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Q. 9. What are the parts of sanctification ?
A. There are two parts of sanctification : 1. MortifiEation, whereby we are enabled to die more and more unto sin.
Rom. vi. 11, Reckon ye yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin. 2. Vivification, whereby we are enabled to live unto righteousness. Rom. vi. 13, Yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.
Q. 36. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption and sanctification ?
A. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification, are assurance of God's love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Ghost, increase of grace, and perseverance therein io the end.
Q. 1. How many sorts of benefits are there which do belong to those which are justified, adopted and sanctified ?
A. There are three sorts of benefits which do belong unto those which are justified, adopted and sanctified; namely, 1. Benefits in this life. 2. Benefits at death. 3. 'Benefits at the resurrection.
Q. 2. What are the benefits which belong to justified, adopted and sanctified persons in this life?
A. The benefits which belong to justified persons in this life, are five : 1. Assurance of God's love. 2. Peace of conscience. 3. Joy in the Holy Ghost. 4. Increase
5. Perseverance in grace to the end. Rom. 1, 2, 5, Being justified by faith we have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ. By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in the hope of the glory of God. And hope, maketh not ashamed, because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us. Philip. i. 6, Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you, will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ.
Q. 3. What are the benefits that do accompany and flow from the sight and sense of justification, adoption and sanctification ?
A. The benefits which do accompany and flow from the sight and sense of justification, adoption and sanctification, are assurance of God's love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Ghost.
Q. 4. May not any unjustified and unsanctified persons aitain any of these benefits?
A. Unjustified persons may some of them have a presumptuous confidence of God's love, but not real assurance; they may have a carnal security, and false peace, but no true spiritual peace; they may have a carnal joy, or ungrounded spiritual joy, but no sound spiritual and heavenly joy of the Holy Ghost; these benefits are given only unto such as are truly justified, adopted and sanctified.
Q. 5. Whence is it that all that are justified, adopted, and sanctified, do not attain these benefits?
A. Because all have not a sight and sense of their justification, adoption and sanctification, but are under doubts, and therefore fear that God doth hate i hem, and not love them; therefore they have troubles of conscience instead of peace, and sorrow in spirit instead of the joy of the Holy Ghost.
Q. 6. How may a child of God get a sure evidence of his justification and adoption ?
A. A child of God may get a sure evidence of his justification and adoption by his sanciification.
Q. 7. What is a sure evidence of sanctificarion ?
A. A sure evidence of sanciification is increase of grace.
Q. 8. What are the benefits which accompany and flow from the being of justification, adoption and sanctification ?
A. The benefits which accompany and flow from the being of justification, adoption and sanctification, are, increase of grace, and perseverance therein to the end.
Q. 9. Do all truly justified, adopted and sanctified persons increase in grace?
A. 1. All truly justified, adopted and sanctified per
sons do not at all times actually increase in grace, for some of them may at some times be under declining and decays of grace. 2. They are always of a growing disposition, and desirous to grow in grace ; and at some time or other they do grow, when they do not perceive themselves to grow, but fear that they do decline.
Q. 10. Do all truly justified, adopted and sanctified persons persevere in grace to the end ?
A. All truly justified, adopted and sanctified persons do persevere in grace to the end, and shall assuredly attain the heavenly inheritance.
Q. 11. How do you prove this?
A. 1. From God's everlasting, linchangeable love, and his faithfulness in his promises of perseverance, as well as of heaven, which he hath inade unto them. 2. From their union and relation to Christ, and his undertaking for them. 3. From the constant abode and indewelling of the Spirit of God in them. 4. From the nature of grace; which is an abiding seed, which can never be totally extirpated.
Q. 12. May not any believers, by falling into sin, fall from giače?
A. Some believers may, through the remainder of corruption in them, and the violence of Satan's tempting of them, fall into sin foully, and so fall from some degrees and measures of grace ; but they will never fall totally nor finally froin grace. And when we see any to fall totally and finally from the profession which they formerly made, we may know that they were never in that sincerity which they professed themselves to be. 1 John ii. 19, They went out from us, but they were not of us: for if they had been of us, no doubt they would have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.
Q. 37. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at their death?
A. The souls of believers are at their death made per. fect in holiness, and do immediately pass into glory; and
their bodies being still united to Christ, do rest in their graves till the resurrection.
Q. . How manifold are the benefits of believers at their death?
A. The benefits of believers at their death are two. fold, 1. In regard of their souls.--. In regard of their bodies.
Q. 2. What is the benefit of believers at their death, in regard of their souls ?
A. The souls of believers at their death, 1. Are made perfect in holiness. Heb. xii. 23, And to the spirits of just men made perfect. 2. They do immediately pass into glory. Philip. i. 23, Having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ.
Q. 3. Wherein doth consist the perfect holiness which the souls of believers shall have at their death?
A. The perfect holiness of believers' souls at their death doth consist, 1. In their perfect freedom from the stain and pollution, from the being, or any inclination unto sin. Rev. xxi. 27, There shall in no wise enterinto it any thing that defileth. 2. In their perfect recti. tude of soul, and full conformity unto the image of Clirist. Eph. iv. 13, Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ.
Q. 4. What is that glory which the souls of believers at death do immediately pass into ?
A. The souls of believers at death do immediately pass into, 1. A glorious piace. 2. A glorious company. 3. A glorious state.
Q. 5. What is that glorious place which the souls of believers at death do immediately pass into ?
A. The glorious place which believers' souls do immediately pass into, is their Father's house in heaven, where there are mansions prepared for them by Christ. John xiv. 2, In my Father's house are many mansions : if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.
Q. 6. What is the glorious company which the souls of believers do immediately pass into ?
A. The glorious company which the souls of believers do immediately pass into, is the company of God and Christ in his glory, as also the company of angels, and the souls of other saints in their glory. 2 Cor. v. 6, 7, 8, Therefore we are always confident, knowing that whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord (for we walk by faith, not by sight:) We are confideni, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord. Heb. xii. 22, 23, 24, We are come to the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, to ine general assembly, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, and to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant.
Q. 7. What is that glorious state which the souls of believers at death do immediately pass into ?
A. The glorious state of the souls of believers imme. diately after their death, is a state of blessed rest. Heb. iv. 9, There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. Rev. xiv. 13, And I heard a voice from heaven, saying, Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord, from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labors; and their works do follow them.
Q.-8. What is the benefit of believers at their death, in regard of their bodies ?
A. l. The bodies of believers at their death are still united unto Christ; for though death doth for a while separate their souls from their bodies, yet death cannot separate Christ from either: but as when Christ died, his hypostatical or personal union still remained, his ciivine nature being united both to his soul in heaven, and to his body in the tomb on earth ; so when believers die, their mystical union unto Christ still remaineth, and Christ is united both unto their souls with him in glory, and to their bodies, which are his members, even when they are rotting in 'the grave. I Cor. vi. 15, Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? 1 Thess. iv. 14, Them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.
2. The bodies of believers do rest in their graves, as in beds, until the resurrection, Isaiah lyij. %,