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Of folded schedules had she many a one,

Upon his lips their silken parcels hurls. Which she perus'd, sigh'd, tore, and gave the What's sweet to do, to do will aptly find :

Each eye that saw him did enchant the mind ; Crack'd many a ring of posied gold and bone, For on his visage was in little drawn, Bidding them find their sepulchres in mud; What largeness thinks in paradise was sawn. Found yet more letters sadly penn'd in blood, With sleided silk feat and affectedly

“Small show of man was yet upon his chin ; Enswath'd, and seal'd to curious secrecy.*

His phenixb down began but to appear,

Like unshorn velvet, on that termless skin, These often bath'd she in her fuxive eyes,

Whose bare out-bragg’d the web it seem'd to And often kiss'd, and often gan to tear ;

wear ; Cried, “O false blood, thou register of lies,

Yet show'd his visage by that cost more dear ; What unapproved witness dost thou bear! And nice affections wavering stood in doubt Ink would have seem'd more black and damned If best were as it was, or best without.

here !” This said, in top of rage the lines she rents, “His qualities were beauteous as his form, Big discontent so breaking their contents.

For maiden-tongu'd he was, and thereof free ;

Yet, if men mov'd him, was he such a storm' A reverend man that graz'd his cattle nigh,- As oft 'twixt May and April is to see, Sometime a blusterer, that the ruffle knew

When winds breathe sweet, unruly though they Of court, of city, and had let go by

be.
The swiftest hours, observed as they flew,- His rudeness so with his authoriz'd youth
Towards this afflicted fancy fastly drew;

Did livery falseness in a pride of truth.
And, privilegʻd by age, desires to know
In brief the grounds and motives of her woe.

“ Well could he ride, and often men would say

"That horse his mettle from his rider takes : So slides he down upon his grained bat,

Proud of subjection, noble by the sway, And comely-distant sits he by her side ;

What rounds, what bounds, what course, what stop When he again desires her, being sat,

he makes !' Her grievance with his hearing to divide :

And controversy hence a question takes, If that from him there may be aught applied Whether the horse by him became k his deed, Which may her suffering ecstasy' assuage, Or he his manage by the well-doing steed. 'T is promis'd in the charity of age.

“But quickly on this side the verdict went ; “Father," she says, “though in me you behold His real habitude gave life and grace The injury of many a blasting hour,

To appertainings and to ornament, Let it not tell your judgment I am old ;

Accomplish'd in himself, not in his case : Not but sorrow, over me hath power :

All aids, themselves made fairer by their place, I might as yet have been a spreading flower, Came for additions ; yet their purpos'd trim Fresh to myself, if I had self-applied

Piec'd not his grace, but were all grac'd by Love to myself, and to no love beside.

him. “But, woe is me! too early I attended

“So on the tip of his subduing tongue A youthful suit (it was to gain my grace)

All kind of arguments and question deep. Ofe one by nature's outwards so commended, All replication prompt, and reason strong, That maidens' eyes stuck over all his face :

For his advantage still did wake and sleep: Love lack'd a dwelling, and made him her place ;? | To make the weeper laugh, the laugher weep, And when in his fair parts she did abide,

He had the dialect and different skill, She was new lodg’d, and newly deified.

Catching all passions in his craft of will: m “His browny locks did hang in crooked curls ; “That he did in the general bosom reign And every light occasion of the wind

Of young, of old ; and sexes both enchanted

age,

With sleided silk feat and affectedly

Enswath'd, and seald to curious secrecy.) Sleided silk" is untwisted silk; what we now term flos silk. "Feat" means clererly, nicely. To be convinced of the propriety of this description, let the reader consult the Royal Letters,' &c. in the British Museum, where he will find that anciently the ends of a narrow ribbon were placed under the seals of letters, to connect them more closely."-STEEVENS.

b - and often gan to tear;] A conjectural reading of Malone, the old copy having,

and often gave to teare," &c. C - his grained bat,-) His rough staff, or club. d - ecstasy-) Distraction. e of one] The quarto reads, “O one," &c. f - her place;) Her seat, her mansion.

8 - sawn.) Sown; or, as some explain it, seen. We think the former is the true meaning. VOL. III.

