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HYMN OF PAN”-P. B. Shelley. Line 11. "old Tmolus," a famous mountain in Lydia. L. 26. “the dædal earth” i. e. the world in the mythic time of Dædalus; the archaic period, when architecture and the arts were in their infancy.

"the giant wars," the wars of the Titans against Zeus. L. 30. “Mænalus” a mountain in Arcadia, and the favorite haunt of Pan. Page 97

“PERSEPHONE"-5. Ingelow. Persephone in the Greek for Proserpina. Persephone, the daughter of Demeter (Ceres), was carried off by Pluto while gathering flowers with her maidens in the vale of Enna. Having obtained her dread lord's permission to visit her mother, she returned to the upper world; but having eaten the pomegranate seed in Hades, was constrained to return to the lower world again, where she reigns Queen of the shades.

Page 101. THE OLD FAMILIAR FACES"-C. Lamb. One of the most simple, pathetic, and original poems in any language.

Page 107 DIRGE”—T. Lovell Beddoes. A poet little known to general readers; born near Bristol A.D. 1803; died in Basle, Jan, 26th, 1849. His poems were published by Pickering, in two volumes, in 1851. This Dirge is from “Death's Jest Book," a wild dramatic poem full of strange quaint imagery, and rare beauty of thought. Beddoes was, so to say, saturated with the spirit of the Elizabethan Dramatists, and cast his poetry for the most part into Elizabethan forms. Page 109.

“THE BRIDGE OF SIGHS"-T. Hood. Westminster Bridge, whence many

unfortunates used to commit suicide by throwing themselves into the Thames at the time this beautiful and pitiful poem was written. Page 114.

“AFTER DEATH"-E. A. Poe. A poem as subtle and tender in feeling as it is novel in conception.

Page 119. “INTIMATIONS OF IMMORTALITY- W. Wordsworth. The genius of Wordsworth never rose to a loftier height than in this noble Ode. Page 132.

THE DAFFODILS." Ibid.- This poem and the one by Miss Ingelow which follows it, are delightful as showing the kind of pleasurable philosophy the poets derive from the contemplation of natural objects.

Page 135. “TO A SKYLARK"-P. B. Shelley. Leigh Hunt, with admirable critical insight, says of this exquisite Ode, “it is like the bird it sings-enthusiastic, enchanting, profuse, continuous, and alone-small, but filling the heavens." Page 139.

ODE TO A NIGHTINGALE"-7. Keats. Line 6. Verse 2. Hippocrene" a fountain in mount Helicon sacred to the muses, said to have been struck from the rock by a blow from the hoof of Pegasus. This poem was written at a time when the poet had his mortal illness upon him. “Never was the voice of Death sweeter.' L. Hunt.

Page 142. “To The Cuckoo"-W. Wordsworth. Of this poem Mr. Palgrave says that it has “an exaltation and a glory, joined with an exquisiteness of expression, which place it in the highest rank among the many masterpieces of its illustrious author." Notes to Golden Treasury.

“ITYLUS"-C. A. Swinburne. See note, as before, to Barnefield's poem on the Nightingale. Notes to Elder Poets, First Series, p. 277.

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CHRISTMAS CAROL"-W. Morris. Line 3. Verse 5. Hap" good fortune L. 1. Verse 6. "bent," a shed; literally a lean-to. L. 3. Verse 7. teen" trouble. L. 3. Verse 12. nowell" a cry of joy raised at Christmas in mediæval times, for the birth of the Saviour; the word is from the old Norman French, and survives in the modern Noel. Page 155.

AFTER RAIN”-W. Wordsworth. Observe the extraordinary vivacity of this little poem, as of all things brightened, refreshed, and stirring.

Page 156. “MENIE"-R. Burns. Line 2. Verse 3. tentie" cautious. L. 1. Verse 5. steeks” shuts. Ibid. slap," gate.

