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with sand mountains, country roads, and the keelson with every roll of the vessel, and other wonders of geography all around it. he packed his scant kit with a heavy heart.

“What we want,” said Karl, “is people An ordinary sailor's bag held most of it; but to live in it."

there was a brown-paper parcel, evidently just “Dolls," sighed Annette; "oh, if we only from some store, of which he took especial had some dolls for it!"

care. This he placed in an oiled canvas bag “We can make some out of driftwood, and carefully tied the neck so that no water same as we have, Annette."

could enter. This was going to his children The girl sighed again wistfully. “Oh, for Christmas. On deck again Romney put but I mean truly dolls with long yellow hair his belongings in the big dory amidships; then and eyes that open and shut, same as mamma he took the wheel while the captain looked used to read about in the book. Some little after his own effects. They still sailed in a boys and girls have them for Christmas." nebulous world of fog, out of which black

"The sea will bring them," said the boy, swells lifted, shouldered them sullenly along, stoutly; "it brings us everything. I heard and vanished. By and by the captain came papa say so."

up and took the wheel again. He did not “God gives us everything," said the girl; like this fog, for he knew well that the uncer"mamma used to say that."

tain currents of the coast might take him far A voice called a man's voice. It was the out of his reckoning. But hour after hour light-keeper.

there was no change. The Edith rolled a “Come, children," he said; “ you must little lower and lifted a little more slugcome in now. The fog is coming, and it will gishly to the sweep of the long black swells, be cold."

that was all. A hundred miles to the southwest the little Afternoon came, but there was no thought coasting schooner Edith had entered this fog of dinner. The captain was gloomy and at dawn, and was still sailing sluggishly anxious. There was no change in the wind through it. Summer fogs are windless, but and no break in the fog, which sailed by like those of winter often carry the beginning of a fleet of ghost ships, but gave no glimpse a gale folded in their clinging white. The of sun or sky. The Edith went swirling Edith had been a fisherman; then she was along like a strong swimmer, low in the too old for that, and became a coaster. She water but struggling bravely to keep afloat. was old for a coaster now, but she was well “Do you suppose she will stand it till insured. Her owner, the captain, had seen night?” asked the captain, as Romney paced to that. He had owned her but a year, but uneasily toward him. “I'm not sure where Romney, the mate, had sailed in her since we are in this fog, and I'd hate to be dropped she was launched, and she was like an old in the middle of the bay at this time of friend to him. She had sailed the morning year.” before, in ballast, and leaking. The captain “You shouldn't have sailed with her leak. and Romney were all the crew. The captain ing,” said Romney, hotly. “She's been a said he would take on two foremast hands at good boat to us, and now you are letting her Halifax. It made the work of this trip hard go to the bottom without lifting a hand, and for Romney, but he was anxious to get everything with her." home to his wife and children, and he did not The captain looked at him steadily. “ The complain. The boat seemed to leak faster insurance won't go to the bottom,” he said, now, and the captain, who had been down in “and we'll have a better boat under us in a the fore peak for some time, came up. month. We'll make Boone Island in the

“ Romney," he said, “ I'm afraid we are dory all right, and an easy landing if this going to lose the old girl. The water's cursed fog will only lift." making fast, and it's no use for just you and Romney looked at him fiercely, and then me to try and keep her pumped out. We can turned away, sick at heart. It was easy to probably make Boone Island before she sinks. see now why they had come out of port leakI'll take the wheel, and you go below and packing, and with neither cargo nor crew. He up your things."

felt like one who stands by at the deliberately Romney understood, but he had a lump in planned murder of an old friend. his throat. “The old girl ” had been his The dusk of a midwinter afternoon found home for so long; he bent his head and went the Edith still headed northeast and steered below. He heard the water swashing along by an anxious captain, who had seen no sign

of Boone Island nor any other land. The till the water curled over his hands. Then schooner's decks were almost awash now, and he plucked from his belt the sheath-knife though she held her course and struggled which most sailors carry, aod with one frantic bravely on, there were signs that the end was blow severed the rope. near. Finally, as the dusk grew, the captain "Get out your oars,” he yelled to Romney, gave a gesture of impatience and took a turn “Back her out of this.” But there was no of rope about the wheel, lashing it firmly. need to tell Rompey; he already had them

“ Help me with that boat," he said to out, and, with the captain's help, the dory Romney. “We've got to get out; she's backed away from the huge, dangerous dimple. going soon."

