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out a better system of sewerage or in striving honorable reputation for doing his work well to secure the return of the land-tillers to the —and even this desire for an honorable repusoil. I do not mean that he ever allowed tation, it must be remembered, is absolutely himself to be swamped by mere detail; he is secondary in his mind to the desire that the much too good an executive officer not to work itself should be thoroughly done, let delegate to others whatever can safely be the credit go where it will. delegated; but the extraordinary energy of The importance of all this lies in the fact the man himself is such that he can in person that what General Wood has done in Sanoversee and direct much more than is possi. tiago other officials must do elsewhere in ble with the ordinary man.
Cuba, in Porto Rico, and in the Philippines, To General Wood has fallen the duty of not to speak of Hawaii, if our rule in these preserving order, of seeing that the best islands is to be honorable to ourselves and Cubans begin to administer the government, advantageous to the natives. There is no of protecting the lives and properties of the need of prattling about the impossibility of Spaniards from the vengeance of their foes, governing the island under our Constitution and of securing the best hygienic conditions and system of government. The men who possible in the city; of opening the schools, so prattle merely show their own weakness; and of endeavoring to re-establish agriculture there is not the slightest difficulty in governand commerce
ing the islands in a ruined and
if we set about desolate land.
governing them The sanitary
well, and if we state of the city
choose the Genof Santiago was
eral Woods befrightful beyond
cause they are belief. The Cu
fit for the task ban army con
and not because sisted of undis
they are pressed ciplined, unpaid
by selfish intermen on the
ests, whether verge of becom
politicalor coming mere ban
mercial. The dits. The Cu
inhabitants of ban chiefs were
the islands are not only jealous
not at the moof one another, GENERAL WOOD AND HIS SON
ment fit to govbut, very naturally, bitterly hostile to the ern themselves. In some places they may Spaniards who remained in the land. On speedily become fit; in other places the in. the other hand, the men of property, not tervening time may be very long indeed. only among the Spaniards, but even among Until the moment does arrive, they have got the Cubans, greatly feared the revolutionary to be governed; and they have got to be army. All conditions were ripe for a period governed by men carefully chosen, who are of utter anarchy, and under a weak, a foolish, on the ground, who know what the needs or a violent man this anarchy would certainly really are, and who have the power given have come. General Wood, by his energy, them to meet these needs. Politics should his firmness, his common sense, and his have as little to do with the choice of our moderation, has succeeded in working as colonial administrators as it should have great an improvement as was possible in so to do with the choice of an admiral or a short a time. By degrees he has substituted general. We cannot afford to trifle with our the best Cubans he can find in the places own honor or with the interests of the great both of the old Spanish officials and of the alien communities over which we have asAmericans who were put in temporary con- sumed supervision. There are plenty of men trol. He permits not the slightest violence fit to administer these colonies—men like Geneither on the part of the American soldiers or eral James H. Wilson and General Fitzhugh of the inhabitants; he does absolute, even Lee; but they cannot do their work if they are justice to all. He shows that he thinks of not left largely unhampered, and if they are himself only in so far as he desires to win an not given cordial assistance by the people at
home; and the places under them must be trinaires, or honest, ignorant people, decide given to men chosen because they can do the the difficult and delicate questions bound to work and not because politicians recommend arise in administering the new provinces. them. If political considerations of the baser We cannot possibly, at any rate for the sort are supreme in the adminisration of present, do better than to take for each provNew York City, that is New York City's ince some man like General Wood, give him own fault; but in the Philippines or in Cuba the largest power possible both as to his it would be the fault of the American people methods and his subordinates, and then hold and not of the inhabitants, and would es- him to a strict accountability for the results ; tablish a just grievance on behalf of the demanding that he preserve untarnished the latter. We cannot afford to let politicians honor of the American name, by working, not do with our public service in our dependen- only for the interests of America, but for the cies what they have done for the consular interests of the people whose temporary ruler service; still less can we afford to let doc- he is.
A Christmas Hymn
By Richard Watson Gilder
These are they who come with swift and shining feet
The faithful shepherds these, who greatly were afeared
the heavenly host appeared.
Who are these that follow across the hills of night
Fear not, o faithful heart, but bring what most is meet
at his feet.
