Interrogation occurs in Scripture, yet I shall only add, that both affirmations and negations are expressed by this Figure in the sacred Writings. As to affirmations, we may take the following instances. Gen. xiii. 9. "Is not the whole land before thee?" 1 Sam. ii. 27. "And there came a man of God unto *' Eli, and said unto him, Thus said the Lord, "Did I plainly appear unto the house of thy "father, when they were in Pharaoh's house? * And did I choose him out of all the tribes of "Israel to be my Priest, to offer upon my altar, "to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? "And did I give unto the house of thy father "all the offerings made by fire of the children "of Israel? "Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice, "and my offering?" And 1 Cor. ix. 1. "Am I S* not an Apostle? Am I not free? Have I not "seen Jesus Christ our Lord? Are not you "my work in the Lord?" These Interrogations are evidently affirmatives, and declare what was actually and in fact the cafe.
On the other hand, scriptural Interrogations are sometimes as strong denials. Psalm lxxvii. 1j,"' 1 Who is so great a G o D as our God?" So Psalm cvi. 2. TM Who can utter the mighty acts ■ of the Lord? Who can shew forth all his '* praise?" And Heb.'i. 5. "For unto which of w the Angels said he at any time, Thou art my
Jt Son, this day have I begotten thee? And "again, I will be to him a Father, and he ftall "be to me a Son?" And verse 13. But to a which of the Angels said he at any time, Sit "on my right hand, till I malje thine jpnemies 3S thy footstool?"
§ 4. I might cite many more examples as the Interrogation (as indeed scarce any Figure may be more common) but I shall rather produce the very jvist and suitable observations of some eminent Writers upon this Figure. ** It is a *' simple Interrogation, fays Quintilian, -when « it is asked, But whence are you? or, from
* what Æoast arrived? But Interrogation be"comes a Figure when it is employed, not *f merely for inquiry, but for urging our point.
* For what did your sword do, Tubero, when 11 it was drawn in the battle of Pharsalia? And
how long will you abuse our patience, Cati"Line? and don't you see that your whole plot ** is laid open? And, in a word, that whole "passage of Cicero's. What vehemence is there ** in such Figures, beyond what there would "have been if it was only said, You abuse our "patience a long time •, and your plot is laid « open? We also use these Interrogations to exr ** press our displeasure, as Medea in Seneca "fays,
** Say to what countries do you bid me fly? ** or our distress, as Sinon in. Virqil, « Alas! what earth, what seas will shelter me?