“ Further !" cried the captain. “ Further The captain's chest and other belongings away! She'll come up and blow, and if she were already in the dory, as were Romney's hits us-" bag and the package done up in oiled canvas. Even as he spoke the bowsprit of the Edith The two took a heave at the dory tackle, shot again above the surface, and the whole swung the boat to the rail, and dropped it forward part of her hull followed. Then, overboard. Oars and a jug of water were with a rush of imprisoned air which burst placed in it, and then the two men got in, her hatches and forward planking, she half dropping astern, towed at a long end of the turned and sank forever. main sheet fastened at the dory's bow.

She was so near that when she went down “We can't risk it aboard there any longer," Romney saw near her fore foot two augursaid the captain ; " and I reckon Boone holes with fresh splinters. He sprang up, Island isn't far off. She might as well tow us towering with rage and holding an oar. till she goes under. It won't be long now. “You cowardly sculpin !” he roared. - You I wish this cursed fog would lift.”

scuttled her !" As if in answer to the words, a single pen The captain sprang at him, sheath-knife cil of bright light shot through the gloom on in hand. “Curse you !” he cried. “ You the port side.

know too much.” “Look at that," cried the captain, jubi. A blow from Romney's oar sent the knife lantly; "there's Boone Island light now. flying, and in another moment the two were They've just lighted it.”

rolling in the bottom of the dory, which swept The two men looked intently at the light toward the momentary gulf left by the sinking • Are you sure?” said Romney. “ The fog schooner and was tossed by the commotion of may have gotten us off our reckoning." the incoming waves, yet by some fatality did

“ Watch it,' replied the captain. “Boone not sink. Romney was the stronger, and Island is a steady white light. If it is Nig- after a little he felt the captain's grasp relax. ger Head, it will show a flash of red once Then he unclasped his hand from thc other's in two minutes; but we can hardly be as far throat and laid him unresisting in the stern west as Nigger Head. Then there's Twin of the dory. Reef. God help us if it was that! But The light shone quite clear now, for the Twin Reef is two lights, and it is twenty fog was lifting and being torn in shreds by miles to the east of this. We must be pretty a keen northwest wind. This same wind near to see it through this fog. Watch was drifting the dory rapidly, and as Romney and see if it flashes."

picked up the oars and glanced at the light A minute passed, two, three, but the light he stared like one turned to stone. shone steadily, though dimly, through the fog, The captain slowly pulled himself together which seemed lifting a little.

and followed Romney's glance. Below the “It's Boone Island,” said the captain, ex- light they had at first seen, and a little to the ultingly. “We're all right. My God, the right of it, was a similar light, gradually schooner !"

widening its distance from the first with the Romney turned at the cry and stared drift of the dory. wildly at what had been the fast-settling “You don't need to kill me," the captain Edith, but was now only a whirling huge said, hoarsely. " The sea will do that, and dimple in the black water, into which they you too. That's Twin Reef. We had the sagged, dragged down by the tightening bluffs in line at first," rope. The schooner was taking them with it. Romney turned the dory's head north

The captain clawed at the fastening, but west. “We'll make the land,” he said, dog. the knot bound, and the dory's head plunged gedly. “It's only ten miles,"

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" You'll make nothing in the face of this found and opened. Annette gave a little cry northwester," said the captain. " It'll be of delight. blowing us to bally-hack in half an hour. “ Dolls !" she cried. “Big dolls, with long There's just about one chance in a thousand yellow hair, and eyes that open and shut. that we can land on the reef, but we've got Two of them! It's what we wanted for our to take it. Give me a pair of oars. I'll play-house." sit aft here, and you need not be afraid of “ Yes,” said Karl; “the sea brought them.

I knew it would. The sea brings us everyHalf an hour later the dory, unseen in the thing." twilight, drifted by the rising northwester Andette looked at him admiringly. “God and tossed by conflicting currents, entered sent them,” she said. “Mamma told us that the tortuous channel through which alone He sent everything. He's good to everybody. lay safety. Then, with the lift of a great Come, let's put them in the play-house." ground-swell, it vanished in the woolly smother S heltered in their peaceful, sunny corner of of foam which tosses continually over the the black cliffs, the children playı d happily, sunken rocks.

and knew that God was good. The captain,

swaying five fathom deep among the kelp Christmas morning broke clear and bright and rockweed of the foam-covered reef, knew The sun sbone into the sheltered angle of the that God was just; but honest Romney, the cliffs, and a package carefully tied in oiled mate, swaying five fathom deep by the capcanvas lay on the sand. This the children tain's side—what was he to know?

