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Rose like a steam of rich distill’d perfumes,
have stream for steam. A manifest And in Shakespeare, but difoversight of the compositor. ferently expressed. Winter's
Solemn is used to characterize Tale, act iv. 8. S. Of hearing a the music of the nightingale, song. “All their other senses Par. L. iv. 648. “ Night's solemn “ stuck in their ears." And in
1." And she is called “the the Tempest, Prospero says, "No “solemn .nightingale,” vii. 435. “ tongues, all eyes." Compare T. Warton.
also Herrick's Hesperides, p. 21. Before these two lines were edit. 1648. 8vo. corrected as they are at present, When I thy singing next shall heare the author had written them thus, Ile wish I might turne ALL to eare. At last a sweet and solemn breathing This thought, and expression, sound
occurs first in Drummond's SonRose like a steam of slow distilld per. nets, 1616. Signat. D. 2. To the fumes.
nightingale. 557.-that even Silence &c.] We Such sad lamenting straines, that see in these three lines the luxuri
Night attends, ancy of a juvenile poet's fancy;
Become all care, starres stay to heare
thy plight, &c. there is something more correct
T. Warton. and manly in three words upon a like occasion in the Paradise
561.--that might create a soul Lost, iv. 604.
Under the ribs of death :]
The general image of creating a Silence was pleas'd.
soul by harmony is again from But in a young genius there should Shakespeare. But the particular always be something to lop and
one of a soul under the ribs of prune away. As Cicero says, De death, which is extremely groOrat. ii. 21. volo esse in adole- tesque, is taken from a picture scente, unde aliquid amputem. in Alciat's emblems, where a soul If there is not something re
in the figure of an infant is redundant in youth, there will be presented within the ribs of a something deficient in age.
skeleton, as in its prison. This 560. —-I was all ear.] So curious picture is presented by Catullus, of a rich perfume, Quarles. Warburton. carm. xiji. 13.
That might create a soul, that is, Quod tu cum olfacies, deos rogabis
says Mr. Sympson, recreate, aran Totum ut te faciant, Fabulle, nasum.
toursy: and Mr. Theobald pro
posed to read recreate, There is the same thought, in And took in strains might recreate à Jonson's Underw. vol. vi. 451.
Under the ribs of death: but o ere long
O night and shades, How are ye join'd with hell in triple knot, Against th' unarmed weakness of one virgin
but I presume they knew not of And s. 8. the Ghost to Hamlet, the allusion just mentioned.
I could a tale unfold, whose lightest 563. Too well I did perceive] word In the Manuscript it is
Would harrow up thy soul. Too well I might perceive.
574. The aidless innocent Ludy] 565.-harrow'd with grief and At first he had written helpless, fear,] So in Shakespeare, Hamlet, but altered it, that word occurs act i. . 1. Horatio of the Ghost, ring again within a few lines it harrows me with fear and
Alone, and helpless! Is this the confidence
Yes, and keep it still,
584. Yes, and keep it still, &c.] and exalted sentiments of the This confidence of the Elder Stoics concerning the power of Brother in favour of the final virtue. Thyer. efficacy of virtue holds forth a 597. Self-fed, and self-convery high strain of philosophy, sum'd :) This image is wonderdelivered in as high strains of fully fine. It is taken from the eloquence and poetry. T. War- conjectures of astronomers conton.
cerning the dark spots, which 589. Virtue may be assaild, but from time to time appear on the never hurt,] Milton seems in this surface of the sun's body, and line to allude to the famous after a while disappear again, answer of the philosopher to a ty- which they suppose to be the rant, who threatened him with scum of that fiery matter, which death, Thou may'st kill me, but first breeds it, and then breaks thou canst not hurt me. And it thro' and consumes it. Warbure may be observed, that not only ton. in this speech, but also in many
598. The pillar'd firmament] others of this poem, our author See Paradise Regained, iv. 455. has made great use of the noble and the note there.
