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that of Pedro Perea, for delegate to Congress, readily heretofore, and, by doing so, save to Jesus Aonijo y Jaramillo, for school su- much time and trouble in the task they have perintendent.
undertaken. Even though we have helped The people of Spanish names and speech to give people the right to life and liberty, resent the name Mexican, generally applied we should not quarrel with or despise them to them, and the politicians, therefore, call because they do not pursue happiness as enthem natives; which is fair enough, for their ergetically as we do, or exactly by our methancestry dates in the Territory for three cen- ods. If prejudice is cast aside and note turies. Think of New Englanders or Penn- made of the good things said by others of sylvanians whose American lineage dates our new or prospective citizens, we will find much later being called Englishmen! If it an unexpected aggregate of the well-meaning is true, as claimed, that these natives are of qualities which, under favorable political two-thirds Aztec ancestry, they may well be conditions, make for peace and prosperity. considered as native Americans. “A legend
H. G. of the Aztecs relates that during their wan
Las Cruces, New Mexico. derings their god of war declared that they should no longer bear the name Aztec, but
Notes and Queries should take instead that of Mexi.”
NOTE TO CORRESPONDENTS.-It is seldom possible For over fifty years since the acquisition
to answer any inquiry in the next issue after its receipt. of the Territory—these so-called Mexicans Those who find expected answers late in coming will, bave been citizens of the United States.
we hope, bear in mind the impediments arising from
the constant pressure of many subjects upon our limThey proved their loyalty in the Civil War ited space. Communications should always bear the by active support of the Government; and writer's name and address. now they divide on political issues, under Kindly give your judgment on the Greek of standingly, like other citizens. The general
the following New Testament text. 1. Could
not Matthew xxviii., 1, be translated as follows: wish of the people of the Territory is for
“At the end of the sabbaths, as it began to Statehood, and no concern is shown because dawn toward the first of the sabbaths, came of the large preponderance of the native Mary," etc., meaning at the end of the old vote.
Jewish series and the beginning of the new The fact is that these native people pre
Christian series? The above is certainly the
literal. 2. Do not Luke xxiv., 1, and John XX., sent the political paradox so strikingly stated 1, 19, sustain this view ? and Mark xvi., 2, 9, exby James Bryce, that safety is to be found cept inasmuch as it uses singular instead of in dependence upon the ultimate judgment plural ? 3. Is it not noteworthy that the New
Testament writers always call Resurrection Day of the humbler portion of humanity in decid
Sabbath except in Revelation i., 10? Is not this ing general questions of government. In sufficient Biblical ground for calling Sunday comparison with the men from the “ States” Sabbath ? And does it not leave Sabbatarians they are humble in appearance and conduct,
without Biblical grounds for calling Saturday
Sabbath ? 4. In James ii., 10, should not“ law" and impatience is shown by employers at
impatience 15 shown by employers at be supplied, if any word is needed, instead of the their slowness of thought and action. At italicized word " point"? 5. Is the name Saturthe same time it is recorded that “the New day in any sense a corruption or derivation of Mexicans of Spanish descent are among the oáßßatov, as is stated in the Century Dicmost honest-dealing people of the world.” tionary and Cyclopedia ? 6. In Matthew xxviii.,
1, the plural tv caßßátwv might be regarded This one virtue alone is an offset to many
a Hebraism if Matthew alone used it, but Luke shortcomings.
and John were not so much given to Hebraisms. That greatest of all absorbing agencies, It is a difficult task to substitute “week" for the free district school, has been established “Sabbath," with one or two exceptions in the within a decade, and favorable testimony is
Bible, until it refers to the Resurrection Day,
and then week is regularly substituted. Why is given as to the brightness of the young Mexi
this? These questions are suggested in Chapter American children. May we not expect that VII. of Dr. M. C. Briggs's book " The Sabbath : this institution will bring the needed awaken- What? Why? How ?"
