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Along the crisped shades and bowers
what ancient fabler celebrates Our author's favourite tragic these damsels for their skill in poet, Euripides, also celebrates singing ; Apollonius Rhodius, an the Hesperides under the title of author whom Milton taught to iperades xogue. Herc. Furens, 393. his scholars, Argon. iv. 1396. Dunster. -1ξον δ' ιερον πεδoν ω ει Λάδων
And again as aosdos, Hippol. E15 TI TO Zoisov rayxquosce justo pendae, 740. where see Professor Monk's Χωρω εν Ατλαντος, χθονος οφις: ΑΜΦΙ note, who cites also Hesiod. δε ΝΥΜΦΑΙ
Theog. 274. and 516. as alluding ΕΣΠΕΡΙΔΕΣ τοιπνυον,
to the songs of the Hesperides,
and refers to Heynè, Observat. And hence Lucan's virgin-choir, ad Apollodorum, p. 166. seq. for overlooked by the comment
a full account of the ancient ficators, is to be explained, where tions concerning them. E. he speaks of this golden grove,
984. Along the crisped shades ix. 360.
&c.] These four lines were not
at first in the Manuscript, but Fuit aurea silva, Divitiisque graves et fulvo germine
were added afterwards, I supraini,
pose when he scratched out Virgineusque chorus nitidi custodia those lines which we quoted at luci,
the beginning. Et nunquam somno damnatus lumina serpens, &c.
984. Compare Il Pens. 50.
“ That in trim gardens takes his Compare v. 392.
pleasure." And Arcades, 46. But beauty, like the fair Hesperian
-To curl the grove Laden with blooming gold, had need
In ringlets quaint, and the guard
windings wove. Of dragon-watch and uninchanted Where see the notes. I suspect eye.
we have something of L'ArchiMilton says in the text, the tecture du Jardinage here also, in golden tree. Many say that the the spruce spring, the cedarn apples of Atlas's garden were of alleys, the crisped shades and gold: Ovid is the only ancient bowers. T. Warton. writer that says the trees were of 988. That there eternal summer gold. Metam. iv. 636. dwells,] So Fletcher, Faithful Arboreæ frondes auro radiante niten- Shep. act iv. s. i. p. 163.
On this bower may ever dwell Ex auro ramos, ex auro poma tege- Spring and summer. bant,
T. Warton. Again, ibid. p. 134.
And west-winds with musky wing
There the month of May
Pria sul Libano monte ei si ritenne, Is ever dwelling, all is young and
E si libro sù l'adeguate penne.
T. Warton. The errata of Milton's own edi.
990. About the cedarn alleys tion, 1673, direct That to be
fling omitted. This is not attended
Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.] to by Tonson, edit. 1695. That In the manuscript, these two is omitted by Tickell and Fen- lines were thus at first, ton, and silently readopted by
About the myrtle alloys Aing Doctor Newton. T. Warton.
Balm and Cassia's fragrant smells. 989. And west-winds, with musky wing
990. —alleys fling, &c.] In a About the cedarn alleys fling
poem by H. Peacham, the Period Nard and Cassia's balmy smells) of Mourning, in Memorie of So in the approach to Armida's Prince Henry, &c. Lond. 1613. garden in Fairfax's Tasso, c. xv. Nupt. Hymn. i. st. 3. Of the 53.
valleys, The winds breath'd spikenard, myrrh,
And every where your odours fing. and balm around.
So in Par. L. viii. 517.“ Flung Again, c. xviii. 15.
rose, flung odours." T. Warton. The air that balme and nardus 991. Nard and Cassia's balmy breath'd unseene.
smells.) Compare Par. L. b. v.
292. It should be observed, that Mil. ton often imitates Fairfax's ver
Through groves of myrrh, sion of Tasso, without any
And iow'ring odours, cassia, nard,
and balm, reference to the original. I will A wilderness of sweets. give a remarkable instance, Par.
T. Warton, L. b. v. 285.
992. Iris there with humid boro) -Like Maia's son he stood He had written at first garnisht And shook his plumes, that hearenly fragrance fill'd
or garish bow. The circuit wide.
993. the odorous banks, that
blow So Fairfax, c. i. 14.
Flowers &c.] On Lebanon at first his foot he set, Blow is here used actively, make And shook his wings with roarie
to blow ; as in B. and Fletcher's may-dews Wet.
Love's Progress, act ii. s. 1. And There is not a syllable of the in Jonson's Mask at Highgate, last beautiful image in Tasso, Works, p. 882. ed. 1616. T. Warviz. c. i. 14.
Flowers of more mingled hue
995. Than her purfled scarf can gardens of Adonis. Faery Queen, shew, &c.] Purfled is flourished or b. iii, cant. 6. st. 46-50. wrought upon with a needle, from the old French poutfiler.
STANZA 46. The word occurs in Spenser,
There wont fair Venus often to enjoy
Her dear Adonis' joyous company, Faery Queen, b. i. cant. 2. st.
