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Jethro's counsel.

EXODUS, Israel comes to Sinaz. unto him, The thing that thou doest of Jacob, and tell the children of is not good.

Israel; 18 Thou wilt surely wear away, 4 Yé have seen what I did unto both thou, and this people that is the Egyptians, and how I bare you with thee: for this thing is too on eagles' wings, and brought you heavy for thee; thou art not able to unto myself. erform it thyself alone.

5 Now therefore, if ye will obey 19 Hearken now unto my voice, my voice indeed, and keep my I will give thee counsel, and God covenant, then ye shall be a pecushall be with thee: Be thou for the liar treasure unto me above all people to God-ward, that thou people : for all the earth is mine: inayest bring the causes unto God : 6 And ye shall be unto me a

20 And thou shalt teach them kingdom of priests, and a holy naordinances and laws,, and shalt tion. These are the words which shew them the way wherein they thou shalt speak unto the children must walk, and the work that they of Israel. must do.

7 TAnd Moses came and called 21 Moreover, thou shalt provide for the elders of the people, and out of all the people, able men, laid before their faces all these such as fear God, men of truth, words which the LORD commandhating covetousness ;, and place ed him. such over them to be rulers of 8 And all the people answered thousands, and rulers of hundreds, together, and said, All that the rulers of fifties, and rulers of LORD hath spoken we will do tens:

And Moses returned the words of 22 And let them judge the peo- the people unto the LORD. ple at all seasons : and it shall be, 9 And the LORD

unto that every great matter they shall Moses, LO, I come unto thee in bring unto thee, but every small a thick cloud, that the

people may natter

they shall judge: so shall it hear when I speak with thce, and be easier for thyself, and they shall believe thee

for ever. And Moses bear the burden with thee.

told the words of the people unto 23 If thou shalt do this thing, the LORD. and God command thee so, then 10 I And the LORD said unto thou shalt be able to endure, and Moses, Go unto the people, and all this people shall also go to their sanctify them to-day and to-morplace in peace.

row, and let them wash their 24 So Moses hearkened to the clothes, voice of his father-in-law, and did 11 And be ready against the all that he had said.

third day: for the third day the 25 And Moses chose able men LORD will come down in the sight out of all Israel, and made them of all the people upon mount heads over the people, rulers of Sinai. thousands, rulers of hundreds, 12 1 And thou shalt set bounds rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. unto the people round about, say

26 And they judged the people ing, Take heed to yourselves, that at all seasons: the hard causes ye go not up into the mount, or they brought unto Moses, but every touch the border of it: whosoever small matter they judged them- toucheth the mount shall be surely selves.

put to death : 27 And Moses let his father-in 13 There shall not a hand touch law depart: and he went his way it, but he shall surely be stoned or into his own land.

shot through: whether it be beast CHAP. XIX.

or man, it shall not live: when the Israelites come to Sinai. trumpet soundeth long, they shali INchilar third month, when the come up to the mount.

14 And Moses went down from forth out of the land of Egypt, the the mount unto the people, and same day came they into the wil- sanctified the people; and they derness of Sinai.

washed their clothes. 2 For they were departed from 15 And he said unto the people, Rephidim, and were come to the Be ready against the third day: desert of Sinai, and had pitched come not at your wives. in the wilderness; and there Israel 16 1 And it came to pass on the encamped before the mount. third day in the morning, that there

3 TT And Moses went up, unto were thunders and lightnings, and God, and the LORD called unto a thick cloud upon the inount, him out of the mountain, saying, and the voice of the trumpet Thus shalt thou say to the house l exceeding loud; so that all the

God's fearful presence.

CHAP. XX. The law given from Sinai. people that was in the camp, thousands of them that love me, trembled.

and keep my commandments. 17 And Moses brought forth the 7 Thou shalt not take the name people out of the camp to meet of the LORD thy God in vain: for with God; and they stood at the the LORD will not hold him guiltnether part of the mount.

less that taketh his name in vain. 18 And mount Sinai was alto 8 Remember the sabbath-day to gether on a smoke, because the keep it holy. LORD descended upon it in fire: 9 Six days shalt thou labour, and and the smoke thereof ascended as do all thy work: the smoke of a furnace, and the 10 But the seventh day is the whole mount quaked greatly. sabbath of the LORD thy God: in

19 And when the voice of the it thou shalt not do any work, trumpet sounded long, and waxed thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, louder and louder, Moses spake, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-serand God answered him by a vant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranvoice.

ger that is within thy gates: 20 And the LORD came down 11 For in six days the LORD upon mount Sinai, on the top of made heaven and earth, the sea the mount: and the LORD called and all that in them is, and rested Moses up to the top of the mount; the seventh day : wherefore the and Moses went up.

