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Along the crisped shades and bowers
Revels the spruce and jocund Spring,
The Graces, and the rosy-bosom’d Hours,
Thither all their bounties bring;
That there eternal Summer dwells,



what ancient fabler celebrates Our author's favourite tragic these damsels for their skill in poet, Euripides, also celebrates singing ; Apollonius Rhodius, an the Hesperides under the title of author whom Milton taught to iperades xogue. Herc. Furens, 393. his scholars, Argon. iv. 1396. Dunster. -1ξον δ' ιερον πεδoν ω ει Λάδων

And again as aosdos, Hippol. E15 TI TO Zoisov rayxquosce justo pendae, 740. where see Professor Monk's Χωρω εν Ατλαντος, χθονος οφις: ΑΜΦΙ note, who cites also Hesiod. δε ΝΥΜΦΑΙ

Theog. 274. and 516. as alluding ΕΣΠΕΡΙΔΕΣ τοιπνυον,

to the songs of the Hesperides,

and refers to Heynè, Observat. And hence Lucan's virgin-choir, ad Apollodorum, p. 166. seq. for overlooked by the comment

a full account of the ancient ficators, is to be explained, where tions concerning them. E. he speaks of this golden grove,

984. Along the crisped shades ix. 360.

&c.] These four lines were not

at first in the Manuscript, but Fuit aurea silva, Divitiisque graves et fulvo germine

were added afterwards, I supraini,

pose when he scratched out Virgineusque chorus nitidi custodia those lines which we quoted at luci,

the beginning. Et nunquam somno damnatus lumina serpens, &c.

984. Compare Il Pens. 50.

“ That in trim gardens takes his Compare v. 392.

pleasure." And Arcades, 46. But beauty, like the fair Hesperian

-To curl the grove Laden with blooming gold, had need

In ringlets quaint, and the guard

windings wove. Of dragon-watch and uninchanted Where see the notes. I suspect eye.

we have something of L'ArchiMilton says in the text, the tecture du Jardinage here also, in golden tree. Many say that the the spruce spring, the cedarn apples of Atlas's garden were of alleys, the crisped shades and gold: Ovid is the only ancient bowers. T. Warton. writer that says the trees were of 988. That there eternal summer gold. Metam. iv. 636. dwells,] So Fletcher, Faithful Arboreæ frondes auro radiante niten- Shep. act iv. s. i. p. 163.

On this bower may ever dwell Ex auro ramos, ex auro poma tege- Spring and summer. bant,

T. Warton. Again, ibid. p. 134.





And west-winds with musky wing
About the cedarn alleys fling
Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.
Iris there with humid bow
Waters the odorous banks, that blow

green, &c.

There the month of May

Pria sul Libano monte ei si ritenne, Is ever dwelling, all is young and

E si libro sù l'adeguate penne.

T. Warton. The errata of Milton's own edi.

990. About the cedarn alleys tion, 1673, direct That to be

fling omitted. This is not attended

Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.] to by Tonson, edit. 1695. That In the manuscript, these two is omitted by Tickell and Fen- lines were thus at first, ton, and silently readopted by

About the myrtle alloys Aing Doctor Newton. T. Warton.

Balm and Cassia's fragrant smells. 989. And west-winds, with musky wing

990. —alleys fling, &c.] In a About the cedarn alleys fling

poem by H. Peacham, the Period Nard and Cassia's balmy smells) of Mourning, in Memorie of So in the approach to Armida's Prince Henry, &c. Lond. 1613. garden in Fairfax's Tasso, c. xv. Nupt. Hymn. i. st. 3. Of the 53.

valleys, The winds breath'd spikenard, myrrh,

And every where your odours fing. and balm around.

So in Par. L. viii. 517.Flung Again, c. xviii. 15.

rose, flung odours." T. Warton. The air that balme and nardus 991. Nard and Cassia's balmy breath'd unseene.

smells.) Compare Par. L. b. v.

