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Miles was misled by the fact that some pri. together by the bond of mutual interest, and thus vate experiments in chemically treating beef

forced into a position which becomes one of open

hostility to the rank and file of the army were carried on during the war, experiments with which neither War Department nor

This incident will go far to convince the soldiers had anything to do; but as to the

country that the charges against the Comsecond point, there have been published nu

missariat were not only well founded, but merous reports from officers in the field amply

that the fault lies largely at the door of justifying General Miles's criticism-reports

General Eagan—for cooscious integrity rarely declaring that the soldiers absolutely could

loses its temper so absolutely under charges not eat the canned beef and would not

which are absolutely groundless. Certain it eat it; Colonel Roosevelt has within the

is that a man who cannot control his temper last week declared that it was “at best

before such a public commission is not the tasteless, and at worse nauseating." Gen. man to be put in control of an important eral Miles did not volunteer to testify, ap

department of the military service. It is peared only after formal summons, and only

only quite as clear that the Hull Bill ought not to replied to questions put. It was eminently

pass at present. The first duty of Congress proper for the Army Commission to question

is not to make a bigger army, but a better him about the quality of food given to the

one. At present it is clear that there is no soldiers, and equally proper for the witness

well-defined relation between the War Deto tell the facts as he knew them.

pariment and the army, nor even between the different divisions of the army. General Eagan refuses to consider himself a subordi

nate of General Miles, or in any way account

The matters in con. The Causes of the Trouble

able to him. Before the army is enlarged it troversy between

should be reorganized ; the relation of the General Miles and General Eagan are not

Secretary of War to the forces in the field of such immediate consequence as the ques.

should be determined by law; and a regular tion whether the army and the Nation can be

and orderly system of subordination should disgraced by such a scandalous act as that

be established. of General Eagan's without the punishment of the offender. The Army Commission listened to the paper in stupefied amazement;

This year's report of to many it seems that the Commissioners Federal Railroad Law

the Inter-State Comshould have refused to listen to it; the next a Dead Letter merce Commission is

little more than a day the document was returned to its writer with a rather mild note of censure and a

frank and forcible statement that the Interrefusal to put it on the record. Later on

State Commerce Law is a failure. “ Dis. General Eagan returned to the Commission

criminations,” says the report, “constantly

occur, railroad managers are distrustful of his statement expurgated of its most offen. sive matter, with an apology to the Commis

one another, and shippers all the while sion accompanied with a weak attempt at

in doubt as to the rates secured by their

competitors. Enormous sums are spent in justification. A court martial is probable; military jurists hold that the guarantee to

purchasing business, and secret rates are officers that their testimony before the Com

accorded far below the standard of public mission should not injure or prejudice them

charges. The general public gets little benedoes not protect a witness for deliberate con.

fit from these reductions, for concessions are duct and language unbecoming a soldier or a

mainly confined to the heavier shippers." gentleman. Inspector-General Breckinridge,

When the Commission investigates, it is inwhose devotion to the service is universally

formed by witnesses that all memoranda were recognized, is quoted as saying of this affair:

destroyed immediately or as soon as it was

learned that the Commission had instituted an I will tell you what is the trouble : what we

investigation. Owing to the decision of the need in the War Department is a set of gentle. men. In every war this country has had we have United States Supreme Court in the Freight found that the War Department was not a unit Bureau cases, the Commission has lost its long with the army, but a sort of segregated factor exercised authority to prescribe reasonable working out its independent power. Headed by

maximum rates, and owing to the decision the Secretary of War, a Cabinet officer, the War Department has become filled, at least partly so,

of the same Court in the Troy case, the with a coterie of men who cling to each other, held Commission has even lost the unqualified