R. P. S. ing here as it has elsewhere?
1 and 2. In Matthew xii., 1 and 2, the One lesson which the recent history of plural form, used in xxviii., 1, is seen to be New Mexico should teach Americans is that equivalent to the singular. It is inconceivaif they agree to the annexation of countries ble that Matthew, which is pre-eminently the inhabited by people of other tongues, they Jewish Christian Gospel, could have written should give up the unreasoning and unjust with the meaning you suggest. 3. Accordrace prejudice to which they have yielded so ing to the other Gospels, the resurrection took
place " when the Sabbath was past," "on the about $1.50). See also a paper in the first day of the week.” We find so warrant “ Forum,” May, 1897, “ Fallacies Conceroing for your s atement. 4. No; according to Prayer.”
ammars, such a word as “part" is to 1. I am interested in the newer interprelation be supplied in such an ellipsis. 5. No; Satof the Atonement put forward by the modern urday means “Saturn's day.” It is the Ger- school of thinkers, but do not see how this is man name for the day, Samstag, which the
made to agree with certain passages in the Scrip
ture which directly suggest that Christ died to authority you refer to regards as connected
satisfy divine justice. How is 1 John iv., 10, with cáßßarov. 6. We cannot agree with for instance, explained ? 2. Is there any one you. There is good authority for translating book in which I can find the various scenes in Matthew xxviii., 1, " At the end of the week,
Old Testament and subsequent religious history
described as revivals of religion, with an explanaas it began to dawn to the first of the week.”
tion of their causes and effects? I refer to such 1. Kindly give a short list of books (if possible
scenes as Joshua at Ebal and Gerizim. 3. Can with names of publishers and prices) treating on
you tell me where the paper called “ The KingLife after Death. 2. Is there any generally ac
dom" is published, and what is its nature? 4. cepted interpretation for 1 Peter iii., 19, which
Do you know of any work or works that will says that Christ “preached to the spirits in
give me the trend of modern theological thought, prison"? What is your opinion of the text?
not only the tendencies of the denominations 3. In Mark xi., 24, “ All things whatsoever ye pray
individually, but the general trend of thought and ask for, believe that ye have received them,
among the Christian Churches as a whole? and ye shall have them.” (R. V.) Is this prom
Among the denominations, I should especially
like to inform myself concerning the present ise literally true? That is, will the prayer of
position and tendencies of the Congregationalfaith avail in changing the will of God in granting to us all our desires ? 4. What is a good book
8 ists, Presbyterians, and Protestant Episcopal.
C. B. w. on the Philosophy of Prayer ?
T. W. P. 1. The “propitiation” here referred to 1. “ Salvator Mundi” and “Beyond the must be understood as the satisfaction of Shadow" (T. Whittaker, New York, about conscience as God's representative within us. $1.25 each); Peta vel's “ Problem of Immor. For a full treatment of such passages see tality” (Woodman, Boston, 75 cents). 2. “The Divine Satisfaction " (Whittaker, New This is still in controversy. To us the ob- York, 40 cents). 2. We cannot think of any vious meaning is that Christ proclaimed his exactly of this sort. A more profitable sort Gospel to sinners in durance in the world of of book is Cheyne's “ Jewish Religious Life departed spirits. 3. We understand it as After the Exile" (Putnams, New York, about literally true from Jesus's point of view. $1.25) 3. At Minneapolis; devoted to So He contemplated prayer for definite objects, cial Christianity. 4. We published an article not as offered for any merely personal ends, on this subject, “ Progressive Orthodoxy," but with a dominating reference to the ad- September 27, 1897. “ The New Puritan. vancement of the kingdom of God. Prayer ism" (Fords, Howard & Hulbert, New York) for things personal to us must, therefore, if deals with the forward movement in theology, it comes within the range of his promise, without describing the extent to which it is seek its object as auxiliary to the main effective in the several denominations. interests of the kingdom. “ All things what 1. Is there a magazine that gives a résumé of soever” are certainly not promised to all theological thought and current literature on sorts of prayer, but only to prayer in the theological subjects, in Great Britain ? If so,
where can it be obtained ? 2. Please name the spirit of Christ, and only in subordination to
two ablest theological quarterlies or magazines the interests uppermost in the spirit of Christ. published in England, and where to be obiained. In the answer this subordination will, of
H. D. B. course, be maintained, as in the prayer. But 1. No, at least not except in an occasional we are not to think of prayer as “changing article. 2. The Church Quarterly Review " the will of God,"' or trying to get him to do (fl yearly), representing the Anglican Church; our will; it is rather an endeavor to link our “ The Expositor" (12 shillings yearly), reprewill to his will, that his will may be done, senting the other Churches. We believe that and it is not done any further than as men the former can be supplied by James Pott & co-operating with him do it. 4. There is no Co., and the latter by Dodd, Mead & Co., quite satisfactory book on this subject. The New York. best things on it were said long ago by Dr.