The Educational Situation in the West

By James H. Canfield

President of Ohio University
O AR is not always an unmitigated the ranks of volunteers. When in the heat

evil. The results of a great con- of strife one touches elbow with his brother

flict are more than public debt and feels the thrill of satisfaction that comes and private bereavement. Men cannot be from a knowledge of the presence of a fellowcast into that fiery crucible and come out man facing with him danger and death, all unchanged. Strife begets strength. The social distinctions and caste of birth or wealth clash of steel may be the opening strains of disappear like the dew before the morning the overture of a new drama more lofty in sun. The signal gun brought tens and hunpurpose and more perfect in setting than any dreds of thousands from every rank and that has preceded it. All this and more is grade of socisty, and welded them all together especially true if the contest touches the field in the white heat of a common purpose, a of morals. When it clearly possesses the common hope, a common loyalty. Lawyers, power to warm the hearts of men, and stirs carpenters, teachers, blacksmiths, artists, them to new and higher spiritual life, the masons; the clerks from the stores, the more contest becomes an epoch.

trusted employees from the counting-room, Such, unquestionably, was our Civil War. the workmen from the shops—all these were We are just beginning to realize how much inevitably thrown together upon precisely the we are indebted to that contest for the large same footing, with no exemption from arduand generous life, the magnificent enthusiasm, ous toil or dangerous exposure because of and the superb organization of the last years any previous conditions in rank or station; of the nineteenth century.

all enlisting uncler the same banner, following The war brought us a sense of equality the same leaders, and looking forward with which we had hardly known before; or the same high hope and lofty expectation to which, if we had known it in a much earlier the same great end. It was the old, old day, had begun to fade away. There is no story : “He who fights with me this day such leveler as military discipline; and noth- becomes my brother.” In the midst of this ing makes more surely or rapidly for the true equality men were taught again and again, democratic spirit than community of lifc in by undaunted courage, by heroic effort, by

the most unexpected manifestations of power, And with this came a recognition of the that the likeliest in America is still to be helpfulness of the Government. Up to 1861 found in the unlikeliest spots.

we had not been troubled with paternalism. Soon there came to the entire people of In spite of the strongest of the old Federal this country, both North and South, a new doctrines, there was apparently very little sense of unity of purpose. Whatever may sense of dependence upon the central govhave been our condition in this respect prior ernment. We had much to say about indito this conflict, or however we may have vidualism, about the power of the States as seemed at times to depart from this since the well as the rights of the States. We were close of the war, during the stress and strain rather proud, and perhaps rightly proud, of of those terrible days there was a sudden the fact that each community had very largely overleaping of the bounds of municipal life, gone its own way and had very generally a sudden breaking down of all dividing walls, worked out its own salvation. But suddenly a sudden and complete forgetfulness of that there was forced home upon us the conclusion which lay within the narrow circle of individ- that the General Government could be, not ual existence; and a broad and complete and only a great power, but a very helpful con. hearty acceptance of one great thought, one tributor to the success of any great movegreat moral purpose, one mighty determina- ment. That in the natural swing of the pention. The Union party which played such dulum we may have gone too far is perhaps a powerful part in the political events of true. Yet it was worth much to us to secure those stirring times was born of this new a clear understanding of the forces that could condition. The ease with which men who be rallied around a central standard, and of had been political enemies or commercial the value of authority commensurate with reantagonists now worked together, tugging sponsibility. It is not too much to say that mightily at the great load of responsibility our whole thought of the place and value of and anxiety and care that weighed upon the the General Government radically changed Nation, showed clearly enough the amalga- from 1861 to 1865. National existence, in mating power of this great conflict.

