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That it engluts and swallows other sorrows, The very head and front of my offending
And it is still itself.

Hath this extent, no more.

Rude am I in my DUKE. Why, what's the matter ?

speech, BRA. My daughter! O, my daughter ! And little bless’d with the soft phrase of peace : DUKE and SEN.

Dead? For since these arms of mine had seven years' pith, BRA.

Ay, to me; Till now some nine moons wasted, they have us’d She is abus’d, stoln from me, and corrupted Their dearesta action in the tented field ; By spells and medicines bought of mountebanks ; And little of this great world can I speak, For nature so preposterously to err,

More than pertains to feats of broils and battle ; Being not deficient, blind, or lame of sense, And therefore little shall I

race my cause Sans witchcraft could not.

In speaking for myself. Yet, by your gracious DUKE. Whoe'er he be that, in this foul pro

patience, ceeding,

I will a round unvarnish'd tale deliver Hath thus beguild your daughter of herself, Of my whole course of love ; what drugs, what And you of her, the bloody book of law

charms,
You shall yourself read in the bitter letter, What conjuration, and what mighty magic, -
After your own sense; yea, though our proper son For such proceeding I am charg'd withal
Stood in

your
action.

I won his daughter.
BRA.
Humbly I thank your grace.

BRA.

A maiden never bold ; Here is the man, this Moor; whom now, it Of spirit so still and quiet, that her motion seems,

Blush'd at herself: and she,—in spite of nature, Your special mandate, for the state-affairs, Of years, of country, credit, every thing, Hath hither brought.

To fall in love with what she fear'd to look on ! Duke and SEN. We are very sorry for ’t. It is a judgment maim'd * and most imperfect,

DUKE. What, in your own part, can you say That will confess perfection so could err to this?

[TO OTHELLO. Against all rules of nature; and must be driven Bra. Nothing, but this is so.

To find out practices of cunning hell, Oth. Most potent, grave, and reverend signiors, Why this should be. I therefore vouch again, My very noble and approv'd good masters,— Thut with some mixtures powerful o'er the blood, That I have ta’en away this old man's daughter, Or with some dram conjur'd to this effect, It is most true; true, I have married her ;

He wrought upon her.

a Their dearest action - ] See note (b), p. 398.

(9) First folio, main'd.

b

ears I'll

DUKE.

To vouch this, is no proof, Took once a pliant hour, and found good means Without more wider and more overt test

To draw from her a prayer of earnest heart Than these thin habits and poor likelihoods That I would all my pilgrimage dilate, Of modern seeming do prefer against him." Whereof by parcels she had something heard, 1 SEN. But, Othello, speak :

But not intentively:* I did consent ; Did you by indirect and forced courses

And often did beguile her of her tears,
Subdue and poison this young maid's affections ? When I did speak of some distressful stroke
Or came it by request, and such fair question That my youth suffer'd. My story being done,
As soul to soul affordeth ?

She
gave me for

my pains a world of sighs: Отн. . I do beseech you,

She swore,-in faith, 't was strange, 't was passing Send for the lady to the Sagittary,

strange; And let her speak of me before her father : ’T was pitiful, 't was wondrous pitiful :If you do find me foul in her report,

She wish'd she had not heard it ;-yet she wish'd The trust, the office, I do hold of you,

That heaven had made her such a man ;-she Not only take away, but let your sentence

thank'd me; Even fall upon my life.

And bade me, if I had a friend that lov'd her, DUKE.

Fetch Desdemona hither. I should but teach him how to tell my story, Oth. Ancient, conduct them; you best know And that would woo her. Upon this hint I spake:the place.

She lov'd me for the dangers I had pass’d; [Exeunt Iago and Attendants. And I lov'd her that she did pity them. And, till she come, as truly as to heaven

This only is the witchcraft I have us’d; I do confess the vices of my blood,

Here comes the lady, let her witness it. So justly to your grave.

present How I did thrive in this fair lady's love, And she in mine.

Enter DESDEMONA, Iago, and Attendants. DUKE. Say it, Othello.