Page 157 “THE PRIDE OF YOUTH"-Sir W. Scott. Scott has given us nothing more complete and lovely than this little song, which unites simplicity and dramatic power to a wild-wood music of the rarest quality.” Palgrave. Line 1. Verse 1. Maisie,” Mary.

Page 158. “O WERE MY LOVE YON LILAC FAIR"-R. Burns. This delicious little love-song, and The Miller's Daughter” which follows it, strike the same note of simple passion. It is hard to say which is the more lovely and natural. The first, for modernness, might have been written yesterday; and both, for universality, might be as old as love itself.

Page 166. “EVENING"—W, S. Landor. Though a great wit, a great 'thinker, a great Hellenist, rather than a great poet, Landor has written some verses distinguished by singular transparency of style and elevation of thought. This isolated fragment of English landscape-painting might, for clearness of observation, fidelity, and simplicity, have been written by Wordsworth.

Page 170. HYMN TO THE NIGHT"—H. W. Longfellow. Line 1. Verse 6. Orestes-like' Orestes was the son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. Hounded on from land to land by the Erinnyes of his mother (whom he had slain in vengeance for her complicity in the murder of his father) he found “peace" and a refuge at last under the protection of Athena at Athens. Page 173

“IN THE STORM”-Hon. Mrs. Norton. This poem, privately printed, is here given by special permission of the late lamented author. Page 177

AMERICA TO GREAT BRITAIN”-W. Allston. The writer of this hearty and spirited poem was a painter in the grand style, and greater as a painter than as a poet. Mrs. Jameson says in her memoir of him, that “in Washington Allston, America lost her third great man. What Washington was as a statesman and Channing as a moralist, that was Allston as an artist.” Page 179.

THE ARMADA- Lord Macaulay – printed among the author's poetical works as “a fragment.” It commemorates the signal catastrophe that brought the second war of Elizabeth's reign to a summary conclusion, when the Invincible Armada, having been chased northwards by the English fleet which numbered about 30 ships to 136, was overtaken by terrific storms and wrecked off the coasts of Scotland and Ireland (A.D. 1588). Line 7. ** Aurigny's isle" the isle of Alderney. L. 23. the Picard field" the battle of Crécy; the site of this famous fight, now included in the Departement of the Somme, was then in the Province of Picardy.

Page 184. “THE BATTLE OF THE BALTIC"--T. Campbell — known in history as the battle of Copenhagen; and fought off Copenhagen, April 2nd

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1801, Lord Nelson commanding the British Aleet. Captain Riou was justly styled “the gallant and good,” by Nelson in his despatches.

Page 187. “THE CHARGE OF THE LIGHT BRIGADE"—A. Tennyson. The famous “death Charge” led by Lord Cardigan at the head of six hundred light cavalry, battle of Balaklava, Oct. 25th, 1854.

Page 189. BARBARA FRITCHIE"-7. G. Whittier. This fine poem is founded on a noble incident of the American Civil War.

THE PRIDE OF WORTH"--R. Burns. Line 1. Verse 3. "birkie" a shallow conceited fellow. L. 4. Verse 3. coofblockhead. L. 2. Verse 2.

Hoddin-grey” home-made cloth of coarse quality. L. 4. Verse 5. "bear the gree"-be victor.

Page 196. “GOLD"-T. Hood. From the poem of Miss Kilmansegg.

Page 219. “THE LONG WHITE SEAM"-7. Ingelow. This poem, not yet included in any edition of her works, is here given by kind permission of the author.

Page 221. To A LADY WITH A GUITAR"-P. B. Shelley. Line 24. "her interlunar swoon;" the time when the moon is invisible from our Earth's surface. A very fanciful and beautiful poem. See note to a sonnet by W. Drummond entitled “to his Lute." Part 1. Notes to THE ELDER ENGLISH POETS (First Series) p. 278. Page 226.