785

h - phanix down-) Is this corrupt? Malone supposes by “phenix" she means matchless, rare; but if so, the allusion is very far fetched.

i Yet, if men mov'd him, was he such a storm, &c.) Compare, "Antony and Cleopatra," Act V. Sc. 2,

" — his voice was propertied As all the tuned spheres, and that to friends; But when he meant to quail and shake the orb,

He was as rattling thunder." k

- became-] Adorned, graced. I Came for -] So Malone; the quarto having, "Can for," &c. m Catching all passions in his craft of will:) "These lines, in which our poet has accidentally delineated his own character as a dramatist, would have been better adapted to his morumental inscription, than such as are placed on the scroll in Westminster Abbey."-STEEVENS.

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find;

To dwell with him in thoughts, or to remain Have of my suffering youth some feeling pity,
In personal duty, following where he haunted : And be not of my holy vows afraid :
Consents bewitch'd, ere he desire, have granted; That's to you sworn, to none was ever said ;
And dialogu'd for him what he would say,

For feasts of love I have been called unto,
Ask'd their own wills, and made their wills obey. Till now did ne'er invite, nor never vow.
* Many there were that did his picture get, "All my offences that abroad you see
To serve their eyes, and in it put their mind ; Are errors of the blood, none of the mind;
Like fools that in th' imagination set

Love made them not; with actured they may be, The goodly objects which abroad they find

Where neither party is nor true nor kind : Of lands and mansions, theirs in thought assign'd ; They sought their shame that so their shame did And labouring in more pleasures to bestow them Than the true gouty landlord which doth owe And so much less of shame in me remains, them :

By how much of me their reproach contains.
“So many have, that never touch'd his hand, "Among the many that mine eyes have seen,
Sweetly suppos'd them mistress of his heart. Not one whose fame my heart so much as
My woeful self, that did in freedom stand,

warın'd,
And was my own fee-simple," (not in part) Or my affection put to the smallest teen,
What with his art in youth, and youth in art, Or any of my leisures ever charm'd :
Threw my affections in his charmed power,

Harm have I done to them, but ne'er was harm'd; Reserv'd the stalk, and gave him all my flower. Kept hearts in liveries, but mine own was free,

And reign'd, commanding in his monarchy. “ Yet did I not, as some my equals did, Demand of him, nor being desir'd yielded ;

“Look here what tributes wounded fancies sent Finding myself in honour so forbid,

me, With safest distance I mine honour shielded : Of paled pearls, and rubies red as blood; Experience for me many bulwarks builded Figuring that they their passions likewise lent mo Of proofs new-bleeding, which remain'd the foil Of grief and blushes, aptly understood Of this false jewel, and his amorous spoil.

In bloodless white and the encrimson'd mood;

Effects of terror and dear modesty, " But, ah, who ever shunn'd by precedent

Encamp'd in hearts, but fighting outwardly. The destin'd ill she must herself assay ? Or forc'd examples, 'gainst her own content, “And, lo, behold these talents of their hair, To put the by-pass'd perils in her way?

With twisted metal amorously impleach'd, Counsel may stop a while what will not stay ; I have receiv'd from many a several fair, For when we rage, advice is often seen

Their kind acceptance weepingly beseech'd, By blunting us to make our wits more keen. With the annexions of fair gems enrich’d,

And deep-brain'd sonnets that did amplify “ Nor gives it satisfaction to our blood,

Each stone's dear nature, worth, and quality. That we must curb it upon others' proof; To be forbid the sweets that seem so good,

“The diamond, -why, 't was beautiful and hard, For fear of harms that preach in our behoof. Whereto his invis’d properties did tend ; O appetite, from judgment stand aloof!

The deep-green emerald, in whose fresh regard The one a palate hath that needs will taste,

Weak sights their sickly radiance do amend ; Though Reason weep, and cry, 'It is thy last.' The heaven-hu'd sapphire and the opal blend h

With objects manifold; each several stone, “ For further b I could say, 'This man 's untrue,' With wit well blazon'd, smild or made some And knew the patterns of his foul beguiling ; Heard where his plants in others' orchards grew, Saw how deceits were gilded in his smiling ; Lo, all these trophies of affections hot, Knew vows were ever brokers ° to defiling ; Of pensiv'd and subdu'd desires the tender, Thought characters and words merely but art, Nature hath charg'd me that I hoard them not, And bastards of his foul adulterate heart.

But yield them up where I myself must render,

That is, to you, my origin and ender; " And long upon these terms I held my city, For these, of force, must your oblations be, Till thus he 'gan besiege me : 'Gentle maid, Since I their altar, you enpatron me.

moan.

