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PREFACE

TO THE THIRTEENTH YEAR'S ISSUE OF "HARPER'S HAND-BOOK

FOR TRAVELERS IN EUROPE AND THE EAST.”

The remarkable success of “Harper's Hand-book,” first published in 1862, has fully realized the expectations of both author and publishers, the instance being very rare where a traveler has crossed the Atlantic without a copy in his possession

in that of one of his party. The reason of this great success is very evident; it is not compiled from hearsay and books which are out of date, and of no possible use to the traveler, but prepared by the author every year from his personal experience up to the moment of going to press, his time in Europe being wholly devoted to that purpose. The greater portion of these volumes is entirely new, and distinct from the last year's edition, while the residue has been revised and corrected up to the present moment.

To travel without a guide-book in any part of Europe is utterly impossible; a man without one being like a ship at sea without a compass—dragged round the country by a courier, and touching only at such points as it is the courier's interest to touch. You should purchase guide-books or remain at home.

The great objection to foreign guide-books is their number. To make the tour of Europe (even a short one of a few months), the traveler has formerly been compelled to purchase some twenty-five or thirty volumes (if published in the English language), at a cost of sixty or seventy dollars, and suffer the inconvenience of carrying some twenty-five pounds of extra baggage, and over one hundred volumes (if in the French language), one house alone in Paris publishing one hundred and twenty volumes. As the majority of American travelers do not remain over six months on the Continent, they dislike to be compelled to carry about a small library, when with the aid of Bradshaw's valuable “Continental Railway Guide" and the present volumes all their wants may be supplied.

The intention of the author of “Harper's Hand-book” is to give a distinct and clear outline, or skeleton tour, through the principal cities and leading places of interest in France, Germany, Russia, Turkey, Italy, Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Switzerland, Tyrol, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Spain, Great Britain, and Ireland; to give the modes and cost of traveling the different routes by land and water, and which lines are to be preferred; the precautions to be taken to insure comfort and security; names and charges of the leading hotels; the most responsible houses from

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which to make purchases; all the items in reference to the transportation of baggage, and the innumerable number of small charges which tend to swell the account of traveling expenses. By a careful attention to the tariff in such cases, the traveler will find himself the gainer by fifty per cent.

The author also intends to give the names of the principal works of art by the leading masters in all the different European galleries, with the fees expected by the custodians. In short, he intends to place before the traveler a good net-work of historical and other facts, pointing out where the reader may obtain fuller information if he desire it...

Of course it is impossible for perfect accuracy to be obtained in a work of this description ; for while the author is watching the completion of the beautiful mosque of Mehemet Ali in Cairo, or the exquisite restorations that are being made at the Alhambra in Granada, a new bridge may be erected at St. Petersburg, or a new hotel opened at Constantinople; but to keep the information contained herein as nearly accurate as possible, the author, in addition to having made arrangements in the different cities to keep him acquainted with any important changes that may be made, requests that all mistakes or omissions noticed by travelers may be transmitted to 13 Avenue de l'Impératrice, Paris, for which he will be extremely thankful.

CONTENTS

OF VOL. III.

For full Particulars of Routes, Historical Sketches, Excursions, small Cities, Towns, etc.,

see General Index at the End of this Volume.

SWITZERLAND

..Page 655

Geneva, 669 ; Tour of Lake of Geneva, 674; Route I., 674; Lausanne, 677; Vevay,

679 ; Castle of Chillon, 681; Route II., 683; Chamounix, 684; Route III., 684 ;

Mont Blanc, 687 ; Route IV., 689; Aosta, 690 ; St. Bernard, 691; Route V., 692 ;

Route VI., 693; Route VII., 694; Route VIII., 695; Route IX., 695; Route X., 696 ;

Routes XI. and XII., 697 ; Route XIII., 699; Zermatt, 699; The Matterhorn, 700 ;

Monte Rosa, 701; Route XII. again, 701; Route XIV., 702; The Simplon, 702 ;

Routes XV. and XVI., 704 ; Neufchatel, 705; Landeron, 706; Soleure, 706; Basle,

707; Route XVII., 708; Freiburg, 708; Berne, 710; Route XVIII., 711 ; Leukerbad,

712; Frutigen, 713; Route XIX., 713; Thun, 713 ; Interlaken, 714; Route XX., 714;

Sursee, 715; Sempach, 715; Route XXI., 715; Aarau, 715; Brugg, 716 ; Baden, 716 ;

Route XXII., 717 ; Rheinfelden, 717 ; Waldshut, 717 ; Route XXIII., 717; Neuhau-

sen, 717; Schaffhausen, 718 ; Constance, 719; Route XXIV., 720; Winterthur, 720;

Zurich, 721; Route XXV., 722; Brienz, 723; Sarnen, 724; Alpnach, 724; Lucerne,

724; Route XXVI., 725; Zug, 726; Horgen, 726; Route XXVII., 726 ; Lauterbrun-

nen, 727; The Jungfrau, 728; Grindelwald, 728 ; The Wetterhorn, 729 ; The Faul-

horn, 729; Route XXVIII., 730; Grimsel, 731; Route XXIX., 733; Engelberg, 733;

Route XXX., 734; Kussnacht, 734; Arth, 734; Goldau, 734; Lowerz, 735 ; Seewen,

735 ; Schwyz, 735; Route XXXI., 736 ; The Rigi, 736; Route XXXII., 737; Route

XXXIII., 738; Frauenfeld, 738 ; Lindau, 738; Friedrichshafen, 738; Route

XXXIV., 738 ; Beckenried, 739 ; Gersau, 740 ; Brunnen, 740 ; 'Flüelen, 741 ; Altorf,

