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nature, is subjected to; seeing he must of necelli. ty be dependent upon, and be controulable by fuch a governour. And as the Father is the God or go, vernour of the Son, so the Son inust of neceffity be Subordinate to him also; it being alike impossible, and a contradiction in terms, for an agent, who is absolutely supreme in government, to have a governour over him which is the present case. And,
Tho the Son is himself called God in the scripture,, yet that does not alter the case, because every subordinate governour is a god to thofe he authority over. Like the centurion in the gospel, who, tho he was set under authority, yet he had Soldiers under him, uponwhom he exercised a delegated authority, when he said to one man go, and he went; and to another come, and he came at his call. In like manner, our Lord Jesus Christ is invested with a delegated authority, and therefore he is a God: but then he himself is subject to another, who gave him all power or authority in heaven and in earth. Again,
If the term God be used to express priority of existence and agency, then the Son's inferiority directly follow, from the Father's being his God. For as in this case, the Father is the fountain of being and agency to the Son, so the Son must of neceffity, both in point of existence, agency, and all natural perfections, be dependant upon, and be controulable by the power and will of the Father, and therefore is inferiour to him. The Son's subordination, likewise, directly follows from hence, it being impossible, that a derived being (which is the cate of the Son) should be invested with absolute supreme dominion, or be absolutely the God over all; seeing he must needs be subject and subordinate to him, who is the fountain of being, and of authority to him.
This argument is farther illustrated by such texts as these; I Cor. xi. 3. I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ, and that the head of the woman is the man, and that the head of Christ is God. I Cor. iii. 22. 23. All are your's, and ye are Christ's and Christ is God's. John iii. 16. God so lov'd the world, that he gave bis only begotton Son, &c. And from hence I argue, that if the Father be in reality the bead, the proprietor, and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, and if our Lord Jesus Christ be the property, the gift, and at the disposal of the Father, as is here declared, then our Lord Jesus Christ is inferiour and subordinate, as aforesaid ; because what are here ascribed to, and spoken of Christ, are manifest tokens of dependency and controulableness, as they are incompatible with their contraries. So that the proof, which naturally arises from this argument, is a third demonstration of the truth of the proposition I am now maintaining.
commanding, and the Son submission in obeying the
HAT the Father exercised authority in
Wherefore, when he cometh into the world he faith, Sacrifice, and offeringthou wouldest not, but a body bast thou prepared me; In burnt offerings and sacrifices for fin thou hast no pleasure; Then said I, lo I come (in the volume of the book it is written, of me) to do thy will, O God. John xii. 49, 50, For I have not spoken of my felf, but the Father that seni me, he gave me a commandnient bosb wbat I should say, and
*** what I pould speak. And I know that his carmandment is everlasting life; whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, fo I speak. John xiv. 31. As the Father gave me a coinmandment, even fo I do. John xv. 10. If ye keep my commandments, ye hall abide in my love; even as I have kept 11y Father's commandments, and abide in his love. Heb. v. 8. Tho he were a fon, yet learned be obedience by the things which he sufferd.
In these texts it is set forth, that the Father ex., ercised authority in commanding the Son; and likewise that the Son, viz. our Lord Jesus Christ, exercised obedience and subjection, in doing, and suffering, according to the will and appointment of the Father. And from hence I argue, that if the truth of the case be as is represented in the above texts; then the Son is inferiour and subordinate, as aforesaid. For as the exercising such authority is an instance of, and thereby is an evident proof of superiority with respect to the Father; Io the exercise of such subjection and obedience is an instance of, and thereby is an evident proof of inferiority with regard to the Son, there being no such thing as authority and subjection with respect to two co-ordinate beings. And as the Son is inferiour to the Father, with respect to authority, so he must be the same in all other refpects. For as his subjection is founded on his derivation from, and dependency upon the Father; so that derivation and dependency necessarily and unavoidably set him below, or render him inferiour to the Father in all respects whatever : because dependency and controulableness, which is the case of the Son, cannot be equally great, of equally valuable, with independency and uncontroula, bleness, which is the case of the Father,
The Son's subordination to the Father will like wife follow from hence, For as he himself is un
der authority; so the authority which he is invested with cannot possibly be supreme: it being an absurdity, and a contradiction in terms, to suppose an agent, who is absolutely supreme in government, is, or can be, fubjected to, and under the government of another, which is the present case. And therefore, as the Father has exercised his quthority in commanding the Son, and the Son has likewise exercised his submission and obedience in doing, and suffering according to the will and appointment of the Father: so this I urge, as a farther proof of the grand propolition I am now main taining. . . . om.
Fifthly, the Son is the Father's agent, in those acts
Buhich are ascribed to him, and the Son receiv'd from the Father, both direction and ability for their performance: consequently the Son is inferiour and subor. dinate to the Father, and the Father alone is the supreme God. T H AT our Lord. Jesus Christs is the Fa I ther's agent, & c. see Heb. i. 2. Whom be
bath appointed beir of all things, ty whom
also be made the worlds. Eph. iii. 9. Which from the beginning of the world bath been bid in God who created all things by Jesus Christ. John v. 19. Virily, verily, I say unto you, the Son cou do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Faiber do; for what tking's foever ke doth, there also doth the Son likewise. Verse 22. Fcr the Father judgetb no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son. John viii. 28. 29. Then all ye know iba: I am be, and that Ido nothing of my self, but as th: Father bath taugh; me, I do these things. And be that sent me is with ne, the Father hath not left me alone, for I do
you by min Acts
pressly we fee, we yourselves God did
always those things that please him. John iii. 5. The Father loveth the Son, and bath given all things into bis hand. John iv. 34. Jesus said unto them, my meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finis bis work. John vi. 28. I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that fent me. John xiv. 31. As the Father gave me commandment, so I do. Matt. xxviii. 18. All power is given unto me, both in heaven and in earth. Acts ii. 22. A man approved of God among you by miracles wonders, and signs, which God did by him, in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know.
Here we fee, that our Lord Jesus Christ is expressly declared to be the agent, the minister, and messenger of the Father; and that he received his power and his instructions from, and constantly acted in obedience to the will, and by the directia on of his Father. And from hence I argue, that if the truth of the case be as it is represented in the texts above, then our Lord Jesus Christ is inferiour and subordinate to his Father, it being absurd and ridiculous to suppose, that an agent who is absolutely supreme in point of existence, agency, and dominion, that is, who is the original fountain of being, agency, and authority, that such an one should be the agent, the minister and messenger of another, and that he should act by the power, and according to the instructions, and in submission to the will and commandment of another; I say, that this is an absurd and ridiculous supposition: and seeing this is the case of the Son of God our Lord Jesus Christ, therefore I urge this as a manifest proof, that he is inferiour and subordinate to the Father, and that the Fa. ther alone is the supreme God.