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ceeded in doing. Any paper was sure to like a great collective race acting in common succeed whose editor bad the co-operation of brotherhood. such men as Henry Drummond, Marcus According to a beautiful Indian custom, on Dods, Robert Louis Stevenson, J. M. Barrie, one day Dr. and Mrs. Fairbairn and Miss Professor Elmslie, and others of equal ability. Fairbairn were garlanded with flowers. An It has long been the pride of the editor that address was also presented to them by a the columns of his paper have first given school of the Church Missionary Society. fame to many who have since been favorites The Indian papers speak in high terms of of the reading public. Among those may be the anticipation which preceded Dr. Fairmentioned S. R. Crockett and John Watson. bairn's arrival and of the impression which Dr. W. Robertson Nicoll, the editor, is to be has already been made. congratulated on his success. His gratification is justified.

A Veteran Gone

The Rev. Edward S. Strong, D.D., who The “Missionary Herald”

recently died in Pittsfield, was a man who, a One of the very best missio. ary magazines few years ago, occupied a prominent position is the “ Missionary Herald," published by the in religious circles. He was a classmate of American Board of Commissioners for For the late Rev. Dr. Joseph P. Thompson, pastor eign Missions. It is admirably edited, and is of the Broadway Tabernacle. He was the not a mere collection of letters of more or valedictorian of his class in Yale, and Dr. less value, as is so often the case with similar Thompson the salutatorian. His pastorates publications. An effort is now being made were in New Haven, Pittsfield, and West to improve the magazine in many ways and Roxbury. He was a brother of the late thus to bring it to the attention of a still Justice Strong, of the United States Supreme larger constituency. It will aim to be a Court. He died at the age of eighty-five, forum for the discussion of all subjects per- and until the last was interested in the great taining to Foreign Missions, in a large, intel- themes of theological speculation. He resemligent, and catholic spirit. The Missionary bled the theologians of an earlier time in Herald,” as a rule, is worth reading from New England, a type of men which has very cover to cover. It will be still more valuable largely passed away. in the future.

The Death of Mr. McBurney
Principal Fairbairn in India

The New York Young Men's Christian Principal Fairbairn has reached Bombay Association and those of the whole world and begun his lectures there. He received a have suffered a great loss in the death of Mr. hearty welcome both from natives and from Robert R. McBurney. For many years he foreigners. Large audiences listened to the had been engaged in the affairs of the Assolectures which were delivered in the Hall of ciation, and for a long time had been its most Wilson College. At a reception wbich was conspicuous leader in New York City. No given him, in reply to an address of welcome man was more familiar with the needs of by a distinguished native, Dr. Fairbairn used young men, and few had done more to create language which is worthy of a wide reading. better conditions in the metropolis. It may He said:

almost be said that the Association in New Never will you understand the English people York will be his enduring monument. if you see them simply in the aspect of authority; you will get to know them only when you see

Notes them in the attitude of service; and it is in this atti ude that the people of the West are worthiest

Formal approval has been given to the call to to be known by the people of the East. We are

the Rev. D. S. Mackay, D.D., of Newark, to sucstriving to serve each other in a variety of ways.

ceed the Rev. E. B. Coe, D.D., in the Collegiate We give our sons to you, and you give yours to

Reformed Church in New York, and it is anus to educate and form. Customs ought not to

nounced that he will probably begin his ministry alienate. You should never allow small sectional

on Sunday, January 22. differences to divide. Color is nothing. You The Rev. Stanley White, of Orange, N. J., has would not have us as you are, we would not have been called to the pastorate of the First Presby. you as we are, but we would both like each other terian Church at Englewood, N. J., in succession to be the best that is possible in the sight of man to the Rev. James Eells, who about a year ago and the best that is possible for the ultimate became a Unitarian. This is the church which good of humanity. Let us become more men, the Rev. Henry M. Booth, D.D., left to become less English ; more universal, less sectional ; more President of Auburn Theological Seminary.