Please inform me where can the quotation, F. H. Hedge, in his “ Reason in Religion” o
" Captive of my bow and spear," be found ? (American Unitarian Association, Boston,
T. W. B.
For the Little People
ent Hawaiian race. These little people took By Anne Hempstead Branch
refuge in the mountains, where they live in “I wish I could go to the wonderful land the dense tropic forests.
Where the dream-folk travel," said he. While many persons can hear them pass" I would sail in a boat till it grated the sanding and the hum of their voices, these HaThat reaches down to the sea.
waiian Brownies are invisible to every one And the dear dream-people would laugh and except their own descendants, of whom there sing,
are, or were, a few among the present race of And give me my choice of everything, Hawaiians. Like Mr. Cox's Brownies, whatAnd maybe sometime they would make me ever work they do must be finished in one king
night. Their moito is, “ He ho hookahi, a ao Oh, mother, how nice it would be!
ua pau." (In one night and by dawn it is But I'd always come back, dear mother-my- finished.) own,
Here are a few Brownie stories : 1 If I knew the way," said he.
Pi's WATERCOURSE AND FISH-POND
Pi, an ordinary Hawaiian, wanted an irri* And if I came back all glitter and gold
gating ditch from the Waimea River to his From the wonderland over the sea,
kuliana (farm) near Kikialoa, Kauai. HavDo you think you would know me, so gallant and bold,
ing marked the place for the dam and the
route of the ditch, Pi went into the mountains For your own little lad ?" said he.
and ordered the Menehune to do the work. “ If I came like a Prince, for a great surprise,
The obedient Brownies in one night gathWould you guess it was I, in such strange
ered and cut the stones. Then, on the night disguise ?
Pi bad ordered the building to be done, he But I'd climb in your lap and I'd kiss your
went to the spot where the dam was to be
built, and waited. In the dead of night he Until you began to see !
heard the noise and hum of voices, and Do you think you would know me, O mother
legions of Menehune came, one following the my-own,
other, each bearing a stone; every stone fitted For your own little lad ?” said he.
exactly in its place; the river was dammed;
the stone auwai (watercourse) was laid to “ The Original Brownies "
Pi's kuliana long before the break of day. By J. A. Cruzan
Pi served the hard-working little fellows a Had the children known that Hawaii was
generous feast, and at dawn the Menehune the original home of the Brownies, they would
returned to the mountains very well satisfied. all, without doubt, have favored annexation. Many Hawaiians think this story must be But the B:ownies the children of America
true, for the stone watercourse at Kikiaola know so well are very different from the still exists. Hawaiian pygmies. This. perhaps, is owing Pi, the lazy fellow, had succeeded so well to these queer little people having become
with his auwai that he thought he might get such great travelers under the lead of Mr. a fish-pond in the same way. But, like many Palmer Cox.
other men, he was too grasping. He ordered These original Brownies were called Mene- the Menehune to build the pond, on a certain hune, from their father, Menehune, who was night, at a certain place. They obeyed, and the son of Nuu, the Hawaiian Noah. They again came along lines of Brownies, each were all hard-working little fellows; there bearing a stone. But Pi had marked out was not a dude, nor a policeman, nor a such an enormous pond that though the Chinaman among them. They are thought work was begun before midnight, and though by some to have been the original inhabitants of these islands, who were compelled to give ? For the facts in these stories I am indebted to an
interesting article printed in " Thrum's Annual," written way to the larger, stronger men of the pres- by Mr. Nakuina, a native Hawaiian.
the Brownies worked as never Brownies did found his father or not, the story does not before or since, when the cocks began to say. crow the walls of the pond were not finished.
