Imágenes de páginas

« was then, fays he, an horrible spectacle in the « open plains, pursuit, flight, slaughter, capti« vity *." , :....-■»

So in the .PowfcV triumph, Cæsar had it inscribed in the. pageants of the show, / came, I saw, Ivanquifoed f thereby signifying the rapidity of his success.

Cjcedo lays, designing it may be the excessive rage in which Catjune left Rome, He is gene, departed, escaped, rushed out []. -..In like manner we Tee the harry of Dido's mind, in the abrupt precipitate manner in which flie orders her people to pursue Æneas;

Go, haste, my subjects, seize the flaming brands, * Extend the fails, impel the flying oars %.

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"backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, 55 boasters, inventers of evil things, disobedient "to parents, without understanding, coyenant"breakers, without natural affection, implacable, "unmerciful." So Rcm. iii. II, 12. " There is '! none that understands, there is none that seeks "after God. They are all gone out of the way, "they are altogether become unprofitable; there "is none that does good, no, not one." And 1 Cor. xiii. 4—7. "Charity envies not; charity "vaurits not itself, is not puffed up; doth not

* behave itself unseemly, seeks not her own, is

* not easily provoked, thinks no evil, rejoices "not in iniquity, but rejoices in the truth •, "bears all things, believes all things, hopes all

* things, endures all things."

§ 4. Longinus discourses concerning fjiis Figure, and tells us, that "sentences divested of « their copulatives flow loosely down, and arc "poured out in such a manner as almost to out"strip the speaker. And closing their shields « together, fays Xenophon, they pushed, they «* fought, they killed, they were killed. So that "report of Eurylochus in Homer,

« We went, Ulysses, such was your command,
"Thro' the wild woods, we saw a stately dome
"Rise o'er the trees cmbosom'd in the vale;

"For words of this sort, separated from one "another, and yet precipitated by the voice, ♦« carry with them an energy, that at the


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". bodies, that the reputation of their past vic"tories protected them more than their present « strength J."

Virgil will also furnish us with an example of the fame Figure•,

The African bears with him all his wealth,

And house, and houstiold-gods, and armed force,

And trusty dog, and quiver.fledg'd with darts *.

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§ 7. We may find examples of this Figure in Scripture: Psalm xviii. 2. « The Lord is my » rock, and my strength, and my deliverer.", So Gal. iv. 10. " Ye observe days, and times, and « months, and years." And Rom. viii. 35, " Who « shall separate us from the love of Christ? .« Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or » famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?" And again, ver. 38, 39- of the same chapter, « For I am persuaded that neither death, nor" "life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers,

* nor things present, nor things to come, nor « height, nor depth, nor any other creature shall « be able to separate us from the love of God,

* which is in Christ Jesus Ow-lord."


X Somnus enim, & vinum, & epulæ, & scorta, balaeaque, & otium consuetudine indies blandius, ita enervaverunt corpora animosque, ut magis deinde præteritæ eos viaoriæ quata præsentes tutareotur vires. Liv. lib. xxiii. $ 18.

• —— Omnia sccum

Armentaritts Afer agit, tectumque, laremque,=

• Armaque, amyclæumqye canem, creflamque pharetrara.

Virgil. Georgic. lib; iii. ver. 343.

§ 8. There is an example both of the Asyndeton and the Polysyndeton together in DemostHenes; which may very properly close our discourse upon them, so far as it respects examples. "For as to naval power, and the number of « forces and revenues, and a plenty of martial "preparations, and, in a word, as to other "things that may be esteemed the strength of "a state, these are all both more and greater *■ than in former times: but all these things ** are rendered useless, inefficacious, abortive, *• through the power of corruption +."

§ 9. It may be proper to observe, that the ground of the Asyndeton seems to lie in its happy expression of our impetuous passions, or in its happy description of something that is sudden, rapid, and instantaneous: whereas the ground of tilt Polysyndeton appears to be laid in the speaker's desire that every one of his weighty and important ideas may be fulh/ comprehended •, and therefore he gives time, by the reduplication of conjunctions, for the leisurely infusion of his sentiments, that they may thereby make the more forcible and lasting impression.

A man

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■œsova »i, zai mt aXkrit; xalaTxivr,s uptkrut, xtu T' aXTM, oi{ at T(; i^vsif Tj( 'n^l!^s^5 Kpikoi, tvi alta,t"uc xai wAti&i xea f*«'£w ti-i rolt istaX^a. AXK airetinct Ta»T« «X?'""*,» **taxla, eaon\* v7to rut ru\^Aut ycynrai. Dsmosth. Philip, iii. edit. Wolf 11, p. 48". ■ •

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