OTH. Her father lov'd me; oft invited me; DUKE. I think this tale would win my daughter Still question'd me the story of my life,

too. From year to year,—the battles,* sieges, fortunes,t Good Brabantio, That I have pass'd.

Take

up this mangled matter at the best :
I ran it through, even from my boyish days, Men do their broken weapons rather use
To the very moment that he bade me tell it : Than their bare hands.
Wherein I spake of most disastrous chances ; BRA.

I pray you, hear her speak; Of moving accidents by flood and field;

If she confess that she was half the wooer, Of hair-breadth scapes i’ the imminent-deadly Destruction on my head, if my bad blame breach ;

Light on the man !—Come hither, gentle mistress : Of being taken by the insolent foe

Do you perceive in all this noble company
And sold to slavery; of my redemption thence, Where most you owe obedience ?
And portance in my travel's § history:

DES.

My noble father, Wherein of antres vast, and deserts idle,

I do perceive here a divided duty: Rough quarries, rocks and || hills whose heads To

you,

I am bound for life and education ; touch heaven,

My life and education both do learn me It was my hint to speak,—such was

How to respect you; you are the lord of duty,– process ;

I am hitherto your daughter: but here's my And of the Cannibals that each other eat,

husband; The Anthropophagi, and men whose heads And so much duty as my mother show'd Do growo beneath their shoulders. (4) This to To you, preferring you before her father, heard

So much I challenge that I may profess Would Desdemona seriously incline:

Due to the Moor, my lord. But still the house affairs would draw her thence; tt BRA. God be with you !—I have done.Which ever as she could with haste despatch, Please it your grace, on to the state affairs ;She'd come again, and with a greedy ear

I had rather to adopt a child than get it.Devour up my discourse :—which I observing, Come hither, Moor: (*) First folio, Battaiie. (1) First folio, Fortune.

the **

(*) First folio, instinctively. (1) First folio, kisses. (1) First folio, spoke.

(3) First folio, Travellours. ( First folio omits, and. (1) First folio, head.

one preceding. (**) First folio, my. (11) First folio, hence.

b The trust, the office, I do hold of you,-) This line is not do prefer against him.) In the folio, the prefix "Duke" c Do grow beneath-) The folio reads, “Grew beneath," &c. having been inadvertently omitted, this speech forms part of the d This to hear-) In the folio, “ These things to hear," &c.

found in the earlier quarto.

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I here do give thee that with all my heart,
Which, but thou hast already, with all my heart
I would keep from thee.—For your sake, jewel,
I am glad at soul I have no other child ;
For thy escape would teach me tyranny,
To hang clogs on them.—I have done, my lord.
DUKE. Let me speak like yourself; and lay a

sentence, 4 Which, but thou hast already, with all my heart—] A line wanting in the earlier quarto.

VOL. III.

Which, as a grise, or step, may help these lovers
Into your favour. *
When remedies are past, the griefs are ended
By seeing the worst, which late on hopes depended.
To mourn a mischief that is past and gone
Is the next way to draw new mischief on.
What cannot be preserv'd, when Fortune takes,
Patience her injury a mockery makes.

(*) First folio omits the words, Into your favour. b Let me speak like yourself;) He perhaps means, sententiously

657

The robb'd that smiles, steals something from the And let me find a charter in your voice, thief;

To assist my simpleness. He robs himself that spends a bootless grief.

DUKE. What would you, Desdemona ? Bra. So let the Turk of Cyprus us beguile, Des. That I did love the Moor to live with him, We lose it not, so long as we can smile.

My downright violence and storm * of fortunes He bears the sentence well, that nothing bears May trumpet to the world: my heart's subdu'd But the free comfort which from thence he hears ; Even to the very quality of my lord :* But he bears both the sentence and the sorrow, I saw Othello's visage in his mind; That, to pay grief, must of poor patience borrow. And to his honours and his valiant parts These sentences, to sugar, or to gall,

Did I my soul and fortunes consecrate. Being strong on both sides, are equivocal :

So that, dear lords, if I be left behind, But words are words; I never yet did hear A moth of peace, and he go to the war, That the bruis’d heart was pierced through the The rites for which t I love him are bereft me, ear.—A

And I a heavy interim shall support I humbly beseech you, proceed to the affairs of By his dearf absence. Let me go with him. state.

