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made to felly his head of manhathe ai
a humilitexalted,", that huhimself seat
have holes, and the birds of the air being was not a man of flesh and blood. nests; but the Son of man hath not but the creation of theological fancy and where to lay his head”-oh, then we are dogmatic construction. He achieved his made to feel the blessedness of voluntary triumph, not by bravely facing his foes, poverty; we cherish and embrace our meeting force with force, but by yieldTeacher, who, when he was rich, became ing and surrendering himself to them. poor for our sake. When we hear him Logically considered (which, in so many say, “He that exalteth himself shall be cases, is the opposite to theologically humbled, and he that humbleth himself his enemies triumphed over him. shall be exalted,” we admire the virtue He is worshiped as the “gentle Jesus, of humility. But when we see him at the the man of sorrows, the lamb of God that Last Supper laying aside his upper gar- taketh away the sins of the world, the sufments, girding himself with a towel, pour- fering Messiah," and so forth; and with ing water into a basin, and washing the such a being strength of will and forcefeet of his disciples, then that virtue fulness of character are incompatible, assumes for us special attractions. When although we all know that no evil in this we hear him say, “ Blessed are the merci- evil world, worth dying for, has ever been ful: for they shall obtain mercy," we are destroyed by mere bearing it meekly. Yet delighted with his doctrine. But we are it was on this kind of victory alone that more profoundly moved when we witness the Church has built her dogma. his compassion for the hungering multi- In so far she was right, as not a single tude in the desert, and his mercy shown act of what we understand by manly to the erring Magdalen. When he says, strength and bravery is recorded of Jesus “If you will not forgive men, neither will in the Gospels. Miracles are the easiest your Father forgive you," he is clothing possible method of meeting opponents an old commandment in new words. But successfully—provided you can work when he prays from the cross for his them. executioners, “ Father, forgive them, for Ary Scheffer's famous picture of the they know not what they do," he gives a Temptation expresses tremendous strength sublime lesson of forgiveness never before on the evil side, ideal weakness on the good. exhibited by sage or prophet.
Such, I am sure, was not the man who When we listen to these words : “Blessed could say to Satan, Get thee behind me! are they that suffer persecution for justice's That moment (although, of course, merely sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. symbolic) offers a situation in which a Blessed are ye when they shall revile you, great depth of force might be reflected and persecute you, and speak all that is from forehead, eye, mouth, and figure. I evil against you, untruly, for my sake," am not familiar enough with all the masterwe are in admiration at his doctrine. But pieces of the brush to say whether or not when we behold the innocent Lamb him- it has been attempted. But, to be true, it self accused of being a blasphemer, a sedi- must of necessity be the portrait of a Jew tious man, and a disturber of the public with his racial characteristics deeply sunk peace, we are consoled in our trials, and in his face; and would not this be a shock calumny loses its sting.
to Christian sensibilities? Beautiful above the sons of men was I shall probably be hooted at for my Jesus in his glorious transfiguration ; but impudence in saying what I am going to far more beautiful is he to us when sus- say; I will say it nevertheless—this, pended from the Cross. The crown of namely, that Raffaello's world-worshiped thorns is more comforting to us than the Madonna always appears to me as the halo that encircles his brow on Mount highest type of idealized “ unnaturalness;" Tabor.
and that is not divine.
It looks to me (pardon the rudeness) FROM RABBI GUSTAV GOTTHEIL, D.D. like a mother exhibiting her baby. Their Of the Temple Emanuel-El (Jewish), New York City eyes are turned away from themselves;
I have never seen a picture of the being the two are not each and all to one ancalled Saviour of the world in which other, as mother and child should be, and strength was a marked feature, or even as highest types of this relation ever were indicated. Naturally so, because the in Judea : they exist for other plans and
purposes. The strangest thing, however, strong according to our common definition. is that this baby's face is the only one of Neither did his character unfold through Jesus that I have seen in which something temptation—that is to say, as the average like force and dominion break from the man understands temptation. The temp eyeballs; and there they are out of place— tations in the wilderness were either typiso, at least, it appears to my poor judgment, cal or they were local. Jesus's life was
not spent in resisting evil, but in realizing FROM THE REV. PERCY S. GRANT. the good. His character developed, there, Of the Church of the Ascension (P. E.), New York City fore, more as a woman's character develops
The traditional face of Christ in art -in innocence, sweetness, and love. We does not seem to me to be a strong face. are not, therefore, to expect the Christ face It is not the face of a man capable of suc- to exhibit moral struggle. Nor can we cessful struggle with other men. It has look for that sadness which creeps into not the power of blood and iron-of a Bis- the eyes of great men who die without marck. It is not
accomplishing the face of one
the reforms upon who has had to
which they set wrestle with temp
their hearts. It tation—of a St.
is true that Jesus Paul. It does not
was cut off and denote patient en
thwarted in his durance and suf
earthly career, but ering in a great
he could see the cause nobly con
accomplishment tended for-that
of his purpose in is to say, it is not
its apparent dethe face of a Lin
feat. The joy that coln. Nor do we
was set before him find in the tradi
must have robbed tionalface of Jesus
his face of melana moral superior
choly, of weary ity so great that
endurance, and of it could domi
hopelessness. nate material and
The Christ of physical forces —
the New Testacalm a tempest,
ment had spirheal the sick, raise
itual power that from the dead.
HEAD OF CHRIST .
was as elemental The kind of A Painting at the Antwerp Cathedral, ascribed to Da Vinci, as the power of
but really by a Flemish artist. strength of char
God, flowing inacter that we are most familiar with is deed from the same source. We have no that which is developed by the force of a conception of a face that could match such competitive civilization. Among college a nature. The face of Christ in art will athletes, among soldiers, young business always, therefore, be disappointing. men, and even city roughs we find this typical modern strong face. It is reso- FROM THE REV. E. M. HARDCASTLE, JR. lute, determined, firm. In middle life such Assistant Rector Grace Church (P. E.), New York City faces are apt to become stern. In old age T he strength of the Christ face as porthey are fierce, as Gladstone's was called, trayed in the Scriptures would lie, it seems, or they are hard.
in the union of the elements that characBut Jesus took no part in the competi- terize his two natures. The divine strength tive life of his time, and he lived when would reside in holiness, while the human competition was not as strenuous as to-day. would be evidenced by an association of He fulfilled Isaiah's prophecy, “He did the strong elements of justice and truth not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to with the gentler qualities of tenderness, be heard in the street.” We should not loving-kindness, and patience. These have expect, then, the face of Jesus to be not been combined in due proportion in