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sooner.

dedicate to you.

my lord !

have eyes.

to her ?—Come, draw this curtain, and let's see being born; his addition shall be humble. Few your picture. Alas the day, how loth you are to words to fair faith : Troilus shall be such to Cresoffend day-light! an 't were dark, you'd close sid, as what envy can say worst, shall be a mock

So, so; rub on, and kiss the mistress (1) for his truth; and what truth can speak truest, not How now, a kiss in fee-farm! build there, car- truer than Troilus. penter; the air is sweet. Nay, you shall fight CRES. Will you walk in, my lord ? your hearts out ere I part you. The falcon as the tercel,* for all the ducks i’ the river: go to, go to. TROIL. You have bereft me of all words, lady.

Re-enter PANDARUS. Pan. Words pay no debts, give her deeds : but she'll bereave you o'the deeds too, if she call

your

Pan. What, blushing still ? have you not done activity in question. What, billing again ? Here's talking yet ? -In witness whereof the parties interchangeably CRES. Well, uncle, what folly I commit, I -Come in, come in ; I'll go get a fire. [E.cit. Cres. Will you walk in, my lord ?

Pan. I thank you for that; if my lord get a boy TROIL. O, Cressida, how often have I wish'd me of you, you'll give him me. Be true to my lord : thus?

if he flinch, chide me for it. Cres. Wished, my lord ?-the gods grant ! -0,

TROIL. You know now your hostages ; your

uncle's word and my firm faith. TROIL. What should they grant ? what makes Pan. Nay, I'll give my word for her too; our this pretty abruption ? What too curious dreg kindred, though they be long ere they are wooed, espies my sweet lady in the fountain of our love? they are constant, being won: they are burs, I can CREs. More dregs than water, if my fears * tell you ; they'll stick where they are thrown.

CREs. Boldness comes to me now, and brings Troil. Fears make devils of cherubins; they

me heart:never see truly.

Prince Troilus, I have lov'd you night and day, Cres. Blind fear, that seeing reason leads, finds For many weary months. safert footing than blind reason stumbling without TROLL. Why was my Cressid, then, so hard to fear : to fear the worst oft cures the worst.

win ?

[lord, Troil. O, let my lady apprehend no fear: in all

CRES. Hard to seem won ; but I was won, my Cupid's pageant there is presented no monster. With the first glance that ever- pardon me ;CRES. Nor nothing monstrous neither ?

If I confess much, you will play the tyrant. TROLL. Nothing, but our undertakings; when I love you now; but not, till now, so much we vow to weep seas, live in fire, eat rocks, tame But I might master it :-in faith, I lie ; tigers ; thinking it harder for our mistress to de- My thoughts were like unbridled children, grown vise imposition enough, than for us to undergo Too headstrong for their mother :—see, we fools ! any difficulty imposed. This is the monstruosity Why have I blabb'd ? who shall be true to us, in love, lady,—that the will is infinite, and the When we are so unsecret to ourselves ?execution confined ; that the desire is boundless, But, though I lov'd you well, I woo'd you not ; and the act a slave to limit.

And yet, good faith, I wish'd myself a man; Cres. They say all lovers swear more perform- Or that we women had men's privilege ance than they are able, and yet reserve an ability Of speaking first. Sweet, bid me hold my tongue ; that they never perform ; vowing more than the For, in this rapture, I shall surely speak perfection of ten, and discharging less than the The thing I shall repent. See, see, your silence, tenth part of one. They that have the voice of Cunning † in dumbness, from my weakness draws lions and the act of hares, are they not monsters ? My very soul of counsel : stop my mouth.

TROIL. Are there such ? such are not we: praise TROIL. And shall, albeit sweet music issues us as we are tasted, allow us as we prove ; our

thence. head shall go bare till merit crown it: no per

Pan. Pretty, i' faith. fection in reversion shall have a praise in present : CREs. My lord, I do beseech you, pardon me; we will not name desert before his birth ; and, 'Twas not my purpose thus to beg a kiss :

(*) Old text, teares.

