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their moments of widesi difference. (Long- page whose language and signs they may mans, Green & Co., New York.)

understand. The birds must be to them more Speculative idealism is for philosophers, or less intimate, even to the city child. A but practical idealism is for the people. To Reader for the intermediate grade has just this type belongs Christianity and the Social been published by Ginn & Co., entitled Bird State, by George C. Lorimer, Minister at World. The author, J. H. Stickney, knows Tremont Temple, Boston. The philosophy his subject so well as to be able to write in. of the practical idealist is essentially a relig- telligently for his most difficult audience. The ion, and herein is its hope of attracting the lessons are short, each on one bird, whose world. It demands that human conduct portrait attracts the eye. These bird-pictures should be the expression of divine principles. have been gathered from many sources. This was the idealism of Jesus, and this is the Ernest Seton Thompson has provided many ruling idea of Dr. Lorimer's book, as an applic of the black-and-white illustrations, and all of cation of the ethics of Jesus to the criticism the colored illustrations. The Department of our social institutions for their Christiani- of Agriculture at Washington has kindly zation. Dr. Lorimer is right in saying that loaned some drawings for the book. Mr. - the prime mistake of Christianity has been Stickney has been assisted by Ralph Hoffin attempting to shape itself exclusively in man, who is identified with the Audubon Soecclesiastical organisms, instead of unfolding ciety. The appendix is a novel addition to a its meaning and exercising its functions in school-book designed for the work of the the social life of the world.” In view of the intermediate grade; it makes the book the present need of an ethical revival in all our more valuable. churches, his bɔok, the product of many years Dr. S. S. Neff, of the Neff College of Oraof study upon social problems, and richly tory, Philadelphia, has conveyed a great deal stored with material drawn from personal of the spirit of true oratory in a thin volume observation and from the leading thinkers of of Talks on Education and Oratory, based every school, is to be heartily commended both on lectures and on articles which have to pu pit and pew. It is a sign of the times appeared in the magazines. His statement that a religious publishing society, supposed of the fundamental principles of expression to be devoted to the dissemination of denomi- implies a deep and adequate conception of national books, copyrights a treatise like oratory, not as an artifice, nor as a result of this on Christian Sociology. (H. J. Rowland, a set of rules or a method of practice, but as Philadelphia.)

the expression of personality in natural, effectA new thing is The History of the Eng. ive, and therefore artistic form. The volume lish Bible Studied by the Library Method, is concrete in its statement and illustration, prepared by Mr. S. G. Ayres and Dr. C. F. although the style is somewhat too generalSitterly, respectively librarian and profes- ized to find ready access to a good many sor in Drew Theological Seminary. It is people who ought to be benefited by such a interleaved for entries by the student who book. Such a view of oratory, however, is looks up the bibliographical references which greatly needed; and among young men especomprise the substance of the volume. These cially cannot be too persuasively presented extend to minu:e details, such as the question or too thoroughly comprehended. (Neff Colwhether St. Paul was ever in Britain, the lege of Oratory, Philadelphia) ancient liturgies of Scotland, John Eliot's Mr. R. H. Russell (New York) has put his Indian Bible, Noah Webster's Bible, Plans imprint on a handsome, large, thin folio conof Bible Study, etc. As it is indexed, it will taining a series of original decorations by be a very convenient reference-book for the G. W. and Louis Rhead of Tennyson's Vivian, general reader as well as for the special stu- Enid, Elaine, and Guinevere. The text is dent. Its thoroughgoing plan involves a printed in double rows with decorated bor. review of the history of Christianity in the ders, and with a number of full-page and British Islands. Chancellor MacCracken, of half-page illustrations, elaborate in the decoNew York University, has furnished it with rative element, and characterized by considera warmly commendatory Introduction. (W.B. able strength of drawing. It is perhaps im. Ketcham, New York.)

