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Æmathia jacuisset Oeta.
Ense Locro, Jove lacrymante.
Ægiali soror usa virga. Numenque trinum fallere si queant Artes medentum, ignotaque gramina, Non gnarus herbarum Machaon
Eurypyli cecidisset hasta : Læsisset et nec te, Philyreie,
author grounds a comparison, 22. Artes medentur, ignotaque Par. Lost, ü. 543. “ Felt th' gramina,] Not so much the “envenom'd robe, &c."
power, as the skill, of medicine. 15. Quem larva Pelidis pere- This appears from the names mit, &c.] Sarpedon, who was which follow. slain by Patroclus, disguised in 23. Machaon, &c.] Mathe armour of Achilles. At his chaon, the son of Æsculapius, death his father wept a shower one of the Grecian leaders at the of blood. See the sixteenth Iliad. siege of Troy, and a physician,
17. Si triste fatum, &c.] “If in- was killed by Eurypylus. See “chantments could have stopped the Iliad. But the death of Ma“ death, Circe, the mother of chaon, by the spear of Eurypy“Telegonus by Ulysses, would lus, is not in the Iliad, but in “have still lived; and Medea, Quintus Calaber, where it is "the sister of Ægialus or Ab- circumstantially related, as Mr. “syrtus, with her magical rod." Steevens remarks, Paralip. vi. Telegonus killed his father Ulys. 406. I must add, that. Quintus ses, and is the same who is called Calaber is not an author at preparricida by Horace. Milton de. sent very familiar to boys of nominates Circe Telegoni parens, seventeen. According to Philips, from Ovid, Epist. Pont. iii. i. 123. he was one of the classics whom Telegonique parens vertendis nota Milton taught in his school. figuris.
“ Quintus Calaber his poem of 17. -verba Hecateïa] Ovid, “the Trojan War continued from Metam. xiv. 44.
“ Homer.” Life, p. xvii. Hecateia carmina miscet.
25. - Philyreie, &c.] Chiron,
Sagitta Echidnæ perlita sanguine,
Cæse puer genitricis alvo.
Et mediis Helicon in undis,
Horribiles barathri recessus.
the son of Philyra, a precep- It should be remembered, that tor in medicine, was incurably the word alumnus is more extenwounded by Hercules, with a sively, favourite, votary, &c. dart dipped in the poisonous
In Milton's Latin poems, it is blood of the serpent of Lerna. often difficult to ascertain the See above, El. iv. 27.
persons and places. To 27. Nec tela te, &c.] Æscula- shew his learning, he frequently pius, who was cut out of his clouds his meaning by obscure mother's womb by his father or obsolete patronymics, and by Apollo. Jupiter struck him dead the substitution of appellations with lightning, for restoring formed from remote genealogical, Hippolytus to life.
historical, and even geographical 29. Tuque O] O is here open allusions. But this was one of in a situation in which it is never Ovid's affectations. found open in the Roman classics. Milton's habitual propensity to Symmons.
classical illustration, more parti29. Tuque 0 alumno major Apolscularly from the Grecian story, line,] Certainly we should read appearen in his State Letters Apollinis. But who was this pu-" written for Cromwell. In one of pil of Apollo in medicine? Had them," Cromwell congratulates it been #sculapius, the transition King Charles Gustavus on the would have been more easy. But birth of a son in the midst of Æsculapius was sent by Apollo other good news, 1655. In this, to Chiron, to be educated in that says he, you resemble Philip of art. I think therefore, although Macedon, whw. at one and the Milton's allusions in these pieces same time received the tidings are chiefly to established Gre- of Alexander's birth and the con. cian fable, we should here un- quest of the Illyrians. Prose W. derstand Virgil's lapis, who was ii. 445. Phoebo ante alios dilectus, and to 29. Admitting Warton's sense whom he imparted suas artes, of alumnus, it is evident that sua munera. n. xii. 391. seq. Æsculapius is here intended. E.
At fila rupit Persephone tua,
Faucibus eripuisse mortis.
Purpureoque hyacinthus ore. Sit mite de te judicium Æaci, Subrideatque Ætnæa Proserpina; Interque felices perennis
Elysio spatiere campo.
In Quintum Novembris.* Anno Ætatis 17.
48. The thought is in Juvenal expedition of Satan, may be conand Persius.
sidered as an early and promising
prolusion of Milton's genius to * This little poem, as contain the Paradise Lost. ing a council, conspiracy, and
Regnaque olivifera vertit florentia
At simul hanc, opibusque et festa pace beatam,
15. Regnaqué olivifera vertit occurs in Plautus, Cicero, Pliny, florentia pace :] Olivifer is an and other ancient critics. Ovidian epithet, Fast. iii. 151. 27. Cui nomen dederat quondam Primus oliviferis Romam deductus Neptunia proles ;]
“ Albion a ab arvis.
“ giant, son of Neptune, who And in the Ibis, “ Olivifera Si- “ called the [this] island after
cyone," v. 317. A great fault “ his own name, and ruled it of the versification of this poem forty-four years. Till at length is, that it is too monotonous, and “ passing over into Gaul, in aid that there is no intermixture of ~ of his brother Lestrygon, a variety of pauses. But it against whom Hercules was should be remembered, that hasting out of Spain into Italy, young writers are misled by “ he was there slain in fight, specious beauties.
“ &c." Milton's Hist. Engl. b. i. 23. - populos Summanus et Prose Works, ii. 2. Drayton urbes,] Súmmanus is an obso- has the same fable, Polyolb. s. lete and uncommon name for xviii. Pluto, or the god of ghosts and 31. At simul hanc, opibusque night, summus manium, which et festa pace beatam, &c.] The Milton most probably had from whole context is from Ovid's Ovid, Fast. vi. 731. The name Envy, Metam. ii. 794.
Aspicit, et pingues donis Cerealibus agros,
Jamque pruinosas velox superaverat Alpes,
Tandem Tritonida conspicit arcem, sera crepuscula lucem,] Ovid,
virentem : Vizque tenet lachrymas, &c.
-Traherent cum sera crepuscula
lucem. 48. Jamque pruinosas velor superaverat Alpes,] Lucan, i. 183. 55. He describes the procesJam gelidas Cæsar cursu superaveratsion of the Pope to Saint Peter's Alpes.
church at Rome, on the eve of 54. Reddiderant dubiam jam Saint Peter's day.