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the surfeit* of our own behaviour) we make EDG. Some villain hath done me wrong. guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon, and Edm. That's my fear. I pray you, have a the † stars: as if we were villains by I necessity; continent forbearance till the speed of his rage fools by heavenly compulsion ; knaves, thieves, goes slower; and, as I


retire with me to my and treachers, by spherical predominance; drunk- lodging, from whence I will fitly bring you to ards, liars, and adulterers, by an enforced obedience hear my lord speak: pray ye, go; there's my of planetary influence; and all that we are evil in, key :--if you do stir abroad, go armed. by a divine thrusting on. An admirable evasion EDG. Armed, brother ? of whore-master man, to lay his goatish disposi- Edm. Brother, I advise you to the best; go tion on the charge of a star! My father com- armed ;* I am no honest man, if there be any pounded with my mother under the dragon's tail ; good meaning toward you: I have told you

what and my nativity was under ursa major; so that I have seen and heard but faintly; nothing like it follows, I am rough and lecherous.—Tut, $ I the image and horror of it: pray you, away. should have been that I am, had the maidenliest EDG. Shall I hear from you anon? star in the firmament twinkled on my bastardizing. Edm. I do serve you in this business.Edgar—and || pat he comes, like the catastrophe

[Exit EDGAR. of the old comedy: my cue is villainous melan- A credulous father, and a brother noble, choly, with a sigh like Tom o' Bedlam.

Whose nature is so far from doing harms,

That he suspects none; on whose foolish honesty Enter EDGAR.

My practices ride easy !-I see the business.

Let me, if not by birth, have lands by wit: O, these eclipses do portend these divisions ! fa,

All with me's meet, that I can fashion fit. [Exit. sol, la, mi.

Edg. How now, brother Edmund! what serious contemplation are you in ?

EDM. I am thinking, brother, of a prediction SCENE III.- A Room in the Duke of Albany's I read this other day, what should follow these

Palace. eclipses. EDG. Do you busy yourself with that?

Enter GONERIL, and Oswald her Steward. Edm. I promise you, the effects he writes of succeed unhappily; as of unnaturalness a between Gon. Did my father strike my gentleman for the child and the parent; death, dearth, dissolu- chiding of his fool ? tions of ancient amities ; divisions in state, menaces Osw. Ay, madam. and maledictions against king and nobles; needless Gon. By day and night he wrongs me; every diffidences, banishment of friends, dissipation of

hour cohorts, nuptial breaches, and I know not what. He flashes into one gross crime or other,

Eng. How long have you been a sectary That sets us all at odds : I'll not endure it : astronomical ?

His knights grow riotous, and himself upbraids us Edm. Come, come; when saw you my father On


trifle.—When he returns from hunting, last ?

I will not speak with him; say I am sick :Edg. The night gone by.

If you come slack of former services, Edm. Spake you with him ?

You shall do well; the fault of it I'll answer. EDG. Ay, two hours together.

Osw. He's coming, madam ; I hear him. Edm. Parted you iu good terms ? Found you

[Horns without no displeasure in him, by word nor countenance ? Gon. Put on what weary negligence you Edg. None at all.

please, EDM. Bethink yourself wherein you may have You and your fellows; I'd have it come to offended him: and at my entreaty forbear his

question: presence until some little time hath qualified the If he distaste it, let him to my sister, heat of his displeasure ; which at this instant so Whose mind and mine, I know, in that are one, rageth in him, that with the mischief of your Not to be over-ruld. Idle old man, person it would scarcely allay.

That still would manage those authorities,

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That lie hath given away !—Now, by my life,

LEAR. Who wouldst thou serve ? Old fools are babes again, and must be us’d

KENT. You. With checks as flatteries,—when they are seen LEAR. Dost thou know me, fellow ? abus'd.

KENT. No, sir ; but you have that in your Remember what I have said.

countenance which I would fain call master. Osw. Well, madam.