(+) First folio, safe. A The falcon as the tercel,-) The meaning of this is,-The falcon (the female hawk) I'll wager to be as good as the tercel (the male hawk); in other words, I'll back my niece to be as staunch at that game as Troilus. So, in Day's old play of “The Isle of Gulls," where the characters

bowls, Dut. Come, the last marke; this cast is worth all the rest.

(*) First folio, grow.

(+) Old text. Comming. Viol. The leader as the follower.

Lisa. Bad's the best."
Again, in " Lingua," Act I, Sc. last,-

Tactus. Next after me, I as yourself at any time.' b My very soul of counsel :1 The folio reads,

“My soule of counsell from me," &c.

I am asham’d;-0, heavens ! what have I | Yet, after all comparisons of truth, done ?

As truth's authentic author to be cited, For this time will I take my leave, my lord. As true as Troilus shall crown up the verse, TROIL. Yo · leave, sweet Cressid ?

And sanctify the numbers. Pan. Leave! an you take leave till to-morrow CRES.

Prophet may you be! morning,

If I be false, or swerve a hair from truth, CREs. Pray you, content you.

When time is old and hath forgot itself, TROIL.

What offends you, lady? When water-drops have worn the stones of Troy, CRES. Sir, mine own company.

And blind oblivion swallow'd cities up, TROIL.

You cannot shun yourself. And mighty states charácterless are grated CREs. Let me go and try :

To dusty nothing ; yet let memory, I have a kind of self resides with you ;

From false to false, among false maids in love, But an unkind self, that itself will leave,

Upbraid my falsehood ! when they have said—as To be another's fool. I would be gone:

false Where is my wit ?" I know not what I speak. As air, as water, wind, or* sandy earth, TROIL. Well know they what they speak, that As fox to lamb, as wolf to heifer's calf, speak so wisely.

[than love; Pard to the hind, or step-dame to her son ; CREs. Perchance, my lord, I show more craft Yea, let them say, to stick the heart of falsehood, And fell so roundly to a large confession,

As false as Cressid.(3) To angle for your thoughts : but you are wise ; Pan. Go to, a bargain made: seal it, seal it ; Or else you love not;b for to be wise, and love, I'll be the witness.—Here I hold your hand ; Exceeds inan's might; that dwells with gods above. here, my cousin's. If ever you prove false one TROIL. O, that I thought it could be in a to another, since I have taken such pains to bring woman,

you together, let all pitiful goers-between be called (As, if it can, I will presume

to the world's end after my name, call them all — To feed for aye her lamp and flames of love ;(2) Pandars ; let all constant men be Troiluses, all To keep her constancy in plight and youth, false women Cressids, and all brokers-between Outliving beauty's outward, with a mind

Pandars ! say, Amen. That doth renew swifter than blood decays !

TROIL. Amen. Or, that persuasion could but thus convince me,- CRES. Amen. That my integrity and truth to you

Pan. Amen. Whereupon I will show you a Might be affronted with the match and weight chamber and a bed," which bed, because it shall Of such a winnow'd purity in love ;

not speak of your pretty encounters, press it to How were I then unlifted ! but, alas,

death :

: away! I am as true as truth's simplicity,

And Cupid grant all tongue-tied maidens here, And simpler than the infancy of truth.

Bed, chamber, t Pandar to provide this gear! CRES. In that I'll war with you.

[Exeunt. TROIL.

0, virtuous fight, When right with right wars who shall be most right!