And earth's base built on stubble. But come let's on. Against th’ opposing will and arm of heaven
600 May never this just sword be lifted up; But for that damn'd magician, let him be girt With all the grisly legions that troop Under the sooty flag of Acheron, Harpies and Hydras, or all the monstrous forms 605 'Twixt Africa and Ind, I'll find him out, And force him to restore his purchase back, Or drag him by the curls to a foul death, Curs'd as his life.
602. But for that. damn'd Such as those which Carlo and magician, let him be girt, &c.] Ubaldo meet, in going to Compare P. R. iv. 626. et seq. Armida's enchanted mountain, T. Warton.
in Fairfax's Tasso, c. xv. 51. 605. Harpies and hydras, or
All monsters which hot Africke forth all the monstrous forms.] Or spoils doth send the metre. Yet an anapæst may 'Twixt Nilus, Atlas, and the southern be admitted in the third part,
Where all there met. see v. 636. 682. Although this last is not an anapæst. But any Milton often copies Fairfax, and foot of three syllables may be not his original. T. Warton. admitted in this place of an 607. -io restore his purchase iambic verse, if the licence be back,] He had written at first not taken too frequently. Hurd.
to release his new got prey. Harpies and hydras are combination in an enumeration 608. -to a foul death, of monsters, in Sylvester's Du Curs'd as his life. Bartas, p. 206. fol. ut supr. In the Manuscript, and in the And th' ugly Gorgons, and the edition of 1637, it is Sphinxes fell,
and cleave his scalp Hydraes and harpies gan to yawne
Down to the hips : and yel.
T. Warlon. and he has preserved the same 605. -or all the monstrous image in his Paradise Lost, forms] In Milton's Manuscript, speaking of Moloch, vi. 361. and the edition of 1637 it is, Down cloven to the waist, with shat
ter'd arms or all the monstrous bugs ; which
And uncouth pain fled bellowing: word was in more familiar use formerly, and hence bugbear. and no wonder he was led to it
605. —all the monstrous forms by his favourite romances, and 'Twixt Africa and Ind,] his favourite plays. Jonson has
Alas! good vent'rous Youth,
the same image in the Fox, act the same, Paradise Lost, xi. 642. iii. s. 8.
Spenser uses the word, Faery O that his well driv'n sword
Queen, b. ii. cant. 3. st. 35. Had been so covetous to have cleft me
-whose warlike name down
Is far renown'd through many a bold Unto the navel.
emprise. And Shakespeare in Macbeth, And Fairfax, cant. ii. st. 77. act i. s. 2.
If you achieve renown by this emTill he unseam'd him from the nave prise. to th' chops.
611. But here thy sword can do I know Mr. Warburton reads thee little stead; &c.] Virgil, Æn. here
ii. 521. -from the nape to th' chops,
Non tali auxilio, nec defensoribus
istis and supports it very ingeniously;
Tempus eget: but if any alteration were necessary, I should rather read See Æn. vi. 290. Tasso, cant. xv.
st. 49. Richardson. Till he unseam'd him from the chops to th' nave.
Before the poet had corrected
this line, he had written, Nay Shakespeare carries it so far as to make Coriolanus cleave
But here thy steel can do thee small
avail. men down from head to bot. Coriolanus, act ii. s. 6.
613. Be those that quell the -his sword, (death's stamp)
might of hellish charms:) ComWhere it did mark, it took from face pare Shakespeare's K. Richard to foot.
III. act iji, s. 4. But notwithstanding these in
With devilish plots
Of damned witchcraft; and that have stances, I believe every reader
prevail'd will agree that Milton altered
Upon my body with their hellish the passage much for the better charms. in the edition of 1645.
T. Warton. Or drag him by the curls to a foul 614. He with his bare wand
death, Curs'd as his life.
can unthread thy joints,
And crumble all thy sinews.] 610. —und bold emprise ;] See He had written at first,