Imágenes de páginas

Illi in cujus virtutibus evulgandis ora Famæ non sufficiant, nec hominum stupor in laudandis satis est, reverentiæ et amoris ergo hoc ejus meritis debitum admirationis tributum offert CAROLUS DATUS Patricius Florentinus,

Tanto homini servus, tantæ virtutis amator.

Carlo Dati, one of Milton's literary friends at Florence. Epitaph. Damon. v. 137.

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ELEG. I. Ad CAROLUM DEODATUM.* TANDEM, chare, tuæ mihi pervenere tabellæ,

Pertulit et voces nuncia charta tuas;

sub ann.

* Charles Deodate was one of Greek letters, very well written, Milton's most intimate friends. from Deodate to Milton. Two He was an excellent scholar, and of Milton's familiar Latin letters, practised physic in Cheshire. He in the utmost freedom of friendwas educated with our author at ship, are to Deodate. Epist. Fam. Saint Paul's School in London; Prose Works, vol. ii. 567, 568. and from thence was sent to Both dated from London, 1637. Trinity College, Oxford, where But the best, certainly the most he was entered Feb. 7, in the pleasing evidences of their intiyear 1621, at thirteen years of macy, and of Deodate's admi. age. Lib. Matric. Univ. Oxon. rable character, are our author's

He was born in Lon- first and sixth Elegies, the fourth don, and the name of his father, Sonnet, and the Epitaphium Da" in Medicina Doctoris," was monis. And it is highly probaTheodore. Ibid. He was a fel. ble, that Deodate is the simple low collegian there with Alexan- shepherd lad in Comus, who is der Gill, another of Milton's in- skilled in plants, and loved to timate friends, who was succes- hear Thyrsis sing, v. 619. seq. sively Usher and Master of Saint He died in the year 1638. See Paul's School. Deodate, while the first note, Epitaph. Damon. Bachelor of Arts, gave to Trinity This Elegy was written about College Library, Zuinglius's The- the year 1627, in answer to a atrum Vitæ humanæ, in three letter out of Cheshire from Deovolumes. He has a copy of date: and Milton seems pleased Alcaics extant in 'an Oxford col- to reflect, that he is affectionately lection on the death of Camden, remembered at so great a discalled Camdeni Insignia, Oxon. tance, v. 5. 1624. He left the College, when Multum, crede, juvat terrus aluisse he was a Gentleman Commoner, in 1628, having taken the degree Pectus amans nostri, tamque fidele of Master of Arts. Lib. Caution.

caput. Coll. Trin. Toland says, that Our author was now residing he had in his possession two with his father, a scrivener in


Pertulit, occidua Devæ Cestrensis ab ora

Vergivium prono qua petit amne salum.

Bread street, who had not yet continued Master five years only, retired from business to Horton and died in 1642. Three of near Colnebrook.

Milton's familiar Latin Letters I have mentioned Alexander to this Alexander Gill are reGill in this note. He was made maining, replete with the strong, Usher of St. Paul's School about est testimonies of esteem and the year 1619, where Milton was friendship. Wood says, “ he was his favourite scholar. He was « accounted one of the best Latin admitted at fifteen a Commoner poets in the nation." Ath. of Trinity College, Oxford, in Oxon. ii. 22. Milton pays him 1612. Here at length he took high compliments on the excelthe degree of Doctor in Divinity, lence of his Latin poetry: and about 1629. His brothers George among many other expressions and Nathaniel were both of the of the warmest approbation calls same College, and on the found- his verses, “ Carmina sane gran. ation. In a book given to the “ dia, et majestatem vere poetiLibrary there, by their father, “cam, Virgilianumque ubique its author, called the Sacred Phi- “ingenium, referentia," &c. See losophie of the Holy Scripture, Prose Works, ii. 565, 566, 567. 1635, I find this inscription Two are dated in 1628, and the written by Alexander. “Ex dono last, 1634. Most of his Latin “authoris Artium Magistri olim poetry is published in a small “ Collegii Corporis Christi a- volume, entitled, Poetici Conatus, “lumni, Patris Alexandri Georgii 1632. 12mo. But he has other " et Nathanaelis Gillorum, qui pieces extant, both in Latin and