power to require roads to charge less for stock, and his hard-working capacity was a short haul than for a long haul. This almost a family trait. He was graduated last decision is the most disheartening. from Dartmouth College, where he showed The law, it will be recalled, forbade the roads ability as a debater and writer on serious to charge more for a short than for a long topics; practiced law for a short time; soon haul “ under similar conditions." Before it engaged in journalism, and as editor of the was enacted its enemies declared that it would Lewiston “ Journal ” made that paper one of require the roads to charge proportionately the strongest in New England; then quite less for short hauls, but now the courts declare naturally entered into political life, and more that water competition and even railroad com- than once was Speaker of the State House of petition may create “dissimilar conditions," Representatives. After ten years or more of under which the roads may charge absolutely service in the State Legislature Mr. Dingley more for short hauls than for long ones. With was elected to succeed Mr. Frye, when the regard to the request of the railroads that latter became a Senator from Maine; and they be authorized by law to enter into Mr. Dingley's majority in this, his first Con. pooling agreements, the Commission points gressional election, was, it is said, twice as out that the power asked by the roads is not large as had ever before been secured by a merely the right to make contracts forbidden candidate in that district. In the House Mr. by the Inter-State Commerce Act and the Dingley at once became prominent in the Anti-Trust Law, but the right to make con- debating and framing of financial questions, tracts which are “illegal and unenforcible and particularly in everything that related to by common law.” The Commission, how the question of a protective tariff. It would ever, takes the side of the railroads in de not be in place here to discuss the merits claring that the latter's inability to form and defects of the bill which bears his name; combinations is the cause of the secret dis- it is certain that the tremendous pressure of criminations practiced, whereas anti-monopo- conflicting interests made the measure a lists hold that it is the ability of the rail. very different one from that originally planned roads to form combinations which causes the by Mr. Dingley ; whatever view may be enexorbitant rates at the bottom of all secret tertained of this or of any particular piece of discriminations. In competitive industries, legislation with which Mr. Dingley was espe. where combinations to raise rates are impos. cially concerned, it is beyond question that his sible, secret discriminations do not exist. ability and thoroughness made him to the The Commission, however, while apparently Republican party a most valuable aid ; and sanctioning the demand of the roads that the he was recognized as in many respects an public shall give them the right to form com- eminently successful leader of his party in binations, rightly demands that in that case the House. the Commission or some other body representing the public shall be given the right to fix reasonable rates.

In Connecticut Senator Senatorial Elections

* Hawley has been chosen

his own successor. In the Republican cauNelson Dingley, Repre. cus Mr. Fessenden and Mr. Bulkley had at Mr. Dingley's Death

" sentative in Congress first a majority of votes, but the bosses were from Maine, Chairman of the House Com- not agreed, and therefore the candidate demittee on Ways and Means, and in part sired by the great body of Connecticut Re author of the Tariff Bill which familiarly publicans was able to obtain re-election. bears his name, died in Washington on Fri. It was notable that all the legislators who day of last week, at the age of sixty-six. Mr. were instructed by their constituents were inDingley, or Governor Dingley, as he was structed in favor of Senator Hawley—another generally called, was a man of unfiagging in argument, by the way, for the direct election dustry and of unquestioned sincerity. From of Senators. In Vermont Governor Smith early boyhood he was a student of economics, has appointed Judge Ross, of the State statistics, and history; his ability as a politi. Supreme Court, to fill out the term of cal leader and a framer of legislation came Senator Morrill. In Indiana, after several rather from the intensity of his application ballots in the Republican caucus, Mr. A. J. than from any native brilliancy of genius. Beveridge, of Indianapolis, was selected as He was a descendant of typical New England Senator Turpie's successor. Mr. Beveridge

is a young man of thirty-six, who graduated if not profoundly, the commercial and indusfrom DePauw University in 1885, and won trial conditions of the State, and he has the in that year the first prize in the State ora. ability to represent them. His chief defect torical contest. His candidacy was at first thus far has been a dominating desire to ridiculed on the ground that he was merely a please his audiences, which is quite inconsistword-painter ; but his admitted success as a ent with power to lead them. If he realizes speaker finally secured for him the nomina. his opportunity, harnesses his ability to the tion. It is gratifying to learn that Mr. higher work that lies before him, realizes the Beveridge worked his own way through difference between after-dinner speeches and college, and that at the age of fifteen he was Senatorial deliberations, he has the power a logger and teamster. The Lincoln and to produce a real impression on the State Garfield tradition has not lost its inspiration and on the country through his Senatorial to young men or its hold upon the affections position. of those who are older. In California and in Montana the ballotings for Senator still continue. In California U. S. Grant, Jr., is still in the lead. In Montana the charges

In Pennsylvania the SuThe Quay Contest

* preme Court has unanibrought by Mr. Clark that money has been mously denied the petition of Senator used against him seem to be widely believed, Quay's attorneys to quash the indictment and, if proven true, are likely to result in his against him or take the trial of the case away election. The seriousness of this Montana from the Philadelphia Court. Forty-three scandal has intensified the popular feeling Republican members of the Legislature have that the election of Senators must no longer signed an agreement not to vote for Senator be intrusted to the Legislatures. In the days Quay until he has cleared himself of the when the money power was small, when poli- charges against him. Unless six of these tics were unorganized, and when each legis- men break their agreement, or unless Demolator was in close touch with the small con. cratic votes or absentees give the Quay facstituencies he represented, the choice of the tion a majority when the balloting takes representatives was likely to be the choice of place, Mr. Quay cannot be elected until the the people ; but at the present time election trial in Philadelphia has been held. At the by the Legislature is too likely to mean the Democratic caucus Mr. Jenks, the recent dominance of the unseen powers which are candidate for Governor, was made the party in direct conflict with the popular will. nominee, and defection from him to Senator

