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by an image or picture, and so a palpable breach of tbot second commandment.
Q 7. What is the second great sin against this second commandment?
A. The second great sin against this second commandment, is superstition.
Q 8. What isthe superstition forbidden in the second commandment?
A. The superstition forbidden in the second commandment, is the worshipping of God in any other way, or by any other means, than what he hath appointed in his word, and thus adding human inventions unto God's institutions, which is will-worship, and condemned by the apostle. Col. ii, 20, 23, Why as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances (touch not, taste not, handle not, which all are to perish with the using) after the commandments and doctrines of men? which things have indeed a show of wisdom in will-worship.
Q. 9. May nothing be added in the worship of God, but what is prescribed in the word of God?
A. Nothing may be added in the worship of God, as parts of worship, but what is prescribed or appointed in the word of God: because without divine institution, it is but vain worship, neither pleasing to God, nor profitable unto them that worship. Matth.xv. 9, But in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of mem
Q 10. Are not significant ceremonies allowable, that the dull minds of men may be quickened unto the more devotion?
A. 1. The ceremonies which God himself did appoint tinder the law, are not lawful, much less the ceremonies of men's appointment, which are parts of worship. 2. Significant teaching ceremonies, were they appointed by God, would be the parts of true worship; therefore such significant teaching ceremonies as are not appointed by God, are parts of false worship, or of worship so far Cora rupted as they are used. 3. The significancy of teaching ceremonies without God's institution, which carrieth with it God's blessing, is insignificant and ineffectual, to convey and confer any grace.
Q. 11. May notlhe church, by virtue of that command, 1 Cor. xiv. 40, Let all things be done decently and in order, appoint ceremonies for decency and order's sake?
A. The church may and ought, by virtue of this command, see that there be no indecency and disorder in the worship of God; that is, they may order, that things appointed by God be done decently and in order, in reference toconveniency of time and place, and the like, which the word of God doth virtually include in appointing worship itself, which without such circumstances, cannot be performed: but here is no liberty given unto the church, to introduce and appoint new parts of worship, as significant teaching ceremonies are proved to be; neither may such things be called decent in God's worship, which the idolatrous Church of Rome use without any warrant from the word of God.
Q. 12. What is the idolatry and superstition of the Church of Rome in the worship of God?
A. The idolatry and superstition of the church of Rome in the worship of God, is their idolatrous kneeling at the sacrament^ asserting that the bread is turned into the real body of Christ; their idolatrous worshipping of Christ by the crucifix; their idolatrous pictures and images of God which they bow before; their idolatrous bowingatthe altars,and towards the east; their idolatrous praying to angels and saints, especially to the Virgin Mary; their offering up the unbloody sacrifice of the host; their superstitious fastings, and abstaining from flesh in Lent; their superstitious holy-days; their superstitious priest's surplice; their adding cream, oil, and spittle to the water, and signing with the cross in baptism; their baptising of bells: their praying upon beads; and many more superstitious customs, for which there is not the least command in scripture.
Q. 13. How may we further offend and sin against the second commandment?
A. We offend and sin against the second commandment, not only by idolatry and superstition, but also when we are not zealous for pure worship, according to God's institution, not endeavouring what in u,slieth,iu our pla* ces, the reformation of worship, according to the pattern in the word; as also when we disuse and neglect, especially when we contemn, and oppose any of those ordinances which God hath appointed to be the means of worship. John ii. 17, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up. Heb. x. 25, Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is. Matth. xxiii. 13, Wo unto you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in. 1 Thess. ii. 16, Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles, that they may be saved, filling up their sins alway. Acts xiii. 44, 45, 46, And the next Sabbath day came almost the whole city together, to hear the word of God. But when the Jews saw the multitudes they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming. Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.
Q. 52. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment, are, God's sovereignty over us, his propriety in us, and the zeal he hath to his own worship.
Q. 1. What is the first reason annexed unto the second commandment?
A. The first reason annexed unto the second commandment, is God's sovereignty over us in these words, I the Lord.
Q. 2. What is the force of this first reason?
A. The force of this first reason is, because God is the great sovereign King over us, and hath the sole, or only authority to make laws for the way of his worship; therefore we ought, by virtue of our allegiance, as we are his subjects, to observe his laws and ordinances, and to worship him no other way than he hath appointed in his word. Psalm xcv. 2,3, Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving, and make a joyful noise unto him with psalms. For the Lord is a great God, and a great King above all gods.
Q. 3. What is the second reason annexed unto the second commandment?
A. The second reason annexed unto the second commandment, is God's propriety in us, in these words, Thy God; I the Lord thy God.
Q. 4. What is the force of this second reason?
A. The force of this second reason is, That because we belong unto the Lord, therefore we ought to keep close unto him and his appointments, and take heed especially of idolatry and superstition, which do alienate the heart from him. Psalm xcv. 6, 7, O come let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the Lord our God. Psalm cvi. 19, 21, They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image. They forgot God their Saviour.
Q. 5. What is the third reason annexed unto the second commandment?
A. The zeal which God hath to his own worship, is his jealousy, whereby, out of love to his own worship and institutions, he is highly offended with those that turn aside from them unto their own inventions: I the Lord thy God am a jealous God. Exod. xxxiv. 14, Thou shalt worship no other: for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God.
Q. 6. Wherein doth this zeal and jealousy of God for his own worship show itself?
A. The zeal and jealousy of God for his own worship doth show itself, 1. In his accounting the breakers of this commandment, those that hate him, and threatening to punish them unto the third and fourth generation: I the Lord thy God am R jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me. 2. In his esteeming the keepers of this commandment, such as love him, and promising mercies unto thousands of them; shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my cammundments. L 2
Q. 7. How can God, in justice, visit the iniquity of the fathers upon their children?
A. 1. If the children do not walk in the steps of the same sins with their parents, God doth not punish them for their sins. Ezek. xviii. 14, 17, If he beget a son that seeth all his father's sins which he hath done, and considereth, and doth not such like; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live. 2. If God doth visit the iniquity of the fathers upon their children, it is when the children are guilty of the same iniquity, and so fill up the measure, and the punishment of them is most equal and righteous. Ezek. xviii. 25, Is not my way equal? Are not your ways unequal?
Q. 53, Which is the third commandment?
A. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that takclh his name in vain.
Q. 54. What is required in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment requireth the holy and reverent use of God's names, titles, attributes, ordinances, word and works.
Q. 1. What are we to understand of the name of God which we are forbidden in this commandment to take in vain? • •
A. The name of God which we are forbidden in this commandment to take in vain, is to be taken generally and comprehensively for any thing whereby God makes himself known.
Q. 2. By what is it that God doth make himself known ?
A. Gad doth make himself known, 1. By his names taken particularly, which he hath given unto himself in scripture, such as, GOD, LORD, I AM, JEHOVAH, and the like. Deut. vi. 4, Hear, O Israel : The Lord our God is one Lord. Exod. iii. 13, 14, nd they shall say unto me, What is his name? What shall I say unto them? And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: