Imágenes de páginas

» Hast thou an arm like God, or hast thou hurl'd
B The bolt, that {hakes the center of the world * i"

Prolepsis an objection fully {hows,
•And then at pleasure all its strength o'erthrows.
But some will fay, " How will the dead arise?
1* Or with what bodies will they mount the skies?
"Thou fool, the feed thou sowest in the earth
"Only by death is quick'ned into birth;
"And God a body, as he wills, bestows,
"And, like the feed, the future harvest grows

A Synchoresis, with surprizing art, By yielding much secures th' essential part. "I grant the Grecians a distinguisti'd mind, "By fense ennobled, and with arts refin'd; "There's not an excellence that I can name, "But what I yield as their unquestion'd claim; ** But Grecians will for trifles pledge their troth, "And never felt the fetter of an oath %.'*

An Epanaphora to grace our strain, Dwells on one word, and sounds it o'er again. "This globe's the basis of our lawless pride; "Here we assume our pomp, and here preside} "Here wealth is courted with intense desire; *4 Here nations rush to arms with boundless ire; "Here civil wars are wag'd, and here the plain "Is delug'd-o'er with blood, and heap'd with flain ||."

Apostrophe diverts the speaker's strain
To other objects. "Witness earth and main,

H h 4 * Witness

* Job xl. 9. f ' Cor. xv. 35—38,

^ Cicero. See page 201.
II Pliny. See page 212,

"Witness thou fun, and all ye rolling spheres,
- How great, how good the Lord of all appears."

Periphrasis, ungrateful fense to hide, Language of softest texture will provide. "Full from the feast, and flufiYd with wine, I'll send ** The draught around to ev'ry joyful friend; "The body's pains, the anguish of the soul, "Shall all be bury'd in the blissful bowl; ** No more your breasts shall heave with boding fears *« Of the hard galling chain that slav'ry wears *."

Asyndeton cashiers, to speed its pace, The cop'lative from its accurtom'd place. *' I came, saw, vanquish'd, mighty Cæsar Cry'd, "ViSfry and Fame attendant at his fide f."

A Polysyndeton each thought to (how Distinct with cop'tatives will overflow. "Bagnios, and sloth, and whores, and swimming bowls '* Dissolv'd their virtue, and unmann'd their fouls %."

An Oxymoron is in found absurd, And word discordant wages war with word j But from the conflict fense th' advantage takes, And in a sudden blaze of genius breaks. "A Christian's pains are pleasures, losses wealth, "His shame is glory, and his sickness health."

Enantiosis opposites presents, And thus the pow'rs, or charms of both augments. ** Torrents and streams are not describ'd alike: ** The torrent, bursting thro'the shatter'd dyke, f Tears up the harvests in its headlong course, «' And foams and thunders with resistless force:


Livy. See p. 224. f Suetonius. See p. 234.

jf Livy. See p. 236.

w Not so the stream, that from the fountain flows,
*' Limpid it runs, nor breaks the swain's repose j
"Plenty and peace its lucid windings chear,
"And scarce its murmurs touch the list'ning ear."

Climax our fense will by gradation raise,
And this thought for the next a groundwork lays.'
■ Then," fays th'Omnipotent, who reigns on high,
"My pitying ear (hall hearken to the sky; ■*
» The iky shall hear the earth, the earth the wine,
"Thewineshall Jezrcelhe-xr, for Jezred now is mine*.0

Hypotytosis to the life will paint.
*' At Dives' gate poor Laz'rus pours his plaint:
'« Each eager feature speaks the asking soul j
f« Thick heave his fighs, his tears in torrerits roll ,"

** O! my son,

*6 I saw, abhorr'd idea! at the stake

*' Old, venerable Latimer; a soul

"Spotless as infant chastity, than whom

"No Prelate wore a whiter robe, or grac'd

"An holier mitre. With officious haste-

"A blood-stain'd fury hurl'd a flaming brand

«* Amidst the pile, and taught the tow'ring blaze

"To rouse a thousand agonies of pain

"In ev'ry limb. He smil'd, the martyr smil'd,

"Scarce conscious of a pang. His lifted eye,

"O majesty of virtue! calmly hung

"On heav'n's unclouded arch, and seem'd to shine

** With something more than human ; rapture seiz'd

"Each glowing cheek, and flush'd his ev'ry look

*' With all a cherub's brightness. At his side,

"Sad Intercourse of sorrows! Ridley grafp'd

H The social chain, and shar'd with equal zeal


* Hosea ii. 21. See page 268.


«« Barbarity of torture — Yes, I fhar'd

«« Affliction's deadly cup, and half assum'd

"His dignity of soul. Ye heav'ns! what joy

"Tumultuous heav'd my breast! what manly strength,

"What energy of firmness, while my ear

"Enjoy'd his heav'nly comforts? Ev'ry nerve

« Confefs'd the full divinity, and steel'd

"Affrighted nature, till th' angelic band,

** Bright hov'ring o'er the flame, exulting led

"Our unembodied souls to feats of bliss,

«« A paradise of sweets! and gently lull'd

«' The last keen agonies of fense to rest *."

"Duration's long interminable line
<{ In regions unexplor'd, O man, is thine:
"Why then of low terrestrial cares so full?
*« Why in thy work so languifhingly dull?
"Thy life with what rapidity f it flies?
*' A moment glances, and a moment dies:
"And yet how few remain upon thy score!
"Or who dares fay, thou hast a moment more?
*' Ere long all nature too shall sink in years,
•* And funs and planets, lawless from their spheres,
"In ruin shall rush down precipitate,
« Quench'd and absorb'd in all-devouring fate;
** O'er worlds demolished Night shall throw its pall,
"And Death and second Chaos swallow all."

Prosopopeia into persons turns
The qualities of mind. "See Valour burns
"From Virtue's threat'ned head t' avert the blow,
"And crush Oppreffion, her insulting foe."


• Bishop Ridley's Ghost, page 212.

f Respice celeritatem rapidiiCmi temporis: cogitabrevitatem
hujus spatii, per quod citatislimi currimus. — Were
ever words more happily chosen to express a Writer's ideas I


Abstract ideas, gen'ral notions rife, And in corporeal shapes the foul surprise. "Fame on its wings the hero's name shall raise, "And her loud trump shall labour in his praise, ," While Vitfry weaves the laurels for his brows, "And round the chief her blaze of glory throws."

A silent person thro' bis friend shall speak. f* How does my heart with Milo's speeches break? "Faiewel, farewel, my citizens, he cries, "Enjoy in peace your laws and liberties; ," Still, my lov'd Rome, still happy may'st thou be, ff Whatever wrongs are multiply'd on me *."

This Figure by departed ghosts persuades. ," The bursting earth unveils her awful fliades, "All flow, and wan, and cover'd o'er with ihrouds, "They glide along in visionary crowds, *' And all with sober, solemn accents cry, "Think, think, O mortal, what it is to die }."

Prosopopeia too endows with fense, With life, with passion, and intelligence Inan'mate nature, f At our father's fall, "Whose curse has swept in ruin o'er us all, "Earth to its center sigh'd, the heav'ns around ** Grew dark, and sighing, back retum'd the sound J."

Parabole darts its surprising beams,

And in unclouded lustre sets our themes.

"A man unfaithful in an evil day,

"When on his help our pleasing hopes we lay,

"Proves like a broken tooth, which when we fain

a Would life, reluctates and revolts in painc

■< ■'' i f Or

'to V: ■•»"■ * Cicero. See page 360. f Altered from some

li?ies in Parnell's Ni^bt-Piece on Death. , J Milton.

See page 365.

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