LEAR. What's that? Gon. And let his knights have colder looks KENT. Authority. among you;

LEAR. What services canst thou do? What grows of it, no matter; advise your fellows KENT. I can keep honest counsel, ride, run,

mar a curious tale in telling it, and deliver a I would breed from hence occasions, and I shall, plain message bluntly: that which ordinary men That I may speak : _I'll write straight to my are fit for, I am qualified in"; and the best of me sister,

is,-- diligence. To hold my course.—Prepare for dinner.

LEAR. How old art thou ? [Exeunt. KENT. Not so young, sir, to love a woman for

singing; nor so old, to dote on her for any thing: I have years on my back forty-eight.

LEAŘ. Follow me; thou shalt serve me, if I SCENE IV.-A Hall in the same.

like thee no worse after dinner. I will not part

from thee yet.—Dinner, ho, dinner !_Where's Enter KENT, disguised.

my knave? my fool ? Go you and call my fool hither.

[Exit an Attendant, KENT. If but as well I other accents borrow, That can my speech diffuse, my good intent

Enter OswALD.
May carry through itself to that full issue
For which I raz'd my likeness.—Now, banish'd

You, you, sirrah, where's my daughter ?

Osw. So please you, If thou canst serve where thou dost stand

[Erit. condemn’d,

LEAR. What says the fellow there ? Call the So may it come, thy master, whom thou lov’st,

clotpoll back.—[Exit a Knight.]—Where's my Shall find thee full of labours.

fool, ho?-I think the world's asleep.

Re-enter Knight.

Horns without Enter LEAR, Knights, and


LEAR. Let me not stay a jot for dinner; go, get it ready. [Exit an Attendant.] How now! what art thou ?

KENT. A man, sir.

LEAR. What dost thou profess? What wouldst thou with us ?

KENT. I do profess to be no less than I seem; to serve him truly that will put me in trust ; to love him that is honest ; to converse with him that is wise, and says little; to fear judgment; to fight when I cannot choose ; and to eat no fish.(2) LEAR. What art thou ?

KENT. A very honest-hearted fellow, and as poor as the king

LEAR. If thou beest as poor for a subject, as he is for a king, thou art poor enough. What wouldst thou ?

KENT. Service.

How now! where's that mongrel ?

Knight. He says, my lord, your daughter* is not well.

LEAR. Why came not the slave back to me, when I call’d him ?

KNIGHT. Sir, he answered me in the roundest manner, he would not.

LEAR. He would not !

KNIGHT. My lord, I know not what the matter is; but, to my judgment, your highness is not entertained with that ceremonious affection as you were wont; there's a great abatement of kindness appears as well in the general dependants as in the duke himself also, and your daughter.

LEAR. Ha! sayest thou so ?

KNIGHT. I beseech you, pardon me, my lord, if I be mistaken ; for my duty cannot be silent when I think your highness wronged.

LEAR. Thou but rememberest me of mine own

I would breed from hence occasions, and I shall,

That I may speak:-) These lines are not in the folio.

(*) First folio, Daughters. b That can my speech diffuse,-) Diffuse, here, signifies. disguise.

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,* my

LEAR. My lady's father! my lord's knave:

Learn more than thou trowest, you whoreson dog! you slave!


Set less than thou throwest ;
Osw. I am none of these, my lord; I beseech

Leave thy drink and thy whore, your pardon.

And keep in-a-door, LEAR. Do you bandy looks with me, you

And thou shalt have more rascal ?

[Striking him.

Than two tens to a score. Osw. I'll not be struck,* lord.

LEAR. This is nothing, fool.° Kent. Nor tripp'd neither, you base foot-ball

Fool. Then 'tis like the breath of an unfee'd player. [Tripping up his heels.

lawyer,—you gave me nothing for it. Can you LEAR. I thank thee, fellow; thou servest me,

make no use of nothing, nuncle ? and I'll love thee.

LEAR. Why, no, boy; nothing can be made Kent. Come, sir, arise, away! I'll teach you out of nothing differences; away, away! If you will measure

Fool. Pr’ythee, tell him, so much the rent of your lubber's length again, tarry: but away! go

his land comes to; he will not believe a fool. to; have

wisdom? so. [Pushes Oswald out.

