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consisting partly of the one, and partly of the other* is like the fun in a summer's day, soitœv times mining in a clear opening of the heavemr^ and sometimes darting its rays through clouds,' gilded and variegated with his glories. But inconsistent Metaphors are not unlike the ancient chaos, where all the powerful principles and elements of nature were blended together, and waged irreconcilable war in one perpetual confusion and uproar. v. .........

. § 6, As we arc certain that the human mind hr extremely fond of variety, Quintiuan's observation may be very just, " That the most beautiful "form of speech is. that which consists of the *' Comparison, Allegory, and single Trope, aft "instance of which he gives us in the following ** passage; from Cicero: For what ftreights, *' what arm of the sea can you think of, so much* "troubled with the tossistgs and agitations of "waves? How violent the perturbation* and "fuafy of our popular assemblies for the election "of magistrates? The space of only one day at "night- often throws all diings into confusion, *s and sometimes only a small breath of rumour "shall quite change the whole opinion of the "people*." .

• IHud vero fctrge specittffimcm genus orationis, in quo triutn permifta est gratia, Sbtiili'udinit, AU«gori«, & Transtatiooit. Quod enim /return, quern euripuro, tot metus, tanta* tarn varias habere putaris agitanones fluctupms quantas pertoibationes, 8s quant os «stus habet ratio comirioromr? DiM uterail&is Uhus, aut box htterpo&a, fepe perturbat orania »

A like vein-of Allegory and Comparison we oiay observe in the following passage of a late excellent Divine: "As the bodies of believers "are like common tabernacles for their frailty, "so they.may be likened to the sacred taberna« cle which was framed by the special appoint'^ment of God, in respect of the use and service "they are devoted; to, and of the honour they "receive by grace. They are tabernacles, as **. they are the tenements of their own spirits •, "and sacred ones, as they are the habitations of '*■ the Spirit of God: for their bodies are conse44 crated to his service as well as their souls. The ** members of their bodies are instruments and 44 servants of righteousness, vessels which their 44. fouls possess in sanctification and honour. "Some of them are. peculiarly dignified in the 44 service of God, like those utensils which were « ,both of special use and ornament in the Sanc44 tuary. The head of the faint, like the candle44 sticks of the Tabernacle, holds forth a constant **. light of divine truth and wisdom; while his "heart, like the sacred altar, retains an inextin44 guifhable fire of divine love and zeal: his- or"gans of speech are like the silver trumpets and "other musical instruments of the Sanctuary, «' devoted to the glory of God, and employed to "praise him in the beauty of holiness; while the «« foul that resides in this tabernacle, like the - .. .: •::. - "anointed

& totam opinioncm parva nonnunquam commutat aura rumoris QuiNTii.. lib. viii. cap, 6. §2. ex Cicero, prt Muræn. § 17.

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C H A P T E R IV.
The Metonymy considered.

§ 1. The definition os a Metonymy. § 2. The change of name used four ways: (1) The cause pit for the effect; (2) The effect put for the cause (3) The subject put for the adjunct; (4) The adjunct put for the subject. § 3. The - Metalepsis, its definition. § 4. The use of the Metonymy.

§ 1. Metonymy * is a Trope, in which one name is put for another, for which it may be allowed to stand by reason of some relalation or coherence between them.

§ 2. This change of name is principally used these four ways:

(1) When the cause is put for the effect. Thus Mars among the Heathens is used for war, Ceres for corn, and Bacchus for wine. So we bid a person read Cicei(o, that is, CiCero's Works. So we fay, "look at this man's hand," that is, at his writing. Thus Virgil fle{cfibe$ :hi£:. shepherd ".as playing upon his

reed,"

* From per* and oropet, the pajpng of one name into an* other.

reed *," that is, upon his pipe made of a reed. Instances of this kind are not wanting in Scripture. Luke xvi. 29. u They have Moses and the "Prophets and Numb, xxxii. 23. " And be sure "your sin will find you out," that is, the punishment of your sin.

(2> Another kind of Metonymy is, when the effect is. put for the cause. Death is called pale, because it makes the countenance pale. Youth is called gay, because it makes persons gay. And in like manner anger is called rash, because it makes men rash. We have instances of this fort in Scripture. Gen. xxv. 23. 'Two nations "are in thy womb," that is, the fathers of two nations; Exod. xv. 2. "The Lord is become my "salvation," that is, the author of my salvation; and 2 Kings iv. 40. ,! There is death in the pot," that is, a poisonous herb that will cause death.

(3) Another kind of Metonymy is, when the subject is put for the adjunct, that is, for some circumstance or appendage belonging to or depending upon the subject. "He has a good heart," that is, he has courage, which is supposed to reside in the heart. Christ bid his Disciples, Matt, xxvi, 27. to "drink of the cup," that is, of the wine in the cup. It is said, Mark i. 33. that *' the city was gathered at the door," that is, all the inhabitants of the city. To these examples I might add such as follow: the Churchy that is, Religion forbids it. "He painted our F 2 King,"

* Sylveilrern tenui musam meditaris avena.

Virgil. Eclog, 1. ver. 2.

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