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from that covenant mercy. But if faith in the Soni as such, viz. as the Father's equal, and as the supreme God; is not made necessary by the christian covenant, to our justification and fal vation, then our mistaking in this cannot be a bar to our justification and salvation: because whatsoever is neceffary to that end is declared to be so in that covenant; therefore whatsoever is not declared to besö in that covenant, the want of it can be no bar to our justification and salvation. Moreover, I say farther, that whosoever makes any thing necessary to the justification and salvation of a sinner, which the christian covenant hath not made fo, makes an alteration in, and an addition to that covenant, which Christ is the alone mediator of; and makes the way to eternal life streighter than God and Christ have made it. · Now, that faitli in the Son, as the Father's equal, and as the Supreme God, is not made necefsary to the justification of a sinner, will appear from the sacred seriptures, wherein the christian covenant is contained, and wherein faith in the Son is required, in order to our justification and salvation. Matt. xvi. 15----18. Whom Jay ye that I am ? And Simon Peter answered and said, thou art Christ the Son of the living God. And yefus ankeered and Foid unto him, blessed art thou, Simon Barjonå, flesh and blood hath not revealed ît unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And I say unto thee, that upon this rock will I build my church. John xi. 25, 22. Jesus said unto her

Martha) I am the resurrection and the life, he that believeth in me, thobe were dead, yet shall be live; and wkcfoever liveth, and believeih in ine, Fall never die. Believesi tbou 'this? She faith unto him, yea, Lord, I believe that thou art the Chrijl the Son of God, which pould come into the world. Chap. xx.31. These things are written that y'e might believe, that

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Jelus is the Christ, the Son of God; and tbåt believing ye might bàve life throm his name. Acts viii. 370 Philip said, if thou believest with all thine beart, thou mayest (be baptized) be (the eunuch) anfwered and said, I believe iħat Jesus Christ is the Son of God. And Philip baptized bim. Rom. X. 8---10. That is the word of faith, which we preach, that if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jefus; and shalt believe in thine beart, that God bath raised him from the dead, thou shalt Javed. For with the heart man believeth unto righa teousness, and with the mouth confefsion is made unto Salvation. Here we fee, the faith which the christian covenant makes necessary to our justification and salvation, is a believing that Person whom God approved by miracles, wonders, and ligns, which God did by him, in the midst of the Fews, Acts ii. 22. to be Jesus Christ, the Son of the living God: and that faith in him as the Father's equal, and as the supreme God, is not made neCellary by the christian covenant to our justificatiòn ảnd salvation : from which it will follow, that quí mistaking in this, can be no bar to our justification and salvation. And .

. Whereas our Lord faith, except ye believe that I am be, je hall die in your fins. The meaning of these words I think is as follows. By the term [lin] I understand the doing any thing with the body or mind, which the light of reason or divine revelation makes a crime, or the omitting to do, that which the light of reason or divine revedation makes a duty." By [dying in fin] I under{tand the dying under the guilt of fin, and under the sentence of that law which condemned it, without any bare or fellowship in the pardoning mercy of God in Christ Jesus.

By the term [believe] I understand the act of the mind, which alents *o the trilth of any propo

sition revealed or teftified by another, upon rational grounds. But then, in the present case, it is not a bare afsent or a fruitless faith, but it is such a faith as becomes a principle of a£tion in men. Marki. 15. The time is fulfilled, the kingdom of God is at hand; repent ye and believe the gospel. Luke vi.46. Why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?

By the term [ye) Iunderstand those Jews, or some of them at least, which our Lord was then fpeaking to; who, tho they were under the dispensation of Mofes, and were worshippers of the true God; yet lived wicked lives, and so justly exposed themselves to the displeasure of their maker.