[To KENT. LEAR. Now, my friendly knave, I thank thee : LEAR. A bitter fool ! there's earnest of thy service.

Fool. Dost thou know the difference, my boy, [Giving KENT money. between a bitter fool and a sweet one ?

LEAR. No, lad, teach me.
Enter Fool.

Fool. That lord, that counsellid thee
Fool. Let me hire him too ;-here's my

To give away thy land,

Come place him here by me,coxcomb. [Giving Kent his cap.

Or* do thou for him stand; LEAR. How now, my pretty knave ! how dost

The sweet and bitter fool thou?

Will presently appear ; Fool. Sirrah, you were best take my coxcomb.

The one in motley here, KENT. Why, fool ?

The other found out there. Fool. Why, for taking one's part that 's out of

LEAR. Dost thou call me fool, boy ? favour. Nay, an thou canst not smile as the wind sits, thou'lt catch cold shortly: there, take my

Fool. All thy other titles thou hast given

away; that thou wast born with. coxcomb. Why, this fellow has banished two on's

KENT. This is not altogether fool, my lord. daughters, and did the third a blessing against his

Foot. No, 'faith, lords and great men will not will; if thou follow him, thou must needs wear my coxcomb.—How now, nuncle! Would I had

let me; if I had a monopoly out, (3) they would two coxcombs and two daughters !

have part on't: and ladies – too, they will not let LEAR. Why, my boy?

me have all fool to myself; they'll be snatching:Fool. If I gave them all my living, I'd keep

Nuncle, give me an egg, and I'll give thee two my coxcombs myself. There's mine; beg another

LEAR. What two crowns shall they be? of thy daughters. LEAR. 'Take heed, sirrah,—the whip.

Fool. Why, after I have cut the egg i' the Fool. Truth's a dog must to kennel ; he must

middle, and

eat up the meat, the two crowns of be whipped out, when the lady brach may stand

the egg. When thou clovest thy crown & i' the by the fire and stink.

middle, and gavest away both parts, thou borest LEAR. A pestilent gall to me!

thine ass on thy back o'er the dirt : thou hadst Fool. Sirrah, I'll teach thee a speech.

little wit in thy bald crown, when thou gavest thy LEAR. Do.

golden one away. If I speak like myself in this, Fool. Mark it, nuncle :

let him be whipped that first finds it so.

[Singing. Have more than thou showest,

Fools had ne'er less grace in a year ;
Speak less than thou knowest,

For wise men are grown foppish,
Lend less than thou owest,

And know not how their wits to wear,
Ride more than thou goest,

Their manners are so apish.


(*) First folio, strucken. Why, fool?). This interrogatory, in the form of, "Why, my boy?" is given in the folio to Lear; but, as Mr. Dyce observes, it is plain that the Fool addresses the King for the first time, when he says, "How now, nuncle !"

b -- than thou trowest,-) That is, than thou believest.

c This is nothing, fool.] In the folio, this speech is assigned to Kent. d No, lad, teach me.] This line and the portion of the dialogue

(*) Old copies omit, Or. (+) Old copies, loades, lodes.

(I) First folio, Crownes. down to and including the words in the Fool's speech, "they 'll be snatching," are omitted in the folio. e Pools had ne'er less grace in a year;] The quartos have,

"-ne'er less wit in a year;" perhaps the true reading: as in Lyly's “Mother Bombie," 1594, we find, " I think gentlemen had never less wit in a year.'

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songs, sirrah?

LEAR. When were you wont to be so full of By what yourself too late have spoke and done,

That you protect this course, and put it on Fool. I have used it, nuncle, ever since thou By your allowance; which if you should, the madest thy daughters thy mothers : for when thou

fault gavest them the rod, and putt'st down thine own Would not 'scape censure, nor the redresses sleep, breeches,

Which, in the tender of a wholesome weal,

[Singing. Might in their working do you that offence, Then they for sudden joy did weep,

Which else were shame—that then necessity, And I for sorrow sung,"

Will call discreet proceeding.
That such a king should play bo-peep,

Fool. For you trow,* nuncle,

the fools * among.