the true sense of the words, certainly dates Almost for the first time in the history of from the Civil War. this country came also an awakening to the The Civil War also bred within us a desire power of combination, the value of co-opera- for great enterprises, and an appreciation of tion. The beginnings of all modern econom- all that these enterprises demand, and all that ics and sociology are to be found in the period they promise to ambitious men. There had of our civil strife. Prior to that time we had been no movement since the Revolutionary taken for granted that the only power that conflict that could really be called great. In would ever bring the world out of barbarism war or in peace, in commerce, in trade, even into civilization was competition—the tend- in the field of invention, we had shown ourency of every man to fly at the throat of his selves to be more than ordinarily brilliant. neighbor. The thought of service as being But suddenly we found stirred within us a fundamental to real and lasting success in new sense of power and a new and strong either the business or the professional world desire to take hold of large things in a large was almost unknown. The better thought way. When the revenues and expenditures of to-day, which makes competition mean a of a single month far outran those of a year larger and more intelligent service to the in prior administrations; when manufacturing community, in some given line, was not and the production of all that was needed for known. But the war quickened within us our maintenance during this great strife were a clear understanding of the marvelous power pushed to the front under the spur of immediof a people who will heartily unite in any ate and pressing demand; when it became given undertaking. The vast enterprises necessary to master time and space and which must necessarily accompany a conflict make the powers of earth and air subservient like that were in themselves an education and to the will of man-the awakening was simply an inspiration to all who touched them even marvelous. Men who in charge of brigades remotely. We came to feel, finally, that a and divisions had moved great forces of men great and free people, intelligent in their with enormous expenditures of money, or who choice of ends and means, could accomplish in the administrative or commercial world, practically anything to which they gave their under the largest scheming, were spurred by hearts, their time, and their strength, necessity into a broader field of human effort than they had ever dreamed of entering be turned westward in a mighty current which fore—these men could not go back quietly to spread out over the entire country beyond the the petty affairs of a petty life.

Alleghanies. Consciously or unconsciously, Well, it all came to an end so suddenly they have played their part—not always wisely, that we hardly knew when the day of peace perhaps, but always with spirit, with power, dawned. It was more like the sudden flash- with enthusiasm, with self-sacrifice hitherto ing of the sun at noonday from the midst of unknown in the history of any people. clouds that had lain unbroken for four years. These people felt, rather than clearly unUp from the South came the regiments of derstood, that the one great factor in maintainthose who had escaped sickness and death; ing the equality, the community of purpose, those who had served their country and their the successful co-operation, the supremacy of age so gloriously were mustered out; and law, and the success of all great enterprises with mingled tears and laughter the Nation was public intelligence. They could not be was at peace. What was to become of these made to accept any basis of public prosperity men? In what direction were to set these less narrow, less sound, less durable, than the mighty currents of new thought and new im- interest and effective co-operation of the pulses ? What was to gratify this new sense people and of all the people. They were of new power? On the platform, from the willing to follow wise leaders, but they were pulpit, in the press, were words of wisdom unwilling to accept dictation, and still more and warning. Some anticipated tumult and unwilling to be ignored or treated with indiflawlessness. The bravest and most philo- ference. They came to accept completely sophical could only say that they believed that the truth of the statement that, in proportion the heart of the American people was sound as power is relegated to the people, and is to and true, but could not venture the slightest be held and administered by the people, hazard of prophecy as to what the result popular intelligence must be advanced and would be. These had been away from their strengthened. It was only natural, therefore, home, away from their usual vocations, out that in the West there should come to be a of their accustomed places, for four long remarkable recognition of the part which had years. Others had stepped in and filled the been played and the part that was to be decimated ranks of the local communities, played in all this by education. It was only There seemed no room for the million men natural that such a people, looking at life in who were to exchange the blue of the army such a way, should not be willing to accept for the homespun; who were to drop the anything less than public and free educa. sword and take up the hammer; who were to tion-education as large and generous and put pick on shoulder in place of rifle; who inclusive as the State itself. were to exchange for the direness of war all The West, in common with the entire counthe arts and ways of peace. But the great try, had always known something of public West was open to these men. Crowded out schools. In the days of a sparse population, at home or oppressed with a strange sense of of restricted commerce, of small markets, of the limitations of the old circles, the narrow- limited means of communication with the outness of the old paths, they turned toward the side world, the district school seemed enough. new country in which there was room for de- In this new era of royal endeavor, these peovelopment and growth, for magnificent schem- ple felt that the district school would never ing and the grandest enthusiasm, in which make kingly citizens nor citizens kings. So there were still worlds to conquer, and in there sprang up in all the Western States a which the mightiest might find tasks that system of public education which, while imwould call for all possible strength and power. perfect and as yet far from accomplishing all Tempted by the cheapness of lands, by the that has been desired or expected, is in its Government grants, by the freedom of that general outline one of the most typical of life upon the quasi-frontier, rejoicing in the American movements. The general scheme friendships which had been formed with of State education in the West recognizes Western men who poured into the armies sixteen years or grades. Of these, eight from Western States as from no other section grades are in what are known as the primary of the country (it will be remembered that, in schools—including the rural district schools proportion to the population, Kansas sent the and the primary grades of city schools; four largest number into the field, and Illinois are in the secondary schools, including the stood second), the men of the Grand Army city, township, and county high schools,

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