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My sliding chariot stays,
Thick set with agate, and the azure sheen
Of turkis blue, and emerald green,

That in the channel strays;



"fringed bank with myrtle ton's Sabrina. And the celebrity “ crowned." So Browne, Brit. of Drayton's poem at that time Past. b. ii. s. v. p. 122.

better authorized such a fiction. To tread the fring'd banks of an

Polyolb. s. v. vol. ii. p. 752. amorous flood.

Now Sabrine, as a queen miraculously

fair, And Drayton, Polyolb, s. ii. vol.

Is absolutely plac'd in her imperial ii. p. 685.

chair Upon whose moisted skirts with sea

Of crystal richly wrought, that glo. weed fring'd about.

riously did shine, &c. And Carew, Milton's contempo

Then a wasteful luxuriance rary, Poems, p. 149. edit. 1651. of fancy. It is embossed with With various trees we fringe the that had been wooed by Nep

the figures of all the Nymphs rivers brinke.

tune, all his numerous progeny, I would read rush-yfringed. In all the nations over which he had Fletcher, we have"rushy banke." ruled, and the forms of all the ubi supr. p. 121. T. Warton.

fish in the ocean. Milton is 890. By the rushy-fringed bank, more temperate. But he rather Where grows the willow and unsuitably supposes all the gems,

the osier dank, &c.] with which he decorates her car, This is somewhat in imitation of to be found in the bottom of her the River-God in the Faithful

stream. Shepherdess, act 3.

As in Milton, Sabrina is raised I am this fountain's God; below to perform an office of solemnity, My waters to a river grow,

so in Drayton she appears in a And 'twixt two banks with osiers set,

sort of judicial capacity, to deThat only prosper in the wet, Through the meadows do they glide, cide some of the claims and Wheeling still on every side,

privileges of the river Lundy, Sometimes winding round about, which she does in a long and To find the even'st channel out, &c. learned speech. See also s. viii. 892. My sliding chariot stays; vol. iii. p. 795. Where again Thick, set with agate, and the she turns pedant, and gives a azure sheen,

laboured history of the ancient Of turkis blue, and emerald British kings. In Milton, she green,

rises, « attended by waterThat in the channel strays.] “nymphs," and in Drayton her Milton perhaps more immediately car is surrounded by a group of borrowed the idea of giving Sa- the deities of her neighbouring brina a rich chariot, from Dray- rivers. T. Warton. ton's Polyolbion, so often quoted:

895. That in the channel strays ;] and more especially as he dis- In the Manuscript it was at first, covers other references to Dray- That my rich wheels inlays.

Whilst from off the waters fleet
Thus I set my printless feet
O'er the cowslips velvet head,

That bends not as I tread;
Gentle Swain, at thy request

I am here.



Goddess dear,
We implore thy pow'rful hand
To undo the charmed band
Of true virgin here distrest,
Through the force, and through the wile
Of unblest inchanter vile.

Shepherd, 'tis my office best
To help insnared chastity:
Brightest Lady, look on me;
Thus I sprinkle on thy breast
Drops that from


pure I have kept of precious cure,


896. Whilst from off the waters -Where she doth walke, fleet

Scarse she doub the primerose head Thus I set my printless feet.)

Depresse, or tender stalke

Of blew-veind violetts, So Prospero to his elves, but in Whercon her foot she sets. a style of much higher and

T. Warton. wilder fiction. Temp. a. V. s. 1.

910. Brightest Lady,] It was And ye that on the sands with print- at first Virtuous Lady. less foot

913. I have kept of precious Do chase the ebbing Neptune, and do cure,] If the reading be right, When he comes back.

the meaning must be, some drops T. Warton. of a very healing power. But I

think it would do good to the 898. O'er the cowslip's velvet verse, as well as the language, head,] See England's Helicon, to throw out the c and read ure, ed. 1614. By W. H.

i. e. use.

The word is found in

fly him


Thrice upon thy finger’s tip,
Thrice upon thy rubied lip;
Next this marble venom'd seat,
Smear'd with gums of glutinous heat,
I touch with chaste palms moist and cold:
Now the spell hath lost his hold;

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p. 191.

" He

Chaucer, Spenser, and many a. i. s. i. p. 135. and p. 109. a. iii. others. Calton.

s. i. p. 150, 151. a. iv. i.


161. Ure, it must be owned, was

where Clorin the shepherdess not uncommon. But the rhymes heals the wounded shepherd Aof many couplets in the Faithful lexis. Shepherdess, relating to the same

Hold him gently, till I fing business, shew that cure

Water of a virtuous spring Milton's word. See


On his temples: turn him twice, &c. And again, p. 187, 178, 177, 152.

T. Warton. These drops are sprinkled 918. I touch with chuste palms thrice. So Michael purging

moist and cold : Adam's eye, Par. Lost, b. xi. 416. Now the spell hath lost his hold.] And from the well of life three drops So the virgin Clorin appears

with instill'd.

Alexis reviving, a. v. s. i. p. 177, All this ceremony, if we look 178. higher, is from the ancient prac- Now your thoughts are almost pure, tice of lustration by drops of And your wound begins to cure. water. Virg. Æn. vi. 230.

With spotless hand, on spotless breast, “ thrice moistened his compa

I put these herbs, to give thee rest. “nions with pure water," I must add the disappearance of Spargens rore levi.

the river god, a. iii. s. i. p. 155. And Ovid, Metam. iv. 479.