SCENE III.The Grecian Camp. True swains in love shall, in the world to come,

Flourish. Enter AGAMEMNON, ULYSSES, DioApprove their truths by Troilus; when their

MEDES, NESTOR, AJAX, MENELAUS, and rhymes,

CALCHAS.
Full of protest, of oath, and big compare,
Want similes, truth tir'd with iteration,

Cal. Now, princes, for the service I have done As true as steel, as plantage to the moon,

you, As sun to day, as turtle to her mate,

The advantage of the time prompts me aloud As iron to adamant, as earth to the centre,– To call for recompense. Appear it to your mind,

in you)

I would be gone:

Where is my wit ?] The folio transposes these sentences.

b or else you love not ;) “Or, in other words, you love not." Such is the simple and obvious meaning, though the commentators have all overlooked it. See the notes ad l. in the Variorum Shakespeare, and in more recent editions.

c - as plantage to the moon,-) The belief in the influence of the moon upon vegetation was universally prevalent in Shakespeare's day. Farmer has illustrated this by an apt quotation from Scot's “Discovery of Witchcraft," 1584,—"The poore husbandman perceiveth that the increase of the moone maketh plants and living creatures frutefull: so as in the full moone they are in best

291

(*) First folio, as Winde, as. (+) First folio inserts, and. strength, decaieing in the wane, and in the conjunction doo utterlie wither and vade."

d - and a bed,-) Capell added these words, which, or something equivalent, appear to have been inadvertently omitted from the original text.

e Appear it to your mind, &c.) In Chapman's translation o! “The Iliads of Homer," Book I., we meet a similar form of expression,

"—(affoord Impression of it in thy soule)."

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with me

That, through the sight I bear in things from Jove," | Lay negligent and loose regard upon him :-
I have abandon’d Troy, left my possession, I will come last. 'Tis like he'll question me
Incurr'd a traitor's name ; expos’d myself, Why such unplausive eyes are bent, why turn’d on
From certain and possess'd conveniences,

him :d
To doubtful fortunes ; sequest'ring from me all If so, I have derision med'cinable,
That time, acquaintance, custom, and condition, To use between your strangeness and his pride,
Made tame and most familiar to my nature ; Which his own will shall have desire to drink :
And here, to do you service, am become

It may do good : pride hath no other glass As new into the world, strange, unacquainted : To show itself but pride; for supple knees I do beseech you, as in way of taste,

Feed arrogance, and are the proud man's fees. To give me now a little benefit,

AGAM. We'll execute your purpose, and put on Out of those many register'd in promise,

A form of strangeness as we pass along ;Which, you say, live to come in my behalf.(4) So do each lord; and either greet him not, Agam. What wouldst thou of us, Trojan ? Or else disdainfully, which shall shake him more make demand.

Than if not look'd on. I will lead the

way. CAL. You have a Trojan prisoner, callid An- ACHIL. What, comes the general to speak tenor,

? Yesterday took ; Troy holds him very dear. You know my mind, I'll fight no more 'gainst Oft have you (often have you thanks therefore)

Troy. Desir'd my Cressid in right great exchange,

AGAM. What says Achilles ? would he aught Whom Troy hath still denied : but this Antenor,

with us? I know, is such a wrest in their affairs,

NEST. Would you, my lord, aught with the That their negotiations all must slack,

general ? Wanting his manage; and they will almost

ACHIL. No. Give us a prince of blood, a son of Priam,

Nest. Nothing, my lord. In change of him : let him be sent, great princes,

AGAM. The better. And he shall buy my daughter; and her presence

[Exeunt AGAMEMNON and NESTOR. Shall quite strike off all service I have done,

ACHIL. Good day, good day. In most accepted pain.o

MEN. How do you ? how do you ? [Erit. AGAM.

Let Diomedes bear him, ACHIL. What, does the cuckold scorn me ? And bring us Cressid hither ; Calchas shall have AJAX. How now, Patroclus ? What he requests of us.—Good Diomed,

ACHIL. Good morrow, Ajax.
Furnish you fairly for this interchange :

AJAX. Ha?
Withal, bring word if Hector will to-morrow ACHIL. Good morrow.
Be answer'd in his chalienge: Ajax is ready. AJAX. Ay, and good next day too.

[Erit. Dio. This shall I undertake; and 'tis a burden ACHIL. What mean these fellows ? know they Which I am proud to bear.

not Achilles ? [Exeunt DIOMEDES and Calchas. Patr. They pass by strangely: they were us’d

to bend,

To send their smiles before them to Achilles ; Enter ACHILLES and PATROCLUS, before their To come as humbly as they us’d to creep Tent.