As to the term [I] in these words, except ye. believe that I am he] I understand it to signify that divine Person, which the four Evangelists have given us the history of, his birth, life, death, refurrection and ascension. That divine Person which was born in Bethlehem, that was brought up in Galilee, that was baptized of John in Fordan, that went up and down in Judea preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and wrought a multitude of uncontroulable miracles, to confirm the truth of his mission. This divine Person being at Jerusalem, and in the temple, conferring with the Jews, at the time when these words of the text were spoken; he, viz. that hųman body which was visible to the fight and feel. ing of the Jews then, and there present; and that intellectual rational spirit which was united to, and animated that body, and which infuenced and moved that tongue, which talked with them ; he, and he only was intended by the term [1.] I say this divine Person, and he only, and not that God and Father which was with him, and by whole authority and power he did, and taught these things. Joh. v. 30. I can of mine own self do noe iking; as I bear I judge, and may judgment is juff, be


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Cause I seek' not mine own will, but the will of the Father which fent me. Acts ii. 22. Ye men of Israel, bear these words, Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles, wonders, and signs, which God did by him, in the midst of you, as ye your selves also know. Verse 26, Tberefore let all the house of Israel know asuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ. Chap. x. 38. God anointed Jesus of Nazareth, with the Holy Ghost, and with power ; who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil, for God was with him. Heb. i, 1, 2. God, who at sundry times, and in divers manners, spake unto the fathers by the prophets, bath

in these last days Spoken unto us by his Son; whom he my bath appointed heir of all things, by whom also be

made the worlds. I say, not this God and Father,

but that divine Person, which this God and Fa100 ther commissioned, and sent forth, and enabled as

aforesaid, was he, and he only, which is intended " by the term [1.] in As to the term [he] except ye believe that I am E he] it is the meaning of this term which is a o matter of controversy; and as the right under* standing of it was necessary to the Jews, to whom ? those words were spoken (because if they did not i understand who he was, they could not give their El aslent or believe who he was) so a true answer to e the Jezus question, viz. Who art thou ? is necef21 fary to the present enquiry. The Fews were of

various opinions, who this Person was. Herod i faid he was John the Baptist, risen from the dead. € Some said that he was Elias. Others that he was Ey Ferenciaș. Others that he was one of the cld proE. Dhets risen again. Some said that he was a good

nan. Others said that he had a devil. Some laid that he was a deceiver. Others said that he was the Chrit. Now, amidst the diversity of opinions,

conconcerning who this Person was, I think we ought to enquire what he hath said concerning himself in this refpect; because he expressly told the Jews, that what he had said of himself, was what he intended by the term [he] as at verse 25. And therefore what he hath said of himself, I think ought in reason to determine this matter. And if we consult the history of our Lord's life, from which alone we can have satisfaction in the present case, we shall there find what he hath said of himfelf, whom he hath declared himself to be, and what he hath required that others should be lieve concerning him. Johniv. 25, 26. The woman faith unto him, I know that Messias cometh which is called Christ; when he is come he will beco us all things. Yesus faith unto her, I that speak unto the am he. Chap. ix. 35-----38. Jesus heard that they bad cast him out, and when he had found him he said unto him, doest thou believe on the Son of God? And be answered and said, who is be, Lord, that I might be lieve on bim? And Jesus said unto him, thou bajt both feen him, and it is be that talketh with thee. Chap.x. 36. Say ye of him, whom the Father bath fanctified, and sent into the world, thou blasphemelt, because I said I am the Son of God? Matt. xxvi. 63, 64. The high-priest faid unto him, I adjure thee, by the living God, that thcu tell us, whether thou be the Christ the Son of God. Fesus saith unto him, thou hast said. Or as St. Mark expresses it, Chap. xiv. 61,62. The high-priest asked bim, art thou the Christ, the son of the Blessed ? and Jesus said, I am. Here we see plainly, what this divine Person hath said of himself, whom he hath declared himself to be, and what he hath required of others to believe concerning him, viz. that he is the Messiah or Christ, that he is the only begotten Son Ef God, that his God and Father hath janèzified, and sent him to be the Lord and Saviour of the world. This then appears evidently to be the meaning of



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