And reap sweet pleasure of the 13.
wanton boy; A goodly lady clad in scarlet red There yet some say in secret he doth Purfled with gold and pearl of rich
Lapped in flowers and precious
spicery, &c. and in other places. And in the
STANZA 48. Manuscript the following lines were thus at first,
There now he liveth in eternal bliss,
Joying his Goddess, and of her Yellow, watchet, green, and blew,
enjoy'd ; And drenches oft with mannu dew
Ne feareth he henceforth that foe of or with Sabæan dew
his, Beds of hyacinth and roses,
Which with his cruel tusk him deadly Where many a Cherub soft reposes.
cloy'd: &c. All that relating to Adonis and
STANZA 49. Cupid and Psyche was added af- There now he lives in everlasting terwards.
joy, 997. - If your ears be true.]
With many of the Gods in company,
Which thither haant, and with the Intimating that this Song, which
winged boy follows, of Adonis, and Cupid, Sporting himself in safe felicity : &c. and Psyche, is not for the profane, but only for well purged
STANZA 50. ears. See Upton's Spenser, Notes And his true love, fair Psyche, with on b. iii. c. 6. Hurd.
him plays, See Note on Arcad. v. 72. So
Fair Psyche to him lately reconcil'd,
After long troubles and unmeet upthe Enchanter,' above, has
brays, “ neither ear nor soul to ap
With which his mother Venus her “prehend” sublime mysteries.
revil'd His ear no less than his soul,
And eke himself her cruelly exil'd:
But now in stedfast love and happy was impure, unpurged, and unprepared. T. Warton.
She with him lives, and hath him 999. Where young Adonis oft
borne a child,
Pleasure that doth both Gods and Teposes, &c.] Here Milton has
men aggrale, plainly copied and abridged
Pleasure, the daughter of Cupid and Spenser in his description of the Psyche late. VOL. IV.
Waxing well of his deep wound
If the reader desires a larger ac
That with her sovereign power and count of the loves of Cupid and
All faery lond does peaceable susteen. Psyche, he may find it in Apuleius.
But Milton uses it as a sub1001. See Spenser's Astrophel, stantive both here and before in st. 48. T. Warlon.
ver. 893. the azure sheen, and in 1002. —th' Assyrian queen ;] several other places; and he Venus is so called because she makes sheeny the adjective, as in was first worshipped by the the verses On the death of a fait Assyrians. . Pausanias, Attic. lib. infant, st. 7. i. cap. 14. πλησιον δε τερον εστιν Or did of late earth's sons besiege the Αφροδιτης Ουρανιας. πρωτοις
wall θρωπων Ασσυριoις κατεστη σεβεσθαι την Of sheeny heav'n, &c. Ougavay and from the Assyrians In using sheen for a substantive other nations derived the worship Milton has the authority of of her. pasta de Arouglovs, Kungan Shakespeare, Hamlet, a. iii. sc. 6. Παφιοις, και Φοινικων τοις Ασκαλωνα έχoυσιν εν τη Παλαιστινη. .
And thirty dozen moons with bor. de waga
row'd sheen &c. Φοινικων, Κυθηριοι μαθοντες σεκουσιν. Edit. Kuhnii, p. 36.
1003. See Observat. on Spen1003. -—in spangled sheen] Iser's F. Q. ii. 181. T. Warion. think this word is commonly
1010. Two blissful twins &c.] used as an adjective, as in Spen- Undoubtedly Milton's allusion at ser, Faery Queen, b. ii. cant. i. large is here to Spenser's garden st. 10.
of Adonis, above cited; but at
the same time his mythology has To spoil her dainty corse so fair and
a reference to Spenser's Hymne
of Love. For the fable of Cupid and again, cant. ii. st. 40. and Psyche, see Fulgentius, iii. 6.
But now my task is smoothly done,
Mortals that would follow me,
and Apuleius for Psyche's wan- And Drayton, Nymphid. vol. ii. dering labours long. T. Warton. p. 552. 1012. But now my
Whence lies a way up to the moon, smoothly done, &c.] He had And thence the faery can as soon, &c. written at first,
Compare Macbeth, a. iii. s. 5. Now my message (or business) well is done,
Upon the corner of the moon I can fly, or I can run &c.
There hangs a vaporous drop profound. The Satyr in the Faithful Shep- And Puck's Fairy, in Mids. N. herdess sustains much the same Dr. a. ii. s. 1. character and office as the attend
I do wander every where ant Spirit in the Mask, and he Swifter than the moon's sphere. says to the same purpose, act i.
We plainly discern Milton's track I must go, and I must run Swifter than the fiery sun:
of reading: T. Warton.
1018. Mortals that would fola and in the conclusion, his taking low me, &c.] The moral of this leave is somewhat in the same
poem is very finely summed up manner,
in these concluding six verses; -shall I stray
the thought contained in the two In the middle air, and stay The sailing rack, or nimbly take
last might probably be suggested
to our author by a passage in the Hold by the moon, and gently make Suit to the pale queen of night
table of Cebes, where Patience For a beam to give thee light? &c. and Perseverance are represented But what follows in Milton is of stooping and stretching out their a strain superior to Fletcher. hands to help up those who are 1016. And from thence can soar endeavouring to climb the craggy
bill of Virtue, and yet are too To the corners of the moon.] feeble to ascend of themselves, Oberon says of the swiftness of Thyer. his fairies, Mids. N. Dr. a. iv. s. I. 1020. She can teach ye how to We the globe can compass soon
climb &c.] These four conclud. Swifter than the wandering moon. ing verses furnished Mr. Pope