To holy altars.

ACHIL. . What, am I poor of late ? Ulyss. Achilles stands i' the entrance of his ”Tis certain, greatness, once fall’n out with fortune, tent:

Must fall out with men too: what the declin'd is, Please it our general to pass strangely by him, He shall as soon read in the eyes of others, As if he were forgot ;—and, princes all,

As feel in his own fall: for men, like butterflies,

a That, through the sight I bear in things from Jove, &c.] The old copies read, " -- to Jove," or, "- to love,"-it being difficult to determine whether the latter word is intended for "Jove" or "love." Rowe printed,

“That, through the sight I bear in things to come," &c. Mr. Collier's annotator reads,

Appeal it to your mind, "That through the sight I bear in things above," &c. The substitution of "from" for “ to," which we have taken the liberty to make, supposing the compositor misread "fro" as to, receives some support from the passage in Chapman's " Niads of Homer." Book 1., where Chalcas is sent for to discover why Apollo has struck the Greeks with the plague,

- Let us aske, some Prophet, Priest, or prove Some dreame interpreter (for dreunes, are often sent from Jove),”

&c. b - a wrest-) See note (a), p. 273. c In most accepted pain.) Hanmer and Warburton read,

“In most accepted pay." d Why such unplausive eyes are bent, why turn'd on him :) If the eyes were bent on him, they were turnid on him. This tautology, therefore, together with the redundancy of the line, plainly show that we ought to read, with Sir Thomas Hanmer,Why such unplausive eyes are bent on him.""

STEEVENS.

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Show not their mealy wings but to the summer ;
And not a man, for being simply man,
Hath any honour ; but honour* for those honours
That are without him, as place, riches and favour,
Prizes of accident as oft as merit :
Which when they fall, as being slippery standers,
The love that lean’d on them as slippery too,
Do one pluck down another, and together
Die in the fall. But 'tis not so with me:
Fortune and I are friends ; I do enjoy
At ample point all that I did possess,
Save these men's looks; who do, methinks, find out
Something not worth in me such rich beholding
As they have often given.-Here is Ulysses ;
I'll interrupt his reading: -
How now, Ulysses !
Ulyss.

Now, great Thetis' son !
ACHIL. What are you reading ?

Ulyss.

A strange fellow here Writes me, That man-how dearly ever parted," How much in having, or without or in,Cannot make boast to have that which he hath, Nor feels not what he owes, but by reflection ; As when his virtues shining upon others Heat them, and they retort that heat again To the first giver. Achil.

This is not strange, Ulysses. The beauty that is borne here in the face, The bearer knows not, but commends itself To others' eyes : nor doth the eye

itself (That most pure spirit of sense) behold itself Not going from itself ; but eye to eye oppos’d Salutes each other with each other's form. For speculation turns not to itself, Till it hath travell’d, and is mirror'd there Where it may see itself: this is not strange at all.

(*) First folio, honour'd. how dearly ever parted,–] That is, however richly endowed. b To others' eyes : &c. This and the next line are omitted in the folio.

c - and is mirror'd there-) A correction made both by Mr.

Collier's and Mr. Singer's annotator ; and the word "speculation" in the preceding line, which there imports vision, espial, and the like, renders it almost indisputably necessary. The old text reads,"and is married there."

there are,

Ulyss. I do not strain * at the position,- That one by one pursue: if you give way, It is familiar,—but at the author's drift :

Or hedge aside from the direct forthright, Who, in his circumstance, a expressly proves- Like to an enter'd tide, they all rush by, That no man is the lord of any thing,

And leave you hindmost; (Though in and of him there be t much consisting,) Or, like a gallant horse fall’n in first rank, Till he communicate his parts to others :

Lie there for pavement to the abject rear, * Nor doth he of himself know them for aught O'er-run and trampled on: then what they do in Till he behold them form’d in the applause

present, Where they're extended; who, like an arch, rever- Though less than yours in past, must o’ertop yours : berates