292. It should be observed, that Mil. ton often imitates Fairfax's ver

Through groves of myrrh, sion of Tasso, without any

And iow'ring odours, cassia, nard,

and balm, reference to the original. I will A wilderness of sweets. give a remarkable instance, Par.

T. Warton, L. b. v. 285.

992. Iris there with humid boro) -Like Maia's son he stood He had written at first garnisht And shook his plumes, that hearenly fragrance fill'd

or garish bow. The circuit wide.

993. the odorous banks, that

blow So Fairfax, c. i. 14.

Flowers &c.] On Lebanon at first his foot he set, Blow is here used actively, make And shook his wings with roarie

to blow ; as in B. and Fletcher's may-dews Wet.

Love's Progress, act ii. s. 1. And There is not a syllable of the in Jonson's Mask at Highgate, last beautiful image in Tasso, Works, p. 882. ed. 1616. T. Warviz. c. i. 14.



Flowers of more mingled hue
Than her purfled scarf can shew,
And drenches with Elysian dew
(List mortals, if your ears be true)
Beds of hyacinth and roses,
Where young Adonis oft reposes,

995. Than her purfled scarf can gardens of Adonis. Faery Queen, shew, &c.] Purfled is flourished or b. iii, cant. 6. st. 46-50. wrought upon with a needle, from the old French poutfiler.

STANZA 46. The word occurs in Spenser,

There wont fair Venus often to enjoy

Her dear Adonis' joyous company, Faery Queen, b. i. cant. 2. st.

And reap sweet pleasure of the 13.

wanton boy; A goodly lady clad in scarlet red There yet some say in secret he doth Purfled with gold and pearl of rich

lie, assay;

Lapped in flowers and precious

spicery, &c. and in other places. And in the

STANZA 48. Manuscript the following lines were thus at first,

There now he liveth in eternal bliss,

Joying his Goddess, and of her Yellow, watchet, green, and blew,

enjoy'd ; And drenches oft with mannu dew

Ne feareth he henceforth that foe of or with Sabæan dew

his, Beds of hyacinth and roses,

Which with his cruel tusk him deadly Where many a Cherub soft reposes.

cloy'd: &c. All that relating to Adonis and

STANZA 49. Cupid and Psyche was added af- There now he lives in everlasting terwards.

joy, 997. - If your ears be true.]

With many of the Gods in company,

Which thither haant, and with the Intimating that this Song, which

winged boy follows, of Adonis, and Cupid, Sporting himself in safe felicity : &c. and Psyche, is not for the profane, but only for well purged

STANZA 50. ears. See Upton's Spenser, Notes And his true love, fair Psyche, with on b. iii. c. 6. Hurd.

him plays, See Note on Arcad. v. 72. So

Fair Psyche to him lately reconcil'd,

After long troubles and unmeet upthe Enchanter,' above, has

brays, “ neither ear nor soul to ap

With which his mother Venus her “prehend” sublime mysteries.

revil'd His ear no less than his soul,

And eke himself her cruelly exil'd:

But now in stedfast love and happy was impure, unpurged, and unprepared. T. Warton.

She with him lives, and hath him 999. Where young Adonis oft

borne a child,

Pleasure that doth both Gods and Teposes, &c.] Here Milton has

men aggrale, plainly copied and abridged

Pleasure, the daughter of Cupid and Spenser in his description of the Psyche late. VOL. IV.





Waxing well of his deep wound
In slumber soft, and on the ground
Sadly sits th’ Assyrian queen ;
But far above in spangled sheen
Celestial Cupid her fam'd son advanc’d,
Holds his dear Psyche sweet intranc'd,
After her wand'ring labours long,
Till free consent the Gods among
Make her his eternal bride,
And from her fair unspotted side
Two blissful twins are to be born,
Youth and Joy; so Jove hath sworn.


de avo

If the reader desires a larger ac

That with her sovereign power and count of the loves of Cupid and

scepter sheen

All faery lond does peaceable susteen. Psyche, he may find it in Apuleius.

