Imágenes de páginas

Cernis, quas merui dura sub casside rugas,

Utque senex armis impiger ora tero:

without any

pranks of Christina had neither Marvell satirised the dissipations elegance nor even decency to and profligate amours of Charles deserve so candid an appellation. the Second with much wit and An ample and lively picture of freedom. her court, politics, religion, in- I must however observe, that trigues, rambles, and masque- this Epigram appears in Marvell's rades, is to be gathered from Miscellaneous Poems, fol. Lond. Thurloe's State Papers. She had 1681. p. 134. Where it follows all the failings of her own sex, other Latin poems of the same

of the virtues of the class and subject: and is immesex she affected to imitate. She diately preceded by a Latin abdicated her_kingdom in 1654. distich, entitled, In Effigiem OliSo that this Epigram could not veri Cromwelli, “ Hæc est quæ have been written after that time. “ toties, &c." Then comes this It was sent to the queen with Epigram there intitled “ In eanCromwell's picture, on which it dem [effigiem] reginæ Sueciæ was inscribed. It is supposed “ transmissam." Where the seto be spoken by the portrait. cond distich is thus printed,

Doctor Newton, whose opinion is weighty, ascribes these lines

Cernis quas merui dura sub casside

rugas, to Milton, as coinciding with his

Sicque senex armis impiger ora fero. department of Latin Secretary to Cromwell. See also Birch's And in to the Reader, these Life of Milton, p. lxii. Toland, poems are said by his pretended by whom they were first printed, wife, Mary, to be “ printed acfrom common report, indeci- “cording to the exact copies of sively gives them either to Mil

my late dear husband, under ton or to Andrew Marvell. Life, “ his own hand-writing, &c." I p. 38. Prose Works, vol. i. p. 38. think we may therefore fairly Tol. I suspect, that Milton's ha- give them to Marvell. But see bit of facility in elegiac Latinity Marvell's Works, Lond. 4to. had long ago ceased : and I am 1766. vol. iii. p. 489. inclined to attribute them to Of Marvell's respectand friendMarvell, so good a scholar, as to ship for Milton some proofs apbe thought a fit assistant to Mil- pear, among other anecdotes of ton in the Latin Secretaryship, Milton and his friends not geneand who, as Wood says, “ was rally known, in the Second Part

very intimate and conversant of Marvell's Rehearsall Trans“ with that person.” Ath. Oxon. prosed. Lond. 1673. 8vo. This ii. 818. Again, he calls Marvell, book is an attack on Dr. Samuel “ sometimes one of John Milton's Parker, famous for his tergiver“ companions." Ibid. p. 817. sation with the times, now an And he adds, that Marvell was antipuritan in the extreme, and cried up as the main wit- who died Bishop of Oxford, and

monger surviving to the fana- King James's popish president of " tical party." In other words, Magdalen College, Oxford. See


Invia fatorum dum per vestigia nitor,

Exequor et populi fortia jussa manu.

o me."

p. 377. He reproaches Parker, “ you there used, he is too genefor having in his Reproof, and “rous to remember. But he his Transproser Rehearsed, “run “ never having in the least pro“ upon an author John Milton, " voked you, for you to insult "i which doth not a little offend - thus over his old age, to tra

He says, that by acci- “ duce him by your scaramucdent he never saw Milton for “ cios, and in your own person, two years before he wrote the • as a schoolmaster, who was First Part of his Rehearsall, which " born and hath lived more inParker had attributed to Milton. “ genuously and liberally than “ But after I undertook writing yourself; to have done all “ it, I did more carefully avoid « this, and lay at last

my simple “either visiting or sending to « book to his charge, without « him, lest I should any way, “ ever taking care to inform « involve him in my conse- “ yourself better, which you had

quences.-Had he took you in « so easy an opportunity to do: " hand, you would have had 11 -it is inhumanly and inhos

cause to repent the occasion, “ pitably done; and will, I hope, " and not escaped so easily as o be a warning to all others, as you

did under my Transprosal. « it is to me, to avoid (I will not «John Milton was and is, a say) such a Judas, but a man “man of as great learning and " that creeps into all companies,

sharpness of wit as any man. “ to jeer, trepan, and betray " It was his misfortune, living o them.” The First Part of this “ in a tumultuous time, to be Rehearsall was published 1672. " tossed on the wrong side; and This was in answer to a Preface "he writ flagrante bello, certain written by Parker to Bishop “ dangerous treatises.-At his Bramhall's Vindication of Him“ majesty's happy return, John self, &c. Lond. 1672. 8vo. Re“ Milton did partake, as you printed by itself the next year.

yourself did, for all your huf- Parker replied in A Reproof, &c.

fing, of his royal clemency, Lond. 1673. Marvell answered " and has ever since expiated in a Second Part of the Rehear“ himself in a retired silence. It sall Transprosed, cited above.

was after that, I well remem- And here it must be remarked, “ber it, that being one day at that Marvell was mistaken in “ his house, I there first met supposing the Transproser Re

you, and accidentally.Then hearsed, in which most of this " it was, when you, as I told abuse of Milton appears, to be

you, wandered up and down written by Parker: it was written Moorfields, astrologizing upon by R. Leigh, formerly of Queen's " the duration of his majesty's College Oxford, but now

government, that you fre- player, Oxon. 1673. 12mo. In “ quented John Milton inces- which the writer styles Milton “ santly, and haunted his house the blind author of Paradise Lost,

day by day. What discourses and talks of his groping for a

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Ast tibi submittit frontem reverentior umbra :