A And was my own fee-simple,-) “Had an absolute power over myself; as large as a tenant in fee has over his estate."MALONE. b For further I could say,–] We ought probably to read,

"For, father, I could say," &c.
brokers-) Pandars, Con Hamlet," Act I. Sc. 3,-
" Do not believe his vows, for they are brokers,

Not of that dye which their investments show,
But mere implorators of unholy suits."

d - acture-] This word is suspicious. Malone conjectures it to be synonymous with action.

o - teen,-) Trouble, suffering.
f - talents of their hair, --] "Talents"

appears to be used here for riches, as in “Cymbeline," Act I. Sc. 6,

" - in himself,'t is much; In you,-which I account his,- beyond all talonts." & - invis'd-) Invisible. h – blend-)

" Blend" for blended.

WO, then, advance of yours that phraseless hand,
Whose white weighs down the airy scale of praise ;
Take all these similes to your own command,
Hallow'd with sighs that burning lungs did raise ;
What me your minister, for you obeys,
Works under you; and to your audit comes
Their distract parcels in combined sums.
"Lo, this device was sent me from a nun,
Or* sister sanctified, of holiest note ;
Which late her noble suit in court did shun,
Whose rarest havings made the blossoms dote ;
For she was sought by spirits of richest coat,
But kept cold distance, and did thence remove,
so spend her living in eternal love.
"But, O, my sweet, what labour is 't to leave
The thing we have not, mastering what not

strives -
Paling d the place which did no form receive,
Playing patient sports in unconstrained gyves ?
She that her fame so to herself contrives,
The scars of battle 'scapeth by the flight,
And makes her absence valiant, not her might.

Of wealth, of filial fear, law, kindred, fame!
Love's arms are peace,' 'gainst rule, 'gainst sense,

'gainst shame,
And sweetens, in the suffering pangs it bears,
The aloes of all forces, shocks, and fears.
“Now all these hearts that do on mine depend,
Feeling it break, with bleeding groans they pine,
And supplicant their sighs to you extend,
To leave the battery that you make 'gainst mine,
Lending soft audience to my sweet design,
And credent soul to that strong-bonded oath,
That shall prefer and undertake my troth.'
“This said, his watery eyes he did dismount,
Whose sights till then were levellid on my face;
Each cheek a river running from a fount
With brinish current downward flow'd apace :
O, how the channel to the stream gave grace !
Who glaz'd with crystal gate the glowing roses
That flame through water which their hue en-

closes.

b

“O, father, what a hell of witchcraft lies
In the small orb of one particular tear !
But with the inundation of the eyes
What rocky heart to water will not wear ?
What breast so cold that is not warmed here?
Ok cleft effect! cold modesty, hot wrath,
Both fire from hence and chill extincture hath!

".0, pardon me, in that my boast is true ;
The accident which brought me to her eye,
Upon the moment did her force subdue,
And now she would the caged cloister fly:
Religious love put out Religion's eye :
Not to be tempted, would she be immur'd,
And now, to tempt all, liberty procur'd.'
" How mighty then you are, 0, hear me tell !
The broken bosoms that to me belong
Have emptied all their fountains in my well,
And mine I pour your ocean all among:
I strong o'er them, and you o'er me being strong,
Must for your victory us all congest,
As compound love to physic your cold breast.
“My parts had power to charm a sacred nun,
Who, disciplin'd, ay, dieted h in grace,
Believd her eyes when they to assail begun,
All vows and consecrations giving place.
0, most potential love! vow, bond, nor space,
In thee hath neither sting, knot, nor confine,
For thou art all, and all things else are thine.
6. When thou impressest, what are precepts

worth
Of example? When thou wilt inflame,
How coldly those impediments stand forth

8

“For, lo, his passion, but an art of craft,
Even there resolv'd my reason into tears ;
There my white stole of chastity I daff'd,
Shook off my sober guards and civil fears ;
Appear to him, as he to me appears,
All melting ; though our drops this difference bore,
His poison'd me, and mine did him restore.
“In him a plenitude of subtle matter,
Applied to cautels, all strange forms receives,
Of burning blushes, or of weeping water,
Or swooning paleness; and he takes and leaves,
In either's aptness, as it best deceives,
To blush at speeches rank,' to weep at woes,
Or to turn white and swoon at tragic shows;
“ That not a heart which in his level oame
Could scape the hail of his all-hurting aim,
Showing fair nature is both kind and tame;
And, veil'd in them, did win whom he would

a Or sister sanctified,-) "The poet, I suspect, wrote, “A sister sanctified,' &c."-MALONE. We suspect so too.

b Whose rarest havings made the blossoms dote;) “Whose accomplishments were so extraordinary that the flower of the young nobility were passionately enamoured of her."- MALONE.