THE BROWNIES AS TEMPLE-BUILDERS The Menehune, dripping with perspiration,
Unlike Mr. Cox's Brownies, the Menehune fled back to the mountains. The fish-pond has remained unfinished to
were quite religious. They are said to have
built several temples. this day, which served Pi right.
The Hawaiian heiau (temple) was a large LAKA'S CANOE
stone pen. The walls were from ten to fifteen On the island of Maui lived a chief, who
feet high, and about fifteen feet thick at the
base and eight feet thick at the top. had an only son called Laka-a-Wahieloa. We will call him Laka, “ for short." He was
A temple was to be built in Kohala. The greatly loved by his parents, and was under
stone had to be brought from a valley twelve
miles distant. The legend says that the the special care of his grandmother. His
Menehune formed a line from the valley to father went to Hawaii to get a new toy for his
the site of the temple, and, like an oldson, and was killed and his body hidden in a cave. When Laka was grown, he resolved to
fashioned fire-brigade, passed the stones from search for his father. His grandmother told
hand to hand to the builders. Thus in one him : “ Go to the mountains and look for a
night the great heiau was built. tree with leaves shaped like the moon; such
The people of Pepeekeo, Hilo, had worked
for weeks to gather the stone to build a heiau, is the tree for a canoe."' Laka found the tree with the moon-shaped leaves, and, beginning
and were to begin the building the next day.
That night the Menehune built it. early in the morn ng, worked so hard that by
On Molokai the leper settlement is on a supset he had cut it down, Returning next
tongue of land thrust into the sea. Where it morniog, he could not find his fallen tree, and
joins the mainland there is a great mountain so he cut down another, but with the same
wall with a sheer precipice nearly two thouresult. Several times Laka was thus tricked, but, acting on the advice of his grandmother,
sand feet high. On the face of the precipice
there is an inaccessible ledge of rock, with before cutting another tree he dug a deep
the great cliff above and below it. On this ditch, and cut the tree so that it would fall into it. When the tree was in the ditch Laka
ledge is a heiau, said to be built of stone hid beside it and waited. About midnight
from the seashore. No one has ever been
able to reach it, from above or below. The there was a humming noise, and soon the place was filled with Brownies, who laid hold
story is that the Menehune built it for their
own use. of the tree and tried to lift it out of the ditch.
Hilo, Hawaii. Laka caught two of the little fellows who were directiog the work, but all the others
About Fathers ran away. Laka threatened to kill his pris- When fathers jump up and they holler, oners for the trouble they had caused him. “Here, Jim! you rascal, you scamp!" They were greatly alarmed, and promised him, And hustle you round by the collar, if he would release them and go to his home And waggle their canes and stamp, and build a shed by the seashore, they would You can laugh right out at the riotmake the canoe for him and put it in the
e They like to be sassed and dared ; shed. Laka built the shed, and, going to the
But when they say, “ James,” real quiet
Bi mountains, he found a very large and beauti
00-00—that's the time to be scared ! ful canoe. He returned home and prepared
--St. Nicholas. a feast for the Brownies, which he spread in one end of the shed. That night there was
Winter Jewels the hum of voices, and the great canoe was
A million little diamonds carried (not dragged) down the mountain and
Twinkled in the trees, put in the shed. The Menehune had a good
And all the little children said, time at Laka's feast and then returned to the
“ A jewel, if you please !'' mountains.
