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his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many.
Q. 10. Was this a covenant of grace which G d made with Christ, when it l'equired perfect obedience ?
A. It was a covenant of grace in reförence to the elect, whom Christ did represent; sice hereby the obedience was accepied at the hands of their representative, which the covenant of works requir:d of themselves. 2 Tim. i. 9, Who hath saved us, according to his own purpose and grace, which
Was given us in Christ Jesus, bifore the worlu began.
Q.11. What are the promises of the covenant of grace, which God hath made with the elici through Christ?
A. The promises of the covenant of grace. which God hath made with the elecı through Christ, are cither more general, or more particular. 1. More generaliy, (God hath promised to the elect through Christ) That he will be to them a God, and they shall be to bim a people, Heb. viii. 10. These iwo promises are so comprehensive, that they include all the i'tst. The promise that he wil hito.ch m u God, doth include bis special favour and affecrion, together with all the expressions ot it, in taking care of them, and making provision of all temporal and spiritual good things for ilien here, and gi ing them eternal life and happiness in the uther world. The promise that they shall brio him a pouple, doth include the giving them all those gifts and qualfications as are requisite to that estate and relation.
2. More particularly, God, in the covenant of grace, hath promised to the elect through Crist, 1. Illumination: that he will teach them the knowl«dge of bim-elf, and that more fully and ek arly than they had or could be taught one by another. Heb. viii. 1}, They shall not teach every man his nei hbrur, and every man his brother, saying, know the Lord: for all shali know me, from the least to the greatest. 2. Remission ; that he will forgive their sins.--Ver. 1%, For ) will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. 3. Sanctification --Ver. 10, I will put my laws in'o their mind, and write them in their heart. There are also other promises of sanctifia cation which belong to this covenant. Ezek. Xxxvi. 25, 26, 27, Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean : a new beart also will I give iou, and a new spirit will I pui within you ; and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh : and I will put my Spiri' within you, and cause you to walk in my slalutes; and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. Q. 12. Whay is the condition of the covenant of grace
? A. The condition of the covenant of grace, whereby the elect have an actual interest in tbe things promised, is faith ; by which they have an interest in (hiist. John iii. 16, Whosoever believeth in hini, shall nol perish, but have everlasting life. Acts xvi. 31. Berieve on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved.
Q. 13. Why is the colcnant with ihe elect called the covenant of grace ?
A Because not only the things promised to the elect, are grace, or the free gifts of God, which ihey do not in the least deserve ; but also because faith (the condition of this cov: nant, whereby the promises are made theirs) is God's gift and work, wrought in them by his Spirit, which in bis covenant be promiseih into thim. Eph. ii. 8, By grace are ye saved, through füith ; and that not of yourselves : it is the gift of God. Col. i. 12, You are risen through the faith of the operation of God.
Q. 14. Was the covenant which God made with the children of Israel of old, a covenant of works, or a cove. Dant of grace?
A. The covenant which God made of old with the children of Israel, was not a covenant of works, but the same covenant of grace, as to the substance of it, wbich is made known in the gospel. For, 1. It was impossi. ble that any of the fallen children of Adam should be justified and saved by the covenant of works. Gal. ii. 16, By the works of ihe law shall no Aesh be justified. 2. The children of Israel had the same Mediator of the covenant, and Redeemer, which the people of God have now, namely, the Lord Jesus Christ, who was typified by Moses, and by the sacrifices under the law. 3. They had the same promises of remission and salvation, 4
They had the same condition of faith required to enable them to look to, and lay hold on Chrişi, held forih 10. them in types and figures.
Q. 15. Wher in doth the dispensation of the covenant of grace under the gospel, differ from the dispensation of it under the law?
A. The dispensation of the covenant of grace under the gospel, do h differ from the dispensation of it under the law: i. In regard of the easiness of the covenant under the gospel. Under the law it was burdensome; and ceremonial rites and services required, are called a yoke of bondage, Gal vel; which yoke is nou removed. 2 In regard of the clearness of the dispensation under the gospel. Under the luw Christ was not yet come, but was held forih in types and figures, and dark shadows; and the promises, especially of eţernal life, were more obscure : but now the shadows are fled; Christ the substance being come; and life and immortality are brought more clearly to light by the gospiel, 2 Tini. i. 10. 3. In regard of the power and efficacy. There was a weake ness in the ligal dispensation, and therefore a visappula ling' of it, Heb. vii. 18. Under the gospel there is a more powerful influence of the Spirit, which is promised more plentifully, Acis ii. 17. 4. In regard of the extent of i1.- The legal dispensation was confined to the nation of the Jews; whereas, the gospel dispensation doih extend to the Gentiles, and any nation). Maik xvi. 15,
into all the world, and preach the gospel tu every creature.