omnes in hoc Studiosorum vi- English. Wood had seen others “ vario literis operam dedere. in manuscript. In the church of « Tertio Kal. Junias, 1635.” This St. Mary Magdalene at Oxford, Alexander gave to the said Li- I have often seen a long prose brary the old folio edition of Latin epitaph written by Gill to Spenser's Faerie Queene, Dray- the memory of one of his old ton's Polyolbion by Selden, and College friends Richard Pates, Bourdelotius's Lucian, all having Master of Arts, which shews the poetical mottos from the classics writer's uncommon skill in pure in his own hand-writing, which latinity. He was not only conshew his taste and track of read. cerned with Saint Paul's School, ing. In the Lucian, are the but was an assistant to Thomas Arms of the Gills, elegantly Farnabie, the school-master of tricked with a pen, and coloured, Edward King, Milton's Lycidas. by Alexander Gill. From Saint He is said to have been removed Paul's School, of which from the from Saint Paul's School for his Ushership he was appointed excessive severity. The last cirMaster in 1635, on the death cumstance we learn from a satire and in the room of his father, of the times, “ Verses to be rehe sent Milton's friend Deodate“ printed with a second edition to Trinity College, Oxford. He “ of Gondibert, 1653." p. 54, 57.



Multum, crede, juvat terras aluisse remotas

Pectus amans nostri, tamque fidele caput,
Quodque mihi lepidum tellus longinqua sodalem

Debet, at unde brevi reddere jussa velit.
Me tenet urbs reflua quam Thamesis alluit unda,

Meque nec invitum patria dulcis habet.
Jam nec arundiferum mihi cura revisere Camum,

Nec dudum vetiti me laris angit amor.
Nuda nec arva placent, umbrasque negantia molles,


Alexander Gill here mentioned, 12. Nec dudum vetiti me laris Milton's friend, seems to be some angit amor.] The words veliti times confounded with his father, laris, and afterwards exilium, will whose name was also Alexander, not suffer us to determine otherwho was also Master of Saint wise, than that Milton was senPaul's, and whose Logonomia, tenced to undergo a temporary published in 1621, an ingenious removal or rustication from Cambut futile scheme to reform and bridge. I will not suppose for fix the English language, is well any immoral irregularity. Dr. known to our critical lexicogra- Bainbridge, the master, is rephers.

ported to have been a very ac4. Vergivium] Drayton has tive disciplinarian: and this lover « these rough Vergivian seas," of liberty, we may presume, was Polyolb. s. i. p. 656. vol. ii. The as little disposed to submission Irish sea. Again, “ Vergivian and conformity in a college as in “ deepe." Ibid. s. vi. vol. ii. p. a state. When reprimanded and 766. And in other places. Cam- admonished, the pride of his den's Britannia has lately fami- temper, impatient of any sort liarized the Latin name.

of reproof, naturally broke forth 9. Me tenet urbs reflua quam into expressions of contumely Thamesis alluit unda,] To have and contempt against his gopointed out London by only vernor. Hence he was punished. calling it the city washed by the See the next note. He appears Thames, would have been a ge- to have lived in friendship with neral and a trite allusion. But the Fellows of the College. See this allusion by being combined Apol. Smectymn. Prose Works, with the peculiar circumstance vol

. i. 108. Milton, in his prose, of the reflux of the tide, becomes takes frequent opportunities of new, poetical, and appropriated. depreciating the conduct and The adjective reflua is at once customs of the academical life. descriptive and distinctive. Ovid In one place he pleases himself has“ refluum mare.” Met.vii. 267. with ridiculing the ceremonies

Et quas oceani refluum mare lavit of a College-audit.


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