LORD blessed the sabbath-day, and 21 And the LORD said unto hallowed it. Moses, Go down, charge the peo 12 Honour thy father and thy ple, lest they break through unto mother; that thy days may be long the LORD to gaze, and many of upon the land which the LORD thy them perish.

God giveth

thee. 22 And let the priests also which 13 Thou shalt not kill. come near to the LORD, sanctify 14 Thou shalt not commit adulthemselves, lest the Lord break tery. forth upon them.

15 Thou shalt not steal. 23 And Moses said unto the 16 Thou shalt not bear false witLORD, The people cannot come up ness against thy neighbour. to mount Sinai: for thou chargedst 17 Thou shalt not covet thy us, saying, Set bounds about the neighbour's house, thou shalt not mount, and sanctify it.

covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his 24 And the

LORD said unto him, man-servant, nor his maid-servant, Away, get thee down, and thou nor his ox, nor his ass, por any shalt come up, thou, and Aaron thing that is thy neighbour's. with thee: but let not the priests 18 1 And all the people saw the and the people break through, to thunderings, and the lightnings, come up unto the LORD, lest he and the noise of the trumpet, and break forth upon them.

the mountain smoking: and when 25 So Moses went down unto the the people saw it, they removed, people, and

spake unto them. and stood afar off.

19 And they said unto Moses, The Ten Commandments given. Speak thou with us, and we will saying,

us, lest we die. 2 I am the LORD thy God, 20 And Moses said unto the peowhich have brought thee out of ple, Fear not: for God is come to the land of Egypt, out of the house prove you, and that his fear may be of bondage

before your faces, that ye sin not. 3 Thou shalt have no other gods 21 And the people stood afar off, before me.

and Moses drew near unto the 4 Thou shalt not make unto thee thick darkness where God was. any graven image, or any likeness 22 And the LORD said unto of any thing that is in heaven Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto above, or that is in the earth be the children of Israel; Ye have neath, or that is in the water under seen that I have talked with you the earth:

from heaven. 5 Thou shalt not bow down thy 23 Ye shall not make with me self to them, nor serve them for gods of silver, neither shall ye I the LORD thy God am a jealous make unto you gods of gold. God, visiting the iniquity of the 24 T An altar of earth

thou shalt fathers upon the children unto the make unto me, and shalt sacrifice third and fourth generation of them thereon thy burnt-offerings, and that hate me; 6 And shewing mercy untolthine oxen: in all places

where I D


AND God spake all these words, he restweltenot God speak with



Sundry laws,


and ordinances record my name I will come unto 15 And he that smiteth his father, thee, and I will bless thee.

or his mother, shall be surely put 25 And if thou wilt make me an to death. altar of stone, thou shalt not build 16 T And he that stealeth a man, it of hewn stone, for if thou lift and selleth him, or if he be found up thy tool upon it, thou hast pol- in his hand, he shall surely be put luted it.

to death. 26 Neither shalt thou go up by 17 T And he that curseth his fasteps unto mine altar, that thy ther or his mother, shall surely be nakedness be not discovered put to death. thereon.

18 1 And if men strive together, CHAP. XXI.

and one smite another with a stone, Laws for Servants, &c. or with his fist,

and he die not, but Niche e arshille det before row these are the judgments keepeth his bed:

19 If he rise again, and walk them.

abroad upon his staff, then shall he 2 If thou buy a Hebrew servant, that smote him be quit: only he six years he shall serve: and in the shall pay for the loss of his time, seventh he shall go out free for and shall cause him to be thoroughnothing.

ly healed. 3 If he came in by himself, he 20 And if a man smite his sershall go out by himself: if he were vant, or his maid, with a rod, and married, then his wife shall go out he die under his hand; he shall be with him.

surely punished. 4 If his master have given him a 21 Notwithstanding, if he conwife, and she have borne him sons tinue a day, or two, he shall or daughters, the wife and her chil- not be punished : for he is his dren shall be her master's, and he money. shall go out by himself.

22 I If men strive, and hurt a 5 11 And if the servant shall plain- woman with child, so that her ly say, I love my master, my wife, fruit depart from her, and yet no and my children; I will not go out mischief follow: he shall be surely

punished, according as the wo6 Then his master shall bring man's husband will lay upon him ; him unto the judges: he shall also and he shall pay as the judges de bring him to the door, or unto the termine. door-post: and his master shall bore 23 And if any mischief follow, his ear through with an awl; and then thou shalt give life for life. he shall serve him for ever.