Q. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?
A. The only Redeemer of God's eleci, is he Lord Jesus Christ, who being he eternal Son of God, became man; and so wis, and con inueh to be God and man in two distinct-na!ures, and one person forever.
Q. 1. What is he called that is the Redeemer of God's elect?
A. The Redeemer of God's elect is called the Lord Jesus Christ.
Q. 2. Why is he called the Lord ?
A. Because of his universal sovereignty and dominion Acts x. 36, He is Lord of all.
Q. 3. Why is he called Jesus?
A. Because he is the Saviour of his people. Matth. i. 21, Thou shall call his name Jesus; for he shall save his people from their sins.
Q. 4. Wiy is hu called Christ?
A. Because he is anointed by the Father unto his office wi:n the Holy Ghost, which was given to rin without
Acts x. 38, God anointed Jesus of Nazareth wih the Holy Ghost, and with power. John iii. 34, God giveth no! the Spirit by measure unto liins.
Q. 5. How doth The Lord Jesus Christ ltderm the elect of God?
A The Lord Jesus Christ doth redeem the elect of Godi 1. By purchase, pying the price of his blood for them. i Pui. i. 18, 19, Ye were not released with cor. ruptible tings, as sili er unci gold ; but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.
I Tim. ii. 6, Who gave himself a ransom. 2 By conquest, rescuing them through his almighty power, out of the share of the devil. whub fore ludiem captive. Eph. iv. 3. He led captivity caprive. Col. ii. 15, and having spoiled principalities and poners, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them.
Q. 6. Whose Son is the Lord Jesus Christ?
Q. 7. How cloth the Lord Jesus Chris: differ from other sons of God?
A. Angels are called the sons of God, but they are sons of God by crea:ion. Joh. xxxviii. 7. All the sons of God shouted for joy. 2. Saints are called sons of God, by adoption and regen«ration. Gal. iv. 5. That we might receive the adop!ion of sons.
1 John iv. 7, Every one that lovelh is born of God. 3. I he Lord Jesus Christ is the natural son of God by eternal generation. Heb. j. 5, Unto wliich of the angels suid he at any time, Thou art my son, this day have I begotten thee !
Q. 8. What did Christ, the eternai son of God, becomes that he might redeem the elect?
A. Christ, that he might redeem the elect, being the
eternal son of God, became man. John i. 14, And the word was made flesh, and dwelt among us (and we be. held his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the father) full of grace and truth. Gal. iv, 4, When the fulness of time was come, God sent forth his son made of a woman, &c.
Q. 9. How was it necessary in order to the redemp, tion of the elect, that Clist should become man ?
A: Kt was necessary in order to the redemption of the elect, that Christ should become man, 1. That he might be capable of suffering death for them ; which, as God, he was incapable of; without which suffering of death there could have been nu remission or salvation. Heb. ix, 22, Withcut shedding of blood there is no remission. 2. That he might be their high priest to reconcile them unto God. Heb. ii. 16, 17, For verily he took not on him the nature of angels, but the seed of Abraham ; where, fore in all things it behoved him to be made iike untolis brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things periaining to Gud, to make reconcilia. tion for the sins of the people.
Q. 10. Was il necessary that the redeemer of the elect should be God as well as man?
A. Yes; because if he had not been God as well as man, 1. He could not have birne up under, nor have got loose from the weight of wrath which was laid upon him for the sins of men, 2. His sufferings would have been but of finite extent, and so could not have made satisfac, tion to God's mfinite justice, which was offended by sin.
Q. 11. Hw is Christ Grid and man?
A. Christ is God and man, by air hypostatical or per. sonal union, both his natures, cii ine and human, remaina ing distinct, without composition or confusion, in one and the same person.
Q. 12. Will this union of the divine and human nature in Christ never be dissolved?
A. N); for he was, and coniinueth to be God and man in two distinct natures, and one per's in forever. Heb vii. 24, Because he continueth foreier, he hath an unchangeable priesthood.
Q. 13. May the properties of the divine nature be ase