The Home Club

The Balance of Happiness

fixings." Her companion looked at her. Is it not true that to-day much of the “Yes, that is just what I mean. I'm going beauty of living is sacrificed to the doing of to wear collars and ties out of fashion. You'll things that bave no permanent value and the see that once a monih I shall be up to date. getting of things that have compelled sacri. I cannot keep up the struggle." fices out of all proportion to their value? It is just that-- a struggle. It is now a ques

Everybody will admit the tremendous tion, not of buying clothes that are becoming growth in this country of the arts, especially to us, but becoming to the place and the thing of t-e art cf decoration. Many phases have to which they will be worn, and the particular been passed through that were not beautiful, object of going. The result is a cea:eless and these phases are found, like retreating struggle that leaves exhaustion only to the waves, in imitations at tbe different social penniless w man who lives in the spirit of strata. While this is true, is it not true that her age. in the art of living we have gained ? Are the Our homes, most of them, represent the homes of the land nearer perfection than same ceaseless struggle. House-furnishings they were in preceding generations ? With change in coloring, in effects, almost as rapall that science and invention have done to dly as bonnets. A house is hardly in order lighten the labors of tre housekeeper, has before it is old-fashioned. Table-furnishings the result given her greater leisure in which are a burden. The first lunches of a season to enrich her own mind, be more companion are almost dreaded by simple souls, lest they able with her children, more the intimate display evidences of ignorance in the use of friend of her husband ? Most women admit things familiar to the waitress. When set, that the leisure that should be theirs does not the table does not suggest a feast of reason exist for them; that the repose of spirit that and a flow of soul, but a repository for the depends on freedom from anxiety is uc- display of the host's belongings. known to them. And they as readily admit Could there be a more severe criticism of the cause : demand out of all proportion to a home than to question how it is possible strength and equipment.

to maintain it at that standard ? or of the The very increase in knowledge and taste dress of a family than how they are able to has imposed burdens on the heads of families buy the things they wear ? that often deprive them of peace. For there If they are the result of sacrificing the is apt to be a conflict of opinion between a finer things of life, if the essentials are surgood business man and the wife and mother rendered - books, travel, art, music, peace of who finds it impossible to meet the demands mind, future independerce-how petty, yes, of her family—the needs, she would put it, how criminal! What can be the result on with the sum put at her disposal; and fre- the characters of children who live in an quently the judgment of the business man atmosphere of pretense and uncertainty ? yields to the pressure of affection.

Beauty is an essential to happiness often, A capitalist, in conversation a few months but it does not minister to this office if ago, made the startling statement that four secured at the price of honesty; and honesty hundred out of five hundred men in this does not depend on merely meeting one's bills, country were living up to the extreme limit but on securing that which ministers to the of their income, and ibat at least five hundred higher things-love, peace, rest, contentment. men out of a thousand were in debt because of the expenses of their families.

Masculine and Feminine Talkers It is a marvel that there is as much happi- There appeared in a recent number of the ness as exists under this pressure. The pity " Century" an article on “Club Women," by of it, that life should lose so much and gain, Margaret Sutton Briscoe. This writer is not gain? There is no gain.

only always clever but always good-natured. · A woman not long ago said, in a shop, Her comments on that always interesting while passing a counter on which was a dis- class must command attention. The article play of neckwear, “ There is one thing I have opens with the experience of a woman who given up, ard that is, playing tag with neck is struck with the difference between what might be called the masculine and the femi- whether to the one or the many, it is best to nine method in conversation--the masculine have something to say before speaking. The remarkable for its silences, the feminine for writer in the “Century" says in closing: the absence of silence. In commenting Pleasant and profitable as clubs for women on this, the writer of "Club Women ” ques- often are, they cannot be said to be clubs proper tions whether the habit of repose in social inter- if precedent is to continue to demand of the

members speech with or without thought, at the course marks the intercourse of men rather

same time forbidding that privilege dear to the than that of women, and then contrasts the heart of the club-man-sitting in silence if he attitude of the members of men's clubs toward will, or “flocking alone in a comer.” When the one another and of the members of women's

time comes that many women of choice flock

reposefully in corners, or sit silent at wiil, then it clubs toward one another. The men's club rep

will follow that the one or two flocking alone by resents freedom for silence, the women's club untoward accident will feel no discomfort, but by fear lest any one should be silent. There is a force of example learn how to look contented great point of truth in this, if it is ever fair

though their position be to them distinctly dis

tasteful. In that day, those who wish to be silent to parallel men's and women's clubs. The

will be silent; those who form into groups will man's club is what we might call a stop-house. be grouped, not from fear of standing apart, but It is the place a man goes to secure freedom because they wish to be together. In that milfrom responsibility. It is open all the time,

lennium we may look to find clubs for women,

clubs proper, and not, as now too often, the and he can in it enjoy any mood that possesses

drawing-rooms of uneasy stockholders. him. Women's clubs exist for one day in the week, the social center for the members.

