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First, I am to enquire, whether the believing penitent sinner will be delivered from condemna. tion. But before I enter upon this enquiry, I think it proper to premise, first, what we are to understand by these terms, viz. finner, condemnation, deliverance from condemnation, believing, and penitent; as to the the term finner, I have, in my previous observations, shewn, that by fin I mean the doing that which the light of nature, or di. vine revelation, makes a crime; or the omitting to do that which the light of nature, or di yine revelation, makes a duty. Consequently, whoever does, or omits to do, as aforesaid, comes under the denomination of a sinner. By the term condemnation, I understand that sentence to punishment, which sin has justly exposed, and the righteous law of God hath bound the finner over to. By deliverance from condemnation, I understand the obtaining pardon and forgiveness from God, so as that the sinner, with respect to a future state, is wholly exempted from that punishment which fin hath made him obnoxious to ; and that he will be justified or acquitted at God's bar, and restored to God's favour, as if he had never trans
greffed. By believing, I understand two things ; 3. First, faith in ; and, secondly, faithfulness to Jesus
Christ. Faith in him, is a being persuaded, up, on rational grounds, that the person, which the four Evangelists have given us the history of his birth, life, death, resurrection, and ascension, is the Christ, the Son of God; and that the good tidings which he proclaimed is true, viz. that God is in (or by) this Christ reconciling finful mankind to himself. Faithfulness to Jesus Chrift, is an honest profession of his name and truth, a willing and faithful submission to his kingdom and government, a patient bearing of his cross, and a persevering in hope of the heavenly inheri
my previous observations, shewn, that repentance confifts, first, in an awakening sense of the evil nature, and the dreadful confequences of sin, and a conviction of our own guilt; fecondly, in a deep sorrow, humiliation, and pain of mind, that we have done amiss ; thirdly, in a confession of our folly ; and, fourthly, in an actual forsaking it ; consequently, whoever doth this, in fincerity of heart, comes under the denomination of a penitenta Again, I premise, secondly, that as this and the following enquiries relate wholly to what is contained in the christian revelation, so it is from that revelation alone we shall seek for fatisfaction. Again, I premise, thirdly, that the persons referred to, and intended by me in these enquiries, are fuch as, at one time or other, have, or might have had (were it not their own fault) Christ revealed to them; for as no man can believe in hiin of whom he hath not heard, so his infidelity, if it may be so called, cannot be a crime ; becaufe whenever faith becomes a duty, it is when the proposition we are to assent to, hath, some way or other, been discovered and made known to us, or at least might have been, had we not wilfully turned our backs upon it ; therefore, what method God will be pleased to take with those which never heard of Christ, as it is what we are not concerned in, so it comes not within the compass of our enquiry. Having premised these things, I come now to the enquiry, whether the believing penitent sinner will be delivered from condemnation; which is answered in the affirmative, and I think will be sufficiently proved, when I have fhewn, first, that faith and repentance are such qualifications as God hath required the finner to put on. Secondly, That if those are wanting in him, he will be condemned. Thirdly, That they
are such qualifications in the finner, as God hath annexed pardon and falvation to. And, first, I am to shew, that faith and repentance are such qualifications as. God requires finners to put on; for this, see John XX.-31. These. are written, that ye. might believe that Jesus is the Christ. she Son of God. Mark xi. 12. They went out and preached, that men should gepent. Acts xvii. 30. But now commandetb all men every where to repent. Mark i. 15. Repent ye, and believe the gospel. Acts xx. 21. Testifying,' both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance
Chrift. Here we see that faith and repentance are what God requires from the sinner. Secondly, If these are wanting in him, he will be condemned; for this, fee Mark xvi. 16. He that believes not fall be damned. John viii. 24. Except ye believe that I am be, ye Mall die in your fins. Luke xiii. 3, 54' Except ye repent, ye pall all likewise perish. Here we see, that where faith and repentance are wanting, the sinner will be condemned. Thirdly, Faith and repentance are such qualifications in the finper, as God hath annex'd pardon and salvation to; for this, see Mark xvi, 16. He that believes, ond is baptized, shall be saved. John iii. 16. God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in bim Mould not perish, but have everlasting life. Chap. xx. 31. These are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, ibe Son of God, and that believing je might have life through his name. Luke xxiv. 47. That repena tance and remission of fins fhould be preached in his name. Acts ii. 38. Repent, and be baptized, for the remifsion of sins. Acts iii. 19. Repent and be converted, that your fins may be blotted out. Chap. xi. 18. Then bath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life. 2 Cor. vii. 10., Godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of.
. Thus we see that faith and repentance are such qualifications as God requires finners to put on ; and that where these are wanting, the finner will be condemned ; and that they are such qualifications in the finner, as God has annexed pardon and salvation to. From all which it is abundantly evident, that the believing penitent finner will be delivered from condemnation. This being so, · I enquire, secondly, Whether Jesus Christ, the Son of God, doth obtain that deliverance for him. This enquiry is also answered in the affirmative; for the pronf of which, I offer the following testimonies, 7obn iii. 17. God sent not bis Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world, ihrough him, might be saved. 1 John iv. 14. The Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world. i Thef. i. 10. Whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus who delivered us from the wrath to come. Here we see that the finner's deliverance from condemnation is obtained by Jesus Christ. This being fo,
I enquire, thirdly, Whether that deliverance is obtained by his sufferings and death. This enquiry is likewise answered in the affirmative; and is fufficiently proved by the following testimonies. Matt. xxvi. 28. This is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many, for the remision of fins. Rom. v. 9, 10, Much more now being justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through bim : When we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son. Chap. viii. 34. Who is be that condemneth? it is Christ that died. i Cor. XV. 3. Christ died for our sins, according to the scriptures. Gal. iii. 13. Christ bath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us; for it is written, cursed is every one that hangeth-on a tree. Eph. i. 17. In whom we have redemption shrough his blood, the forgiveness of fins. 1 Tim.
H. 6. Who gave himself a ransom for all. Heb. ix. 26. Once in the end of the world hath be appeared to put away fin by the sacrifice of himself. 1 Pet. iii. 18. Christ bath once suffered for sin, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God. Rey, v.g. For thou wast Nain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood. Thus we fee, from these texts, that the finner's deliverance from condemnation is obtain'd by the sufferings and death of Jesus Christ. Here, I think it proper to observe, that tho' the finner's deliverance is ascribed to Christ's sufferings and death, yet it is not ascribed to them only, but also to his resurrection and intercession. As Rom. iv. 25. Who was delivered for our offences, and raised again for our justification. Chap. v. 10. If when we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. Chap. viii. 34. Who is be that condemneth? it is Cbrist that died; yea, rather, that is rifen again ;. Who maketh intercefsion for us. Heb. vii. 25. W kerefore he is able also to save to the uttermost those that come to God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them. Here we fee that the finner's deliverance from condemnation hath as great a dependence upon the prevailing intercellion of Christ, as it hath upon his sufferings and death ; confequently, his sufferings and death do not alone obtain that deliverance, but it is obtained by Christ's prevailing intercession also. Having thus shewn, that the finner's deliverance from condemnation, is obtained by the sufferings, death, and intercession of Christ.'
I enquire, fciirtbly, Whether his sufferings and death do, in their own nature, and in the strict sense of the word, merit that deliverance, and are a full and equal satisfaction to the Father, for the fins and offences of all believing penitent finncrs. This enquiry is two-fold. kust, Whether the