“ C EE, see! a stone church !"
found families of New England origin, with " Where?"
their peculiarities of dialect and custom. N “On the farthest hill, nearly a mile Little villages of frame cottages line the away; don't you see its steeple against the road for twenty miles—very small, humble sky?'
homes, indicating the narrowest margin of Surely there was no mistaking the Renais. living, but neat, often bright with flowering sance steeple, and the dignified mass that plants which fill windows and doorways, and crowning a commanding summit, was clearly quite free from an air of poverty. It was, outlined against the sky; it was certainly a however, a strange neighborhood for a large church, and more—a stone church-which stone church ! in a region of frame buildings gave it great A s a long ascent was before us, we dispre-eminence and interest.
mounted, trundling our cycles. Presently This is the land of the “ Acadians,” the we overtook a farmer riding in his cart, descendants of the peasantry who in 1755 drawn by a small ox between the shafts, were deported from Grand Pré to the south which were secured to its head by a rope ern colonies, and who, many years after, when bound and fastened to the horns, a device the troubles were over, returned, only to find which every true Nova Scotian declares to the lovely Grand Pré region fully occupied be the only humane and efficient way of atby newcomers. Sadly they turned their taching beast to cart. course to the sterile shores of St. Mary's Such incidental acquaintances usually Bay, where they settled, midway between afford opportunities for securing information, Yarmouth and Digby, Nova Scotia.
and often entertainment; no wise person Though comprising the bulk of the popu- will miss them. We hastened to the social lation of the region, here and there may be feast,
“ That seems to be a fine church up on the with 'em? What will he do with 'em ? Alas ! hill."
alas ! it's ruining the place !' * Yis, I guess it's about the best church in “ Then he began to say, "What a pity not Nova Scotia."
to build a stone church, now the stone is all “Well, that's surprising; the people don't here ! seem wealthy."
“Before long we all saw how knowin' he “No, they ain't; I don't suppose the peo- was; he'd got our farms cleared of stone so ple in any part of the Province have to work we got bigger crops, and at the same time so durned hard for a living; but the church, he'd got all the stone right handy for a new that's all owing to Father Coté."
church—and, of all things, a stone church ! "And who is Father Coté ?"
“ More and more the people were glad to ** Oh, he's our priest; he's a mighty know work under such a man; and they did it ing man; he was at college at Quebec, and with a will. And just think-he planned it learned all they could teach in every line; all, even the great trusses that carry the roof! aod then I've heerd he studied abroad. He's The carpenters were afraid they wouldn't a great man, anyhow, Father Coté is; why, hold it up, and the whole business would be he planned the church, and built it too ! down on top of their heads; they'd never
* Before he came here we were a-going to seen anything like 'em. But he said, “ I'll be get up some sort of a cheap church, and raise responsible; go ahead. And they stood as money for it by picnics and fairs, lots of 'em; solid as a rock! Oh, he's a wonderful man." but when he came he just put his foot down, “I suppose the people are very proud of Father Coté did, put it down real hard, too, their church." and said : .We won't dishonor God's cause “Yis, they love that church, they've put so in that way. We'll work, and we'll beg for it much hard work into it." first, and let people everywhere that will, “ Does Father Coté get much time to look have a chance to give to the Lord's House. after his people, and know them ?". You, François, go off to the fishing villages “Tell ye he does ; there are seven or eight and see what you can get; and you, Al- hundred of us, and he even knows the names phonse, go over to the mines and get what of all our children; seems as though he's you can there.' And so he set one and an always looking out in some way for the good other to work, and worked himself the hard of the families, big and little." est of any, until nine thousand dollars were raised ! Nine thousand dollars! Just think W e now approached the church, which we of it-wasn't that a monstrous sum ! All the were curious to investigate, and, bidding rest was labor and materials that our folks good-by to the enthusiastic and sociable gave.
farmer, we made our way to the interesting “ Then he just bossed everything all the building. way through; why, he'd take the commonest It was a large structure of the native gray sort of a man and in a little while break him stone, very simple and plain in its exterior in so he could do anything he wanted of appearance, but solid and dignified. him. Yis, sir, and he didn't mind time and Its front doors being locked, we proceeded agin taking off his coat and working with to the rear, where we found men and teams the rest of us; there wasn't anything stuck- preparing the foundations for a considerable up about him. But wasn't he wise, though! annex to the main building.