Oth. Let her have your voice. DUKE. The Turk with a most mighty prepara- Vouch with me, heaven, I therefore beg it not, tion makes for Cyprus :—Othello, the fortitude of To please the palate of my appetite ; the place is best known to you; and though we Nor to comply with heat (the young affects have there a substitute of most allowed sufficiency, In me defunct) and proper satisfaction ; yet opinion, a* sovereign mistress of effects, throws But to be free and bounteous to her mind : a more safer voice on you: you must therefore And heaven defend your good souls, that

you

think be content to slubber the gloss of your new fortunes I will your serious and great business scant with this more stubborn and boisterous expedition. For she is with me : no, when light-wing’d toys

Ors. The tyrant custom, most grave senators, Of feather'd Cupid seel with wanton dulness Hath made the flinty and steel couch of war My speculative and offic'd instruments, My thrice-driven bed of down: I do agnize b That my disports corrupt and taint my business, A natural and prompt alacrity

Let housewives make a skillet of my helm, I find in hardness; and do undertake

And all indign and base adversities These i present wars against the Ottomites.

Make head against my estimation ! Most humbly, therefore, bending to your state, DUKE. Be it as you shall privately determine, I crave fit disposition for my wife;

Either for her stay or going : the affair cries haste, Due reference of place and exhibition ;

And speed must answer it. With such accommodation and besort

1 Sen. You must away to-night.' As levels with her breeding.

Отн. .

With all

my

heart. DUKE. If you please,

DUKE. At nine i’ the morning here we 'll meet Be't at her father's.

again.BRA. I'll not have it so.

Othello, leave some officer behind, Oth, Nor I.

And he shall our commission bring to you ; Des. Nor I; I would not there reside, With || such things else of quality and respect To put my father in impatient thoughts

As doth import you. By being in his eye. Most gracious duke,

Отн. . So please your grace, my ancient, To my unfolding lend

your prosperous ear; A man he is of honesty and trust,

d

(*) First folio inserts, more. (+) First folio, Coach.

(1) Old text, This.
a That the bruis'd heart was pierced through the ear.- ] Following
Warburton, some editors read pieced; but Brabantio is quoting a
phrase of the age. Thus Spenser:-

" Her words
Which passing through the eares would pierce the heart."

The Faerie Queene, B. IV. C. 8, Stanza xxvi.
So also Drayton, in the Baron's Warrs, Stanza xxxvi. :-

" Are not your hearts yet pierced through your Ears?" b - agnize-) Acknowledge.

If you please,

(*) Quarto 1622, scorne.

() First folio, why. (1) Old text, my.

($) First folio, When,

(II) First folio, And. Othello, that I am even willing to endure all the inconveniences incident to a military life, and to attend him to the wars.' MALONE.

- dear absence.] See note (6), p. 398. 6 Let her have your voice.) The folio lection; that of the quarto 1662 is,

“ Your voices lords: beseech you let her will

Have a free way." h My speculative and offic'd instruments,-) By " speculative and offic'd instruments" he probably means, the organs of sigłt and action.

Be't at her father's.] The folio has,-"Why at her Fathers ?"

d Nor I; I would not there reside, &c.] In the folio,—"Nor would I there recide,".&c.

- my heart's subdu'd Even to the very quality of my lord :) "Quality here means profession. I am so much enamoured of

i You must away to-night.) In the quartos, “You must hence to-night," which words are given to the Duke, and the dialogue proceeds as follows,

Des. To-night my lord ?

Du. This night.
Oth. With all my heart."

с

b

see ;

To his conveyance I assign my wife,

the blood and baseness of our natures would conWith what else needful your good grace shall think duct us to most preposterous conclusions: but we To be sent after me.

have reason to cool our raging motions, our carnal DUKE. Let it be so.

stings, our unbitted lusts; whereof I take this, Good night to every one. -And, noble signior, that

you

call love, to be a sect or scion.