But Milton uses it as a sub1001. See Spenser's Astrophel, stantive both here and before in st. 48. T. Warlon.

ver. 893. the azure sheen, and in 1002. —th' Assyrian queen ;] several other places; and he Venus is so called because she makes sheeny the adjective, as in was first worshipped by the the verses On the death of a fait Assyrians. . Pausanias, Attic. lib. infant, st. 7. i. cap. 14. πλησιον δε τερον εστιν Or did of late earth's sons besiege the Αφροδιτης Ουρανιας. πρωτοις

wall θρωπων Ασσυριoις κατεστη σεβεσθαι την Of sheeny heav'n, &c. Ougavay and from the Assyrians In using sheen for a substantive other nations derived the worship Milton has the authority of of her. pasta de Arouglovs, Kungan Shakespeare, Hamlet, a. iii. sc. 6. Παφιοις, και Φοινικων τοις Ασκαλωνα έχoυσιν εν τη Παλαιστινη. .

And thirty dozen moons with bor. de waga

row'd sheen &c. Φοινικων, Κυθηριοι μαθοντες σεκουσιν. Edit. Kuhnii, p. 36.

1003. See Observat. on Spen1003. -—in spangled sheen] Iser's F. Q. ii. 181. T. Warion. think this word is commonly

1010. Two blissful twins &c.] used as an adjective, as in Spen- Undoubtedly Milton's allusion at ser, Faery Queen, b. ii. cant. i. large is here to Spenser's garden st. 10.

of Adonis, above cited; but at

the same time his mythology has To spoil her dainty corse so fair and

a reference to Spenser's Hymne

of Love. For the fable of Cupid and again, cant. ii. st. 40. and Psyche, see Fulgentius, iii. 6.

sheen :


But now my task is smoothly done,
I can fly, or I can run
Quickly to the green earth's end,
Where the bow'd welkin slow doth bend,
And from thence can soar as soon
To the corners of the moon.

Mortals that would follow me,
Love Virtue, she alone is free,
She can teach ye how to climb
Higher than the sphery chime;


and Apuleius for Psyche's wan- And Drayton, Nymphid. vol. ii. dering labours long. T. Warton. p. 552. 1012. But now my

task is

Whence lies a way up to the moon, smoothly done, &c.] He had And thence the faery can as soon, &c. written at first,

Compare Macbeth, a. iii. s. 5. Now my message (or business) well is done,

Upon the corner of the moon I can fly, or I can run &c.

There hangs a vaporous drop profound. The Satyr in the Faithful Shep- And Puck's Fairy, in Mids. N. herdess sustains much the same Dr. a. ii. s. 1. character and office as the attend

I do wander every where ant Spirit in the Mask, and he Swifter than the moon's sphere. says to the same purpose, act i.

We plainly discern Milton's track I must go, and I must run Swifter than the fiery sun:

of reading: T. Warton.

1018. Mortals that would fola and in the conclusion, his taking low me, &c.] The moral of this leave is somewhat in the same

poem is very finely summed up manner,

in these concluding six verses; -shall I stray

the thought contained in the two In the middle air, and stay The sailing rack, or nimbly take

last might probably be suggested

to our author by a passage in the Hold by the moon, and gently make Suit to the pale queen of night

table of Cebes, where Patience For a beam to give thee light? &c. and Perseverance are represented But what follows in Milton is of stooping and stretching out their a strain superior to Fletcher. hands to help up those who are 1016. And from thence can soar endeavouring to climb the craggy

bill of Virtue, and yet are too To the corners of the moon.] feeble to ascend of themselves, Oberon says of the swiftness of Thyer. his fairies, Mids. N. Dr. a. iv. s. I. 1020. She can teach ye how to We the globe can compass soon

climb &c.] These four conclud. Swifter than the wandering moon. ing verses furnished Mr. Pope

as soon


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