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2. Whatever duty is commanded, the contrary is forbidden ; and all duties of the same kind are included, together with all suitable affections thereunto ; as also the using all means appointed for help, quickening, and furtherance therein ; and our endeavours, in our places, to help and further others in their obedience.
Q. 42. What is the sum of the ten commandments ?
A. The sum of the ten commandments is, to love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind, and our neighbour as ourselves.
Q. 1. In how many tables were the ten commandments at first written?
A. The ten commandments were at first written by God himself in the Mount, and given unto Moses in two tables of stone. Deut. x. 1, 2, 4, At that time the Lord said unto me, hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first, and come up unto me into the mount. And I will write on the tables the words which were in the first ta. bles, which thou breakest. And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments.
Q. 2. What is the comprehensive duty of the ten commandments written in these tables ?
A. The comprehensive duty of the ten command. ments, is love.
Q. 3. What is the sum of the first table of the law ?
A. The sum of the first table of the law, which hath a more immediate reference unto God, is to love the Lord our God with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our strength, and with all our mind. Mark xir 30, And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength. This is the first commandment.
Q. 4. What is it to love the Lord with all the heart, and with all the soul, and with all the mind, and with all the strength ?
A. To love the Lord with all the heart, and with all
the soul, and with all the mind, and with all the strength, doth'imply the supremacy, ardency, and activity of our love, whereby, we choose the Lord, cleave to him, and delight in him as our chief good, and employ all the faculties and powers of soul and body in obedience; out of love.
Q. 5. What is the sum of the second table of the law ?
A. The sum of the second table of the law, which hath a reference unto men, is to love our neighbour as ourselves. Mark xii. 31, The second is like, namely, this, thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Q. 6. Who is our neighbour ?
A. Every man is our neighbour; and therefore we are bound to bear a general affection unto all.
Q. 7. What is it to love our neighbour as ourselves?
A. To love our neighbour as ourselves is to love our neighbour with the same truth and constancy of love as we do ourselves,
Q. 43. What is the preface to the ten commandments ?
A. The preface to the ten commandments is in these words, I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Q. 44, What doth the preface to the ten commandments teach us?
A. The preface to the ten commandments teacheth us that because God is the Lord, and our God and Re. deemer, therefore we are bound to keep all his commandments.
Q. 1. How many reasons or arguments are there in the preface, to oblige and persuade us to keep all God's commandments ?
A. There are in the preface three reasons or arguments, to oblige and persuade us to keep all God's commandments. 1. Because God is the Lord: I am the Lord. 2. Because God is our God: I am the Lord thy God. 3. Because God is our Redeemer: Which brought thçe out of the land of Egynt, out of the house of bondage.
Q. 2. How can God be said to bring his people out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage now?
A. As God brought his people of old out of the earthly Egypt, and the bondage of men; so he doth now bring his people out of the spiritual Egypt, and the bondage they are in unto the devil and their own lusts.
Q. 3. How are we bound and obliged to keep God's commandments, as he is the Lord ?
A. We are bound and obliged to keep God's come mandments, as he is the Lord; because as he is the Lord, he is our Creator and supreme Sovereign, and we @we to him all obedience, as we are his creatures and subjects. Psalm c. 2, 3, Serve the Lord with gladness, Know that he made us, and not we ourselves. Jer. x. 7, Who would not fear thee, O king of nations, for to thee doth it appertain.
Q. 4. How are we bound and obliged to keep God's commandments, as he is our God?
A. We are bound and obliged to keep God's commandments, as he is our God; because, as our God, he hath taken us into covenant, and brought us into a special relation to himself, and hereby laid a greater obli. gation upon us to do bim service. Deut. xi. 1, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, and keep his charge and his statutes, and his judgments, and his commandments alway.
Q. 5. How are we bound and cbliged to keep God's commandments, as he is our Redeemer?
A. We are bound and obliged to keep God's commandments, as he is our Redeemer; because God hath redeemed us for this end, that being free from the slavery of sin and Satan, we might be encouraged and enabled to yield obedience unto him. i Cor vi. 19, 20, Ye are not your own; for ye are bought with a price; therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's. Luke i. 74, 75, That we, being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, might serve him without fear, in holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.
Q. 45. Which is the first commandment?
A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
Q. 46. What is required in the first commandment ?
A. The first commandment requireth us to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God, and to worship and glorify him accordingly.
Q. 1. How many duties are there chiefly required in the first commandment?
A. There are three duties chiefly required in the first commandment. 1. To know God.. I Chron. xxviii. 9, And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father. 2. To acknowledge God. Deut. xxvi. 17, Thou hast avouched the Lord this day to be thy God. 3. To worship and glorify God. Matth. iv. 10, Thou shalt- worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
Q. 2. What are we bound to know concerning God?
A. We are bound to know, l. That God is, or that there is a God. 2. What God is in all those glorious attributes and perfections, whereby he hath made himself known.
Q. 3. How ought we to acknowledge God?
A. 1. We ought to acknowledge God to be the only true God. 1 Cor. viii. 6, Unto us there is but one God. 2. We ought to take and own God for our God. Psal. xlviii. 14, This God is our God.
Q. 4. How ought we to worship and glorify God ?
A. We ought to worship and glorify God as the only right object of divine worship and honour.
1. In our minds, by thinking, meditating, remembering and highly esteeming of him. Mal. iii. 16, A book of remembrance was written before him, for them that thought on his name.
Psal. Ixiii. 6, When I remember thee on my bed, and meditate on thee in the night watches. Psalm Ixxi. 19, O God, who is like unto thee? 2. In our wills, by choosing him for our chief good, and devoting oure
selves to his service. Josh. xxiv. 22, Ye have chosen the Lord to serve him. 3. In our hearts, by loving him, desiring him, fearing him, believing and trusting in him, grieving for our sins against him, hoping in him, delighting and rejoicing in him. Deut. x. 12, And now Israel, what doth the Lord thy God require of thee, but to fear the Lord thy God, and to love him ? &c. Isaiah xxvi. 8, The desire of our soul is to thy name.
Exod. xiv. 31, And the people believed the Lord and his servant Moses. Isaiah xxvi. 4, Trust ye in the Lord for
Psal. xxxviii. 18, I will be sorry for my sin. Psal. cxxx. 7, Let Israel hope in the Lord. Psal. xxxvii. 4, Delight thyself in the Lord. 4. In our lips, by calling upon him and speaking well of his name. Philip. iv. 6, In every thing by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving let our requests be made known unto God.' Psal. cxlv. 21, My mouth shall speak the praise of the Lord. 5. In our lives, by yielding all obedience unto him, being zealous for his glory, caieful to please him, fearful of offending him, and by walking humbly before him. Jer. vii. 23, This thing commanded I them, Obey my voice, and walk ye
in all the ways that I command. d. John ii. 17, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up. Col. i. 10, Walk worthy of the Eord unto all pleasing. Gen. xxxix. 9, How can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God ? Micali vi. 8, Walk humbly with thy God.
Q. 47. What is forbidden in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment forbiddeth the denying, or not worshipping and glorifying the true God, as God and our God, and the giving that worship and glory to Any other, which is ciue to him alone.
Q. 1. What are the chief sins forbidden in the first commandment ?
A. The chief sins forbidden in the first commanda ment, are, 1. Atheism. 2. Profaneness. 3. Idolatry.
Q. 2. What is Atheism ?
A. Atheism is the denying, or not having a God. Psal. xiv. 1, The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God