But while they held their hands The hole dug by Laka, into which the tree
To catch the diamonds gay, fell, is said to still exist, and the foundation
A million little sunbeams came, of the great shed remained for many years,
And stole them all away. but now it is plowed up. Whether Laka ever - From Songs and Games for Little Ones,
Books and Authors
Crawford's “Ave Roma Immortalis"I place; the stern fathers who made the EmWriters on Rome might be divided into
pire possible; the nobles whose gorgeous sins
painted Rome with the iridescence of decay; two general classes: those enamored of her
the nameless innocents who were laid asleep beautiful ghosts; and those who sit in judg
in her subterranean passages to await the ment upon her ruins—the archæological coro
revelation of a fairer city. She is to him Ders of a dead yet immortal city.
what Mona Lisa was to Pater, an embodiMr. Marion Crawford's “ Ave Roma Immortalis " is the book of a lover of Rome.
ment “of strange thoughts and fantastic
reveries and exquisite passions." Her roHowever great his knowledge of her antiqui
mance begins with the lives of a few wanties—and with these he has had an intimate acquaintance since childhood—his story of
derers from the Alban Mountains, “rough, her ageless romance is the fruit of fascina
rugged, young with the terrible youth of
those days, and wise only with the wisdom tion. “But she is a well-loved woman, whose dear face is drawn upon a man's
of nature.” When they reach seven low
hills by a turbid river, “ they encamp and heart, by the sharp memory of a cruel parting, line for line, shadow for shadow, look for
they dig a trench and build huts. Pales,
protectress of flocks, gives her name to the look, as she was when he saw her last."
Palatine Hill. Rumon, the flowing river, This sensitive affection for the many-souled
names the village Rome, and Rome names city transforms her ruined records into a
the leader Romulus, the Man of the River, living drama. Mr. Crawford has been able to do what would be well-nigh impossible for
the Man of the Village by the River." Even
in these dim scenes there is always one man the archæologist to do in the same compass
who emerges from the throng and is rememto cover the ground of Roman history from
bered. Mr. Crawford throws the high light Romulus to Leo XIII. “Unless one have half a lifetime to spend in patient study and
upon the actor rather than upon his backdeep research," he writes, “it is better, if
ground. Now it is Horatius, now Lucretia,
now Virginius and his daughter in the Forum. one come to Rome, to feel much than to try
“ Alexander left chaos behind him; Cæsar and know a little; for in much feeling there is more human truth than in that danger
left Europe.” Mr. Crawford writes of Julius
Cæsar with an enthusiasm and a freshness ous little knowledge which dulls the heart
of treatment that re-create the subject. In and hampers the clear instincts of natural thought."
the chapter on the City of Augustus he in
terprets the Augustan age, or a prominent The first four chapters of the book are devoted to the Making of the City, the Em
phase of it, through the elegant and selfpire, the City of Augustus, and the Middle
conscious Horace. He relates the story of
Horace and the Bore with much dramatic Age. Fourteen chapters following describe the fourteen Regions of Mediæval Rome,
humor. “Any one may see just how it hapcorresponding somewhat to modern wards.
pened, and many know exactly how Horace
felt from the moment when the Bore buttonThe chapters on the Regions are followed
holed him, at the corner of the Julian Basilica, by three on Pope Leo XIII., the Vatican, and
till his final deliverance, near the corner of St. Peter's, and so the series is complete.
the Triumphal Road, which is now the Via The satisfactory character of the entire
di San Gregorio." work is due to the author's treatment of his subject. The whole of Rome can be "mir
The fourteen chapters on the Regions are
a rich condensation of the life of mediæval rored only in the heart. Mr. Crawford's nar.
and Renaissance Rome. “Every stone has rative is dramatic and human, as befits the
tasted blood, every house has had its tragedy, world's love-story. He writes, not of the
every shrub and tree and blade of grass and stones of Rome, but of the men who made
wild flower has sucked life from death and her eternal : the Cæsar who created the im.
blossoms on a grave." The very stones of perial ideal; the Pope who took Cæsar's
the streets had indeed been “mollen lava," - Ave Roma Immortalis : Studies from the Chronic the hot passions of two thousand years makcles of Rome. By Francis Marion Crawford. The Macmillan Company, New York Two Volumes. $6. ing at last only a chill pavement for the feet