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sed by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us by his holy Spirit.
Q. 1. By whom was our redemption purchased ?
A. Our redemption was purchased for us by the blood of Christ. Heb. ix. 12, By his own blood, he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
Q. 2. By whom is our redemption applied ?
A. Our redemption is applied by the holy Spirit, in his effectual operation upon us. Titus iii. 5, 6, Not by works of righteousness whico we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; which he shed on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour.
Q. 30. How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. The Spirit applieth to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling.
Q. 1. Whence is it that the redemption purchased by Christ is applied to us, or that we have an interest therein?
A. We have an interest in the redemption purchased by Christ, through our union to him in our effectual calling. 1 Cor. i. 30, Of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption. Rom. viii. 30, Whom he. called, them he also justified.
Q. 2. What is the union between Christ and us?
A. The union be: ween Christ and us, is that whereby Christ and we are joined together, and made one. 1 Cor. vi. 17, He that is joined unto the Lord, is one spirit.
Q. 3. Whence is it that we are united unto Christ?
A. We are united unto Christ, 1. By the Spirit on God's part, whereby he draws us, and joins us unto Christ. John vi. 44, No man can come unto me, except the Father, which hath sent me, draw him. 2. By faith on our part, whereby we come unto Christ, and lay hold on him. John vi. 35, He that cometh unto me shall ney
er hunger, and he that believeth on me shall never thirst. Eph. iii. 17, That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith.
Q. 4. Is faith from ourselves, or from God?
A. Though faith be our act, yet it is God's gift, and the work of his Spirit. Eph. ii. 8, By grace are ye saved, through faith ; and that not of yourselves : it is the gift of God. Col. ii. 12, Ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God.
Q.31. What is effectual calling?
A. Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit, whereby, convincing us of our sins and misery, enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ, and renew. ing our wills, he doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ freely offered to us in the gospel.
Q. 1. What is the difference between effectual calling and ineffectual calling?
A. 1. Ineffectual calling is the bare external call of the word, whereby all sinners are freely invited unio Christ, that they may have life and salvation by him, but in itself is insufficieni to persuade and enable them to come unto him. Matth. xx. 16, Many be called, but few chosen. John v. 40, Ye will not come unto me, that ye might have life. 2. Effectual calling is the internal call of the Spirit, accompanying the external call of the word, whereby we are not only invited unto Christ, but also enabled and persuaded to embrace him as he is freely proffered to us in the gospel. John vi. 45, Every one that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.
Q. 2. What is the work of the Spirit of God in our effectual calling?
A. The work of the Spirit of God in our effectual calling, is twofold: 1. Upon our minds. 2. Upon our wills.
Q. 3. What is the work of the Spirit of God in our effectual calling upon our minds ?
A. The work of the Spirit of God in our effectual calling upon our minds, is, 1. A convincing us of our sin and misery. 2. An enlightening us in the knowledge of Christ?
Q. 4. What is it for the Spirit to convince our mind of our sin and misery?
A. The Spirit worketh in our mind a conviction of sin and misery, when he giveth us a clear sight and full persuasion of the guilt of our sins, and a feeling apprehension of the dreadful wrath of God, and the endless miseries of hell, which we have deserved for sin, and every hour are exposed unto ; which doth wound our hearts and consciences, and filleth us with perplexing care what to do to be saved. John xvi. 8, And when he is come, he will reprove (or convince) the world of sin. Acis ii. 37, Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their hearts, and said unto Peter, and the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
Q. 5. Whereby doth the Spirit convince us of our sin and misery?
A. The Spirit convinceth us of our sin and misery, by the law, and threatenings thereof. Rom. jii. 20, By the law is the knowledge of sin. Gal. iii. 10, Cursed is eve. ry one that continueth nou in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
Q. 6. What knowledge of Christ doth the Spirit enlighten our minds withal, after the conviction of our sin and misery?
A. The Spirit doth enlighten our minds, after conviction of our sin and misery, with the knowledge, 1. That Christ only can save, and that he is all sufficient to do it. Acts iv. 12, Neither is there salvation in any other : for there is none other name under heaven, given among men, whereby we must be saved. Heb. vii. 25, Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him. 2. That Christ is willing to save all that come unto him. John vj, 37, Him that cometh unto me I will in no wise cast out. 3. That Christ hati undertaken to save us, and is faithful to perform it. Heb. ii. 17, That he might be a merciful High priest, in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.
Q. 7. Whereby doth the Spirit enlighten us with the knowledge of Christ?
A. The Spirit doth enlighten us with the knowledge
of Christ, by the discoveries of Christ in the gospel, opening our eyes to discern him there discovered. Acts xxvi. 17, 18, To whom I send thee, to open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness unto light, &c.
Q. 8. What is the work of the Spirit of God in our effectual calling upon our wills?
A. The work of the Spirit of God in our effectual calling upon our wills, is to renew them.
Q. 9. What is it for our wills to be renewed ?
A. Our wills are renewed, when the Spirit doth put new inclinations and dispositions into them.' Ezekiel xxxvi. 26, A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you; and I will take away the stony heart out of your fesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
Q. 10. Are not we able to renew our own wills, and to turn from sin unto Christ ourselves?
A. No; it is the almighty power of the Spirit of God that doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ by faith. Eph. i. 19, 20, And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead.
Q. 32. What benefits do they which are effectually called partake of in this life?
A. They that are effectually called, do in this life, partake of justification, adoption, and sanctification, and the several benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from them.
Q. 33. What is justification ?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in his sight, only for the righteousness of Christ impu. ted to us, and received by faith alone.
Q. 1. Wherein doth our justification consist ?
A. Our justification doth consist in two things: 1. In the pardon of our sins. 2. In the acceptation of us as righteous. ,
Q. 2. Who is the author of our justification?
A. God is the author of our justification, whose act it is. Rom. viii. 33, Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifitth.
Q. 3. Doth God"justify us freely, or because of some merit in ourselves ?
A. God doth justify us by an act of free grace. Rom. iii. 24, Being justified freely by his grace.
Q. 4. Through whose righteousness is it that we are justified ?
A. We are justified through the righteousness of Christ. Rom. iii. 24, Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption which is in Christ.
Q. 5. How is the righteousness of Christ inade ours?
A. The righteousness of Christ is made ours by imputation. Rom. iv. 6, David also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom the Lord imputeth righteousness without works.
Q. 6. What is it for the righteousness of Christ to be imputed to us?
A. The righteousness of Christ is imputed to us, when though it be subjectively in Christ, or the righteousness which he wrought, yet by God it is accounted ours, as if we wrought it ourselves in our own persons.
Q. 7. What is that righteousness of Christ which is imputed to us for our justification ?
A. The righteousness of Christ, which is imputed to us for our justification, is his whole obedience to the law in our stead, and that both his passive obedience in all his sufferings, especially in his death, whereby we have the pardon of all our sins. Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins : and his active obedience also, whereby we are accepted as righteous in God's sight. Rom. v. 19, For as by one man's disobedience, many were made sinners ; so by the obedience of one, shall many be made righteous,
Q. 8. Whereby do we receive and apply this righteousness of Christ ?
A. We receive and apply this righteousness of Christ by faith. Rom. iii. 22, Even the righteousness of God