741 ; Amsteg, 741; Andermatt, 742; Airolo, 742; Faïdo, 743; Giornico, 743; Bellin-

zona, 743 ; Lago Maggiore, 743 ; Pallanza, 744; Lugano, 744; Route XXXV.,745;

Langnau, 745 ; Route XXXVI., 745; Thun, 745; Routes XXXVII., XXXVIII., and

XXXIX., 746; Bulle, 746 ; Boltigen, 747 ; Lenk, 747; Route XL., 747; Gesseney,

747 ; Route XLI., 748; Route XLII., 749; Aigle, 749 ; Bex, 749; St. Maurice, 750 ;

Vernayaz, 750 ; Sion, 751 ; Sierre, 751 ; Vispach, 751; Viesch, 752 ; Route XLIII.,

752; Andermatten, 753 ; Route XLIV., 753 ; Aarberg, 753; Route XLV., 753; La

Chaux-de-Fonds, 753 ; Le Locle, 754 ; Route XLVI., 754 ; Vallorbe, 754; Route

XLVII., 754; Wädenswyl, 755; Stäfa, 755; Wesen, 756 ; Ragatz, 756 ; Pfäffers, 757 ;

Coire, 757; Reichenan, 758 ; Thusis, 758; Andeer, 758 ; Route XLVIII., 759 ; St.

Gall, 759; Routes XLIX. and L., 760; Silverplana, 761; Moritz, 761 ; Route LI.,

761 ; Heiden, 762 ; Trogen, 762 ; Weissbad, 762 ; Route LII., 763 ; Sennwald, 763 ;

Route LIII., 763; Tarasp-Bad, 764; Route LIV., 765; Pontresina, 765 ; Brusio,

766 ; Ronte LV., 766 ; Route LVI., 767 ; Routes LVII. and LVIII., 768; San Bernar-

dino, 768; St. Vittore, 768 ; Glarus, 769; Routes LIX. and LX., 769 ; Waldhäusen,

769 ; Trons, 770 ; Sedrun, 770 ; Route LXI., 770 ; Route LXII., 771 ; Wildhaus,

771 ; Route LXIII., 772 ; Stachelberg, 772; Route XIV., 772; Ensiedeln, 772;

Rontes LXV. and LXVI., 774; Route LXVII., 775; Route LXVIII., 776; Route

LXIX., 776.

TYROL...

779

Routes, 780; Bregenz, 780; Stuben, 781 ; St. Anthon, 781 ; Landeck, 781; Imst, 781 ;

Innspruck, 782; Reid, 784; Nauders, 785; Mals, 785; Botzen, 785; Brixen, 756 ;

Sterzing, 786 ; Salzburg, 787.

DENMARK

Kiel, 790; Corsoer, 791; Copenhagen, 791; Route LXXI., 802; Charlottenlund, 803:

836

Route LXXXVI., 840 ; St. Petersburg, 841; Route LXXXVII., 869; Cronstadt, 869 ;

Route LXXXVIII., 871; Novgorod, 871; Route LXXXIX., 873; Smolensk, 873;

Moscow, 873; Route XC., 883; Nijni Novgorod, 884; Route XCI., 884; Tula, 884;

Orel, 885; Kursk, 885; Kharkoff, 885; Poltava, 885; Krementschug, 885; Balta,

885; Odessa, 886; Route XCII., 886; Eupatoria, 886 ; Sevastopol, 887; Route

XCIII., 888; Chersonesus, 888; Balaklava, 889; Route XCIV., 889; Baktchissarai,

890; Route XCV., 891; Simpheropol, 891 ; Yalta, 891; Route XCVI., 891; Theo-

dosia, 891 ; Kertch, 892; Route XCVII., 893.

SPAIN.

894

St. Sebastian, 900; Vittoria, 901 ; Burgos, 901 ; Valladolid, 904 ; Salamanca, 904 ;

Madrid, 904; Escorial, 912; Segovia, 913; Avila, 913; Aranjuez, 914; Toledo, 914;

Bailen, 918; Cordova, 918; Seville, 919; Jerez, 925; Puerto de Santa Maria, 927 ;

Cadiz, 927 ; Lisbon, 928; Oporto, 929 ; Vigo, 930; Gibraltar, 930 ; Tangier, 931 ;

Malaga, 932; Granada, 932; Alicante, 937; Valencia, 937; Tarragona, 939 ; Barce-

lona, 939; Montserrat, 941; Lerida, 942; Saragossa, 942; Pamplona, 944.

UNITED STATES AND CANADA

945

New York City, 946 ; Voyage up the Hudson, 948; Poughkeepsie, 950; Hudson,

951; Albany, 951 ; Niagara, 952; Detroit, 953; Chicago, 954; Milwaukee, 954; Sault

Ste. Marie, 955: Bayfield. 955. St Pool OKE

a

MAPS AND PLANS OF CITIES IN VOL. III.

Alhambra, the, 933.
Baltic, the, 791.
Berne, 710.
Copenhagen, 791.
Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, 788.
Europe, in Cover.
Geneva, 669.
Hermitage, the, 348.
Italian Lakes, 755.
Madrid, 904.

VOL. III.A 2.

Moscow, 873.
Russia, 836.
Spain and Portugal, 894.
Stockholm, 825.
St. Petersburg, 841.
Switzerland, General Map of, 655.

N. E. Section, 713.
N. W. Section, 754.
S. E. Section, 674.
S. W. Section, 754.

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