[To BRABANTIO. Rod. It cannot be. If virtue no delighted beauty lack,

Iago. It is merely a lust of the blood and a Your son-in-law is far more fair than black. permission of the will. Come, be a man : drown 1 Sen. Adieu, brave Moor! use Desdemona thyself! drown cats and blind puppies. I have well.

professed me thy friend, and I confess me knit to Bra. Look to her, Moor, if thou hast eyes to thy deserving with cables of perdurable toughness.

I could never better stead thee than now. Put She has deceiv'd her father, and may thee. money in thy purse; follow thou the wars ; defeat

[Exeunt DUKE, Senators, Officers, &c. thy favour with an usurped beard ; I say, put OTH. My life upon her faith !-Honest Iago, money in thy purse. It cannot be that DesMy Desdemona must I leave to thee :

demona should long continue her love to the Moor, a I pr’ythee, let thy wife attend on her ;

-put money in thy purse,—nor he his to her: it And bring them after in the best advantage.- was a violent commencement, and thou shalt see Come, Desdemona, I have but an hour

an answerable sequestration ;-put but money

in Of love, of worldly matter, and direction,

thy purse.—These Moors are changeable in their To spend with thee: we must obey the time. wills ;—fill thy purse with money : the food that to

[Exeunt OTHELLO and DESDEMONA. him now is as luscious as locusts, shall be to him Rod. Iago,

shortly as bitter as coloquintida.(5) She must change Iago. What say'st thou, noble heart ?

for youth: when she is sated with his body, she Rod. What will I do, think'st thou ?

will find the error of her choice: she must have lago. Why, go to bed, and sleep.

change, she must : ° therefore put money in thy Rop. I will incontinently drown myself.

purse.--If thou wilt needs damn thyself, do it a Iago. If thou dost, I shall never love thee more delicate way than drowning. Make all the after. Why, thou silly gentleman !

money thou canst: if sanctimony and a frail vow, Rod. It is silliness to live when to live is betwixt an erring barbarian and a* super-subtle torment; and then have we a prescription to die, Venetian, be not too hard for my wits and all the when death is our physician.

tribe of hell, thou shalt enjoy her; therefore make lago. O, villanous ! I have looked upon the money. A pox of drowning thyself ! it is clean world for four times seven years; and since I out of the way: seek thou rather to be hanged in could distinguish betwixt a benefit and an injury, compassing thy joy, than to be drowned and go I never found man that knew how to love himself. without her. Ere I would say, I would drown myself for the Rod. Wilt thou be fast to my hopes, if I depend love of a Guinea-hen, I would change my humanity on the issue ? with a baboon.

Lago. Thou art sure of me ;-go, make money: Rod. What should I do? I confess it is my -I have told thee often, and I re-tell thee again shame to be so fond; but it is not in my virtue to and again, I hate the Moor: my cause is hearted, amend it.

thine hath no less reason ; let us be conjunctive Iago. Virtue ! a fig ! 'tis in ourselves that we in our revenge against him. If thou canst cuckold are thus or thus. Our bodies are our gardens; to him, thou dost thyself a pleasure, me a sport. the which our wills are gardeners : so that if we There are many events in the womb of time, which will plant nettles, or sow lettuce; set hyssop, and will be delivered. Traverse! go; provide thy weed up thyme; supply it with one gender of money. We will have more of this to-morrow. herbs, or distract it with many; either to have it Adieu. sterile with idleness, or manured with industry; Rod. Where shall we meet i’ the morning ? why, the power and corrigible authority of this lies Iago. At my lodging. in our wills. If the balance * of our lives had not Rop. I'll be with thee betimes. one scale of reason to poise another of sensuality, Iago. Go to; farewell. Do you hear, Roderigo?

(*) First folio, braine. - no delighted beauty lack,-) "Delighted" is here used for delighting; the passive participle for the active.

b'- if thou hast eyes to see ;) The 1622 quarto reads, we think preferably,"have a quick eye to see," &c.

c defeat thy favour with an usurped beard ;) Change, or disfigure thy countenance by putting on a spurious beard.

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(*) First folio omits, a. d It cannot be that Desdemona should long continue her love to the Moor,-) In the folio, " It cannot be long that Desdemona should continue," &c.

e-she must have change, she must;] These words are not in the folio.

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