Fairest virgin, now adieu !

I must make my waters ily, Roratis lustravit aquis Thaumantias Lest they leave their channels dry; Iris.

And beasts that come unto the spring The water of the river Choaspes

Miss their morning's watering ;

Which I would not: for of late was highly esteemed for lustra

All the neighbour people sate tion. See Note on Par. Reg. iii. On my banks, and from the fold 288. T. Warton.

Two white lambs of three weeks old 914. Thrice upon thy finger's

Offered to my deity : tip, &c.] Compare Shakespeare,

For which this year they shall be free

From raging floods, that as they pass Mid. N. Dr. a. ii. s. 6.

Leave their gravel in the grass : -Upon thine eyes I throw

Nor shall their meads be overflown All the power this charm doth owe,

When their grass is newly mown. &c.

Here the river god resembles But Milton, in most of the cir-' Sabrina in that part of her chacumstances of dissolving this racter, which consists in protectcharm, is apparently to be traced ing the cattle and pastures. And in the Faithful Shepherdess. See for these services she is also

And I must haste ere morning hour

920 To wait in Amphitrite's bow'r.

Sabrina descends, and the Lady rises out of her seat.

Virgin, daughter of Locrine
Sprung of old Anchises' line,
May thy brimmed waves for this
Their full tribute never miss
From a thousand petty rills,
That tumble down the snowy hills;


trite gave.

thanked by the shepherds, v. 844. 924. May thy brimmed wares supr. T. Warton.

&c.] I should rather think 921. To wait in Amphitrite's brined, i. e. made salt by the bow'r.] Drayton's Sabrina is ar

mixture of sea-water. Brimmed rayed in

may indeed signify waves that - A watchet weed, with many a cu

rise to the brim

or margin of the rious wave,

shore: but it is a strange word. Which as a princely gift great Amphi. Warburton.

Dr. Warburton had not rePoyolb. s. v. vol. ii. p. 752. And marked the frequent and familiar we have " Amphitrite's bower," use of brim for bank in our old ibid. s. xxviii

. vol. iii. p. 1193. poets. See above at v. 119. And See also Spenser of Cymoent, « brimming stream" ascertains the F. Q. iii. iv. 43.

old reading. P. L. iv. 336. T. Decpe in the bottom of the sea her

Warton. bowrc.

At first he had written crystal, Again, iii. viii. 37. Of Proteus.

but altered it, that word occur

ring again within a few verses. His bowre is in the bottom of the

927. That tumble down the maine.

snowy hills :] It was at first, T. Warton.

That tumble down from snowy hills. 921. To wait in Amphitrite's Low'r.) He had written at first,

927. The poet adverts to the

known natural properties of the To wait on Amphitrite in her bow'r.

river. The torrents from the 923. Sprung of old Anchises' Welch mountains sometimes raise line,] For Locrine was the son the Severn on a sudden to a proof Brutus, who was the son of digious height. But at the same Silvius, he of Ascanius, and As- time they fill her molten crystal canius of Æneas, a Trojan prince, with mud. Her stream, of itself son of Anchises. See Milton's clear, is then discoloured and History of England, book i. muddy. Here is an echo to a


Summer drouth, or singed air
Never scorch thy tresses fair,
Nor wet October's torrent flood
Thy molten crystal fill with mud;
May thy billows roll ashore
The beryl, and the golden ore;
May thy lofty head be crown'd
With many a tow'r and terrace round,
And here and there thy banks upon

groves of myrrh, and cinnamon.


couplet in Jonson's Mask at So of the imperial palace of Highgate, 1604.

Rome, P. R. iv. 54. Of sweete and severall sliding rills,

-Conspicuous far That streame from tops of those lesse Turrets and terraces. bills.

Milton was impressed with this T. Warton.

idea from his vicinity to Windsor 928. or singed air

castle. T. Warton. Never scorch thy tresses fair,] 936. And here and there thy Sure we should read

banks upon &c.] We are all of -or scorching air

us apt to grow fond of the auNever singe thy tresses fair.

thors, whom we particularly Warburton. study; and therefore Mr. Se932. May thy billows roll ashore and delicacy though not for pomp

ward generally prefers(for beauty The beryl, and the golden ore.) This is reasonable as a wish. Faithful Shepherdess which Mil

and majesty) the passages in the But surely jewels were out of ton has imitated to Milton's imiplace here, on the supposition tations of them: but here he that they were the natural pro- himself is forced to allow, that ductions of Sabrina's stream. So this address to Sabrina is better of the groves of myrrh and cin- than Amoret's to the God of the namon upon

her banks. A wish river upon a like occasion, and more conformable to the real Fletcher has no other advantage state of things would have been but that of writing first, act iii. more pleasing, as less unnatural.

For thy kindness to me shown, But we must not too severely

Never from thy banks be blown try poetry by truth and reality.

Any tree, with windy force, See above at v. 834, 891. T. Cross thy streams, to stop thy course: Warton.

May no beast that comes to drink, 934. May thy lofty head be With his horns cast down thy brink;

May none that for thy fish do look, crown'd

Cut thy banks to dam thy brook ; With many a low'r and terrace

Barefoot may no neighbour wade
In thy cool streams wife nor maid,


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