24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, 7 11 And if a man sell his daughter hand for hand, foot for foot, to be a maid-servant, she shall not 25 Burning for burning, 'wound go out as the men-servants do. for wound, stripe for stripe.

8 If she please not her master, 26 And if a man smite the eye of who hath betrothed her to himself, his servant, or the eye of his maid, then shall he let her be redeemed that it perish;, he shall let him go to sell her unto a strange nation he free for his eye's sake. shall have no power, seeing he hath 27 And if he smite out his mandealt deceitfully with her.

servant's tooth, or his maid-ser9 And if he have betrothed her vant's tooth; he shall let him go unto his son, he shall deal with her free for his tooth's sake. after the manner of daughters.

28' If an ox goro a man or a 10 If he take him another wife; woman, that they die: then the ox her food, her raiment, and her duty shall be surely stoned, and his flesh of marriage shall he not diminish. shall not be eaten; but the owner

11 And if he do not these three of the ox shall be quit. unto her, then shall she go out free 29 But if the ox were wont to without money.

push with his horn in time past, 12 11 He that smiteth a man, so and it hath been testified to his that he die, shall be surely put to owner, and he hath not kept him death.

in, but that he hath killed a man 13 And if a man lie not in wait, or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, but God deliver him into his hand and his owner also shall be put to then I will appoint thee a place death. whither he shall flee.

30 If there be laid on him a sum 14 But if a man come presump- of money, then he shall give for the tuously upon his neighbour, to ransom of his life whatsoever is slay him with guile; thou shalt laid upon him. take him from mine altar, that he 31 Whether he have gored a son, may die.

or have gorod a daughter, accord

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Jundry laws

and ordinances. ing to this judgment shall it be sheep, for raiment, or for any done unto him.

manner of lost thing which an32 If the ox shall push a man- other challengeth to be his: the servant, or maid-servant; he shall cause of both parties shall come give unto their master thirty she- before the judges; and whom the kels of silver, and the ox shall be judges shall condemn, he shall pay stoned.

double unto his neighbour. 33 1 And if a man shall open a 10 If a man deliver unto his pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a not cover it, and an ox or an ass sheep, or any beast to keep; and it fall therein;

die, or be hurt, or driven away, no 34 The

owner of the pit shall man seeing it make it good, and give money 11 Then shall an oath of the unto the owner of them; and the LORD be between them both, that dead beast shall be his.

he hath not put his hand unto his 35 And if one man's ox hurt an- neighbour's goods; and the owner other's that he die, then they shall of it shall accept thereof, and he sell the live ox, and divide the shall not make it good. money of it, and the dead or also 12 And if it be stolen from him, they shall divide.

he shall make restitution unto the 36 Or if it be known that the ox owner thereof. hath used to push in time past, and 13 If it be torn in pieces; then his owner hath not kept him in; he let him bring it for witness, and he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the shall not make good that which dead shall be his own.

was torn. CHAP. XXII.

14 1 And if a man borrow aught Laws against sundry Offences. of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or (F a man shall steal an ox, or a die, the owner thereof being not

sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he with it, he shall surely make it shall restore five oxen for an ox, good. and four sheep for a sheep;

15 But if the owner thereof be 2 If a thief be foundbreaking with it, he shall not make it good: up, and be smitten that he die, if it be a hirod thing, it came for there shall no blood be shed for his hire. him.

16 | And if a man entice a maid 3 If the sun be risen upon him that is not betrothed, and lie with there shall be blood shed for him: her, he shall surely endow her to for he should make full restitution; be his wife. if he have nothing, then he shall 17 If her father utterly refuse to be sold for his theft.

give her unto him, he shall pay 4 If the theft be certainly found money according to the dowry of in his hand alive, whether it be ox, virgins. or ass, or sheep; he shall restore 18 | Thou shalt not suffer a double,

witch to live. 5 If a man shall cause a field 19 | Whosoever lieth with a or vineyard to be eaten, and shall beast shall surely be put to death. put in his beast, and shall feed in 20 He that sacrificeth unto another man's field : of the best of any god, save unto the LORD only, his own field, and of the best of his he shall be utterly destroyed. own vineyard shall he make res 21 | Thou shalt neither vex a titution.

stranger, nor oppress him: for ye 6 If fire break out, and catch in were strangers in the land of thorns, so that the stacks of corn, Egypt. or the standing corn, or the field 22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, be consumed therewith; he that or fatherless child. kindled the fire shall surely make 23 If thou afflict them in any restitution.