For Time is like a fashionable host, [hand; The voice again ; or like a gate of steel

That slightly shakes his parting guest by the Fronting the sun, receives and renders back

And with his arms outstretch'd, as he would fly, His figure and his heat. I was much rapt in this ; Grasps-in the comer : the welcome ever smiles, And apprehended here immediately

And farewell goes out sighing. O, let not virtue The unknown Ajax.

seek Heavens, what a man is there ! a very horse ; Remuneration for the thing it was ; for beauty, wit, That has he knows not what. Nature, what things High birth, vigour of bone, desert in service,

Love, friendship, charity, are subjects all Most abject in regard, and dear in use !

To envious and calumniating time.
What things again most dear in the esteem, One touch of nature makes the whole world kin,-
And poor in worth ! Now shall we see to-morrow, That all, with one consent, praise new-born gawds,
An act that very chance doth throw upon him, Though they are made and moulded of things past;
Ajax renown'd. O, heavens, what some men do, And givet to dust, that is a little gilt,
While some men leave to do !

More laud than gilt® o’erdusted.
How some men creep in skittish Fortune's hall, The present eye praises the present object :
Whiles others play the idiots in her eyes !

Then marvel not, thou great and complete man, How one man eats into another's pride,

That all the Greeks begin to worship Ajax ; While pride is fasting $ in his wantonness ! Since things in motion sooner I catch the eye, To see these Grecian lords !-why, even already Than what not stirs. The cry went once & on thee, They clap the lubber Ajax on the shoulder; And still it might, and yet it may again, As if his foot were on brave Hector's breast, If thou wouldst not entomb thyself alive, And great Troy shrieking.

And case thy reputation in thy tent; ACHIL.

I do believe it; Whose glorious deeds, but in these fields of late, For they pass'd by me, as misers do by beggars, Made emulous missions 'mongst the gods themNeither gave to me good word, nor look :

selves, What, are my deeds forgot ?

And drave great Mars to faction. Ulyss. Time hath, my lord, a. wallet at his ACHIL.

Of this my privacy back,

I have strong reasons. Wherein he puts alms for Oblivion,

Ulyss.

But 'gainst your privacy A great-siz'd monster of ingratitudes :

The reasons are more potent and heroical : Those scraps are good deeds past ;

'Tis known, Achilles, that you are in love Which are devour'd as fast as they are made, With one of Priam's daughters. Forgot as soon as done: perséverance, dear my lord, ACHIL.

Ha! known ? Keeps honour bright: to have done, is to hang Ulyss. Is that a wonder? Quite out of fashion, like a rusty mail

The providence that's in a watchful state, In monumental mockery. Take the instant way; Knows almost every grain of Plutus' || gold; For honour travels in a strait so narrow,

Finds bottom in the uncomprehensive deeps; Where one but goes abreast : keep, then, the path ; | Keeps place with thought, and almost, like the gods, For emulation hath a thousand sons,

Does thoughts unveil in their dumb cradles."

b

(*) First folio inserts, it. (+) First folio, is.

(1) First folio, feasting. - in his circumstance,-) "In the detail or circumduction of his argument."--JOHNSON.

forthright,-) A forthright means a strait path: thus in the “Tempest," Act III. Sc. 3,

() Old text, abject, neere.

(1) Old text, goe. (1) First folio, begin to.

(5) First folio, out. (ID) Old text, Plutoes. the doubtful expression and the limping measure of the line instruct us to suspect some error lurks under the word "cradles,' which, indeed, we once believed a misprint for oracles. Mr. Collier's annotator proposes to restore the sense and rhythm by reading,

" - here's a maze trod, indeed,

Through forthrights and meanders!” 6 - gilt-) Query, “ - than gold o'erdusted"?

d Does thoughts unveil in their dumb cradles. ] “Dumb cradles," the silent incunabula of thoughts, may be right, but

“Does thoughts unveil in their crudities," and Mr. Collier actually adopts "crudilies," and terms it a valuable emendation !

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