possible to combine with so much decoration The children of the present day are sure the purely spiritual element which underlies to enjoy nature more than their fathers and Tennyson's treatment of these old legends. mothers did, for it is made to them a written These illustrators have emphasized the semi

barbaric vigor and the picturesque quality of Gell. The selections cover a wide range of the stories. The dedication and the initial literatures and authors, and have been made pages of each poem are printed in colors. for the purpose of enriching life at a time The whole book is very effective.

when too much life runs into mere activity. The Rights and Duties of American Citi- (Henry Frowde, London.) zenship, by Professor W. W. Willoughby, of First Lessons in Civics, by S. E. Forman, Johns Hopkins, prefaces its description of Ph.D., is a well-planned little text-book writ. civil government in the United States by ten in a clear and animated style. The s:veral chapters on the characteristics, means, author has in view a distinct purpose, which and ends of organized society. Where de- is to stir the thought and conscience of pupils bated questions are introduced, the author regarding the duties of citizenship. This attempts to set forth the arguments on both purpose gives to the book a vital quality too sides. In the main the book is carefully rare among so-called “ books of instruction." written, though we notice on page 262 the (American Book Company, New York.) statement that the area of New England The Hiawatha Primer is an introduction townships rarely exceeds five square miles. to this popular poem, prepared by Florence Twenty-five square miles would be nearer" Holbrook, Principal of the Forestville School the mark. In the traditional way, the book of Chicago. (Houghton, Miffin & Co., Bosdevotes far greater attention to the National ton.) The work of preparing the poem for Government than to the State and local gov- primary-school work has been carefully and ernments. (The American Book Company, well done, and the result must be to give the New York.)

poem a lodgment in the minds of the young The title Diet in Illness and Conva- readers for whom the primer is made. lescence minimizes the real worth of the book There are few books more stimulating to bearing that ti le. (Harper & Brothers, New life than a vital biography of a vital man. York.) The scope of the book is much Such a book is George Adam Smith's Life broader than its title indicates. The author of Henry Drummond. (Doubleday & Mc Alice Worthington Winthrop, has laid under Clure Company, New York.) It is enough contribution every field of knowledge which here to announce its publication. We reserve pertains to her subject. Facts concerning it for fuller treatment at an early date. the whole subject of foods in relation to health are found in these pages, especially the

Books Received feeding of infants. Directions for the care

For the week ending January 6 of patients suffering from chronic diseases


Frear, Mary Dillingham. The Cocoa Palm and Other and the statement of reasons why certain Songs for Children. kinds of foods only should be eaten make


The Holman S. s. Teachers’ Bible. Linear Parallel this book of special value. Receipts for

Edition. refreshing drinks, and directions for the care McKenzie LAMSON W LIFE & CO. BOSTON

McKenzie, Alexander. The Divine Force in the Life. of milk, as well as special receipts for the Young, William. Wishmaker's Town. $1. sick-room, are given.


Morris, Charles. Historical Tales. Spanish. $1.25. The adult reader of The Heroes of the Middle West will agree with the author, wnedited by Douglas ladan

Who's Who, 1899. An Annual Biographical Dictionary. Mary Hartwell Catherwood, that it is no Bennett, Charles Edwin. Critique of Some Recent Sub

junctive Theories. (Cornell Studies in Classical light task to vivify these heroes for the young Pbilology.) No. IX. 50 cts. reader accustomed only to the modern aspect

Carpenter, Edward. Angels' Wings. $2.

Carlyle, Thomas. Sartor Resartus. 82. of things; but he will also say that, realizing Della Rocca, General Count Enrico... The Autobiog.

raphy of a Veteran, 1807-1893. $2.50. her difficulties, the author has surmounted Dill. Samuel. Roman Society in the Last Century of

the Western Empire. them and prepared a book that will hold the

PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBLICATION AND attention and stimulate the imagination until

Ellis, William T. The Presbyterian Christian Endeavor those far-away events and people live in the Manual for 1899.