wise, and they cry at all unto me, 71 If a man shall deliver unto I will surely hear their cry; his neighbour money or stuff to 24_And my wrath shall wax hot, keep, and it be stolen out of the and I will kill you with the sword; man's house; if the thief be found, and your wives shall be widows, let him pay double.

and your children fatherless. 8 If the thief be not found, then 25 1 If thou lend money to any the master of the house shall be of my people that is poor by thee, brought unto the judges, to see thou shalt not be to him as a whether he have put his hand unto usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon his neighbour's goods.

him usury: 9 For all manner of trespass, 26 T If thon at all take thy neigh whether it be for ox, for ass, for I bour's raiment to pledge, thou

Sundry laws


and ordinances shalt deliver it unto him by that the thou shalt rest : that thine ox and sun goeth down:

thine ass may rest, and the son of 27 For that is his covering only, thy handmaid, and the stranger, it is his raiment for his skin : may be refreshed. wherein shall he sleep ? and it 13 | And in all things that I have shall come to pass, when he crieth said unto you, be circumspect: and unto me, that I will hear; for I make no mention of the name of am gracious.

other gods, neither let it be heard 28 I Thou shalt not revile the out of thy mouth. gods, nor curse the ruler of thy 14 I Three times thou shalt keep people.

a feast unto me in the year. 29 I Thou shalt not delay to offer 15 Thou shalt keep the feast of the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat liquors: the first-born of thy sons unleavened bread seven days, as I shalt thou give unto me.

commanded thee, in the time ap30 Likewise shalt thou do with pointed of the month Abib; for in thine oxen, and with thy sheep: it thou camest out from Egypt : seven days it shall be with his and none shall appear before me dam; on the eighth day thou shalt empty:) give it me.

16 And the feast of harvest, the 31 And ye shall be holy men first-fruits of thy labours, which unto me: neither shall ye eat any thou hast sown in the field : and flesh that is torn of beasts in the the feast of ingathering, which is field; ye shall cast it to the dogs. in the end of the year, when thou CHAP. XXIII.

hast gathered in thy labours out of Sundry Duties and Offences. the field. THoushalt not raise a false 17 Three times in the year all

report: put not thy hand with thy males shall appear before the the wicked to be an unrighteous LORD God. witness.

18 1 Thou shalt not offer the 2 Thou shalt not follow a multi-blood of my sacrifice with leavened tude to do evil; neither shalt thou bread: neither shall the fat of my speak in a cause to decline after sacrifice remain until the morning, many to wrest judgment:

19 The first of the first-fruits of 3 i Neither shalt thou counte- thy land thou shalt bring into the nance a poor man in his cause. house of the Lord thy God. Thou

4 T Ifthou meet thine enemy's ox shalt not secthe a kid in his moor his ass going astray, thou shalt ther's milk. surely bring it back to him again. 20 Behold, I send an Angel

5 If thou see the ass of him that before thee, to keep thee in the hateth thee lying under his burden, way, and to bring thee into the and wouldest forbear to help him, place which I have prepared. thou shalt surely help with him. 21 Beware of him, and obey his

61 Thou shalt not wrest the judg-voice, provoke him not; for he will ment of thy poor in his cause. not pardon your transgressions :

7 Keep thee far from a false for my name is in him. matter; and the innocent and 22 But if thou shalt indeed obey righteous slay thou not: for I will his voice, and do all that I speak; not justify the wicked.

then I will be an enemy unto thine 8 And thou shalt take no gift; cnemies, and an adversary unto for the gift blindeth the wise, and thine adversaries.. perverteth the words of the right 23 For mine Angel shall go beeous.

fore thee, and bring thee in unto 9 Also thou shalt not oppress a the Amorites, and the Hittites, and stranger: for ye know the heart the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, of a strạnger, seeing yo were and the Hivites, and the Jebusites strangers in the land of Egypt. and I will cut them off.

10 And six years thou shalt sow 24 Thou shalt not bow down to thy land, and shalt gather in the their gods, nor serve them, nor do fruits thereof

after their works: but thou shalt 11 But the seventh year thou utterly overthrow them, and quite shalt let it rest and lie still; that the break down their images. poor of thy people may eat: and 25 And ye shall serve the LORD what they leave the beasts of the your God, and he shall bless thy field shall eat. In like manner bread, and thy water;

and I will thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, take sickness away from the midst and with thy oliveyard.

of thee. 12 11 Six days thou shalt do thy 26 There shall nothing cast their work, and on the seventh day young, nor be barren, in thy land

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