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assigns capital punishment assizes benefit of clergy capital offences character circum circumstance of aggravation circumstances of heinous class of capital committed convicted criminal law dangerous example defence deserved nor necessary different judges discretion enormous crime evil exist felonies five shillings forty shillings heinous aggravation human inflicting death innocent instances intrusted judgment judicial jury jury found larceny lature law of England legislature ment mercy merit the punishment Middlesex mode of administering neral never meant nishment number of statutes observation Old Bailey Paley penal laws persons practice privately stealing proper objects public justice public safety required punished with death punishment of death rendered robbery rules of law sanguinary sentence shew species of crimes stances statutes creating capital stealing privately suffer death suspending the laws theft tice tion trial truth value of five value of forty value of money vately witnesses writer written laws
Página 72 - If by saying it is better, be meant that it is more for the public advantage, the proposition, I think, cannot be maintained. The security of civil life, which is essential to the value and the enjoyment of every blessing it contains, and the interruption of which is followed by universal misery and confusion, is protected chiefly by the dread of punishment. The misfortune of an individual (for such may the sufferings, or even the death, of an innocent person be called, when they are occasioned by...
Página i - Will. 111. 12 Ann. and 24 Geo. II. ; which make the crimes of stealing privately in a shop, goods of the value of five shillings ; or in a dwelling-house, or on board a vessel in a navigable river, property of the value of forty shillings ; capital felonies.
Página 67 - ... of guilt. There are two methods of administering penal justice. The first method assigns capital punishments to few offences, and inflicts it invariably. The second method assigns capital punishments to many kinds of offences, but inflicts it only upon a few examples of each kind.
Página 19 - ... astonishment of this unhappy man, sentenced him to be transported. While one was taking his departure for Botany Bay, the term of the other's imprisonment had expired; and what must have been the notions which that little Public, who witnessed and compared these two examples, formed of our system of Criminal Jurisprudence?
Página 75 - They ought rather to reflect, that he who falls by a mistaken sentence, may be considered as falling for his country ; whilst he suffers under the operation of those rules, by the general effect and tendency of which the welfare of the community is maintained and upholden. CHAPTER X. OF RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS, AND OF TOLERATION. ' A RELIGIOUS establishment is no part of Christianity ; it is only the means of inculcating it.
Página 10 - ... the same nature, in the period from 1749 to 1771, 240 persons, and of those no less than 109 were executed. " What has been the number of persons convicted of those offences within the last seven years does not appear, but from the tables published under the authority of the secretary of state, we find that within that period there were committed to Newgate for trial, charged with the crime of stealing in dwelling-houses, 599 men and 414 women, and charged with the crime of shop-lifting, 506...
Página 66 - September 1732, for stealing in a dwelling-house one broad piece, two guineas, two half-guineas, and forty-four shillings, in money. She confessed the fact, and the jury found her guilty, but found that the money stolen was worth only thirty-nine shillings.
Página 69 - ... sweeps into the net every crime, which under any possible circumstances may merit the punishment of death: but when the execution of this sentence comes to be deliberated upon, a small proportion of each class are singled out, the general character, or the particular aggravations of whose crimes, render them fit examples of public justice.
Página 18 - ... imprisonment. The news of this sentence having reached the accomplice in his retreat, he immediately returned, and surrendered himself to take his trial at the next assizes. The next assizes came; but, unfortunately for the prisoner, it was a different judge who presided; and still more unfortunately, Mr.