The Presbyterian Handbook for 1899. minds of the young readers. (Ginn & Co.,

The Best Hymns. Edited by Louis F. Benson, D.D. Boston.)


Scribner's Magazine for 1898—Vols. 23 and 24. A very attractively made volume, conven


The Praise Hymnary. Compiled and Arranged by ient in size and acceptable to the eye, is The Thomas J. Morgan, D.D., and Others. More Excellent Way; Words of the Wise Stirlin


Stirling, Emma M. Our Children in Old Scotland and on the Life of Love : A Sequence of Medi- Nova Scotia...

UNITED BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, DAYTON, O. talions, compiled by the Hon. Mrs. Lyttelton Shivell, Paul. Ashes of Roses.





... Plymouth Church

members on the roll, several hundred of The Advisory Committee has unanimously whom do not live in Brooklyn, and many recommended as the successor to the Rev. more of whom live at a great distance from Lyman Abbott in the pastorate of Plymouth the church, 562 are actually employed in some Church, Brooklyn, the Rev. Newell D. Hillis, one of the various departments of work in the D.D., who is now the pastor of the Pres- church. If Dr. Hillis wants a working church, byterian church worshiping in the Central he will find it in Plymouth. Music Hall, Chicago, where he succeeded Professor Swing. Dr. Hillis is in the forty

The Bishop of Brazil first year of his age, has maintained a large The Rev. Lucien Lee Kinsolving, D.D., congregation in the Hall during the past four who for seven years has been in charge of years, and is one of the most attractive and the mission work in Brazil which is being successful lyceum lecturers in the West. It conducted by the Protestant Episcopal is said that he desires a church which will Church, was ordained as the first Episcopal give him more pastoral relations and one en- Bishop of Brazil, on Friday, January 6, in gaged actively in Christian work. The pres- St. Bartholomew's Church in New York. ent organization was formed for the purpose Eleven Bishops and a large number of of just such work as it is carrying on in the prominent ministers and laymen were in Music Hall, and is without the usual elements attendance. The sermon was delivered by of church life and activity. The recom- the Bishop of Texas, a brother of the mendation of the Committee cannot, under new Bishop. Another brother, the Rev. the rules of Plymouth Church, be considered Arthur B. Kinsolving, of Brooklyn, was one and acted upon until January 16. Mean of the attending presbyters. In addition while Dr. Hillis will visit Brooklyn and ac- to the usual declarations, the Bishop made a quaint bimself more fully with Plymouth special declaration which was called for in Church and its various works. For such ac- view of the fact that as yet there is no quaintance it is certain that he cannot depend national Episcopal Church in Brazil. Until on the newspapers. So careful and well- two more Bishops are consecrated for that informed a journal as the “ Congregational country, he promised to be amenable to the ist," the semi-official organ of the denomina- Episcopal Church of the United States. tion, so far as it can have an organ, is reported That obligation will terminate when, in all, as saying that “the revenues [of Plymouth there are three Bishops in Brazil consecrated Church] have practically been stationary for by the American Church, for then a national four years, varying from $11,000 to $12,000 Church will be constituted. a year. This is a big drop from the minimum during Beecher's time, which was over

Death of Dr. Moses Hoge $27,000.” The“Congregationalist” has taken The greatest preacher of the South, and the amount expended in local missionary work one of the greatest of the country, at the adby the church, in support of its branches, vanced age of eighty years, has just laid Sunday-schools, kindergartens, etc., as the down his work in Richmond, Virginia. He entire revenues of the church. In fact, dur- had been pastor of the Second Presbyterian ing the decade of Dr. Abbott's pastorate the Church of that city for more than fifty years. revenues and expenditures of the church were, He was not only the first preacher but a in exact figures, $387,759.26, or over $38,000 chief citizen of the city and the State. In a year. They were $416,450 during the last appearance he was tall and somewhat angudecade of Mr. Beecher, or a little over lar, but when inspired by his subject he $41,000 a year. The salary paid to Mr. spoke with thrilling power and lofty and wellBeecher exceeded that paid to Dr. Abbott sustained eloquence. Nearly three years ago by much more than $3,000 a year, so that he celebrated the semi-centennial of his pasthe amount expended in missionary work torate. He was a chaplain in the Confederduring the last decade has considerably ex- ate army. He was Moderator of the Genceeded that expended in the preceding dec- eral Assembly of the Southern Presbyterian ade. And at the present time, of its 1,835 Church in 1874. He earnestly favored closer