Quay would create a scandal too great for a

legislator to face. Some of Mr. Quay's opSenator Depew

The nomination of Chauncey ponents are now confident that he has been


* M. Depew gives promise that defeated, but Mr. Quay's friends profess to the State of New York will have a better rep- be equally confident of his election. In both resentation in the Senate of the United States cases we suspect the confidence is somewhat thao it has had for some years past. Mr. assumed for effect. Murphy can hardly be designated even as a figurehead, so little figure has he made in that body. Mr. Platt is a man of unques

There is no question tionable ability, but it is of an administrative,

Governor Roosevelt's about the determination

It's about the determination

Appointments not of a deliberative, character, and he uses

of Governor Roosevelt his Senatorial position to determine questions to give the State of New York an honest, of appointment which under the Constitution businesslike, and thoroughly independent addo not belong to his office, and has thus far ministration-independent, that is, in the contributed little or nothing to National leg. sense of freedom from party trammels when islation, which does belong to the office. Mr. party trammels stand in the way of efficiency; Hill is an abler man than either, but it will but the Governor's experience in attempt. hardly be thought, at least by the readers of ing to secure men to fill important positions The Outlook, that he was a true representa shows clearly that the best executive is detive of the Empire State, or even of his own pendent in large measure upon the co-operaparty in that State. Mr. Depew is thor- tion of the private citizen. It has happened oughly familiar both with the city and with too many times that the refusal of the best the rural populations. He knows broadly, men to accept position has compelled the

choice of men of second rank. Colonel John protection of party friends or the undue A. Partridge, who has been appointed Super- advancement of party interests. intendent of Public Works, was not the first choice of Governor Roosevelt, but, according to all testimony, he is, if not an ideal man, a

One of the most interman of unblemished integrity and of unques. Economy in Municipal esti

pal esting paragraphs of

Affairs tioned ability. He lacks the special training

the first Message of as an engineer which would make him an Governor Roosevelt was that suggesting that ideal appointee; but, on the other hand, he the Legislature investigate the municipal bas the great qualification of being abso- affairs of New York with a view to securing lutely free from the suspicion of undue inti- greater economy in its administration. He macy with machine politics. Nor is the suggested that certain offices be abolished, Governor content with the mere lifting of the that longer hours of service be required in Department of Public Works out of the other offices, that certain offices now supslough into which it had fallen under Gov. ported by fees be placed on the salary list, ernor Black ; he is determined to redeem his that municipal courts be administered with pledge to probe the canal scandal to the a view to securing greater justice to work. bottom, and to inflict upon the wrongdoer an ingmen in the matter of attendance at court, adequate punishment for the violation of a and he intimated that many inspectors and great public trust. From the beginning of deputies now employed in the city were unhis campaign as candidate for the Governor necessary. This short paragraph is one of ship he has steadfastly held to this purpose, the many proofs of the intimate knowledge and no one who knows his persistence of the Governor has of the municipal system of character can doubt that the result will justify work and wages. When contrasted with the the trust of the friends of honesty.

call for more inspectors in the Department of

Labor in the State, it shows an equally inti. It is a misfortune that the mate knowledge of the needs of the great Guarding Against eminent lawyers whom Commonwealth of which he is the executive Improper Legislation

