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§ 4. Many are the examples of this Figure, that might be produced from Scripture, but the following mail suffice: Job iv. 19. "Our bodies "are stiled houses of clay;" and 2 Cor. v. i. "The earthly house of this tabernacle." The grave is described, Jobx'u 21. as "the land of "darkness, and the shadow of death •, a land of "darkness, as darkness itself, and of the shadow 0 of death, without any order, and where the "light is as darkness." David's resolution not to go to his house, and go to rest, is expressed in a Periphrasis: Psalm cxxxii. 3,4. "Surely, I 0 will not come into the tabernacle of my house, "nor go up into my bed: I will not give sleep "to mine eyes, or slumber to mine eye-lids, * until I find out a place for the Lord, an ha"bitation for the mighty God of Jacob:" and Josh, xxiii. 14. " Behold, this day, fays Joshua, I "am going the way of all the earth;- that is, I am about to die. "The Disciple whom Jesus "loved, and who leaned on his breast at supper," is a Periphrasis of the Apostle John, John xxi. 20. And Job xviii. 13. " the plague," or some very deaTdly disease, is stiled "the first-born of death;" and verse 14. Death is stiled " the king of ter'*> Tors'." ■' "■ '■■
§ 5. Longinus has a section upon the Periphrasis, -which I shall give my Readers. "None, "in my opinion, can doubt whether the Peri"phrafis is not a source of sublimity. For as in "music, an important word is rendered more sweet
«f by the divisions which are run harmoniously upon ** it i so a Periphrasis sweetens a discourse., car~ "ried on in propriety of language^ and contributes « very much to the ornament of it, especially if "there be no jarring cr discord in it, but every *' part be judiciously and musically tempered. Plato «< is sufficient to confirm this observation, from «« a passage in the beginning of his Funeral Ora* "tion. They truly receive from us the honours <c they deserve; and, after they have received *.(. them, tiiey go the way that fate ordains; "being led out publickly by the city, and pri
V vately by their friends. He calls Death, the <' way that fate ordains; and funeral rites, he
V stiles a public conducing from our country. Does "not Plato greatly heighten the fense by these "means? he takes a common low thought, and il enriches, it with melody and sweetness. In "like manner Xenophon fays, You think labour "the guide to a pleasant life: your fouls are en-.
dewed with the best qualification, and what be** comes warriors. You prefer fame to every other "consideration. In the room of, you love to la*' hour-, he uses a Periphrasis, and fays, you think
labour the guide to a pleasant life; and, by a v like circumlocution, he gives a sublimity to his « praise *."
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The Asyndeton and Polysyndeton considered.
§ j. Asyndeton defined. % 2. Instances of it from Sallust, Suetonius, Cicero, and Virgil. § 3. Examples of this Figure from Scripture. § 4. What Longinus fays upon the Asyndeton. § 5. A Polysyndeton defined. § 6. Examples of it from Livy and Virgil. § 7. Instances of
-- this Figure from Scripture. % 8. Examples of the Asyndeton and Polysyndeton, in a passage frem Demosthenes. § 9. Remarks upon these Figures.
§ 1. jfSyndeton * is a Figure, occasioned by **-* the omission of conjunctive particles, which are dropped either to express vehemence or speed; or sometimes it may be from a noble negligence of nice accuracy, arising from an attention to our ideas.
§ 2. Sallust furnishes us with an example of this fort in his description of the Moors: "There
* From A privativa & rwJto^ Id/unite, or disjoin.