Nec sunt hi vultus regibus usque truces.


beam of light, in the Apostrophe “expelled the university, a vaHail, holy light, &c. p. 41. In gabond, a ragged and hungry another place, Milton is called a poetaster, kicked and cudgschismatick in poetry, because he “ elled in every tavern, he was writes in blank-verse, p. 43. See daily chastised for his impualso p. 126. seq. He is traduced “dence. At length he was made

a Latin Secretary and an “ under-secretary to Cromwell, English Schoolmaster, p. 128. “ by the procuration of Milton, Other scurrilities follow for “ to whom he was a very acseveral pages, too gross and ob- ceptable character, on account scene to be recited. I must not of a similar, malevolence of forget, that in the Reproof, disposition, &c.” B. iv. p. really written by Parker, Milton 275. This passage was perhaps is called " a friend of ours." p. written about the year 1680. 125.

Paradise Lost had now been Marvell was appointed as- published thirteen years, and its sistant secretary to Milton in excellencies must have been 1657. See Sec. P. Rehears. fully estimated and sufficiently Transpros. ut supr. p. 127, 128. known; yet in such terms of And Christina ceased to be contempt, or rather neglect, was queen of Sweden in 1654. At its author now described, by a least therefore, when these lines popular writer, certainly a man were written, Marvell was not of learning, and very soon afterassociated with Milton in the wards a bishop. See Life of secretaryship.

Bathurst. I must add, that neither Mar- To recur to the text, which vell nor Milton lived to read perhaps has been long ago forgot. the abuse which Parker bestowed Milton, has a prolix and most on both of them, in his posthu- splendid panegyricon queen mous Commentarii sui temporis, Christina, dictated by the supLond. 1727. 8vo. I will translate position that she dismissed Sala small part only. He is speaking masius from her court on account of the pamphleteers against the of his Defence of the King. See royal party at Cromwell's ac- Milton's Prose Works, ii. p. 329. cession. Among these calum- What ground Mr. Warton had “ niators was a rascal, one Mar- for his suspicion, that “ Milton's “ vell. As he had spent his “ habit of facility in elegiac La

youth in debauchery, so from “ tinity had long ago ceased," “ natural petulance, he became he does not specify, nor is it “ the tool of faction in the easy to conjecture. I should not

quality of satyrist. Yet with willingly persuade myself that “ more scurrility than wit, and our author could soon lose any " with a mediocrity of talents, faculty which he had acquired. " but not of ill-nature. Turned Besides these verses must have

out of doors by his father, been written before 1654, and only nine years before that, when patriotic, disinterested princess. he published a collection of his Dunster. Latin and English poems in 1645, Dr. Symmons concurs with he had added to his seventh Newton, Birch, and Dunster, in Elegy ten lines, which suffi- assigning these verses without ciently shew that he then per- hesitation to Milton. He remarks fectly retained his Elegiac La- also, that at the time " when tinity. It was also an employ- “ Milton praised Christina, he ment which, we may well sup- praised a queen who possessed pose, he was fond of, as at this

" the affections of a happy peotime he certainly thought highly ple, who extended the most of Christina. He was indeed “ liberal patronage to the learnrather unfortunate in his selec- “ ed, and who was the theme of tion of a favourite from among

“ almost unbounded panegyric the crowned heads of his time; " with all the princes of Eubut he saw only the bright side ropean literature." See Life of Christina's character, and con- of Milton, p. 427-431. ed. 2. sidered her as a learned, pious, E.


In obitum Procancellarii, medici."

Anno Ætatis 17. PARERE fati discite legibus,

Manusque Parcæ jam date supplices,
Qui pendulum telluris orbem

läpeti colitis nepotes.
Vos si relicto mors vaga Tænaro
Semel vocarit flebilis, heu moræ
Tentantur incassum, dolique ;

Per tenebras Stygis ire certum est.
Si destinatam pellere dextera
Mortem valeret, non ferus Hercules,

Nessi venenatus cruore,



This Ode is on the death of parted this life the 21 of Oct. Doctor John Goslyn, Master of " 1626, and his funerall soCaius College, and King's Pro- lemnized the 16th of Nov. folfessor of Medicine at Cambridge; "lowing. And so it stands in who died while a second time "the College Gesta-Book: He Vice-Chancellor of that Univer- was a Norwich man, and masity, in October, 1626. See Ful- • triculated Dec. 8, 1589. А ler's Hist. Cambr. p. 164. Milton “ benefactor to Caius' and Cae was now seventeen. But he is "therine-Hall; at which last here called sixteen in the edi.

you once dined at his

expence, tions of 1645 and 1673.

and saw his old wooden picI am favoured in a letter from

“ture in the Combination room.” Doctor Farmer with these in- 11. Horace, Epod. xvii. 31. formations. “I find in Baker's “ MSS. vol. xxviii. Chargis of

Atro delibutus Hercules

Nessi cruore. buryall and funeral of my brother Doctor Gostlin, who de. On this fable of Hercules, our VOL. IV.


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