* Governor Roosevelt ap- head. His demand for economy is not the pointed special counsel to conduct the case trick of the politician, but the demand of the against Superintendent Aldridge have de- statesman who wishes the money collected clined the task. Mr. Locke and Mr. Milburn from the citizens to be expended in a manner are entitled to the inference that their decli- that will secure the greatest good to the nations were rendered imperative by circum- greatest number. To him public service is stances which they could not control; but it not a public crib at which to feed parasites. is a misfortune that they were unable to co. As if in confirmation of the wisdom of the operate with the Governor in the discharge Governor's suggestion, the President of the of this pressing public duty. Governor Borough of Manhattan appeals to the citiRoosevelt has gone still further, and has zers through the press for work to do. This announced that all private and local bills, in office carries with it a salary of five thouorder to escape his veto, must be introduced sand dollars a year, to which must be added into the Legislature during the next eight the expenses of an office, necessary clerks and weeks—a precaution against legislative jobs attendance, and maintenance. The special bing and trickery which evidences a thor. duties of this official are to preside at the oughly practical method of dealing with bad meetings of all local boards, to which are legislation. By agreement between the supposed to be referred questions by citizens Governor and the leaders of the Legislature of the district in regard to paving, street hereafter the rule requiring that new matter lighting, the condition of the poor, and like injected into old bills shall be designated by matters. The local board cannot initiate any the use of italics, in order that the Legislature movement; it can only recommend to the may be fairly warned of any change in the Board of Public Improvements, or other character of the measures before it, will be authorized boards, the questions that come enforced. It is a long time since any Chief before it. It has no authority to hire expert Executive of this State has, at the beginning service. It was evidently intended to give to of his term of office, given such distinct evi. the citizens of each political unit known as dences of his determination to serve the an assembly district an authoritative body people of the State without regard to the representing the district and conversant with

its needs. The value of the local boards has cial election, at which the women may vote been questioned for some time, and this on the question whether they wish to vote or President's communication to the citizens not, and see how large a proportion desire indicates that either the local boards should the suffrage. If, as the elections both in be abolished or their powers and duties in Chicago and Massachusetts seem to indicate, creased. One thing is certain : all citizens not more than four or five per cent of the must respect the newly elected Borough women in any American community desire President who urges the citizens to give him the suffrage, it is difficult to see any reason a chance to earn his money.

why the duty of suffrage should be imposed upon the great reluctant majority. And it

must be remembered that the liberty of votGovernor Roosevelt's rec. ing cannot be given to the few without imWomen Voters in

in ommendation in his mes- posing, or seeming to impose, the duty of Chicago

sage, of women suffrage in voting on the many. school matters, which we think has been erroneously interpreted as committing the Governor to an affirmative position on the

· Since the reassembling

The Anglo-American general question of suffrage for women,

Commission makes interesting some facts which have

Commission at Washingbeen gathered by the anti-suffrage women ton, the illness of the Hon. John W. Foster respecting the vote of women in Chicago. and the death of Mr. Dingley have seriously They state that the number of women in that interfered with its deliberations. The inticity who are entitled to vote on the school mate knowledge of the former in regard to question is over 250,000. Of these, in 1894 the Behring Sea difficulties, and of the latter less than 30,000 registered, and less than 80 on all questions pertaining to reciprocity, per cent of the registered voted; in 1896 could not have been dispensed with had not less than 6,000 registered, and about 50 per the Commission already made much progress cent. of those voted; and in 1898 less than in discussing terms of settlement. Sub-com1,500 registered, and about 75 per cent. of mittees have been at work on several points those voted. These figures go far to con- at issue, but during the last two weeks fewer firm the conclusion indicated by the Massa- reports have been given out than during any chusetts election of 1895, when the women previous sessions of the Conference. The of the State were asked to vote on the ques- one important fact thus far is the meeting of tion whether they wished the right of suffrage United States and Canadian lumbermen at or not, and less than four per cent of the Washington to arrange a basis of compromise women of the State voted in the affirmative on the lumber duties. The meeting was entirely It is further confirmed by the fact that in fruitless, as the deputation representing our this State only two per cent of the women side would not agree to any reduction, hold. entitled to vote at school elections now availing that cheaper production in Canada more themselves of this privilege-if it is a privi than offset any advantage gained by putting lege. It bas long appeared to us, and these logs on our free list. The only concession facts seem to demonstrate the justice of the mentioned as likely to be made by our side opinion, that women generally do not wish rather than see this part of the negotiations the suffrage, and that the real question is not fail is a reduction of 20 per cent. from the whether the right of suffrage shall be conferred present $2 rate, but even this is not probable. on a class in the community who wish it, but The item of lumber is believed to be pivotal wbetber the duty of the suffrage shall be with the Canadians, and the denial of its free imposed on a class in the community who do admission is reported to have made a differ. not wish it. To lay the burden of suffrage ence in their attitude with regard to the fishon a class who do not desire to vote woulderies. Though the Canadian Commissioners be a new experiment in politics, and certainly have said nothing, opinion in the Dominion a very doubtful one. If the question of is stiffening against any concessions to Ameri. woman suffrage is to come up in a practical can fish. With regard to the probabilities form in any State of the United States in of a general settlement, a speech recently the future, it would seem to be right to made at Montreal by Sir Wilfrid Laurier has bring it up in the form in which it was been interpreted as adverse, indicating that brought up in Massachusetts Order a spe. the Conference had not realized his anticipa.

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