relations between the Presbyterian Churches perism, at least double the annual funds now of the North and South. No man in all the put at its disposal. South was more influential or more widely and deservedly honored.

A Day of Prayer for Students

The General Committee of the World's Organized Charity

Student Christian Federation has issued a We have received from a correspondent,

call for a universal Day of Prayer for Stuwho was for several years actively engaged

dents. The call is signed by Karl Fries, in the administration of the industrial work

Chairman, and John R. Mott, General Secreof the City Mission and Tract Society of

tary. It rehearses the work which has been Brooklyn, a letter criticising the following

done by the Student Volunteer Movement, statement in a recent paragraph in The

shows the influence which the student classes Outlook respecting the work of that Society :

have in the realm of thought and action, and “Of course if one-quarter of those who apply

puts special emphasis upon the need of united for relief should go to the Society, it would

prayer for students. The day designated is

February 12, 1899. be impossible to provide for them all; but it

The committee rephas been possible to provide for those who

resents branches of the Federation in all do come, and charitable citizens may neglect

parts of the world,“ including twelve hundred the others with a good conscience." He

students and schools, with a membership of

over five thousand five hundred students and says:

professors." Among the suggestions of the From the commencement of this work in 1892

committee are the following : One or more until to-day there has hardly been a month that from one to three hundred homeless men, willing

meetings of students should be held for united and anxious to work nine or ten hours a day for prayer in behalf of the students of the world. their food and shelter, have not been turned back Pastors are asked to preach on the subject. into the streets to continue their hopeless search

Pamphlets will be furnished for those who for employment. The Society under whose auspices this industrial work is conducted is one of

wish information. The facts of the World's the oldest in the State, and has on its Board of Christian Federation should be made promi. Managers many of the most prominent and con- nent. With the above call, all Christian servative citizens of Brooklyn. Through its

people must have sympathy. It is, however, monthly publication the different features of its work are set forth, and constant appeals are unfortunate that two days so near together made to the churches and the public in general should be chosen for the same subject. The for money to support and enlarge the work of Day of Prayer for Colleges comes on the the Society. Instead of receiving this assistance

26th of January. It is to be regretted that it has actually been necessary in recent years to decrease the already meager salaries of their conflict between these two dates had not been faithful and self-sacrificing missionaries, some of

anticipated so as to secure harmony of action whom have worked in their special fields for over this year. We are fully of the opinion that a quarter of a century. Instead of $19,000 a year

Sunday is the better day, and we hope that income, this Society should have at its disposal several times that amount to properly continue

our friends of the Student Volunteers will, and enlarge its work. I cannot but believe that before another year passes, take such steps one of the chief causes for the lack of support of as will lead to harmony of observance. this Society and kindred organizations is the publication of such statements as that called in question here, which keep the citizens in ignorance of Ecumenical Conference on Foreign Missions the suffering in our community.

