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temptations, that we have no right to them, and thereby hasten our end, we are guilty of self-murder: when we deny the necessaries of life to others in extreme want, through covetousness, and want of pity, we are guilty of their murder. 2. By excess in eating, dringing, carking care, envy, immoderate sorrow, or doing any thing 'which may break and debilitate, or take off the vigor of our minds, and which may breed distempers in our bodies; thislendeth to self-murder. Luke xxi. 34, Take heed, lest your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life. Prov. xiv. 30, Envy is the rottenness of the bones. Prov. xvii. 22, A broken spirit drieth the bones. 3. By hatred, sinful angeT, malice, bitter speeches, oppression; especially by striking, wounding, and anywise hurting the bodies of others; this tendeth to the taking away the lives of others, and is murder in God's account. 1 John iii. 15, Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer. Matlh. v. 21, 22, Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill, shall be in danger of the judgment. But I- say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause, shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire. Gal. v. 15, If ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another. Prov. xii. 18, There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword. Ezek. xxii. 7, In the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.
Q. 70. Which is the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not com mil adultery.
Q. 71. What is required in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment requireth the preservation of our own and our neighbours' chastity, in heart, speech and behaviour.
Q. 1. What doth the seventh commandment respect? 'A. The seventh commandment doth respect our own and others' chastity.
, Q. 2. What doth the seventh commandment require, in reference unto our own and others' chastity?
A. The seventh commandment doth require, in reference unto our own and others' chastity, the preservation thereof, in keeping of ourselves unpolluted, and doing what in us lieth to prevent the defilements of others, 1 Thess. iv. 3, 4, For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication: that every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctiScation and honour.
Q. 3. Wherein are we bound by this commandment to preserve our own and our neighbour's chastity?
A. We are bound by this commandment to preserve our own ajid our neighbour's chastity, 1. In heart, by such love unto, and desire after, and delight in one another's company, as is pure and chaste; and that whether we be men, as to the company of women; or women, as to the company of men. 1 Pet. i. 22, See that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently. 2. In speech, by such discourse one with another, as is uncorrupt, and may tend to one another's edification and sanctification. Eph. iv, 29, Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers. _ 3. In behaviour, by such a conversation and actions as are modest and chaste. 1 Pet. iii. 1, 2, That if any obey not the word they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives, while they behold your chaste conversation coupled with fear.
Q. 4. Whereby may we preserve our chastity?
A. We may preserve our chastity, 1. By watchfulness: and that,' 1. Over our hearts and spirits, to oppose uncleanness in the first desires of it, and inclinations ot heart to it, and risings of it in the thoughts Prov, iv. 23, Keep thy heart with all diligence. Mai. ii. 16, Therefore take heed to your spirit. 2. Over our senses; our eyes, to turn them away from such objects as may provoke lust. Job xxxi, 1,1 made a covenant with mine eyes, why then should I think upon a maid? Our ears, to shut them against all laseivious discourse: we must watch also against such touches and wanton dalliances, as may be an incentive to unchaste desires, and take heed of all light and lewd company, and watch to avoid all occasions, and resist temptations to the sin of uncleanness. Prov. v. 8, Remove thy way far from her, and come not nigh the door of her house. Gen. xxxix. 7, 8, 9, His master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph: and she said, Lie with me: But he refused; and said, How can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God? 2. By diligence in our callings, wherein when our bodies and minds are busily employed, both may be preserved from those unclean practices and desires, which idle persons are more prone unto. Prov. xxxi, 27, 29, She eateth not the bread of idleness. Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all. Gen. xxxiv) 1, 2, And Dinah went out to see the daughters of the land. And Shechem took her, and lay with her, and defiled hen 3. By temperance in eating and drinking, excess in either of which doth pamper the body, and excite unto lust. Jer. v. 8,, They were as fed horses in the morning: every one neighed after his neighbour's wife. Prov. xxiii. 31, 33, Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth its colour in the cup, &c. Thine eyes shall behold strange women. 4. By abstinence, and keeping under the body when there is need, with frequent fastings. 1 Cor. ix. 27, But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection, lest that by any means,when I have preached to others, I myself should be a cast-away. 5. By the fear of God, and awful apprehension of his presence and all-seeing eye. Prov. v. 20, 21, And why wilt thou, my son, be ravished with a strange woman, and embrace the bosom of a stranger? For'the ways of man are before the eyes of the Lord, and he pondereth all his goings. 6. By faith in Jesus Christ, and thereby drawing virtue from him for the purifying of the heart, and the crucifying of the fleshly lusts. Acts xv. 9, Purifying their hearts by faith, Gal. v. 24, And they, that are Chi irt's, nave crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts. 7, By application of the promises of cleansing the heart, and subduing iniquity. Ezek. xxxvi. 25, Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean; from all your filthiness will I cleanse you. Micah vii. 19, He will subdue our iniquities. 2 Cor. vii. 1, Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. 8. By the help of the Spirit. Rom. viii. 13, For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die; but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. 9. By frequent and fervent prayer, Psal. li. 2, 7, Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than the snow. Psalm cxix. 37, Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity. Matth. vi, 13, And lead us not into temptation, but deliver 'us from evil. 10. When no other means will avail to quench burning desires, marriage is to be made use of. and that must be in the Lord. 1 Cor. vii. 9, But if they cannot contain, let them marry; for it is better to marry than to burn. Verse 39, If her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will, only in the Lord.
Q. 5. Why must we preserve our chastity?
A. We must preserve our chastity, 1. Because we are men and women, and not beasts, who are under no law; it is suitable to the principles of reason, and law of God written upon the heart, as well as the express command of the word, to keep ourselves chaste and clean. 2. Because we are Christians, and not Heathens, who have no knowledge or fear of God. 1 Thess. iv. 5, Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles who know not God. Eph.iv. 17, 19, This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, who being past feeling, have given themselves over to lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness. 3. Because we are true believers, our bodies are members of Christ, and temples of the Holy Ghost, and not our own, and therefore ought to be kept clean and holy. 1 Cor. vi. 15, 16, 19, Know ye not, that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then
take the members of Christ and make them the members of an harlot? God forbid. What! know ye not that he, which is joined to an harlot, is one body? What! know- ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? 1 Cor. iii, 17, If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.
Q. 72. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts, words and actions.
Q. 1. What is the sin forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The sin forbidden in the seventh commandment, is, all unchastity and uncleanness. Eph. v. 3, Fornication, and all uncleanness, let it not be once named amongst you.
Q. 2. Wherein is all unchastity and uncleanness forbidden?
A. All unchastity and uncleanness is forbidden, l.In the thoughts and desires of the heart, such as wanton thoughts and lustful desires. Matth. v. 28, Whosoever looketh upon a woman, to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. James i. 14, 15, Every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Then, when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin. 2. In words and speeches, such as all obscene words, lascivious songs, and enticing speeches unto any, to draw them to this sin. Eph. v. 4, Neither filthiness nor foolish talking. Prov. vii, 18, 21, Come let us take our fill of love until the morning, and solace ourselves with loves. With her much fair speech she caused him to yield, with the flattering of her lips she forced him. 3. In the actions, and that both the acts of unchastity and uncleanness itself, and whatever actions do tend thereunto.