The hedge-sparrow fed the cuckoo so long, Prythee, nuncle, keep a school-master that can That it's had it head bit off by it young." teach thy fool to lie ; I would fain learn to lie.

So, out went the candle, and we were left darkling.° LEAR. An you lie, sirrah, we'll have you LEAR. Are you our daughter ? whipped.

Gon. I would you would make use of that t FOOL. I marvel what kin thou and thy daughters

good wisdom are : they 'll have ine whipped for speaking true, Whereof I know you are fraught; and put away thou’lt have me whipped for lying; and some

These dispositions, which of late transport you times I am whipped for holding my peace. I had

From what you rightly are. rather be any kind o' thing than a fool ; and yet

Fool. May not an ass know when the cart I would not be thee, nuncle ; thou hast pared thy

draws the horse ?— Whoop, Jug! I love thee. wit o' both sides, and left nothing i’ the middle.

LEAR. Does any here know me ?—This is not Here comes one o' the parings.


[his eyes ? Does Lear walk thus ? speak thus ? Where are Enter GONERIL.

Either his notion weakens, his discernings

Are lethargied.—Ha! Waking ?—'tis not so.LEAR. How

daughter! what makes that

Who is it that can tell me who I am ?-
frontlet on ? (4)

Fool. Lear's shadow ? Methinks + you are too much of late i’ the frown.

LEAR. I would learn that, for, by the marks of Fool. Thou wast a pretty fellow when thou

sovereignty, knowledge, and reason, hadst no need to care for her frowning ; now thou

I should be false persuaded I had daughters.-art an O without a figure. I am better than thou

Fool. Which they will make an obedient art now; I am a fool, thou art nothing.–Yes,

father. forsooth [To Gon.], I will hold my tongue, so your

LEAR. Your name, fair gentlewoman ? face bids me, though you say nothing. Mum,

Gon. This admiration, sir, is much o’ the favour mum,

Of other your new pranks. I do beseech you He that keeps nor crust nor crumb, To understand my purposes aright:

[wise. Weary of all, shall want some.

As you are old and reverend, you I should be That's a sheal'd peascod. [Pointing to LEAR. Here do you keep a hundred knights and squires ;

Gon. Not only, sir, this your all-licens’d fool, Men so disordered, so debosh'd, and bold, But other of your insolent retinue

That this our court, infected with their manners, Do hourly carp and quarrel ; breaking forth Shows like a riotous inn : epicurism and lust In rank and not-to-be-endured riots. Sir,

Make it more like a tavern or a brothel, I had thought, by making this well known unto Than a grac'd palace. The shame itself doth you,

speak To have found a safe redress ; but now grow For instant remedy: be, then, desir'd fearful,

By her, that else will take the thing she begs,

(*) First folio, Foole. (t) First folio omits, Methinks.

Then they for sudden joy did weep,

And I for sorrow sung,” &c.] So in Heywood's “Rape of Lucrece,"

" When Tarquin first in court began,

And was approved King,
Some men for sudden joy gan weep,

And I for sorrow sing."
That it's had it head bit off by it young.) Meaning, That it
has had its head bit off, &c.] See note (3), Vol. 1. p. 330.

c - darkling.) This word, which, like the Scotch darklins, implied in the dark, occurs again in " A Midsummer Night's Dream,"

(*) First folio, know.

(+) First folio, your. (1) First folio omits, you. Act II. Sc. 3; and is found in the ancient comedy of " Roister Doister," Act III. Sc. 1,-"He will go darklyng to his grave."

d - for, by the marks of sovereignty, knowledge, and reason, I should be false persuaded,” &c.] This is certainly obscure, Warburton reads, " — of sovereignty of knowledge," &c.; but possibly the meaning may be restored by simply omitting the comma after sovereignty, " - by the marks of sovereignty know, ledge and reason," i.e. of supreme or sovereign knowledge, &c.

e - an obedient father.) This and the three preceding lines are only found in the quartos.


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