Already plans are being perfected for the The paragraph to which our correspondent great Ecumenical Conference on Foreign refers, written after consultation with several Missions to be held in New York, April 21 officers of the Society, was intended as an to May 1, 1900. This will be one of the argument for the support of such organized largest and most representative assemblies work in preference to promiscuous giving to of Christians ever gathered. It is expected unknown applicants. The Brooklyn society that at least three thousand delegates will be was taken as a model because it has always in attendance, and that nearly all the missiondone so much with the limited means at its ary societies in the world will send delegates. disposal. We agree with its correspondent In addition, many who are interested in the that its industrial work should be enlarged, mission work, as well as missionaries, will and that it would have abundant opportunity attend in large numbers. The subject will to use, profitably and without promoting pau- not be missions in general, but the foreign

service in particular. Of course only Prot talks on the nurture and training of children, estant Christianity will be represented, for the on making the home attractive, on living by Roman Church would never think of co-oper- the law of love, of control of temper, etc., ating in such a conference. The meetings have met with great response, and the attendwill attempt no legislation; no creed will be ance at the meetings grows from week to formulated, and no party lines will be drawn. week. The average attendance is now beWhen the marvelous growth of the missionary tween sixty and seventy, we are told. Is there enterprise and the relation of missions to the not room in many of our churches for some progress of the Church are considered, it is such service as this? In England it has easy to see that those are not far afield who been eminently successful in reaching men ; speak of this Conference as the great event the United Church has proved its ability to of the year 1900.” Something has been done reach the non-church-going women. We in the preparation of the programme, but as shall watch with interest the effect of this yet none of the details have been made pub- service on the Sunday morning service of the lic. All religious gatherings for that year church. Perhaps this social afternoon sershould make such arrangements for their vice will serve as a door to the morning sermeetings as will prevent conflict with this vice of the church. Conference.

Church Finances Pleasant Sunday Afternoon Services The remarks of Bishop Potter, at the last

The Pleasant Sunday Afternoon service Convention of the Diocese of New York, relahas for some time been a successful feature tive to the care of intrusted funds and propof the work of the Nonconformist Churches erty, have borne fruit in the recommendations in England and Wales. We have awaited of a committee appointed at the time, com. with considerable interest its adoption in this prised of George Macculloch Miller, J. Piercountry; and now report comes to us of a pont Morgan, William Watts Shearman, successful experiment along these lines in the George Coppell, and the Rev. Dr. William R. United Church (Dr. Munger's) of New Haven. Huntington. This committee has recomThe Sunday-school connected with the church, mended that, in order to secure greater safety through its missionary activity, reaches a in the care of all money and property given great many families who have no church con- to God for the work of his Church in the nection except as they are represented by the diocese, the corporations or societies thereof children in the Sunday-school. For various should contract with a trust company of reasons, it is almost impossible to get these assured and responsible standing for the families to attend the formal morning ser- following service : “(1) The custody and vices of the church, so the question was safekeeping of the money and securities repraised, in the minds of some of the church resenting capital. (2) The investment of workers, of the possibility of a pleasant, in capital under the advice and direction of a formal service which these people might committee of the corporation or society to attend and enjoy. It was decided to start a which such capital belongs. (3) The collecservice for women to be held in the chapel tion and disbursement of income under of the church on Sunday afternoons, and the regulations to be agreed upon between such service was patterned, to some degree, after trust company and the society or corporation the Pleasant Sunday Afternoons of the British to which such income belongs; and (4), when Churches. But first a committee of women possible, to act as treasurer for the corpora took it upon themselves to visit the mothers tion or society contracting with it. The of the Sunday-school children and extend a committee recommended also that the custom personal invitation to these services. In should be adopted of requiring two formally this way a thorough canvas was made and a authorized signatures to checks and drafts, deep interest aroused. Then women were and that securities should always stand in appointed to lead the meetings, which are of the corporate name of the corporation or a very informal and social nature; and now society to which they belonged.” This recomthe services have become a decided success mendation, which was at once adopted by and permanent feature of the church work, the Convention, ought to bring about the The topics have been very helpful and inter results desired by Bishop Potter, and will esting, the chief idea having been the religious serve as a good precedent for other denomisignificance of the home. Simple, helpful nations to follow.

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