Public-School Graduates There are very few club-houses for women in The public schools in cities all over the this country, and a visit to these shows that country are the objects of special attention their prime use is social; the members go of fathers and mothers. In Boston there is there to meet one another for the purpose of an effort to have the graduates of the public conversation, for committee business, to inter- schools represented on the Board of Educaest one or more members in a pet scheme, or tion. The effort is to secure intelligent men for educational purposes. Yet it is doubtless and women who know the schools and school true that almost every day, if not every day, methods from experience; it is natural to it is possible to receive instruction in some suppose that men and women who have been thing from a paid teacher in some woman's graduated from the public schools will have club-house in the country. Woman will a special interest and special loyalty to them. never rest in bonnet and gloves; she will There is also a further reason for the reprehold her silences, so to speak, in her own sentation of public-school graduates on the home. Women's clubs exist for the purpose Board. There are several associations of of conversation with groups of other women graduates of different public schools, and impossible to meet elsewhere for lack of time, these, it is believed, should be brought into and often of place.

closer affiliation in order to secure a cenThat woman lacks the gift of conversation tralized interest to protect the schools from in the sense of weaving a fabric of thought the evils of politics. is perhaps true of most women. They are prone to express every passing thought, with The Opportunities of Language out giving time to the mind to make that At a recent dinner given by Manx men thought the fruit of energy stored long enough and the descendants of Manx men in London, in the mind to gather shape and flavor that one of the speakers said that the Manx lanwarrant offering it to others.

guage was the best language in the world for Repose for women will never be found in “courting,” for you could say “my dear" in club life, for, as it is lived to-day, except in ninety-seven different ways. The possibilities the few instances, it represents less than one for happiness must be increased just that fourteenth of the week, and often the only much on the Isle of Man, if the people realize social opportunity of the members.

their opportunities. What the rest of the That the public discussions are not repre- world must do is to learn to express “my sentative of the men al ability of the members dear” in ninety-seven different tones, and is often true. If women have not learned to then we shall reach the greatest possibilities think when conversing with one or two, they of this island people, who are blessed with a have not yet learned to think on their feet. language that multiplies the terms of love That will come later, when it is learned that and endearment.

The Outlook

Published Weekly

January 14, 1899

Vol. 61

No. 2

The news reports from places in the Philippines in possession of the The Situation in the Iloilo received up to the United States will be open to the commerce Philippines

beginning of this week of all friendly nations. In his concluding show no positive change in the situation from paragraph Mr. McKinley again asserts the that reported in our issue of last week. Gen- high motive of our occupation, saying that eral Miller's troops were at last accounts still we will prove “ that the mission of the United on board the transports; the insurgents still States is one of benevolent assimilation, subheld the city. Dispatches assert that the stituting the mild sway of justice and right attitude of the insurgent soldiers toward the for arbitrary rule.” In reply to the criticism Americans is hostile, and that they declare that this proclamation ignores the fact that their intention of burning the place rather the treaty is still to be acted upon by the than giving it up. The real news event of Senate and the Cortes, Washington semithe week with regard to the Philippines has official statements ayer that the present milibeen the publication of the proclamation tary government is a pressing necessity to issued by General Otis at President McKin- prevent anarchy, as Spain's government has ley's direction, and the manifesto issued in ceased and the insurgent leaders and troops reply by Aguinaldo. The President's proc- do not, it is said, in any true sense stand for lamation recites the military history of our the people of the Filipinos. fleet and army at Manila and the signing of the treaty with Spain, and states that as a result “the future control, disposition, and

um Immediately after Gen

Aguinaldo's Manifesto government of the Philippine Islands are

are eral Otis put forth in ceded to the United States.” The following Manila the proclamation outlined above, there positive announcement is then made: appeared on the walls of the city a manifesto In fulfillment of the rights of sovereignty thus

in which Aguinaldo declared himself Military acquired, and the responsible obligations of gov Governor of the Philippines. He asserts ernment thus assumed, the actual occupation and that he has never recognized American sovadministration of the entire group of the Philip