C - richest coat, -] "Coat," for coat of arms.

d Paling the place—] This is the reading of Malone, for Playing the place," &c. of the old copy. We should prefer, " Filling the place," &c. The word Playing was evidently caught by the transcriber or compositor from the following line, and in mistakes of this description the ductus literarum is of little moment. In support of Filling, compare, Sonnet cxII.:

" Your love and pity doth th' iinpression fill

Which vulgar scandal stamp'd upon my brow;" &c. o – immur'd,-) The quarto has, "enur'd."

787

maim : Against the thing he sought he would exclaim;

- procur'd.) A correction from the edition of 1640, the quarto reading, "procure."

8- a sacred nun,-) The quarto reads, “a sacred Sunne," &c., a manifest error, though adopted by Malone. h Who, disciplin'd, ay, dieted in grace,-) The old copy has,

“Who disciplin'd I died in grace." | Love's arms are peace,-) A palpable corruption, for which Malone proposed, "Love's arms are proof," &c. Steevens, "Love aims at peace," &c.; and Mr. Dyce conjectures, “Love arms our peace," &c.

k o cleft effect !] So Malone; the quarto reading. "Or cleft effect," &c.; from which, unless "effect" stands for effectually it is not easy to extract any sense. 1 - rank,-) Gross.

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1

When he most burn'd in heart-wish'd luxury, Ah me! I fell; and yet do question make He preach'd pure maid, and prais'd cold chas- What I should do again for such a sake. tity.

“0, that infected moisture of his eye, “Thus merely with the garment of a Grace O, that false fire which in his cheek so glow'd, The naked and concealed fiend he cover'd,

0, that forc'd thunder from his heart did fly, That th' unexperient gave the tempter place, 0, that sad breath his spongy lungs bestow'd; Which, like a cherubin, above them hover'd. o, all that borrowd motion, seeming ow'd, Who, young and simple, would not be so lo- Would yet again betray the fore-betray'd, ver'd ?

And new pervert a reconciled maid !"

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The ensuing collection of irrelative poems, some probably from Shakespeare's hand, but some certainly belonging to other writers, was first published by William Jaggarıl, in small octavo, with the title,—"The Passionate Pilgrime. By W. Shakespeare. At London. Printed for W. Iaggard, and are to be sold by W. Leake, at the Greyhound in Paules Churchyard, 1599.” In 1612 another edition was printed bearing the title of, “The Passionate Pilgrime. Or Certaine Amorous Sonnets, betweene Venus and Adonis, newly corrected and augmented. By W. Shakespere. The third Edition. Where-unto is newly added two Love-Epistles, the first from Paris to Hellen, and Hellen's answere backe againe to Paris. Printed by W. Iaggard, 1612.”* The “Love Epistles” which Jaggard had the audacity to particularise in his title-page, and insert in this reprint as the works of Shakespeare, were two of Ovid's Epistles, that had been translated by Thomas Heywood, and printed with his name in his “ Troja Brittannica,” &c. 1609. It was not likely that Heywood would patiently submit to this flagrant injustice, and accordingly at the close of a work entitled, “The Apology for Actors," &c. which was published by him in 1612, he appended the following letter to his bookseller, Nicholas Okes :

“To my approved good friend, Mr. Nicholas Okes.

“ The infinite faults escaped in my booke of Britaines Troy, by the negligence of the Printer, as the misquotations, mistaking of sillables, misplacing halfe lines, coining of strange and never heard of words. These being without number, when I would have taken a particular account of the Errata, the Printer answered me, hee would not publishe his owne disworkemanship, but rather let his owne fault lye upon the necke of the Author: and being fearfull that others of his quality, had beene of the same nature, and condition, and finding you on the contrary, so carefull and industrions, so serious and laborious, to doe the author all the rights of the presse ; I could not choose but gratulate your honest endeavours with this short remembrance. Here likewise, I must necessarily insert a manifest injury done me in that worke, by taking the two Epistles of Paris to Helen, and Helen to Paris, and printing them in a lesse volume under the game of another, which may put the world in opinion I might steal them from him; and hoe, to do himselfe right, hath since published them in his owne name: but as I must acknowledge my lines not worthy his patronage under whom he bath publisht them, so the Author I know much offended with M. Jaggard that (altogether unknowne to him)

* Althougt this edition purports to be the third, no intermediate impression between it and the first copy is r.ow known.

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