Imágenes de páginas

** thought of man, is the Poem called the Cam"Pa*in> where the simile of a ministering Angel "sets forth the most sedate and the most active "courage, engaged in an uproar of nature, a "confusion of elements, and a scene of divine "vengeance. Add to all, that these'lines com"pliment the General and the Queen at the "fame time, and have all the natural horrors « heightened by the image that was still fresh in "the mind of every Reader."

'Twas then great Marlb'rouoh's mighty soul was prov'd,

That in the shock of charging hosts unmov'd,

Amidst confusion, horror, and despair,

Examin'd aJI the dreadful scenes of war:

In peaceful thought the field of death survey'd,

To fainting squadrons sent the timely aid,

Inspir'd repuls'd battalions to engage,

And taught the doubtful battle where to rage. .:

So when an Angel, by divine command, v- \

With rising tempests (hakes a guilty land

(Such as of late o'er pale Britannia past) .

Calm and serene he drives the furious blast; . -,{

And pleas'd th* Almighty's orders to perform,

Rides on the whirlwind, and directs the storm *.

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The Allegory considered.

§ i. The definition os an Allegory. ■§ 2. Examples of the Allegory. % 3. Allegories of two forts, pure and mixed. § 4. Mixed Allegories considered, with instances of them. § 5. Mixed Allegorits defended. § 6. Great beauty arising from the combination of the Allegory, Comparison, and single Trope. § 7. Parables and Fables to be placed under the head of Allegory.

§ 1. TT J E have treated so largely upon the VV Metaphor, that we shall have the less to fay upon the Allegory, which is so nearly allied to it. An Allegory * is a chain or continuation of Tropes, and more generally of Metaphors f •, and differs from a single Trope in the


* From aXXyyogta, J deflate another thing.

\ Though an Allegory commonly consists of a series of Metaphors, yet there are instances of Allegories being made up of Metonymies, as that of Terence,

Sine Cerere &f Baccho friget Venus. Eunuch, act. 4. sc. j.

Without Ceres and Bacchus, Venus dies. And Samsoh's-riddle is made up of Synecdoches; Out of the eater comes forth meat, and out ofthestrong sweetness,

Judg. same manner as a cluster on the vine does from only one or two grapes.

§ 2. Some examples of the Allegory may be very proper to be produced. Not to be tedious in the citations of them, let the following instances suffice:

Did I but purpose to embark with thee

On the smooth surface of a summer's sea,

While gentle zephyrs play jn prosp'rous gales,

And fortune's favour fills the swelling sails j

But would forsake the ship, and make the shore,

When the winds whistle, and the tempests roar, *

That is a fine Allegory in the Poem, intitled

the Spleen:

Thus, thus I steer my bark, and fail
On even keel with gentle gale j
At helm I make my reason sit, .
My crew of passions all submit.
If dark and blust'ring prove same nights,
Philosophy puts forth her lights;
Experience holds the cautious glass, .
To shun the breakers as I pass,
.. And frequent throws the wary lead,
To fee what dangers may be hid.
And once in seven years I'm seeft • * *
, At Batb or Tunbridge to careen; 1
Tho' pleas'd to see the dolphins pl&y,
I mind my compass and my way,

• •• E 4 .' With

Judg. xiv. 14.—This observation (hews us, that an Allegory ought not to be ranked under she JVIel3j?h«r, as it undoubtedly -extends itself to other Tropes. • Prior's Henry and Emma.

With store sufficient for relief,
And wisely still prepar'd to reefi
Not wanting the dispersive bowl
Of cloudy weather in the soul,
I make (may Heav'n propitious fend
Such wind and weather to the end !)
Neither be calm'd nor overblown,
Life's voyage to the world unknown.

The whole fourteenth ode of the first book of Horace is an Allegory, exquisitely wrought by that great favourite of the Muses *.

O ship! new billows soon will rife,

And bear thee off to lea again: What madness? O in time be wife,

Make, make thy port, nor tempt the main.

Naked are all thy decks; thy mast '•
Thou hear'st with horror o'er thee groan;

Bending beneath the heavy blast,
Soon must thou fee it rustling down.

In vain thy keel attempts to plow

The wave, and conflict with the tide;

No cords to bind thy planks hast thou, ■,
Tho' all are starting from thy fide.

t. ■.

• O navis, .referent in mare te novi

Fluctus. O quid agis? Fortiter occupa
Portum. Nonne vides, at
Nudum remigio latus,

Et malas celeri faucius Africo,
Antennxque gemant? ac sine simibus

Vix durare carinae .'

Possint imperiosiuj



How rent, how tatter'd are thy sheets 1
Thy guardian Gods that grac'd thy prow,

Torn by the tempests from their feats,
No more shall hear thy suppliant vow!

Tho' Pontic pine prod,uc'd thy frame,

The daughter of a noble wood, Vain thy proud origin and name;

No splendors bribe th' ingulphing flood. - •

Be wife, O precious ship, at last,
No more with Ocean's terrors strive;

Lest thou, the sport of ev'ry blast,

Should'st headlong to perdition drive. :*

Thou, long my heart-distreflyig pain,
Still my fond hope, and dearest care,

Fly, fly the rocks that curse the main,
Whatever glitt'ring charms they wear.

We meet with a most beautiful Allegory in Psalm lxxx. from the 8th Verse: ■ Thou hast "brought, says the Psalmist, a vine out of Egypt: "Thou hast cast out the Heathen, and planted "it. Thou preparedst room before it, and didst


Æquor? non tibi sunt integra lintea;
Non Dii, quos iterum pressa voces maloi

Quamvis Pontica pinus,

Silvæ filia nobilis,

jactes & genus & nomen inutile:

Nil pictis timid us navita puppibus i

Fidit. Tu, nisi ventis

Debes ludidibrium, cave.
Nuper sollicitum qui mihi taedium,
Nunc desiderium, curaque non Ievis,

Interfusa nitentes
- Vites æquora Cycladas.

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