ereignty; that he came back to Manila on pine Islands become immediately necessary, and the military government heretofore maintained an American war-ship with the purpose of by the United States in the city, harbor, and bay achieving Philippine independence, and that of Manila is to be extended with all possible the American commanders encouraged him dispatch to the whole of the ceded territory in that purpose. The cable reports of the In the warmest possible terms the President proclamation state that Aguinaldo declares assures the Filipinos that security of person further that he has natives and foreigners as and property will be enforced; that “we witnesses that the American forces recognized, come not as invaders or conquerors, but not only by acts, that the Filipinos were belas friends;" that all who co-operate with the ligerents, but by publicly saluting the FiliGovernment of the United States will have pino flag “as it triumphantly sailed these the reward of its support and protection, but seas before the eyes of all nations." Finally, that “all others will be brought within the he solemnly protests, “in the name of the lawful rule we have assumed, with firmness Deity,” who, he says, empowered him to if need be, but without severity so far as may direct his brethren in the difficult task of be possible;” that municipal laws and exist- regeneration, against the intrusion of the ing taxes remain in force except as military American Government, and calls upon all necessity requires; and that all ports and his followers to work together with force,

assuring them that he is convinced that they

The cause is filth. “Yel

The Cause of Yellow low fever is peculiarly a will obtain absolute independence, and urging

Fever them never to return “from the glorious

disease of cities, very road on which they have already so far especially of filthy seaports." Colonel War. advanced.” General Otis, the reports add, ing presents a plain but astounding picture attaches no importance to the manifesto. He of the filth of Havana. “ The surroundings says he feels confident that the opinion of and customs of domestic life are disgusting the better classes of the Filipinos is not almost beyond belief.” Although the water expressed in it.

supply of Havana is very pure and abundant, there is no sewerage system. The waste

from each household flows into privy and The January “Forum” kitchen vaults placed uniformly under the Colonel Waring and

nd contains an article by house, the nauseous odors from which are Havana Sanitation

the private secretary of belched throughout the house and pervade the late Colonel George E. Waring, Mr. G. the street. Such houses rent from $30 to $80 E. Hill, embodying the results of Colonel a month. These vaults are cleaned-occaWaring's investigations as special commis- sionally--by scavengers who work at night. sioner for the United States Government of “The workmen use tub-like ladles with long the sanitary conditions of Havana and his handles, with which they scoop up the filth. recommendations of the needed sanitary im. These they carry, dripping as they go, through provements and reforms in that city. The kitchen, dining-room, reception-room, and first impression given by this very clear and hall to the street." There is only a halfstartling presentation of the facts in the case, organized and wholly ineffective street-cleana presentation which is virtually Colonel ing system. Dead' animals and offal are Waring's own, is that the proper sanitation of constantly left on the surface in and about Havana would be an achievement of civiliza- the city until their putrescence is dried by tion worth almost the entire cost of the the sun or they are eaten by the buzzards. Spanish war in money and blood. “Since The surface drainage under these conditions the seventeenth century, the unsanitary con- has polluted the creeks and harbor until their dition of Cuba has been a menace to every shores and bottoms are fairly composed of neighboring people.” Spain, Italy, and other disease germs. European nations have again and again been scourged by yellow fever contracted, through shipping, from Havana, the breeding-place of

The steps which Colonel Warthat terrible pest. The United States has

ing proposes shall be taken by suffered more than Europe by the very reason

ery reason the United States Government to remedy of its proximity to Cuba. Cojonel Waring's this terrible state of things may be summacalm statement of statistics carries conviction

rized as follows: of the terror of yellow fever even to those 1. A Department of Public Cleaning with a who have never been touched by its blows or single commissioner.

2. The construction of a system of sewers.

3. The clearing out and filling with clean earth is that, through the increased commercial of all cesspools, and the governmental supply to and governmental intimacy between the all houses of suitable water-closets connected United States and Cuba, the dangers of yel

with the sewers. low fever and its allied plagues have been

4. All streets to be paved, or repaved, with

asphalt. greatly multiplied. How insidious the disease 5. The erection of a new abattoir. is has its most vivid illustration in the death 6. The construction of a municipal plant for of Colonel Waring himself, who arrived in burning all garbage, offal, street-sweepings, etc. Havana on the 13th of October, sailed for

7. The reclamation of the marshes.

8. The establishment of a municipal powerNew York again on the 21st, arrived on the plant for pumping sewage and for running the 25th ill from what was supposed to be machinery of the abattoir. malaria, and died on the 29th from pro- It is estimated that these reforms will cost nounced yellow fever. What happened to $10,000,000—a small sum when it is rememColonel Waring is likely to happen, he prophe- bered that Colonel Waring calculates that a sies, to hundreds, not to say thousands, of single epidemic introduced from Havana into other Americans, soldiers and civilians, un the United States entails a cash loss to comless the palpable cause is removed.

merce and industry of $100,000,000. Finally,

he breeding-place of

The Remedy in

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