“THE BELFRY OF BRUGES”-H. W. Longfellow. Verse 10. all the Foresters of Flanders” the title of Foresters was given to the early Governors of Flanders, appointed by the kings of France. L. 22. Verse 11, “Stately dames, like queens attended.When Philippe-le-Bel, king of France, visited Flanders with his queen, she was so astonished at the magnificence of the dames of Bruges, that she exclaimed,-“ Je croyais être seule reine ici, mais il parait que ceux de Flandre qui se trouvent dans nos prisons sont tous des princes, car leurs femmes sont habillées comme des princesses et des reines.”

'the Fleece of Gold" Phillippe of Burgundy called Le Bon, married Isabella of Portugal, January roth, 1430, and on the same day instituted the famous order of the Golden Fleece. L. 26. Verse 13. Mary" Marie de Valois, Duchess of Burgundy married by proxy, with all the curious ceremonies of the period, to the Archduke Maximilian: the same who, being imprisoned by the revolted burghers of Bruges, was by them compelled to kneel down in the public square and solemnly swear that he would not take vengeance upon them for their rebellion. L. 30. Verse 15. The bloody battle of the Spurs of Gold.—"This battle, the most memorable in Flemish history, was fought under the walls of Courtray, on the 11th of July, 1302, between the French and the Flemings, the former commanded by Robert, Comte d'Artois, and the latter by Guillaume de Juliers, and Jean, Comte de Namur. The French army was completely routed, with a loss of twenty thousand infantry and seven thousand cavalry; among whom were sixty-three princes, dukes, and counts, seven hundred lords-banneret, and eleven hundred noblemen. The flower of the French nobility perished on that day, to which history has given the name of the Journée des Eperons d'Or, from the great number of golden spurs found on the field of battle. Seven hundred of them were hung up as a trophy in the church of Notre Dame de Courtray; and, as the cavaliers of that day wore but a single spur each, these vouched to God for the violent and

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" the gentle

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bloody death of seven hundred of his creatures." - Notes to Longfellow's poems, L. 31. Verse 16. “Saw the fight at Minnewater.”—When the inhabitants of Bruges were digging a canal at Minnewater, to bring the waters of the Lys from Deynze to their city, they were attacked and routed by the citizens of Ghent, whose commerce would have been much injured by the canal. They were led by Jean Lyons, captain of a military company at Ghent, called the Chaperons Blancs."-Ibid. L. 32. Verse 18. The Golden Dragon's nest.”—The Golden Dragon, taken from the church of St. Sophia, at Constantinople, in one of the Crusades, and placed on the belfry of Bruges, was afterwards transported to Ghent by Philip van Artevelde, and still adorns the belfry of that city. The inscription on the alarm bell at Ghent is, Mynen naem is Roland; als ik klep is er brand, and als ik luy is er victorie in het land.” My name is Roland; when I toll there is fire, and when I ring there is victory in the land."-Ibid.

Page 240. THE STORM"-R. Buchanan. This grand poem has been abridged by the author, expressly for the present collection.

Page 260. “THE RECOLLECTION"-P. B. Shelley. Line 9. “the pineforest that skirts the ocean's foam”-the famous pine-forest of Ravenna, which he had visited with Lord Byron the year before this poem was written. Then are not many giants" left now, nor indeed many pines that we can feel sure are old enough to have witnessed his presence.

Page 264. “A PARTING IN DREAMLAND"-7. A. Symonds. Line 2. Lethe a river in the lower world at which the shades of the departed were wont to drink, thenceforth forgetting all that they had said and done in the life past away. Those who love to systematize these pathetic and beautiful myths, see in Lethe's gift of oblivion the forgetfulness of Death. L. 5. Nepenthe" a drug supposed to drive away pain; probably opium or hemp. Page 274.

AUTUMN"-H. W. Longfellow. Line 3. silks of Samarcand” Samarcand was the ancient capital of Turkestan, and has still some fine bazaars, but its trade has gone over for the most part to Bokhara, the modern city.