"In the beginning, when they were set to Presently one who seemed to be directing build of wood, he said: “I see you've got their efforts—a dignified and very courteous lots of stone on your land; it's very bad for man-stepped forward and invited us into the the farms; you ought to get rid of it.' church. Accepting his guidance, we entered
* * But what can we do with 'em? Nobody what proved to be a remarkably effective don't want 'em, as far as ever we've heerd.' building, capable of accommodating some
** Haul them all over to the church grounds; eight hundred or a thousand people, and they will be out of your way there, and I can possessing in an unusual degree qualities not dispose of them.'
often found in conjunction—dignity and “So the people cleared up their farms, cheerfulness. and great piles of stone rose on the church Its walls, built of the rough stone that came grounds, until everybody began to be fright from the farms, as well as by very common ened, and were saying, "What will he do labor, had required unusual thickness for
stability, and this gave deep interior jambs from that, I do not believe it is the right way (some two or three feet) to the lofty windows. to raise money for the Lord's service. So I It was surprising how greatly this expression have told my people that they must work for of mass and strength contributed a feeling the Lord's House; save for it; give and beg of grandeur to the whole interior.
for it; they must do it as an offering to Him, A handsome barrel ceiling crowned the and He would forward the undertaking, own nave, its form and lightness contrasting it, and bless the House to them. They have agreeably with the plain, sturdy walls. The done so, and He has favored them beyond all style was in the manner of the French Re- expectation. More than that, their efforts naissance, simply treated; the coloring was have made them a very different people; light, relieved sparingly by gilding.
they love and respect their religion more, The altar, which rose nearly to the height are more faithful and devoted. Is it not of the lofty ceiling, was the culminating point always true that that which we struggle and of effect, and while no costly materials or deny ourselves for, gains imperceptibly a rare workmanship entered into its compo- strong hold upon our hearts? It is, I am sition, it was very impressive, partly from sure, a great mistake to eliminate self-denial proportion and mass, and in no small degree from God's service; we lose the best means from the manner in which it was lighted-in of developing Christian character." part by concealed windows whose sole pur- We were greatly impressed, not only with pose was to give emphasis to some portions the views which had wrought such admirable of the picturesque structure.
results in the Salmon River parish, but with As we remained in the church, we felt more the gentle dignity, ability, and noble spirit and more its charm, and were led to make of the man who would have made his mark inquiries of our guide (who proved to be in any walk of life, but who had been conFather Coté himself) as to the history of tent to come to the poorest population of the this building which would in most places province, cast his lot for life with them, have cost thirty or forty thousand dollars. and, elevating their lives, do a great and last
But nine thousand dollars in money, he ing service. informed us, had been raised and expended; While the large, substantial church was bevond that all had been accomplished by the conspicuous symbol of what had been the labor of the parish, which had been most accomplished, of infinitely greater value was freely and generously given. “Why," said the change wrought in the community; the he, “ each man now gives twenty days' work training in giving and doing “as unto the in the year for the Church and its needs !” Lord.”
On leaving we accepted his invitation to Bidding good-by to our new friend, we rest a while in his study—a sunny room in the passed around the church to get our bicycles, plain little manse hard by. This gave op- and in doing so met one of the carpenters portunity for further inquiry regarding the who was working out his share of labor on details of the work, especially how it was the annex. possible that this least fertile region of Nova “You give very much to the Church," we Scotia could build the finest church of all said. the country districts.
“Yes, we have all of us given a good deal, “ More than anything else,” he replied, “I right straight along, for the last six or seven think it is because the people have taken it years; but one thing I am certain of—and up as a matter of service to God. That has I've thought it over a good deal-we are ennobled the whole thing—has made self- each one of us to-day every bit as well off in denial sweet, has made the work the great pocket as we should have been if we had not desire of their hearts.
given at all. Not a man, woman, or child is " A very usual way here, if a church is to anything poorer for what they have done! I be built-I do not know if it is so in the know that's so." States '-is to have a succession of fairs Was it strange that, in our dreams there, and festivals, and so raise the most of the and in our waking since, a personality of money. I have never believed in it. In great dignity and force has been much before many country places where the fairs continue us: that of one who, with fine talents and several days there is a great deal of intem- endowments, gladly accepted a lowly lot, per ince, and it has seemed as though the buried himself in its duties and interests, and evil quite outbalanced the good. But, aside upon high principles wrought a noble work?