Page 278. “IN SAN LORENZO"-C. A. Swinburne. Line 1. O slumbering Night." The famous statue of sleeping Night, on the tomb of Giuliano de' Medici, by Michael Angelo, in the Medici Chapel of San Lorenzo, Florence. The poet supposes the dawn of Italian liberty to be at hand-as indeed it was, when this fine sonnet was written.

Page 280. “FOR TITIAN"-W. Morris. With two or three exceptions only (as in the passages selected from the “Deserted Village," see Elder English Poets (First Series) A RURAL PICTURE p. 203; and certain strophes of “In Memoriam") these stanzas from "The Lady of the Land" will be be seen to be a departure from the rule by which the Editor has been guided in the compilation of this book. Short poems complete in themselves have almost invariably been given, and extracts from long poems, scrupulously avoided. In the present instance, however, such departure was found to be unavoidable ; for Mr. Morris's poems are all too long for insertion here, and yet some fit sample of his musical and richly-coloured style was felt to be necessary. The responsibility of giving a title to the extract devolves upon the Editor, who begs indulgence for it.

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Page 281. "SONG"-T. L. Beddoes. This drinking song is grandly conceived. One can fancy some mighty Homeric hero calling thus upon Etna to become a wine-cloud, and rain into his cup.

Page 285. “YOUTH AND AGE"-S. T. Coleridge. “This is one of the most perfect poems for style, feeling and everything, that ever was written.” L. Hunt. This “and every thing" is charming.

Page 289. “THE GARDEN OF PROSERPINE"-A. C. Swinburne. This beautiful weird poem, in a metre new to English verse, is apparently sung by some shade in Hades. For the legend of Proserpine, or Persephone, see Note to “Persephone" by Miss Ingelow, page 322. Page 294

“CATULLIAN HENDECASYLLABLES"-S. T. Coleridge. Line 5. " the god of flocks”-Apollo, vóulos fòs. Apollo is rarely treated of in this character by Homer, but chiefly by the later poets, and in the Thessalian myth wherein he tends the flocks of Admetus. L. 13. the son of Cytherea" Cytherea was the Aphrodite especially worshipped in the island of Cythera; and it was off the coast of this island that she was fabled to have risen from the sea-foam. Eros, the God of Love, was the son of Cytherea and Ares. Page 295

“Milton"-A. Tennyson. This poem is interesting alike for its magnificent grasp of language, and for the declaration of individual taste which it conveys.

Page 296. “IN ARCADY”-A. H. Clough. Line 6. " that fabled garden of Alcinoüs." Alcinoüs was king of the Phæacians in the isle of Scheria. For the description of his palace and gardens see the Odyssey of Homer. Book VII. Page 297

ODE ON A GRECIAN Urn"-7. Keats. We do not know in the whole field of English poetry a more exquisite piece of fancy than this, which supposes a moment of early Greek life, with its buoyant gaiety and all its simple incidents, transferred to the surface of the Urn and there arrested for ever.

Page 299. AN ANTIQUE INTAGLIO"-7. A. Symonds. Of this is unnecessary to observe that the legend and the intaglio alike exist only in the poet's imagination. Page 302.

“CLEON”-R. Browning. Line 53. Page 303. the Pacile" a rock on the coast of Cilicia, on which have of late years been discovered the ruins of a Roman town built during the reigns of Valentinian, Valens and Gratian. “Savage-tasted drupe" an over-ripe, wrinkled olive. L. 140. Page 306. Terpander" a native of Antissa in Lesbos, who flourished somewhere between BC. 700 and 650. He is reported to have first reduced Greek music to a system; to have added three strings to the lyre, and to have been the first victor in the musical contests at the Festival of the Carnēa. L. 141. Phidias" the greatest sculptor of ancient Greece, under whose superintendence the Parthenon and Propylæa were built, and whose masterpieces were supposed to be the cryselephantine statues of Athena at Athens, and of Jupiter at Olympia.

Page 313. “The BLESSÈD DAMOSEL”-D. G. Rossetti. For pathos, and purity, and mediævalism of the most exquisite kind, this poem may fitly be

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